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  • Ilstad, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Genusperspektiv inom religionsundervisning: En intervjustudie om det praktiska arbetet inom grundskolans senare år2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur en använder ett genusperspektiv inom religionsundervisning. Om en ser till hur makten fördelats mellan könen historiskt inom religioner och i religiösa urkunder kan en förstå problematiken med att genomföra en religionsundervisning inom världsreligionerna ur ett genusperspektiv. Världsreligionerna är i grunden patriarkaliska och det skapar problem när det kommer till att undervisa med ett genusperspektiv.

     

    I dagens läroplaner är det ett krav att genomföra undervisning ur ett genusperspektiv och det ska följas av oss pedagoger i alla ämnen. Det är intressant att studera religionsundervisning utifrån dess historia och urkunder som i grunden är ur ett patriarkaliskt perspektiv. Hur ska en göra för att få med genusperspektivet inom religionsundervisning? Hur arbetar en i dag med detta?

  • Söderhäll, Jonas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Töyrylä, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Distorsionseffektens påverkan av alternativ i förhandlingar: En teoriprövning av "Bargaining zone distorsion in negotiations: The elusive power of multiple alternatives", skriven av Schaerer, Loschelder, & Swaab2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Illerhag, Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Life or Death: Biopower and Racism in Huxley´s Brave New World2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aldous Huxley´s Brave New World describes how a totalitarian power has taken control over both body and mind of the whole population. A hierarchical caste system, where a person´s role in society is predetermined long before birth, maintains stability together with brain-washing methods and propaganda. Huxley expressed his fears of what might happen if science was used for the wrong purposes, and wrote his futuristic novel Brave New World in the beginning of the 1930s, inspired by the turbulent world around him. It was a time preoccupied with race and classification of populations, which ended in the disastrous Holocaust. Huxley´s novel is equally important today when eugenics is on the comeback and democracy is challenged by nationalist and populist movements. This essay will consist of a close reading of Brave New World, analyzed from the perspective of the theories of French philosopher Foucault. He launched his concept of biopower in the 1970s, where he linked a negative use of controlling citizens with state racism. The focus of this essay will be to explore how biopower and racism are used by the totalitarian state in the novel to maintain control of the population. The argument will be made that racism, internal division and exclusion are vital tools to achieve that purpose.

  • Ahlgren, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Ahlstedt, Frida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Miljömässigt- och socialt ansvarstagande i SME: - En studie om motiv vid implementeringen av CSR2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Environmental and social responsibility in SMEs - A study of underlying motivation when implementing CSR in Swedish SMEs.

     

    Level: Final assignment for Bachelor Degree in Business Administration 

     

    Author: Elin Ahlgren and Frida Ahlstedt

     

    Supervisor: Tomas Källquist and Pär Villhelmson

     

    Date: June - 2018

                        

    Aim: Previous research presents the majority of motives when implementing CSR. Motivations raise awareness of why companies implement CSR. Knowledge about the motivation for implementing CSR in SMEs is inadequate, as previous studies have primarily focused on large companies. The aim of the study is to increase understanding of the motives underlying the implementation of CSR in SMEs, focusing on the value-motive, the economy-motive and the stakeholder-motive.

                        

    Method: The study is based on a hermeneutical and social constructivist perspective with an abductive research effort. The study applies a qualitative survey method in which empirical data collection was conducted using semi-structured interviews. The theoretical frame of reference is based on previous research and the empirical material is grouped according to the themes and categories that arose during the interviews. Based on the abductive research effort, the theoretical reference frame and empirical data have been analyzed in interaction with each other to answer the purpose of the study.

                    

    Conclusions: The study suggests that the value-driven, the performance-drivenand the stakeholder-driven motive form the basis for implementing CSR in SMEs. The study also shows that the value-driven motive is the motive considered to be the most central and significant role in implementing CSR in SMEs.

     

    Suggestions for future research: Further research should focus on the importance of the motives when implementing CSR in specific industries. Also, the stakeholders' perspective on the issue can be studied by looking at whether the motives for implementing CSR are perceived by stakeholders.

     

    Contribution of the thesis: From a theoretical perspective, this study contributes with an understanding that the value-driven, the performance-drivenand the stakeholder-driven motive can be applied in a study on implementation of CSR in SMEs. From a practical perspective, this study contributes with advice about how companies and their leaders can increase knowledge about CSR and apply CSR-activities tailored to the company's conditions.

  • Ajax, Olivia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Brunila, Julia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Influencers påverkan på varumärkeslojalitet.: En kvantitativ studie på den svenska marknaden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Molin, Gustav
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Thunman, Andreas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    En studie av socialt kapital bland svenska gymnasieelever2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lydin, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Olsson, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Köper du, köper jag: En studie om hur influencers påverkar impulsköp genom sociala medier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze how interaction with and confirmation from opinion leaders affect consumers' impulse buying through companies marketing via social commerce. This study was thus accomplished to clarify whether influencers, through different factors, can influence impulse purchases online.

    Method: The method that was used in this study was a quantitative study through web-based surveys. The results from these was then analyzed in the program SPSS to get a clear picture of how the factors affect impulse purchases. The population contains men and women from the age of 16 years and upwards that are following an influencer on social media. The selection group is then those who are members of the Facebook group "Fredagspoddens vänner" as well as those following Jessica Lagergren and Elin Lindqvist at Instagram.

    Result and conclusions: The result showed that the influence of influencers was not particularly great, and consumers tend to impulse buy to a greater extent if they were not involved. Although the impact was small, it was clear that the confirmation from influencers was the factor that affected the respondents the most. 

