hig.sePublications
12 1 - 50 of 97
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
  • Alsén, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Moberg, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Värderelevans och immateriella tillgångar: De immateriella tillgångarnas värderelevans för den svenska kapitalmarknaden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: De immateriella tillgångarna är svårvärderade och diffusa tillgångar. Det har länge pågått en diskussion angående huruvida hantering av de immateriella tillgångarna påverkar värderelevansen och användbarheten av de finansiella rapporterna. Syftet med studien är att undersöka värderelevansen av de redovisade immateriella tillgångarna för kapitalmarknaden utifrån ett redovisningsperspektiv.

    Metod: Metoden grundas i Ohlson-modellen. Data från årsredovisningar har samlats in och sedan analyserats genom flera multipla regressioner och en korrelationsanalys. 

    Resultat & Slutsats:Resultatet av studien visar att det finns ett positivt signifikant samband mellan de totala immateriella tillgångarna och aktiepriset. Resultatet av denna studie visar således att de redovisade totala immateriella tillgångarna ger värderelevant information till kapitalmarknaden. Dock visar sig endast posterna FoU och patent vara värderelevanta för kapitalmarknaden när värderelevansen av de immateriella tillgångarna uppdelat i specifika poster undersöks.

    Förslag till fortsatt forskning:  Ett fåtal tidigare studier undersöker tillförlitligheten av de redovisade immateriella tillgångarna. Då tillförlitlighet precis som värderelevans är en av de fundamentala egenskaper redovisningsinformation bör besitta är det intressant att även undersöka hur tillförlitlig kapitalmarknaden anser att de redovisade immateriella tillgångarna är. Då tidigare forskning hävdar att det är svårt att mäta de immateriella tillgångarna på ett tillförlitligt sätt vore det relevant att undersöka om detta stämmer.

    Uppsatsens bidrag: Studien ger bevis för att de totala redovisade immateriella tillgångarna är värderelevanta. Det huvudsakliga praktiska bidraget med studien är att den kan ge intressenter en bättre förståelse för hur redovisningsinformation om de immateriella tillgångarna påverkar aktiepriset.

  • Maelum, Albin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Wallinder, Linus
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Sambandet mellan hållbarhetsarbete och lönsamhet: En studie om sambandet mellan noterade företags hållbarhetsarbete och lönsamhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate whether there is a relationship between sustainability performance and profitability of the companies listed on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm.

    Method: In order to achieve the aim of the study a quantitative method used. A cross-sectional design has been the basis of the analyses. The empirical data that have been collected from the secondary nature in which sustainability work has been operationalized with the help of Folksam Index for the year 2013. The dimensions of financial performance consist the keywords, return on equity, return on capital employed and profit margin. These measurements are obtained from annual reports from the year of 2015. Furthermore, the collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation test and linear regressions.

    Results & Conclusions: Our results demonstrate how a positive correlation exists between all the key figures relating to the financial profitability of businesses and its reported sustainability data. Return on equity has a weak positive correlation with a significance level of 0.05. After the analyze return on capital employed has a weak positive correlation with significance level of 0.1. The profit margin has the strongest relationship with an explanation rate of 52.1 percent and a significant correlation at a significance level of 0.01.

    Suggestions for future research: A proposal for further research is to make a study for a longer period, but also to compare the different European countries CSR. The new law that takes effect in 2017 is also an interesting position to see how it affects the relationship between CSR and corporate profitability during a specific timeline.

    Contribution of the thesis: This study practical contribution shows how the relationship between listed companies' sustainability performance and profitability looks. In 2013 it was approximately 226 companies that reported its sustainability work and these companies are the population in this study. The theoretical contribution of this study was to see what connection work on sustainability and profitability, indeed, and the study involves three different measures of corporate financial performances. If there was a positive, negative or neutral relationship between the dependent and independent variable.

  • Glad, Felicia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Steinbach Paulsson, Karl
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Vad är CSR för oss?: En studie om utmaningar vid CSR-implementering i en människorättsorganisation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this thesis is to gain insight into the challenges that faces organisations when implementing CSR, and how those challenges can be met with change agents.

    Method: This thesis is based around a qualitative method wherein a thematic analysis is applied. Through relevant theoretic ground the three overall themes of Interpretation, Change agents and Implementation is identified, further acting as a structural basis for the account as well as analysis of the empirical data. The empirical information has in turn been collected through semistructured interviews conducted at a Swedish human rights organisation.  

    Result & Conclusions: The findings of this thesis indicate that the creation of an organisation-wide understanding of CSR is facilitated by attaching the concept to the individual context of the organisation. The context in the form of factors such as basic values, organisational climate and overall history is then acting as a guiding force towards forming a specific conceptual interpretation. The procedural role of the change agent is further highlighted, with an emphasis on the importance of raising awareness around informal change agents through the process of interpreting CSR. The findings then demonstrate how dedicated persons within the organisation through natural passion and competence, effectively can convey unified understandings of the concept within the own context.

    Suggestions for future research: The limitations of the thesis consist of the chosen study example. The human rights organisation studied is surrounded by factors that can be viewed as rather unique in a wider organisational perspective. Generalising the results can therefore prove to be problematic. Future research should in that sense be aimed towards exploring the insights of this thesis in the context of private corporations.

    Contribution of the thesis: The contribution of this thesis consist in part of the increased understanding around the importance of informal change agents and how organisations as a first step in the orientation to CSR should direct focus towards the own organisation. The thesis further suggests that several factors already existing within the organisation, such as basic values, history and organisational climate, can provide a solid framework upon building heightened understandings of the own context in terms of interpreting CSR.

  • Hämberg, Tove
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Örn, Josefine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Kvinnor och män som transformativa ledare: En kvalitativ studie av delen inspirerande motivation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:The aim of the study is, from the employee’s perspective, to achieve a better understanding of how women and men as transformational leaders are using inspirational motivation, to discern whether the leader’s gender is of significance.

    Method:The study is based on a qualitative approach. In the study we have conducted semi-structured interviews at two major companies with a total of 10 interviewees. We analyzed our material using a thematic analysis.

    Result & Conclusions: The result of the study shows the characteristics and traits that leaders have which the employees are describing as motivational. The respondents agree that leaders positivity, their optimistic view, as well as their dedication affect employee motivation at work. The study shows that there is no significant difference depending on the gender of the leader in the performance of the area inspirational motivation.

    Suggestions for future research: As the majority of respondents felt that the manager's experience was of importance and not the leader's sex, we suggest that further studies compare the experienced and inexperienced leader. It may be of interest to investigate whether there are differences in the dimension inspirational motivation in transformationalleadership depending on the leader's age and experience. Further research couldalso lead to a more extensive study in order to receive a confirmation of our conclusions. The study was conducted in two companies working with customer service and it would be interesting to study how transformationalleaders use the inspirational motivation in other industries to find any similarities or differences.

    Contribution of the thesis: The study was conducted at two companies where the transformationalleaders was a woman and a man, which contributes to the existing research on the significance of gender in the transformationalleadership. We also believe that the study contributes to the theory, as we have noticed and studied male and female characteristics and traits that affect employee motivation. That the study shows the leadership behaviors that are of employees’ wishes is according to us a contribution to the development of both existing as well as potential leaders in companies and organizations.