    Contribution of the thesis: The study contributes to increased understanding of how businesses should use influencers in their marketing to generate impulse purchases online as well as it is built on the gap that previous research has observed.

    Suggestions for future research: For further research, it would be interesting to see how many impulse purchases that on average are generated by collaborations between companies and influencers. Another thing to investegate is what social media that generates the most impulse purchases. 

  • Lindh, Adam
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Persson, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Miljömässig marknadsföring och dess påverkan på Word of Mouth: Skillanden mellan marknadsföringsstrategierna greenwashing, vocal green, silent brown och silent green2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The influence of green marketing on Word of Mouth – The difference among the marketing strategies greenwashing, vocal green, silent brown and silent green.

    Author: Adam Lindh & Cecilia Persson.

    Supervisor: Jonas Kågström.

    Date: 2018 - Maj.

    Aim: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the influence of green marketing on consumers WoM by Delmas and Burbano’s organization typology.

    Method: A quasi-experiment was conducted. Four marketing strategies were developed for a fictitious product by Delmas and Burbano’s organization typology. Four comparison groups were used to test these marketing strategies against each other. A questionnaire was created for each strategy where the participants were presented with product information and product review of the fictitious product. The total number of participants amounted to 140 people distributed among the four groups.

    Result & Analysis: The results confirm that there are differences among Delmas and Burbano’s organization typology regarding WoM. The silent green- and vocal green groups generates higher WoM compared to the greenwashing- and silent brown groups. The results also display a difference between WoM and green WoM. This effect is mediated by perceived environmental performance.

    Contribution of the thesis: This study displays how green marketing affects consumers WoM by Delmas and Burbano’s organization typology. A definition of the concept environmental performance has been developed, something that was missing in previous research.

    Suggestions for future research: Since this study displays differences between WoM and green WoM, the cause of this phenomenon should be investigated. A macro perspective canbe applied to Delmas and Burbano’s organization typology which investigates real life organizations. Furthermore, the effects of legislations and sanctions on greenwashing should be a subject for further research.

    Keywords: Organization typology, greenwashing, vocal green, silent brown, silent green, word of mouth.

  • Bergman, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Malmebo Kehr, Therése
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Projektet Sandvargen – när två plus två blir fem2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I examensarbetet undersöks och utvärderas Litteraturhuset Trampolins högläsningsprojekt Sandvargen, där 14 klasser från förskoleklass till årskurs tre deltagit. Projektets syfte var att stimulera elevers läslust och läsförståelse genom att lyfta fram högläsning och eget skapande som metod. Med utgångspunkt i ett lärarperspektiv beskrivs och diskuteras projektet i relation till läroplanen, teorier och tidigare forskning. Syftet var att undersöka om de intervjuade lärarna upplevt att eleverna utvecklat en ökad läslust och läsförståelse genom deltagandet i projektet. Ett annat syfte var att ge en bild av hur lärare kan arbeta med estetiska uttryckssätt i kombination med högläsning med stöd av läroplanen. För att undersöka vilka upplevelser de deltagande lärarna har av projektet genomfördes kvalitativa intervjuer med sex lärare. Undersökningen har använt kvalitativ metod med fenomenologisk och hermeneutisk ansats. Materialet har även bestått av kvalitativa analyser av projektets handledning samt kvantitativa och kvalitativa analyser av projektets utvärdering. Analyserna undersökte om Litteraturhuset Trampolins mål och pedagogiska intentioner med Projektet Sandvargen förverkligats. Resultaten indikerar att projektet skapat goda förutsättningar för ökad läsförståelse samt skapat positiva effekter på elevernas läslust. Vidare visar resultatet att projektet pedagogiska intentioner inte har uppfyllts eftersom lärarna använt högläsning som metod men inte kopplat högläsningen till eget skapande.

  • Chen, Zhe
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Yang, Ni
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Women’s experiences of preeclampsia in pregnancy: A descriptive literature review2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sabra, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Gender differences in young learners’ English skills in Swedish schools: A study of perceived and actual gender differences in skills, attitude towards and interest in the English language2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined gender differences in young learners of English in terms of skills, attitude and interest, and teachers’ perceptions of potential gender differences. To examine potential gender differences in skills, a three-part test was conducted with two third grade classes in a school in Sweden. A survey was conducted in the same third grade classes to map the students’ interest and attitude, and structured interviews were conducted with six different teachers to investigate their perception of potential gender differences in skills and interest and attitude. The results revealed that boys’ and girls’ skills were almost equal, although boys at an average acquired a slightly higher level of points in listening and reading comprehension, while more girls wrote at a higher level than boys in the writing assignment. Boys and girls were not equal in their attitude towards and interest in the English language, as girls were more positive towards the language while boys were more confident in their English skills. Teachers perceived no gender difference in interest and attitude, and most perceived none or slight difference in skills.

  • Hepworth, Graham
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Manifestations of Capitalism from a Marxist Perspective: A comparison of Cultural Values and Moral Codes in Moby Dick and David Copperfield2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of Charles Dickens David Copperfield and Herman Melville Moby Dick from a Marxist perspective, exploring the different manifestations of the capitalist system, with critical reference to the theories of Raymond Williams and Terry Eagleton. It will attempt to understand cultural differences, values and moral codes, that the two novels reveal about Victorian England and Antebellum America, at this point in literary history, the decade of time with 1850 at its centre. The thesis will explore how the cultural legacy and ambitions of each nation is represented in each of the novels. By comparing the central themes of each work, the study will attempt to illustrate how capitalism is expressed specifically in each nation. 

  • Heaps, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Puns and Language Play in the L2 Classroom: Pragmatic Tests on Swedish High School Learners of English2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT: Puns are short humorous texts that play on structural ambiguity in order to create incongruous scripts. The perception of their humour requires considerable pragmatic manipulation, which may present problems for L2 learners, which is why many scholars agree that they are best reserved for more advanced students. Using a combination of Quantitative and Qualitative analysis of data yielded from a survey containing puns and referential jokes, this study confirms that humour through puns is largely inaccessible to Swedish High School learners of English, with ambiguity being the main obstacle across the test groups. However, since language play has been proven to be facilitative to language learning, and since students themselves express a wish to be able to participate in humorous interaction, learners may well benefit from working with puns and language play in the classroom in order to gain greater linguistic abilities and well-rounded communicative competence.

  • Dahlqvist, Hanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Exposure to English in the Primary School English Classroom: There Are Ways to Make a Foreign Language Comprehensible without Translating2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study regards the importance of exposure to English in English education. The study identifies factors of education proven to be effective when learning a language, such as exposure, the pupils’ lives as a platform, repetition, a calm and secure environment, learning connected to physical action and use of pictures and body language to aid verbal language. Lessons were designed in accordance with existing previous research and literature on exposure to the language. The lessons were carried out among first-graders to determine whether they were successful or not. The success was measured through results from a pre-test as well as a post-test which were both followed by interviews with the pupils. The differing results from the pre- and post-tests as well as the interviews with the pupils indicate the lessons are successful as the scores were higher in the post-test and the pupils could identify their own progress.

  • Nigutova, Svatava
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Knowledge Construction in Multicultural Reading Projects2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper researches the theoretical background needed for the implementation of literary texts with multicultural themes for use in EFL courses in Sweden and it offers several concrete didactical solutions for multicultural reading. The theory of multicultural education by J. A. Banks is presented with focus on the dimension of knowledge construction. The processes that are examined are the learning processes in the zone of proximal development by Vygotsky (1986), the concept of scaffolding by Woods, Bruner & Ross (1976) and the process of perspective-taking by Thein & Sloan (2013). These processes each employ a three-step sequence that moves students from their existing knowledge to new knowledge and revised personal opinions. The teacher’s role is to provide support during the learning process. The second part of the paper suggests different activities for the multicultural reading of a novel, used to make the process of multicultural knowledge construction and scaffolding visible. Teacher support includes text reduction, book discussion and language analysis. Discussion points found in Love Medicine start with revising the stereotypical images, discovering how personal experience influences knowledge or how ethnicity influences professional career choices. When teachers and students read literary texts with multicultural themes, students’ racial prejudice can be reduced (Banks 2004) and their ethical attitudes become more open (Thein & Sloan 2013). The literary work chosen for framing in the theory is Love Medicine by Louise Erdrich. The paper ends with a reflection over the limitations of multicultural reading projects.

  • Hayward, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Holden Caulfield´s Narcissism Revisited: A Psychoanalytical Study of the Protagonist in J.D. Salinger´s The Catcher in the Rye2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Jerome David Salinger´s Holden Caulfield, the protagonist in The Catcher in the Rye, is seen through the lens of psychoanalytical literary criticism. He is a complex character, who is torn between his dreams and emotions. He is often depicted as a liar, a rebel who drops out of school or as a depressed young man who is admitted into care for his mental problems. Some of these issues are hidden in the vernacular teenage language. The image of Holden as having a personality that is in line with narcissism is therefore discussed. The intention is to question whether or not Holden shows symptoms of a narcissistic personality. Contrary to the personality traits that some critics have described, this essay focuses on the sides of Holden´s personality that show empathy, generosity and love, despite the traumas of his childhood.

  • Bendrik, Oscar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Industrial design.
    Airwasher: Luftrening med hjälp av växter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet omfattar en designprocess innehållande, litteraturstudier, intervjuer, observationer, marknadsundersökning, idégenerering, fokusgrupp, utvärdering och kommunikation. Syftet var att vidareutveckla en luftrenare/luftfuktare kallad Airwasher för företaget Växt och Miljödesign. Växt och Miljödesign är ett litet företag som grundar sin verksamhet på att hyra ut och underhålla växter till andra företag. De hyr även ut sin egen uppfinning Airwasher. Airwasher bygger på växters naturliga luftreningsegenskaper då den med hjälp av en fläkt suger in luft från rummet och med hjälp av ett rör för den ner till rötterna där en reningsprocess sker. Växt och Miljödesign hade inte några önskemål på hur Airwasher skulle vidareutvecklas utan det var upp till mig att hitta områden med utvecklingspotential. För att identifiera vilka problem som fanns med Airwasher gjordes intervjuer och observationer ute hos kunder. Det visade sig att det största problemet var att hitta lämpliga platser för Airwasher eftersom den endast kommer i en golvstående kruka med en diameter på 50 cm. Efter att problemen var identifierade började en idégenereringsprocess med målet att hitta lösningar. Alla lösningar som kom fram till en början skulle inte förbättra produkten nämnvärt men däremot göra den mer komplicerad. Det var inte önskvärt så jag tog ett steg tillbaka och funderade över det verkliga behovet, vilket var att förse kunderna med frisk luft. För att göra det på bästa sätt bestämde jag mig för att fokusera på att utveckla tjänsten Airwasher, inte produkten. Slutresultatet blev en serie med tre olika storlekar anpassade efter Växt och Miljödesigns sortiment av krukor. På så vis skulle man kunna utnyttja alla naturliga platser för blomkrukor och enkelt få frisk luft över hela kontoret. För att bestämma ett formspråk för nya Airwasher samlade jag en fokusgrupp där tre värdeord som Airwasher står för diskuterades fram. Orden som bestämdes var naturlig, diskret och pålitlig. Utifrån dessa följde ett skissarbete, först på papper sedan i 3-dimensionellt medium. De bästa idéerna togs ut för att sedan utvärderas mot samma fokusgrupp. När formen var bestämd valdes lämplig produktionsmetod utifrån Växt och Miljödesigns förutsättningar, vilket var 3D-skrivning. För att hålla sig till värdeorden valdes ett träfärgat filament av sågspån och PLA-plast, vilket passar bra in i krukans naturliga färgpalett.