  • Lundgren, Anna Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Liliequist, Marianne
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Sjöstedt Landén, Angelika
    Umeå universitet, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Introduction2015In: Ageing: culture & identity / [ed] Karlsson, L; Liliequist, M; Lundgren, AS; Lövgren, K & Sjöstedt Landén, A, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2015, 9-15 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Lindberg, Simon
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Leonardo DiCaprio och den melodramatiska klimatdiskursen: En retoriskt orienterad diskursanalys av The revenant och Before the flood2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines film star Leonardo DiCaprio’s rhetorical function as it is manifested within the climate discourse. The analysis is effected with especial focus on two of his films which by this paper are considered particularly relevant considering their productional concurrence with DiCaprio’s year as the UN’s Messenger of peace during which he chose to direct attention toward the climate issue: The revenant (2015) and Before the flood (2016). Both movies are herein considered discourses, likewise semiotic texts.

    This analysis is effected with the help of several analytical tools and theoretical perspectives. The research fields of climate communication and celebrity studies are important theoretical views for the study, while the narrative concept of “melodrama” and Lloyd F. Bitzer’s “rhetorical situation” are the most important analytical tools. Also, the western genre and its adherent formation of myths are payed a lot of attention, not least because one of the analyzed movies, The revenant, is a western.

    Melodramas, whose rhetorical function is emphasized, is connected to both the climate discourse and the western genre as well as George Lakoff’s thesis of climate communication which shortly and simply boils down to the view that appealing to feelings rather than reason is the most effective way to inform people about global warming. Furthermore, DiCaprio’s persona is discussed in relation to these discourses and concepts.

    The analyses of the paper show that the concept of melodrama is central both for the climate discourse and the analyzed movies. And furthermore, that DiCaprio’s function within the climate discourse play into these mentioned aspects as well. Doubts are however raised as to whether this necessarily means that the rhetorical discourses (i.e. the movies), and likewise DiCaprio, succeed in answering their respective situations. The results of the analysis paradoxically suggest that the melodramatic climate discourse, as it is communicated by the two movies, is trumped by other, even more melodramatic discourses.

  • Larsson, Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Prinsessan på ärten och hennes lata lipsillar?: En studie av 5 svenska ledarsidors dispositionsregimer kring ungas psykiska ohälsa2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mediernas makt över dagordningen i ett samhälle är en viktig fråga och i stora stycken en fråga om påverkan och på vilket sätt medierna bestämmer vad vi ska tänka på, och hur vi ska göra det. Med detta övergripande perspektiv begrundar studien 5 stora tidningars ledarsidor och deras framställning av den växande gruppen av unga människor med psykisk ohälsa. Med hjälp av en modell (FIMPUS) framtagen ur empirin analyseras tidningarnas dispositionsregimer i relation till ämnet med fem års mellanrum, med start 1996 och avslut tjugo år senare - 2016.

    Med tanke på att det är framtiden som sitter med vånda i väntrummet och var femte ung kvinna mellan 18-24 år i Stockholms län har en psykiatrisk diagnos skulle man kanske ha förväntat sig ett större engagemang eller kunskapsdjup i frågan hos de mäktiga opinionsbildarna. Av studien framgår dock att ämnet varken är omhuldat på ledarplats eller särskilt dynamiskt problematiserat. Det magra material som stått att finna kan således i någon mening betraktas som ett allvarsamt och oroväckande bidrag till forskningen om dagordningar – eller den besynnerliga frånvaron av dem. I det här fallet i en onekligen betydande och viktiga samhällsfråga.     

  • Svensson, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Varför åkte du ner?: En kvalitativ framinganalys av Aftonbladets gestaltning av IS i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:The purpose of this study is to compare the news report from the swedish newspaper Aftonbladet about IS and IS-warriors with the knowledge and the experiences that the informant has. The study does also include a gender perspective, this to investigate how women and men frames differently.

    Method:The emperical material in this study comprises in gathering qualitative data existing of a semi constructed interview together with articles from Aftonbladet. I used the created framework as a method for analysing the articles.

    Conclusion:The result of the study show that Aftonbladet portrays IS and IS-warriors from Sweden in a negative way and also that the informants experiences and knowledge within the subject differ significantly from how the newspaper describes it. The study also shows that man and women are portrayed differently in Aftonbladet when the subject is IS in Sweden.

  • Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Joelsson, Agnes
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Finansanalytikers syn på hållbarhetrapporter: En studie över vilka kvalitetskriterier som efterfrågas på hållbarhetsinformation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Previous research has shown a lack of use of sustainability reports in the analysis process, which can be assigned to distrust in the information and a lack of criteria for the evaluation of information. Therefore, the aim of this study is to understand which criteria financial analysts demand in sustainability reports. The aim is also to illustrate whether a regulation can meet the needs of financial analysts.

    Method: The study adopts a hermeneutic perspective and the research gap that’s being studied is considered to be characterized by social constructivism. By taking part in an abductive research our theory and empiricism approach together through an iterative process. The study applies a qualitative research where empirical data are collected through interviews. The theoretical framework is constructed of previous research and the same themes and headlines runs throughout both empirical and analytical sections.

    Result & Conclusions: The results of the study suggest that it isn’t possible to apply the same kind of reporting and key performance indicators in sustainability reports as used in the financial statements. A sustainability report is aimed more towards qualitative key indicators, which isn’t always possible to measure and compare. The main criteria for sustainability information prove to be relevance, which we can see is one of the causes for the demand of industry-specific key indicators.

    Suggestions for future research: Sustainability reporting is still a relatively new phenomenon in the world of finance, and several of the respondents believe in the rapid development in sustainable thinking and the possibility of developing key indicators in the field. This means that it would be interesting to do a similar study at a later time to see the development of industry-specific standards and indicators of sustainability. 

    Contribution of the thesis: The study's contributions relate to the practice, understanding that sustainability information and financial information can’t be read in the same way, that other methods should be used for sustainability information. This study shows how sustainable information should be valued and refer to various interest groups together with the companies to jointly come up with various industry-specific standards. These we believe would facilitate the execution of sustainability reporting, but also how it should be read for the best application.

  • Söderlund, Veronica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    'Master of My Faith, Captain of My Soul': Identity and Community in Toni Morrison's Beloved and Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a close reading of the novels Beloved by Toni Morrison and I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou with the purpose of analyzing the impact and role of the African American community in two characters’ formation of self. The aim is to contrast and compare the two chosen characters’ experiences with their respective African American communities and discuss common ground, similarities and differences. A postcolonial approach is applied to the analysis by using concepts and theory from Fanon’s arguments on the psychological effects on the oppressed, Cohen’s description of diaspora communities and Bhabha’s notion of hybridization and culture.

  • Lingemyr, Jesper
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    English Varieties in Swedish Upper Secondary School: An analysis of Listening Exercises in Swedish National Tests2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this project was to find out what varieties of English that Swedish upper secondary school students are exposed to in the classroom and to what extent they are exposed to different varieties. This was conducted by looking at preparation exercises for the listening part of the Swedish National Tests. These exercises are created by Göteborgs Universitet and are available online for everyone and show how the real national test will be done. By listening and analyzing every speaker’s variety they were sorted into British, American, Mid-Atlantic, Australian or New Zealand varieties. A total of 91 speakers were analyzed and the results showed that Students are exposed to mostly British English with half of the speakers using a British variety. One fourth of the speakers used American English while the rest were divided into Mid-Atlantic, Australian or New Zealand varieties.