  • Juhlin, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, English.
    Teaching Poetry in Upper Secondary School Courses: A Study in Lesson Design2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study attempts to show benefits with different methods when teaching poetry in Upper Secondary courses, with the aim of proving that by using a certain design of the lesson, it is possible to engage the students in English poetry. A secondary aim was to incorporate and implement the theories on sociocultural learning by Vygotsky into the method used in the study. Finally, the study aimed to question the definitions of what constitutes a poem and the ideas of canonized versus non-canonized material within literature. The method chosen for this study was a mixed methods design, and the study applied a deductive approach where a hypothesis based on previous research and ideas within the field was tested. The design of the study was to perform a focus group interview, followed by observations of four lessons with students at Upper Secondary level, and finally a questionnaire for the students. The results from the study were mainly positive and the questionnaire showed that most of the students appreciated the first part the most, although a few students enjoyed both parts. The combined results showed that the design has an impact when it comes to engagement, and it changed a few of the students views on poetry. The main finding in the study was that students prefer less complex poetry that does not belong to the canon, since most of the students marked the first part as the best one. The results showed therefore that the design has an impact when it comes to engagement.   

  • Westergren, Sarah
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    Klang, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    Begreppssamordning: En undersökande intervjustudie om terminologin inom geodataområdet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Mora Salcedo, Juan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Study of standardization of planning process in a Project Management Office (PMO).2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the standardization of the planning phase in a project management office (PMO). The purpose of the research is to find the way to standardize the planning phase in PMO. This purpose is motivated by the relevance of planning phase in projects. Planning is about to forecast, and the consequences of a bad forecasting can be critical for the developing of the project. The research question of the study is the following one:➢ How can the planning phase be standardized in a Project Management Office?To answer this question five interviews have been performed. The interviewees were senior project managers from different companies in Sweden. In order to keep the confidentiality, the names of the managers and the companies which they belong to are omitted. A literature review has been done to set up a theoretical framework and validate the results from the interviews. The study concludes that the only part in planning which can be easily standardized is the work breakdown structure. The results showed that standardization of planning phase as a whole is a big challenge for PMO and also that specialization helps in great measure the standardization of planning.

  • Rozario, Jewel Augustine
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Hamid, Osman Abdelkader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    A systematic approach to assess the relocation of the business centres to a logistics platform: A case study on DHL Freight AB (Sweden)2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The relocation of logistic companies’ from the inner centres to the logistic platforms significantly affects both the supply chain management and the urban sustainability development. Recently the concept of city logistics and intermodality has received a significant attention from both academics and decision makers. City logistics play a pivotal role to ensure the liveability of urban areas but, in parallel, urban freight transport also has a significant effect on the quality of life in the urban settings. Optimization of urban freight transportation have an important input in the context of sustainability and liveability of cities and urban areas reducing traffic congestion, decreasing road accidents, alleviating CO2 emissions and noise impacts.

    The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the relocation of a case logistics company from the city centre to a suburban area. To do this, a wide range of literature reviews pertaining the influence of peripheral logistics platform on the city sustainability were investigated. It seems that there are not well-defined models which can make a comprehensive and quantitative assessment in the context of sustainability for the relocation of business premises. Further investigation was done by conducting a case study on DHL, field observation of traffic flow. Based on all the collected information from the relevant sources, a mixed methods research was applied including a qualitative approach and a quantitative approach. A systematic approach was therefore developed in the context of sustainable development which can be used as an assessment tool for the major factors that enlighten the decision makers to consider the relocation of the logistics companies.

    A systematic approach was developed by this thesis which facilitates the assessment of key factors that impact the relocation decision in the context of all the three sustainable aspects: economic, social and environmental development. These impacts represent traffic congestion, time and distance of transportation, emission, cost optimization and transport mobility.

  • Ohlsson, Petra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kunskapsläget om antidoping bland innebandyspelare på nationell elitnivå2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: Innebandy är Sveriges största inomhusidrott som år 1985 blev antagna som ett specialförbund till Riksidrottsförbundet (RF). Som medlemmar hos RF ska deras regler och antidopingreglement följas. De regler som RF har beträffande doping bygger främst på den internationella dopingorganisationen World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) antidopingregler. WADA:s antidopingregler innebär bland annat att utbildning ska ges till idrottsutövare om dopingbrott och dopingkontroller. Trots det finns det indikationer på innebandyspelare har bristfällig kunskap om antidoping.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilken kunskap innebandyspelare på nationell elitnivå hade om Riksidrottsförbundets och svenska innebandyförbundets antidopingarbete och dopingregler.

    Frågeställningar:

    -       I vilken grad kunde innebandyspelare på nationell elitnivå beskriva Riksidrottsförbundets standarder för dopingkontroller av idrottsutövare?

    -       Vilken kännedom hade innebandyspelare på nationell elitnivå om Riksidrottsförbundets Röd-gröna lista samt WADA:s dopinglista?

    -       Hur fick innebandyspelare information och kunskap gällande dopinglistan och dopingkontroller?

    -       I vilken grad genomförde Svenska innebandyförbundet utbildningar om antidoping och standarder för dopingkontroller?

    Metod: En kvantitativ design användes där enkäter samlades in i pappersform samt via internet. På enkäten svarade totalt 34 aktiva innebandyspelare på nationell elitnivå.

    Resultat – Resultatet visade att kännedomen innebandyspelare på nationell elitnivå hade om antidopingarbetet och dopingregler var bristande. Majoriteten av respondenterna hade inte kunskap om vilka standarder som gällde samt vilka skyldigheter de hade vid en dopingkontroll.

    Slutsats – Elitinnebandyspelare i Sverige hade en bristande kunskap om RF:s antidopingarbete och dopingkontroller. För att förbättra kunskapen var ett förslag på en åtgärd att fler utbildningar av Svenska innebandyförbundet och RF gavs då det kan bidra till att färre idrottsutövare använder dopingpreparat och metoder.

  • Liss-Svedlund, Max
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Björvall, Petra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Omvårdnadsstuderandes fysiska kapacitet: En deskriptiv och jämförande studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning.

    Vårdbranschen är i nuläget den mest utsatta branschen när det kommer till sjukskrivningar i Sverige. Studier visar att många som sjukskriver sig gör detta på grund av kroppsskador som ofta uppkommit till följd av en lägre fysisk kapacitet än vad arbetet kräver, något som skulle kunna minska om fysisk aktivitet samt utbildning kring vikten av detta ingick i vårdutbildningen.

    Syfte.

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka den mätta och skattade fysiska kapaciteten hos en klass omvårdnadselever i en gymnasieskola i Sverige.

    Metod.

    Insamlandet av denna data skedde med hjälp av sju fysiska tester som mätte deltagarnas fysiska kapacitet. Beep-test (kondtion), storktest (balanstest), sit and reach (rörlighet i baksida lår och rygg), handdynamometer (handstyrka), sit-ups (magstyrka), flexed arm hang (överkroppsstyrka) och stående längdhopp (benstyrka) mätte deltagarnas fysiska kapacitet. En enkät användes till deltagarnas skattning av den egna fysiska kapaciteten samt för skattning av fysisk aktivitet. Data från testerna jämfördes sedan deskriptivt med resultat från en jämförbar grupp ur övriga befolkningen.

    Resultat.

    Resultatet visade att deltagarna för denna studie, i många av testerna, hade lägre resultat än jämförbar grupp i samma ålder. Större skillnader sågs i konditionstestet och flexed arm hang. I dessa hade deltagarna för studien avsevärt lägre resultat samt var fysiskt aktiva i lägre utsträckning än rekommendationerna från World Health Organization (WHO).

    Slutsats.

    Slutsatsen var att omvårdnadselevernas fysiska kapacitet är lägre än hos jämförbar grupp. Den skattade fysiska kapaciteten och aktiviteten var väldigt spridd vilket inte överensstämde med de fysiska testerna. Då vårdyrket är fysiskt krävande och studiens resultat pekar på att den fysiska kapaciteten är relativt låg i denna grupp behöver åtgärder vidtas för att öka denna kapacitet och minska den fysiska belastningen inom vårdyrket. Ett förslag till detta kan vara att man, under vårdutbildningen, utför fysiska tester för att uppmärksamma vikten av en den egna hälsan samt utveckla den fysiska kapaciteten.

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka den mätta och skattade fysiska kapaciteten hos en klass omvårdnadselever i en gymnasieskola i Sverige.

    Metod.

    Insamlandet av denna data skedde med hjälp av sju fysiska tester som mätte deltagarnas fysiska kapacitet. Beep-test (kondtion), storktest (balanstest), sit and reach (rörlighet i baksida lår och rygg), handdynamometer (handstyrka), sit-ups (magstyrka), flexed arm hang (överkroppsstyrka) och stående längdhopp (benstyrka) mätte deltagarnas fysiska kapacitet. En enkät användes till deltagarnas skattning av den egna fysiska kapaciteten samt för skattning av fysisk aktivitet. Data från testerna jämfördes sedan deskriptivt med resultat från en jämförbar grupp ur övriga befolkningen.

    Resultat.

    Resultatet visade att deltagarna för denna studie, i många av testerna, hade lägre resultat än jämförbar grupp i samma ålder. Större skillnader sågs i konditionstestet och flexed arm hang. I dessa hade deltagarna för studien avsevärt lägre resultat samt var fysiskt aktiva i lägre utsträckning än rekommendationerna från World Health Organization (WHO).

    Slutsats.

    Slutsatsen var att omvårdnadselevernas fysiska kapacitet är lägre än hos jämförbar grupp. Den skattade fysiska kapaciteten och aktiviteten var väldigt spridd vilket inte överensstämde med de fysiska testerna. Då vårdyrket är fysiskt krävande och studiens resultat pekar på att den fysiska kapaciteten är relativt låg i denna grupp behöver åtgärder vidtas för att öka denna kapacitet och minska den fysiska belastningen inom vårdyrket. Ett förslag till detta kan vara att man, under vårdutbildningen, utför fysiska tester för att uppmärksamma vikten av en den egna hälsan samt utveckla den fysiska kapaciteten.