  • Eklund, Manne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Does Politics Trump Gender?: A Study of Linguistic Features Among American Voters During the 2016 Presidential Election2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, the usage of several linguistic features of 13 members of a televised political discussion are studied. The members of the discussion were private citizens, and not political experts. This particular discussion was filmed during the 2016 American presidential election, just before the second national debate between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. The studied linguistic features are: hedges, tag-questions, interaction and humor. By categorizing the members in three categories; age, gender and politics, this essay is able to investigate the results of the televised discussion by each category, and compare them to each other. The central question of the essay is if gender is a bigger divide regarding these linguistic features, than political views. The result shows that while gender still is the biggest divide regarding hedges, there are some specific elements where politics seems to trump gender.   

  • Isvind, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Diversity is Magical: Teaching representation through fantasy literature in the intercultural classroom.2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world today is globalized like never before and with countries becoming more multicultural it is important to strive towards an intercultural society. This essay aims to answer the question “In what ways can one teach representation in the intercultural classroom through fantasy literature?”. That is, to illustrate and exemplify how one can use fantasy literature in the English classroom to give students intercultural knowledge through discussions on representation and intersectionality. The discussions in the essay are based in the democratic values stated in the Swedish course curriculum for upper secondary school (Gy11) in relation to the theoretical background. With examples from the book Who Fears Death by Nnedi Okorafor, the essay breaches both difficult and sensitive subjects that can be discussed to make certain issues less alien for the reader. Cultural diversity is magical and it is important that students get the right tools to form deep relationships across cultural borders, and the fantasy genre is a great tool to use in the classroom to lessen these bridges between different cultures since the genre creates an arena for intercultural meetings where ‘the other’ is in focus, which reduces the alienating aspect of different cultures and identities.

  • Persson, Josephine
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Norman, Victoria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Kvinnor som lämnat en sluten religiös rörelse: En studie om fyra kvinnors hälsa ur ett KASAM-perspektiv2016Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi är två lärarstudenter med inriktning mot gymnasieskolan som genomfört en undersökning om en sluten religiös rörelse. Denna studie handlar om fyra kvinnors personliga berättelser hur det är att leva, lämna och livet efter en sluten religiös rörelse, Jehovas vittnen. . KASAM-teorin är ett verktyg att analysera hälsa och ohälsa vilket är användbart i kommande religionsundervisning. Med hjälp av denna teori analyseras berättelserna för att definiera hälsa och ohälsa. Det visade sig att familjesituationen påverkade kvinnornas mående mer än Jehovas vittnen 

  • Juhlin, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    A Conceptual-historicist Investigation of Poems by William Butler Yeats2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to find a correlation between the poetry of William Butler Yeats and the social-cultural context of its time-period. With the aid of conceptual history, representations of fundamental concepts can be revealed in the written text. The methodological approach is based on Reinhart Koselleck's Begriffsgeschichte where concepts are used for timing history. The two concepts in focus in the essay are 'crisis' and 'the Golden Age'. The results found in the analysis of Yeats' poems displayed to a high amount the representation of the concept of 'crisis', revealing that crisis in the society at that time is reflected in Yeats' poems, but representations of the counter-concept 'the Golden Age' was only partly found in poems from his later collections. A suggestion for further research is to perform a study where several contemporary poets are investigated simultaneously with the aid of conceptual history.

  • Frisk, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Kvinnan i kristendomen: En analys av tre läromedel utifrån ett genusteoretiskt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien är en läromedelsanalys där syftet är att studera hur kvinnan presenteras, vilka egenskaper hon framställs ha och vilka hennes funktioner beskrivs som i kapitlen om kristendom i läromedlen för gymnasieskolan i religionskunskap 1. Detta med en utgångspunkt i den nuvarande läroplanen. Läromedelsanalysen är en litteraturstudie med en hermeneutisk ansats. De tre läromedlen analyseras utifrån ett genusteoretiskt perspektiv, genom denna analys så besvaras frågeställningarna: Hur representeras kvinnan respektive mannen? Hur ser fördelningen i representationen ut mellan mannen och kvinnan, jämn eller ojämn? I vilka situationer nämns kvinnan specifikt? Tar läromedlen upp kvinnan utan att nämna mannen? I denna studie framgår det att fördelningen mellan mannen och kvinnan i läromedlen är ojämn och att mannen nämns flertalet gånger i olika situationer medan kvinnan nämns i snarlika situationer då de nämns. Läromedlen tar sällan upp kvinnan utan att mannen nämns i samband. Kvinnan presenteras ofta som mamma, fru och nunna. Sammanlagt i dessa tre läromedel så har kvinnan 12 representanter som nämns vid namn. Studiens syfte är också att se om läromedlen lever upp till det som beskrivs i styrdokumenten.

  • Myagmartseren, Purevtseren
    et al.
    Department of Geography, School of Arts and Science, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
    Buyandelger, Myagmarsuren
    Land Administration Department of Capital City, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
    Brandt, S. Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Implications of a Spatial Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Urban Development in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia2017In: Mathematical problems in engineering (Print), ISSN 1024-123X, E-ISSN 1563-5147, Vol. 2017, 1-16 p., 2819795Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New technology has provided new tools for effective spatial planning. Through the example of locating suitable sites for urbandevelopment in Ulaanbaatar, this paper illustrates how multicriteria decision analysis and geographical information systems canbe used for more effective urban planning. Several constraint and factor criteria were identified, transformed into map layers,and weighted together using the analytic hierarchy process. Besides localization results, this study shows the effect of using poorelevation data and how a sensitivity analysis can be applied to yield further information, spot weighting weaknesses, and assess thequality of the criteria.

  • Hallebjörk, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Vad i Hälsoprofilbedömning motiverar människor att göra en livsstilsförändring?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Stor del av människors hälsa och flertalet sjukdomar beror på människors ohälsosamma levnadsvanor. Metoden hälsoprofilbedömning (HPB) har visat ge stora positiva hälsoeffekter. Med mätningar, konditionstest på cykel och motiverande samtal läggs fokus på nuläge och förändring för att motivera deltagare till livsstilsförändring.

    Syfte Syftet med studien är att undersöka vad personer som gjort en HPB upplever som motiverande till förändring av livsstil.

    Metod Kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Fyra kvinnor som hade genomfört HPB högst en månad innan intervjuerna genomfördes. Intervjuerna analyserades med innehållsanalys.

    Resultat Det visade sig att både inre och yttre faktorer påverkade motivation till förändring hos informanterna. Efter att ha gjort HPB kunde informanterna se möjligheterna till förändring utifrån sina egna förutsättningar, att det krävs mindre ansträngning än de trott för att få positiva effekter på hälsan, samt att de nu kunde se hur livsstilen påverkar hälsan.

    Slutsats Mätningarna och konditionstestet är en motiverande faktor där informanterna får bekräftat vad resultatet är, medan MI är en viktig del för att deltagarna ska veta hur de själva ska gå tillväga för att genomföra en förändring utifrån sina egna förutsättningar. HPB som helhet är en bra metod för livsstilsförändring.

  • Agbauduta, Stephen Ogba
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    SPATIAL MCDA FOR FINDING SUITABLE AREAS FOR HOUSING CONSTRUCTION2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Demand for residential houses in urban areas has become a major problem facing town planners today. With the high increase in urbanization due to the increase in population, residential houses are becoming more difficult to find. Planners aim at developing new ideas to combat the high increase in the demand for residential buildings. In recent times, different methods of analysis have been introduced that will help planners select best locations to erect residential houses.