  • Uppenberg, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Jonsson, Emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Innovative noise protection solutions for Sweden's first high speed railway2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates and design innovative concepts of noise protection solutions (NPS) for the Swedish high-speed railway (HSR) that is planned to be built between Stockholm and Gothenburg in the near future. The planned traffic will start in 2035. The concepts have been developed through a design process, starting with a research phase of existing solutions for the problem, theory about noise and absorbing materials. Following by an analysis of all researched data to narrow down the project and the interviews with the Swedish transport administration, this in order to pinpoint the requirements for the NPS. To get opinions from people who are exposed to low frequency noise, two questionnaires were conducted with a total of 80 respondents. Because of the difficulty to find the exact target group of people who are only exposed to the noise from high speed trains, the first questionnaire was open for all people who are exposed to low frequency noise (traffic noise). The second questionnaire was published at Trafikverket Facebook page, and because of their high number of followers, people who are exposed to train noise could easily be reached. From the answers and the analyzed data, a requirement specification for the NPS was created with all the requirements that the NPS needed to have according to Trafikverkets standards and from the questionnaire. These requirements were the prerequisite used in the synthesis phase. Different brainstorming methods were used to develop a large amount of ideas. A workshop with people from the society was held to keep the creativity alive. From the first synthesis phase, six ideas out of 160 ideas were chosen by a dot evaluation, and in order to narrow down the ideas even more, a matrix evaluation was used. The matrix was built from the requirement specification to verify which ideas fit most of the requirements for a new NPS. From this evaluation, two concepts were chosen to be developed further. After a validation from Trafikverket, the two concepts were further developed, this by an open brainstorming session. Via discussions and sketching, new ideas for the concepts arose. We found solutions for the problems that arose with each concept and made final decisions about the design and material. Three concepts were 3D visualized in the CAD program Rhinoceros. Final touches of the concepts were made in Keyshot. Throughout this thesis, three concepts for noise protections for the HSR have been developed and the research question “How can innovation be created by using a design process?” have been discussed and answered.

  • Peltola, Simon
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    ”Oförklarliga vredesutbrott, våldsamheter och obehärskade handlingar”: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av motioner och propositioner beträffande dopningsbrott2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper has been to investigate how doping felonies are constructed in government bills. Questions have been aimed at how doping felonies are described regarding perpetrator, cause, consequences and prevention. A question regarding David Garland’s coined symbolic denial and it’s occurrence in the texts has been covered. Qualitative content analysis of 51 different government bills has been employed as a method. Results showed that the political debate regarding doping can be divided into four main categories: causes for doping, consequences of doping, suggestions for preventive strategies and the substance and felony’s character. Results showed a prevailing perception that doping occurs mainly among young men as a consequence of prevailing ideals. The side-effects of doping substances are viewed as the main consequence. Suggestions for preventive strategies are mostly based on formal social control. It can be argued that symbolic denial does occur in the texts.

  • Ye, Minghui
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Tao, Jun
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Parents' experience of having premature baby: A literature review2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Linderheim, Klas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Industrial design.
    Formgivning av en mobil knivslipningsstation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johansson, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Lundin, Caroline
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Hur uppfattar enhetschefer sin arbetsbelastning utifrån krav-kontroll och stödmodellen?: En kvalitativ studie utförd bland enhetschefer i en mindre kommun i Mellansverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to study unit managers' experience of strenuous work and work-related stress, as well as how the stress experience impacted on their privacy. A qualitative method was carried out using a semi-structured interview guide. Based on the purpose and Karaseks and Theorell's demand-control and support model, four questions were formulated. Six unit managers were interviewed, and the collected material was analyzed using a deduction thematic analysis. The four main themes: workplace requirements, control of the work situation, the importance of social support and the balance between work and privacy were predetermined based on theory. The overall result showed that respondents experienced high demands and a low level of control at the workplace. Results also showed that social support was of great importance in the respondents' work situation. The model's predicted stress experience was in line with the unit managers' actual stress experience and the balance between work and privacy proved to be limited.

  • Palmqvist Andersson, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Johansson, Maja
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelse av krav, kontroll och socialt stöd: En kvantitativ studie om jämförelsen av att delta i ett introduktionsprogram eller inte2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate using a quantative method whether there was a difference between newly graduated nurses who were required to complete an introductory program compared to those that were not regarding demand, control and social support. The newly graduated nurses came from two different hospitals where one group had an introductory program in place and the other one did not, a group of nurses who worked for five years or more from each hospital were also investigated. The study used the questionnaire Demand Control Swedish Questionnaire (DCSQ) and was answered by a total of 104 nurses. The result showed no significant difference between the groups of newly graduated nurses in their perceived psychosocial work environment. The only significant difference was between the experience groups, where the newly graduated nurses experienced higher demands than the nurses who worked for five years or more. The result was then analysed about whether an introduction for the newly graduated nurses should consist of a program or be individually adapted.

  • Calles, Linn
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Söderlund, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Förhöjd pensionsålder - vad krävs för att orka arbeta längre?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The population of Sweden tends to live longer and therefore a new agreement about the retirement age has been designed to maintain the Swedish economy. The retirement age will increase and to make older employees cope with a longer worklife it´s important to maintain a good work motivation and also give the employees the right conditions to be able to work longer. The purpose of this study was therefore to study what employees perceive as important to be able and willing to work longer. Nine semi-structured interviews were performed with employees over 60 years old and were professionals in different industries. The interviews were analysed with an inductive thematic analysis. Older employees are primarily motivated by intrinsic factors such as well-being at work and good relations with colleagues. Participation and development opportunities were important factors to be able to work longer. The opportunity for development at work can be affected by the conditions given to the employee, but the employee also has his own responsibility to take advantage of the development opportunities

  • Forsberg Fryklund, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Jonsson, Marcel
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kan en Facebookgrupp påverka dess medlemmar till att bli mer fysiskt aktiv genom socialt stöd?: En kvantitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fysisk aktivitet (FA) är ett omdiskuterat ämne, speciellt idag när Fysisk inaktivitet blir

    allt vanligare i takt med att användningen av sociala medier ökar. Därför är det

    intressant att undersöka om sociala medier kan inspirera till att vi blir mer fysiskt

    aktiv.

    Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva hur Facebookgruppen Träningsglädje och

    inspiration påverkar medlemmarnas fysiska aktivitet genom socialt stöd. Studiens

    frågeställningar är

    -       Hur upplever medlemmarna i Facebookgruppen Träningsglädje och Inspiration att deras fysiska aktivitet påverkas i samband med emotionellt stöd?

    -       Hur upplever medlemmarna i Facebookgruppen Träningsglädje och Inspiration att deras fysiska aktivitet påverkas i samband med informativt stöd?

    Studien är baserad på en kvantitativ enkätundersökning med deskriptivredovisning. Enkäten bestod av 13 frågor med svarsalternativ.

    Målpopulationen är gruppmedlemmarna i Facebookgruppen Träningsglädje och inspiration. Enkätundersökningen resulterade i 74 respondenter.

    Resultatet visar att hälften av de svarande inte upplever att de påverkats att bli mer FA dock

    upplever majoriteten av de svarande att de fått emotionellt och informativt stöd från

    gruppen. Trots att majoritet inte upplever att de påverkats av gruppen till att bli mer FA så

    upplever cirka 65 procent att de blivit mer FA efter de gått med i Facebookgruppen.

    Slutsatsen visar att majoriteten i Facebookgruppen upplever socialt stöd, men inte i

    samband med FA. Däremot upplever majoriteten att deras FA har ökat efter att de blev

    medlemmar i Facebookgruppen Träningsglädje och inspiration. Ett medlemskap i en

    träningsinspirerad Facebookgrupp kan öka ens fysiska aktivitet.

  • Yuan, Hangjia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    Zhang, Hui
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Lishui University, China.
    The prevention of the Ventilator associated pneumonia from the view of registered nurses: A descriptive literature review2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hansson, Olof
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johansson, Martin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hjärnskakningar inom professionell ishockey: En kvalitativ studie om hur spelare anser att hjärnskakningar kan förebyggas inom elitishockey2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning/bakgrund: Hjärnskakningar är ett stort problem inom dagens professionella ishockey. Sportens utveckling har lett till att denna allvarliga skadetyp har blivit alltmer vanligt förekommande. Detta har lett till att hjärnskakningar blivit ett väldigt omdiskuterat ämne inom hockeysektorn men även allmänt. Det finns flera anledningar till varför förekomsten av hjärnskakningar är så hög idag, men det saknas åtgärder för att komma tillrätta med problematiken. Denna studie fokuserar på spelarna, eftersom de kommer närmast problemet och därför bör ha bra förslag på preventiva åtgärder.

    Syfte: Hur skulle antalet hjärnskakningar inom svensk elitishockey kunna förebyggas enligt förslag utifrån spelarnas erfarenheter.

    Metod: En kvalitativ metod användes för att skapa en djupare förståelse inom ämnet. Sex semistrukturerade intervjuer utfördes med spelare som spelat minst tre säsonger i SHL. Efter intervjuerna så gjordes en informationsanalys där gemensamma teman hittades.

    Resultat: Den största orsaken till hjärnskakningsproblematiken enligt deltagarna var det höga tempot som är genomgående i dagens ishockey. Deltagarna ansåg även att utbildning har en stor del i problematiken. Spelare bör utbildas i tidigare ålder för att ha mer kunskap när de kommer upp till elitnivå. Det fanns även andra orsaker som nämndes som potentiella anledningar till ökat antal av hjärnskakningar. Ansvar och respekt, bestraffningar, utrustning och bristfällig rehabilitering var ämnen som nämndes av samtliga deltagare. Deltagarna gav flera potentiella lösningar utefter sina egna erfarenheter. Det som ansågs vara viktigast var dock att utbilda unga spelare inom ämnet och att det är viktigt med ansvar och respekt mot andra spelare på isen.

    Konklusion: Samtliga deltagare i studien framförde åsikter om vad som bör göras för att minska antalet hjärnskakningar. En del åtgärder ansågs dock vara betydelsefullare än andra för att skapa en säkrare sport. Något som är viktigt att veta är dock att detta är ett problem som inte går att lösa på en gång. Det finns dock hopp om att i framtiden kunna se en förminskning i antalet hjärnskakningar inom professionell ishockey.

  • Tedenby, Frida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Jonsson, Tilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Skolkuratorers arbete med att upptäcka barn som blir utsatta för sexuella övergrepp: - en kvalitativ intervjustudie med skolkuratorer inom grundskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    School counselors’ work with detecting children who are being sexual abused The aim of this study was to investigate how school counselors in elementary school are working to detect children that are exposed to sexual abuse and also how their work can be improved. By interviewing six school counselors we collected data that was analyzed with the systems theory and the stigmatization theory. The results showed that the school counselors are finding it difficult to discover children that are being sexual abused because the children are perceived to be invisible. The results also shows that school counselors experienced difficulties to find time for preventive work. In conclusion, the results shows that to be able to improve their work, the school counselors need more knowledge regarding sexual abuse against children and more time to be able to build relationships with the children and also to bring up the subject for discussion.