    A Geographic information system (GIS) is one of the tools for analyzing and storing a great deal of information. Over the years, GIS technology has been introduced into planning and the result has been of great help to urban planners in planning sustainable environment for residents. This research aims at using GIS technology and multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) to determine possible locations to build residential houses and analyzing different methods of selecting suitability areas within the study area. An MCDA map was produced from the combination of different factors and constraint which include elevation, orientation of the building (direction), the soil type and land use type. Proximity analysis was also done to find out how infrastructures (existing roads, shopping malls and health care enter) are close to the study area. Results show that the southern, eastern, and a part of western side of the study area is better to build residential houses than other areas.

    Three different methods (visual interpretation method, seeding method and neighborhood method) where used to find out which method produces the most suitable locations within the study area. In order to calculate the suitability areas and suitability values, the sum of pixel values were calculated for each method. The visual interpretation method servers as a standard method of deciding the suitability area covers 15,375 m² and has the highest suitability values of about 500 pixels. The seeding method was used as an automatic method for selecting the suitability area; result shows that the suitability area covers 17,421 m² and has the highest suitability value of about 1200 pixels. The neighborhood method was calculated using two different statistics (mean statistics and majority statistics). The mean statistics covers an area of 12,439 m² while the majority statistics covers an area of 14,332 m². From analysis carried out, the seeding method is preferred for selecting suitability areas than the visual interpretation method and the neighborhood method but the visual interpretation method covers more suitability area than the seeding method and neighborhood method.

  • Petersons, Hanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Platschefers upplevelser av arbetet med Talent Management: en kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate site managers experience of Talent Management within an organisation in Sweden. The result showed that the site managers experience of the company’s work with Talent Management to certain extent were positive but also that there were areas that could improve. The company’s culture and working climate were two of the positive aspects that were mentioned. However, better information about the topic and the possibility for career development within the business were desired. These results go hand in hand with prior research about Talent Management as it relates to attracting, developing and retaining employees. 

  • Hägglund, Chris
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Den onormala kvinnan: En kvalitativ studie av konstruktionen av kvinnliga våldsbrottslingar och hur detta kan ta sig uttryck i svensk press2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how the female criminals are portrayed in media, with a scientific theoretical basis of social constructionism. The study is based on various stereotypes that can be used in media's representation of female offenders. To investigate this, a qualitative content analysis was used. The essay is based on a social constructivist approach, which means that female and male is seen as something socially constructed. The theoretical bases are located in gender theory and the various designs which exist in Media’s image of the female offender. Media can use various stereotypical descriptions of violent female offenders and can also reproduce the perception of the female offender as a abnormal woman. The conclusion drawn is thatmedia contributes to a one-sided picture of female offenders and that further research on women and crime in media is needed as this field of research is relatively small.

  • Broman, Niklas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Sjöberg, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Utdelning och ägarstrukturer: En kvantitativ studie om ägarstrukturens betydelse för utdelningspolitiken på den svenska börsen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study is to test the relationship between ownership concentration and dividends in listed Swedish firms.

    Method: This study has a quantitative method and a deductive approach. The financial data has been collected via the database ”Retriever”, information about the ownership of the companies was manually collected from the book ”Ägarna och makten” (Sundqvist, 2015).

    Result and conclusions: The result of the study is that dividends may variate due to the independent variables. However, there is not a significant relationship between ownership concentration and dividends.

    Contribution of the thesis: The contribution of this study provides further information regarding ownership concentration and dividends, we find that the financial ratios of the companies have a larger impact on the dividends than the ownership concentration.

    Suggestions for future research: The result of this study adds alot of curiosity to the future studies about this subject. Our suggestions to future research is to elaborate Agnblads (2001) theory about foreign ownership and how it might affect companies in Sweden. We also propose to research further about the Agency-theory and which effects it has on the Swedish listed firms since we have a concentrated ownership.

  • Hansson, Julia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Johansson, Pernilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Principbaserade och regelbaserade redovisningsstandarder: En komparativ innehållsanalys av IFRS och GRI2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the IFRS and GRI accounting standards as well as review and analyze to what extent they are principles-based. The study also aims to examine to what extent the standards are rules-based.

    Method:This study is based on a hermeneutic science tradition with a deductive approach and aqualitative method. The study's empirical data are collected from the IFRS and GRI accounting standards. The collected material was compared to previous research and theories and presented in the chapter “Results and analysis” The empirical data were also analyzed, using a comparative content analysis and coding manual, to determine to which extent the standards are principles-based and rules-based.

    Results and Conclusion: Our results show that all standards contain both principles and rules. The financial accounting standards tend to be rules-basedin greater occurrence, whereas sustainability reporting standards tend to be principles-based, in greater occurrence.The study therefore concludes that it isnot possible to categorize the standards as either principles or rules. Both standards are in a gray scale, where they, to some extent ,both are principles- and rules-based.

    Contributions of the thesis: The theoretical contribution provides further evidence that the debate whether the standards can be considered principles- or rules-based no longer should be continued as before. The practical contribution gives companies and standards users a greater understanding regarding that standards are not either principles- or rules-based. That creates an awareness of how they should apply the standards depending on if they tend to be more or less principles- or rules-based.

    Suggestions for further research: A proposal for further research in this subject is to apply this study’s approach and research questions on other standards, both in IFRS and GRI but also in other standards organizations.

  • Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Demografiska databasen.
    Aagje Swinnen and John A. Stotesbury (eds.) (2012). Aging, Performance and Stardom: Doing Age on the Stage of Consumerist Culture. Berlin: LIT Verlag, 208 pp. ISBN 978 3 6439 0176 7 (paperback)2012In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, ISSN 1652-8670, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 7, no 1, 5-8 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Molin, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Rösten som instrument i undervisningen i Idrott och Hälsa: En undersökning med lärare och elever på högstadiet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur lärare inom idrott och hälsa på högstadiet, i södra Sverige, resonerar kring rösten som arbetsverktyg och nyttjandet av rösthjälpmedel i undervisningen. I studien inkluderades även högstadieelevers uppfattning om lärarens röst och kommunikation som instrument i undervisningen. Undersökningen genomfördes med hjälp av intervjuer med fyra idrottslärare och fyra elever. Svaren transkriberades och analyserats med inspiration av en fenomenografisk ansats. Lärarnas uppfattningarom hur de använder sin röst som ett arbetsverktyg varierar. Resultaten av denna studie visar att lärare i idrott och hälsa i olika utsträckning reflekterar över hur de använder sin röst och att detta inte sker på daglig basis. Lärarnas åsikter om rösthjälpmedel varierade och de lyfte fram vikten av ökad kunskap om tekniska hjälpmedel. Elevernas uppfattning om lärares röst och kommunikationen varierade också, och ett gemensamt tema var att relationen mellan lärare och elev påverkades av detta. Eleverna tyckte att lärarens röst, användandet av olika röstlägen och kompletterande kommunikationsstrategier med hjälp av kroppsspråket var viktiga och att dessa påverkade relationen mellan lärare och elev. Denna relation var viktig för att få en god undervisning. Slutsatsen är att det behövs en ökad kunskap om både röstteknik och olika rösthjälpmedel.

  • Lundeborg, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Paulsson, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Den dolda kostnaden bakom kvinnligt ledarskap: En kvantitativ studie om relationen mellan kvinnligt ledarskap och revisionsarvodets storlek2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Even though we live in an increasingly egalitarian society, women are still underrepresented in corporate decision-making positions. The interest and the need for more research on its effects are therefore motivated. The study aims to investigate whether companies with a female CEO is associated with a higher audit fees than companies with a male CEO. The study's purpose is also to examine whether a possible positive correlation can be explained by the fact that women more than men strive for more quality assured auditing.

     

    Method: The study adopts a quantitative approach with a positivistic research philosophy, where we are using a hypothetical-deductive method deduced testing our hypotheses to answer the study's purpose. We apply a cross-sectional design based on secondary data collected for the year 2015. The study sample consists of companies from ten European countries gathered using the financial database Thomson Reuters Datastream. All data is processed and analyzed using multiple regressions analyzes in SPSS.

     

    Results & conclusions: The study shows that there is a significant positive relationship between female leadership and audit fees. The study also provides support for a positive relationship does not arise as a result of more women than men choose more quality assured auditing without a positive correlation reflects a discriminatory effect.

     

    Suggestions for further research: The study includes a limited geographical area, our suggestions for further research is therefor to study how the relationship looks in other geographic areas. We also believe that a qualitative study is justified, as management features through a qualitative study would have a more prominent role.

     

    Contributions of the thesis: The study provides further empirical evidence that the gender perspective is crucial for audit fees. By being the first study to examine what a positive correlation expresses, the present study contributes to further discussion of the accounting research.

  • Karapetyan, Sona
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Matematik i ateljén: En didaktisk studie om förskollärares arbete med barns matematiska lärande i skapande aktiviteter2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det moderna samhället ställer höga krav på barns matematiska kunskaper och uppfattningar vilket lägger ett stort ansvar på dagens förskola. Detta leder till att matematik blir ett ämne som uppmärksammas mycket i förskoleverksamheten och därmed uppstår det ett behov av nya lärandemetoder inom detta ämne. Syftet med detta examensarbete är att undersöka hur några förskollärare arbetar med barns matematiska lärande utifrån skapande aktiviteter.  

     

    Studiens frågeställningar baseras på området kring barns matematiska lärande och utveckling under skapande aktiviteter. Två intervjuer har utförts med två förskollärare och tre observationer utförts med en förskollärare i en förskola för att komma fram till resultatet.

     

    Empirin har samlats in och analyserats utifrån Bishops sex matematiska aktiviteter och scaffolding-aspekter utifrån det sociokulturella perspektivet med fokus på lärarrollen, det vill säga vilka förhållningssätt förskollärare visar och vilka didaktiska val de gör i aktiviteterna för att stödja barns matematiska lärande.

     

    Resultatet av denna studie visar att skapande aktiviteter i förskolan är en viktig insats för barns matematiska lärande och utveckling i och med att skapande aktiviteter har goda förutsättningar för att främja barns matematiska kunskaper.

  • Andersson, Niklas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    Energieffektivisering av byggnad med enkla medel: en fallstudie på Hofors mödravårdscentral2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the central parts of Hofors a healthcenter is located which is included in Hoforshus AB's building stock, the building itself is divided into a main building and a smaller one in which the child health center and maternity care is located. The buildings are connected by a corridor substantially glazed. Now they are interested in maping the building's energyusage as this is relatively high, in addition, the users of the building had been dissatisfied with the indoor climate in both summer and winter. Because of the healtcare activities the owners were most interested in finding solutions that would not interfere with it.

    The study conducted has had a primary focus on the building envelope and above all on the glazed corridor’s impact on the rest of the building. One can assume that the high proportion of glass in this part of the building affects the indoor climate negatively keeping in mind the low U-value of the glass and the solar heat load, this gives during the summer when heat gain is not desired. A literature study to investigate how people perceive the climate as well as how to make a reliable simulation model of a building has been completed. The study resulted in an understanding of how the indoor climate is perceived and quantified, and also in an understanding of what is important in the collection of data for the simulation model.

    Keeping in mind how data should be collected according to the literature reviwe- have as much data as possible measured through surveys and own observations, blueprints have been studied and their validity has been investigated by measuring the building, blower door has been performed and temperature- and relative humidityloggning. Instantaneous values of the FTX system was made to calculate its efficiency. Linear thermal bridges have been investigated by finite element method in the program COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5. For validation of the simulated model the results of it were compared with the acutal measured energyconsumption of the building. The simulations were performed in BV2.

    The results of the study show, as expected, the glazed corridor’s negative impact on the building's indoor climate. Temperature was logged between 160412-160509 highest temperature was 30 ° C and minimum 15 ° C, which is more widespread than in other areas where the temperature was logged. The simulations that were performed on the glazed corridor shows that it consumes between 5000-5500 kWh on the area of 13.5 m2. Finally the study resulted in recommendations for the building that includes additional insulation of the attic, replacement of a smaller wall section, lowering the temperature by 1 ° C, as well as some maintenance measures to improve the indoor climate. The measures are believed to be possible to implement without significant interference with the health care acitivities. In addition the proposed measures seem profitable according to the pay of method.

  • Yenigun, Cigdem
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Arbetslöshetens inverkan på nyanlända: En studie om eftergymnasialt utbildade nyanländas upplevelser av arbetslöshet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine mental health in relation to unemployment among newly arrived with post-secondary education. This was to get a deeper understanding about their experiences regarding unemployment despite their high education, the focus was on mental health and how they think their future looks like. The method used for the following study was an empirical qualitative method in which the author used the semi-structured interviews. Five participants were interviewed, four men and one woman between the ages 20-64. The results of this study found that newly arrived people with post-secondary education had poor mental health because of worries about the future. They also felt that the education they had received from their country was a waste in Sweden. These people also had a temporary residence permit which brought frustration because their future wasn’t secure. The conclusion of this study was that newly arrived individuals with post-secondary education wanted Psychological help from the society so they could start working. 

  • Simonsson, Clara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Konsumenters attityder till att äta insekter och odlat kött: En intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Replacing meat from animals with cultured meat and edible insects might reduce the impact on climate and the environment. That said, in order to fulfill their function as a sustainable food, insects and cultured meat would need to be consumed, on a wider scale and with a real-time reduction in meat consumption.

     

    The aim of this study was to explore consumers' attitudes toward consuming insects and cultured meat, whilst gathering an understanding of what consumers, themselves, believe to be acceptable to consume in the future. Fifteen individual semi-structured interviews, of both men and women, were conducted outside a supermarket in central Sweden. Data was transcribed and analyzed thematically. The results highlight that for some respondents, insects are perceived as alien and undesirable, while cultured meat was perceived as too unnatural to be eaten; whilst others expressed both reluctance and a curiosity towards cultured meat and edible insects. Most respondents believed they will eat less meat, more vegetables and vegetarian protein in the future, and might try insects and cultured meat in hidden forms such as in sausage. The conclusion was that consumers had a mixed attitude toward eating insects and cultured meat.

  • Sarenbrink, Hanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
    Sambandet mellan användning av sociala medier, självskattad hälsa och kroppsfixering hos unga vuxna: En kvantitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: While there are many positive benefits of social media, studies have shown that the use of certain types such as Facebook and Instagram may have negative health outcomes for young people including depression and eating disorders. Not much however is known about the impact of frequent exposure to Facebook and Instagram on health outcomes such as self-rated health and body fixation.

     

    Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate if there is an association between the frequent use of social media and self-rated health as well as body fixation among young adults between the ages of 18-25 years.

     

    Design and method: This study was a cross-sectional study using questionnaires anonymously answered via Facebook. There were 65 respondents in the survey. The analysis was performed by using descriptive statistics and chi-test in SPSS.

     

    Results: A larger proportion of those who frequently use social media had poorer self-rated health and more body fixation. After completing chi-squared tests, no statistically significant relationship was found for frequent use of social media and body fixation (p=0,164).

     

    Conclusion: Frequent use of social media specifically Facebook and Instagram, has no statistically significant association with body fixation and Self-rated health.

  • Lexander, Sanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    ”Ja, jag har ju jobbat för mycket, jag har ju inte mått bra av det”: En intervjustudie om jämställdhet i relation till föräldradagar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the distribution of parental leave and finding out for what reasons the parents in the study had chosen to distribute it that way. Data was collected by structured interviews. The interviews analyzed using the phenomenographic analysis method. Results from the interviews showed that economic reasons and that the woman of the household typically liked being home more than her partner. Parental mental health appeared to have been affected by the division distributed, both in the positive and negative direction. The conclusion of the study are that those who have chosen uneven division saw themselves lose too much money if the man was stay at home, both private and corporate terms. The problems that showed was the unequal division were seen at several levels. Partly individual level where the woman would rather be at home most of the time. At the community level where the woman's low wages in comparison with men's contributes to men is not considered to be at home, the economy will also fall into the political level where the economy is becoming a problem for the whole family when the woman salaries usually are lower than men's.

  • Graaf, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
    CybeReaction: Ungas reaktioner på nätmobbning och deras psykiska hälsa : en enkätstudie bland 18-19 åringar som går tredje året på gymnasiet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of cyberbullying, reactions and mental health associated with this new phenomenon. The method used was a cross sectional study with a web-based survey which was conducted on 18-19 year olds in high school. A total of 75 young adults completed the survey. The result showed that it was more likely to suffer from cyberbullying than traditional bullying. The victims of cyberbullying reported poorer health than non-affected and suffered from self-injuries, the most common reaction associated with cyberbullying was to feel sad and suffer from anxiety. Cyberbullying was more common at the college preparatory high school program. The conclusion that can be drawn is that cyberbullying is a widespread phenomenon among young adults and cyberbullying victims feel worse than non-affected and victims also suffered from suicidal thoughts. The school should create clear guidelines on how to handle cyberbullying, and these should continuously be monitored and communicated to staff and students. More research in this area is needed to investigate the causes and behavior of both victims and perpetrators to create methods to prevent and manage cases of cyberbullying. 

  • Eriksson, Nathalie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Damfotbollsspelares kostintag under 24 timmar retroperspektiv intervjustudie: En tvärsnittundersökning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the dietary intake of female amateur football players in the division 2, 3 and 5 in the middle part of Sweden. The study is a descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Data collection consisted of 24 hour recall interviews and a questionnaire with background information about the participant. The participants consisted of 40 female football players from divisions 2, 3 and 5. The participants' average calorie intake was estimated using the program Dietist Net Pro 1979 kilocalories (kcal)/day, compared with the average recommended daily allowance (RDA), which was estimated at 2137 kcal. The low energy consumption contributed to the participants' inability to meet the RDA for iron, folate, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium and carbohydrates. There were 19 participants who ate more than the average amount of energy and 21 participants who ate below the average amount of calories. No statistically significant differences in energy or nutrient intake could be established between the participants in different divisions or age groups. Female football players in this study were found to eat too little energy (food) on the basis of their energy needs, which may potentially contribute to nutritional deficiencies, specifically in iron, folate, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium and carbohydrates. Deficiencies in these nutrients may lead to impaired performance in training and matches, impaired general health and recovery, and to a break-down of body tissues for energy.

  • Engberg, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
    Stärka barnens integritet: En kvalitativ studie om hur förskolan arbetar med att stärka barnens integritet och förebygga sexuella kränkningar mot barn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    2440 cases of sexual child abuse was reported in 2015 in Sweden that is about one out of five children. Research shows that prevention strategies that focus on strengthening children’s integrity have proven effective for helping children recognize abusive behaviors as well as gain confidence to disclose.

       The aim of this study is to investigate and describe the preschools role in strengthening children’s integrity to prevent child abuse, and describe how the work is done. The study has a qualitative approach with mix of semi-structured and unstructured interviews, called a qualitative interview form. This study used a purposive selection, four informants with management position within preschool were interviewed. The interviews were recorded and then transcribed, which will serve as a database for analysis.  For this study a content analysis was chosen.

       The results showed that the preschool work aims to strengthen children’s integrity, but that the pre-schools do not use any specific strategies to strengthen children’s integrity with the aim of preventing child abuse.

    The conclusion showed that the preschool does not work consciously to prevent sexual child abuse, instead they are focusing in strengthening children’s integrity and values.

  • Egal, Ebtisam
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Utlandsföddas erfarenheter av arbetslöshet och hälsa: en intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore foreigners’ experiences of unemployment and health. Research indicates that unemployment can lead to reduced health and it also shows that people born abroad have a greater risk of health problems compared with those born in Sweden. A qualitative method was employed in this empirical study. Interviews were conducted to collect data. The selection was three women and three men who had lived in Sweden for less than ten years. They had not worked for at least six months, which made them long-term unemployed. The results illustrated that they experienced that their mental health had been affected and they experienced stress, anxiety and fatigue. They worried that unemployment could lead to mental and physical ill health. They perceived that support was an important factor in dealing with unemployment and informants' family and friends were a great support for them. Authorities were not supportive socially or psychologically, but they were a financial support that foreigners could turn to when they needed help. The obstacles that foreigners face in their job search are language and lack of skills and they feel that these obstacles highly affect their chances of getting a job. The conclusion of this study was that foreigners’ mental health has been affected negatively by the unemployment but not their physical health. But they were worried that both their mental and physical health would worsen if they don’t get a job in the near future. More qualitative research is required to understand the experiences of foreigners’ situations while unemployed.

  • Boutzas, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Hälsokontroller och beteendeförändring hos byggarbetare: en intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The incidence of illness among construction workers is higher than average in other industries, because of accidents and other conditions at work. One of the most important resources to prevent injury and maintain health in the workplace, is the occupational health care. The aim of this qualitative study was to describe the construction workers experiences of their occupational health and work environment and about whether occupational health check-ups have had any significance for their behavior change.

    Five male construction workers who had underwent a health check and after that performed a behavior change, was recruited via an occupational care center. Data was collected by face to face and telefon interviews, that were subsequently transcribed and analysed by thematic analyse. The tematic analyse resulted in four main themes: "enabling factors for good health of the construction workers professional”, ”restricted factors to the good health of the construction worker's occupation", "benefits of occupational health promotion" and "concrete results of occupational health check-ups".

     

    The construction workers experienced their occupational health and work environment as both positive and negative. The positive about work was the social contact with colleagues and employers, the negative was that the work environment contributed to poor health due musculoskeletal of injury and stress. Health check-ups contributed to behavior change and pontential prevention of diseases among construction workers.

     

    The health check-ups was considered as being meaningful and enabled a change in behavior after understanding that they must change their lifestyle to avoid disease. Further research is needed on how to improve construction workers occupational health through occupational health services.

  • Aasum Hultberg, Rosanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Det är väl på sätt och vis det heteronormativa samhället som har gjort mig till transperson […]”: En enkätstudie med transpersoner2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim was to study transgender persons’ experiences of, and reactions upon, attitudes and social norms in relation to their gender identity. Another question that was relevant to answer was how transgender persons are affected by the hetero norm. The method used to collect data was through questionnaires published on the internet. The only requirement to participate was to be a transgender over 18 years old, and when the survey closed, 35 respondents had answered it. The questionnaire consisted of both quantitative and qualitative questions. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analysis.

    The results indicate that transgender persons living conditions are largely affected by norms, and that they encounter a considerable amount of negative attitudes due to their gender identity. To "pass" as either man or woman turned out to be something that made it easier for transgender people to evade negative attitudes.

    One hope is that this study can provide knowledge to different instances in the community to open up to be more open to critical thinking around norms.

    The conclusion was that persons with a transgender identity are affected by societal norms and by heteronormativity. It takes a lot of courage to be able to be one self but everything boils down to how strong a person are and the availability of support and role models in the surrounding society. 

  • Meshi, Chantale
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Tukur, Asiya Muazu
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    The influence of motivation on employee's job satisfaction: a study of First Bank Nigeria PLC2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is an attempt to find out the influence motivation has on employees’ job satisfaction based on our case which is First Bank Nigeria Plc. To be able to meet this objective, several motivation theories were discussed and intrinsic/extrinsic motivational factors as found in related literature were taken into consideration.

    Methodology: The researchers carried out a qualitative study where secondary data was obtained from textbooks and peer reviewed journal articles from the school library in order to identify existing scientific knowledge concerning this topic. Also, primary data used were collected through Skype interview and through email with the aid of formulated open-ended questions. Both the company and the interviewee were chosen based on convenience sampling. Data obtained underwent a reduction phase as the authors reduced the work into keywords. Data was later organized and emerged patterns were interpreted for better understanding by the reader.

    Result & Conclusions: From this study, the authors found that both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation enhances employees’ job satisfaction. This was evident through the various factors like increment in salary, perceived equality in pay, conducive environment amongst others numerated by respondents as what will increase their satisfaction in the work they do.

    Limitations: The study is limited to one case company and thirteen respondents from a specific branch. As such the results obtained cannot be easily generalized. Secondly, employees whose job did not connect directly to banking activities like securities, messengers and cleaners were not considered in this study.

    Scope for further studies: Due to our limitations, we suggest that similar studies should be carried out on the influence of motivation on employees’ job satisfaction in several banks and including securities, messengers and cleaners to see if the results differ from the results of our study. Also our theoretical framework can be extended by showing the influence job satisfaction or job dissatisfaction has on employees’ attitude towards work.

    Contribution of the thesis: This study contributes to the previous literature on the concept of motivation and job satisfaction especially the influence motivation has on employees’ job satisfaction. The practical implications of this research work for managers is to pay their workers appropriately in order to enhance job satisfaction.

  • Karlsson, Julia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Sundström, Erica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Anpassning av balanserat styrkort till offentlig verksamhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Previous research reveals that public sector organisations apply balanced scorecard adjusted to their own specific business. The number of studies dealing with balanced scorecard adjusted to public sector organisations is limited which open on to the purpose of the study, which is to illuminate how balanced scorecard is adjusted to public sector organisations in Sweden.

    Method: The study applies an abductive qualitative research method with semistructured interviews as data gathering tool. The processing of data and theory follow thematic analysis. The study permeates the interpretive hermeneutic tradition.

    Result & conclusion: The study interprets that public sector organisations apply adjusted balanced scorecard where none acquire all criteria of the balanced scorecard. The study also interprets that the benefits of adjusted balanced scorecard are simplicity and uniformity. The benefits are accomplished through the purpose of implementing adjusted balanced scorecard, which is the same purpose as for traditional balanced scorecard. Perspectives are adjusted to the specific business, which primarily involves the exclusion of the learning-, and growth perspective in advantage of a perspective concerning employees.

    Suggestions for future research: The study suggests further research regarding the usefulness of strategy maps after strategy development, the causality when other perspective than the financial is placed at the top of the hierarchy, the exclusion of the learning – and growth perspective in advantage of perspectives concerning employees and phase out of balanced scorecard in public sector organisations.

    Contribution of the thesis: The study adds enhanced understanding of how public sector organisations choose to adjust balanced scorecard. The enhanced understanding concerning adjustment is created through four aspects; Application, Benefits, Purpose and Perspectives.

  • Paulsson, Victor
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Wiklander Eriksson, Filip
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    The price of knowledge: Förhållandet mellan konsumentkunskap och etisk konsumtion2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Our study builds on what previous research has described as a gap between consumers' attitudes and behaviour to ethical consumption. Based on the request for additional mapping and a perceived lack of studies investigating the importance of knowledge to willingness to pay and consumption for fair trade products, we have formulated the following purpose:

    "The purpose of the study is to gain a deeper understanding of the relationship between consumers' knowledge on ethical labelling and their consumption together with willingness to pay for ethical labelled products."

    Method: In this study, we performed a quantitative survey at the food store Ica Maxi in Gävle with 143 randomly selected respondents' who completed the questionnaire.The respondents where asked to answer questions regarding their subjective and objective knowledge regarding fairtrade and then price three different food products labelled with fairtrade with the price of the equivalent product without label stated as a reference point. The products were; banana, coffee and honey. Through this we could examine the relationship between knowledge and willingness to pay.

    Result & Conclusion: The result of our survey show that the level of knowledge affects purchase intent and willingness to pay for fairtrade products. We also found a distinction between subjective and objective knowledge. Subjective knowledge had a more distinct affect on consumption and attitude while objective knowledge affected the willingness to pay to a greater extent. Furthermore it was found that the average willingness to pay for a fairtrade label exceeded the equivalent products without label for all examined products.

    Further research: In this thesis we did not research the respondents' actual willingness to pay nor actual consumption behaviour. Further research should hence examine the importance of knowledge on ethical labelling for willingness to pay in actual market situations

    Contribution of the thesis: This study points out the importance of consumer knowledge for ethical consumption. The contribution is additional understanding to therole subjective and objective knowledge plays for consumers to include ethical labelled products in their product choice and also being willing to pay the current market price premium for fairtrade labelled products. 

  • Ljunggren, Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Kähäri, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Behövs emotionell intelligens i religionskunskapsundervisningen?: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates if the development of emotional intelligence is needed in religious studies in upper secondary school and if that kind of pedagogy can oppose xenophobia. The study also investigates how knowledge is measured in religious studies and in school in general. We have used different researchers' theories to enrich our own research. We have also utilized quantitative interviews with eight students from two different schools in the county of Gästrikland, Sweden, which we have compared and analyzed. The result of the study showed that the development of social intelligence was the most valued trait in religious studies and also in other subjects in general. We also discovered that social and emotional intelligence encourages different kinds of abilities. Social intelligence can not oppose xenophobia since people who use this kind of intelligence only develops empathy in order to adapt to the social norms of society, which could lead to false empathy. Emotional intelligence, on the other hand, demands that the person in question reflect upon both their own and others' feelings. This can lead to the development of genuine empathy and an understanding of feelings as a general human process. Emotional intelligence can therefore be used to oppose xenophobia, which should permeate all education no matter the grade or subject, with the help of narrative methods.

  • Wilhelmson, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Kulturreligiositet: Det kristna kulturarvets betydelse för svenska ungdomar och unga vuxna i deras beslutsfattande kring konfirmation och dop.2016Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats presenteras en studie kring ungdomars och unga vuxnas förhållande till kristendomen som utförts genom en intervjuundersökning kring dop och konfirmation, två handlingar inom Sveriges största trossamfund Svenska kyrkan. Tidigare studier visar att medlemskapet inom Svenska kyrkan och intresset för att delta i kyrkliga aktiviteter har minskat under de senaste decennierna. Sedan år 2000 saknar Sverige en statsreligion och är utifrån den definitionen en sekulariserad nation. En allt mindre del av befolkningen identifierar sig själva som religiösa men trots det är över 60 procent av befolkningen fortsatt medlemmar i Svenska kyrkan. Ett medlemskap i Svenska kyrkan uppnås idag genom dopet och detta medlemskap bekräftas vid konfirmationen. Dessa två handlingar står i fokus för denna studie där motiven bakom besluten beträffande dem undersöks.       Intervjuerna som genomförts i syftet att undersöka motiven bakom besluten och religionens betydelse för beslutsfattandet har gett ett resultat där sex olika motiv kan presenteras. Dessa motiv analyseras sedan utifrån tidigare forskning för att ge ett förslag till vilken roll religionen skulle kunna fylla i ett sekulariserat samhälle. Detta görs i åtanke av sammanhanget mellan religion, kultur och tradition och utifrån begreppet kulturreligiositet.

  • Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Demografiska databasen.
    Review of: Josephine Dolan & Estella Tincknell (eds.) (2012). Aging Femininities: Troubling Representations. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 248 pp. ISBN 1 4438 3883 7 (hardback)2013In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, ISSN 1652-8670, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 8, no 1, 145-148 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Demografiska databasen.
    Squirrels and nostalgia: About wardrobe collections of older women2015In: Ageing, culture and identity / [ed] Lena Karlsson, Marianne Liliequist, Anna Sofia Lundgren, Karin Lövgren & Angelika Sjöstedt Landén, Umeå: Umeå University , 2015, 95-120 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus in this article has been on how older women, between 62 and 94 years old, talk of their wardrobe collections. The key questions guiding the analyses of the women’s narratives have been: how did they describe their wardrobe collections; how did they talk of sorting through their garments and organising them; and how did they explain clothes kept but no longer used. The aim has been to let the women’s voices be heard and to give their perspective. Sorting through the wardrobe was an ongoing task, where some felt burdened by owning too many items of clothing, whereas others talked of the importance of remembering through items kept. Garments are like materialised photo albums, loaded with memories. Several informants showed a pragmatic side, emphasising that it was important that garments were put to use and not wasted. References to utility and thrift intersected with emotional ones. The informants used self-distancing descriptions, jokingly referring to themselves as ‘squirrels’ or nostalgic, reluctant to sort through their often substantial clothes collections and throw things away. Clothes also represented the pleasure inherent in the aesthetic work of combining outfits and making an effort to wear something appropriate for each different occasion.

  • Gelius, Beatrice
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Selfelt, Sebastian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    E-leader trust contributes to satisfaction in virtual teams2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Gain insight into how a relationship occur between trust in a virtual team’s e-leader and the satisfaction of the individual virtual team members.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten virtual team members and one e- leader. By the means of grounded theory data from the interviews were analysed. Findings and results are further presented and discussed as distinct themes found in the empirical data.

    Result & Conclusions: We searched for a relationship between trust in the e-leader and the individual virtual team members’ satisfaction. Our findings show that the individual team members’ trust in the e-leader is influencing the feeling of satisfaction in their working environment. The three cues identified to build trust which in turn yields satisfaction in an organisational setting, first relationship and communication, second team spirit, third individual focus.

    Suggestions for future research: We suggest a longitudinal approach for further research to understand the long term effects and benefits for the organisation from the relationship between trust and satisfaction. We also believe the result can benefit from studies conducted in other businesses where the competitive landscape and, or setup may differ.

    Contribution of the thesis: The thesis contributes to an understanding of what trust in the e-leader contributes to in a virtual team in regards to its individual team members and their satisfaction.

  • Hasselgren, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Söderlund, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Läraren som ledare: En kvalitativ studie om några lärares syn på ledarskap i klassrummet2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har syftet varit att undersöka vilken betydelse lärares ledarskap i klassrummet har för elevers lärande. I studien har vi använt oss av strukturerade intervjuer med tio respondenter för att samla in information. Resultatet i undersökningen visar på faktorer för ett bra ledarskap är att skapa trygghet och tillit i gruppen genom struktur, tydlighet och bra ämneskunskaper. Detta kan medföra ett bra arbetsklimat i klassen och elever som presterar bättre i skolan och som då oftare når Skolverkets (2016) uppsatta mål. Detta framkom även i litteraturen som vi använt oss av.

  • Forsell, Philip
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Gaming and School Langauge: A study of gamers’ use of a second language and attitudes towards English during online gaming and in the classroom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper investigates the language that is used by upper secondary students both in gaming and in school related situations. The overarching aim is to compare the language that students in upper secondary school use during online gaming and in classroom situations and how one influences the other and what attitudes students have regarding spoken English during online gaming and in the classroom. A questionnaire was used to gather information about the students’ gamer habits and how they perceive the connection between online games and second language learning. The results provided by the questionnaire showed that there is a positive attitude among the students regarding how online games can provide opportunities for expansion of a second language vocabulary. Many of the students felt that the online sphere provided a more secure and more accessible setting for learning than what their school could give them. It also showed that second language learning through online gaming is possible, but at the same that the language provided through online games has limited use in for example a school environment. Words and phrases that the students have picked up from online gaming are in many cases not useful outside of the speech community of gamers. Therefore, the conclusion that was made was that online gaming is a large part of many students’ second language learning and that many students feel that is a more accessible way to learn a second language. Therefore, a didactic implication is that it is important that teachers start to include online gaming language in their education.

  • Krantz, Jennifer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Självmedkänsla och föräldraskap2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This quantitative study’s purpose was to examine if the was any difference in measured self-compassion between parents and non-parents and between the sexes. A survey was published on Facebook, it consisted of the self-compassion formula made by Neff and other additional questions. It was answered by 144 respondents, 97 of them qualified in my target group. My target group was men and women in the age between 25-35 that were in a relationship. A two-ways ANOVA was made and one tendence was seen, between the sexes. Men had a higher amount of self-compassion than women. There was no differences in measured self-compassion between parents and non-parents. Nor was there any significant interaction effect between the sexes and parenthood.

  • Martínez, Oscar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Electronics.
    Controlling a mechanical piston and a thermal resistance with Arduino2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project consists of controlling a mechanical piston and thermal resistance using an Arduino’s microcontroller. The piston and the thermal resistance take part of an existing project. This project, known as The electronic nose, has the purpose to measure the aroma of different products. In order to achieve this purpose, this tool is a combination of various sensors used to detect gases by generating signals for an analysis system.

    The project can be divided in different parts; electrical circuit design of piston and thermal resistance, design mechanical parts and components needed, develop a software able to control the piston and the thermal resistance and communication between software.

    The piston is installed on the bottom part of hollow cylindrical case and the thermal resistance is located inside a cylindrical base. This base, where the sample for smelling is put up, is bound on the top of the piston. Arduino controls the piston up and down movement and the temperature in the sample’s base.

    On the other hand, the electronic nose is installed at the top of the case. Through its sensors, The electronic nose is able to measure the aroma of some products. The aroma comes from the gases of the sample and they can be detected by the sensors. The purpose of installing the piston in the electronic nose is to get a pulse signal during the measure of these gases.

    Moreover, is very important keep the temperature of the sample under control, therefore the software is based on a on/off controller. A on/off controller calculates continuously the difference between a desired temperature set point and the temperature measured during process. In order to minimize this difference value the controller turn on or off the resistance during a specific instant time.