  • Mazun, Karina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Ek, Markus
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Boken som tar dig till en annan värld: En kvalitativ och narrativ analys av läromedlet Arktibus ögon2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arktibus ögon är ett relativt nytt läsförståelsematerial som utlovar läsglädje och spännande stunder tillsammans i klassrummet, framtaget av Ewa Kalea Ekdahl. Materialet består av en högläsningsbok som ligger till grund för arbetet i elevernas arbetsböcker, en för höst- och en för vårterminen, samt en lärarhandledning. I denna undersökning utförs en genreanalys som ämnar framhäva de genremarkörer som används i högläsningsboken, samt ge exempel på hur textinnehållet kan bidra till skolans värdegrundsarbete. Slutligen sker en analys av funktioner de bilder som återfinns i både högläsningsboken och elevernas arbetsböcker. Resultatet visar tydliga drag av fantasygenren, de diskussionsmöjlighetermöjligheter högläsningsboken bidrar med om demokrati i generella drag samt mänskliga rättigheter i form av kamratskap, samt att analysbilderna har en föreställande funktion.

  • Säll, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Tammelin, Jennifer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Hur pedagoger i fritidshem arbetar med elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att ta del av hur fritidspedagoger arbetar med elever som har en neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar i fritidshem. Neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning innefattar olika diagnoser exempelvis ADHD och autismspektrumtillstånd. Det finns olika metoder att hjälpa dessa elever på, som exempelvis bemötandet, inredningen samt miljön på fritidshemmen. Tanken är att det ska vara en skola för alla där alla elever blir inkluderade, oavsett om eleven har en nedsättning eller inte. Som det ser ut idag blir många elever exkluderade på grund av bland annat att eleverna inte klarar av att vara i storgrupp. Undersökningen baseras på en kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade frågeställningar. Respondenterna använder sig av olika hjälpmedel för att eleverna ska få en lugn effekt samt få en högre koncentrationsförmåga. Vissa skolor får handledning genom stöd från rektor eller en person från en organisation hur personalen ska bemöta dessa elever. Något som genomsyrar resultatet i denna undersökning är tydlighet. Respondenterna anser att de måste vara tydliga för att eleverna ska kunna ta in vad pedagogerna säger samt förstå det.

  • Hallqvist, Susann
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Education.
    Larsson, Julia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Education.
    Syften med bild i fritidshem: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med fem lärare i fritidshem2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning visar att bildskapande kan användas på många olika sätt. I fritidshemmet är

    det vanligt att man utgår ifrån läroplanen när man planerar aktiviteter som rör bild.

    Även elevers intressen och behov ligger till grund för hur man arbetar. Utifrån de syften

    pedagoger har med en bildaktivitet formas aktiviteten. Med hjälp av denna studie ville

    vi få en djupare förståelse för varför fritidslärare arbetar med bild. Ämnet har

    undersökts genom intervjuer med fem lärare i fritidshem. Resultatet visar att

    bildaktiviteter i fritidshemmet kan användas för att ge elever utvecklad förståelse för

    människors olika förutsättningar och att elevernas intresse ofta ligger till grund för vilka

    aktiviteter som genomförs. Även pedagogens utbildning i och intresse av bild påverkar

    arbetet.

  • Eby Palm, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Gentrifiering i förtätningsdiskursen: En kritisk diskursanalys av plandokument och mötesprotokoll från Gävle kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban densification has become a prevalent strategy of city planning in Sweden. Urban intensification is also a strategy which, according to Bunce (2018), Rådberg (2014) and the Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning (2016a, 2016b) runs the risk of resulting in gentrification. The Swedish National Board advices that gentrification should be considered when urban densification is implemented in central areas (Boverket, 2016a, 2016b). In what way do Swedish municipalities address the issue in their city planning? This Bachelors Degree essay is an attempt at beginning to answer that question. The study applies discourse analysis and takes the form of a case study of the municipality of Gävle. It focuses on central urban densification for housing purposes, and studies excerpts from planning documents on different geographical scales, combined with protocol from municipal policy meetings. All materials used are within the public domain. The study uses three different definitions of gentrification (Hamnett, 2003; Marcuse, 2015; Boverket 2016a, 2016b). Combining different methods of discourse analysis, the study pinpoints any discussion regarding gentrification or its synonyms, as well as the overall themes and values present within the text. The study finds that gentrification is sparingly mentioned within the material, and in addition notes that social consequences are predominantly described as being positive. The findings are compared to definitions of silence (Huckin, 2002; Kurzon, 2007), and to Huckin’s (2002) criteria for manipulative silence. The study concludes that the absence of gentrification and of negative social impact within the discourse qualifies as silence, and that this silence fits the criteria for manipulative silence. It is speculated that the silence may be caused by a combination of urban planning ideals, pressure to prepare for a large number of dwellings, and demands made by the laws that regulate urban planning. Further study is recommended to broaden the studied discourse and to examine the cause of the silence found in this study.

  • Eriksson, Tim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Jansson, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    GIS baserad kartering av urbana ekosystemtjänster: Fallstudie av Bomhus, Gävle2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Preserving of ecosystems generally but more specifically ecosystems in urban environments is an important factor with regards to human health. Because ecosystems provide us with ecosystem services (ESS). ESS are the functions ecosystems have that in any way improves the environment for humans. Urbanization which over the last decade has increased rapidly, does not seem to decrease. It is also urbanization that is the driving force of land use changes, which is the biggest threat to urban ESS. Planning the right type of development at the right location is crucial to ensure that the supply and production of urban ESS will not decrease or be lost. Knowledge of which services that are produced, were they are produced and to what extent they are produces could facilitate for planners and decision makers to make better and more informed decisions.The aim with this study was to examine what capacity a district with mixed housing and land use has to produce the four most commonly mapped regulating ESS. The goal was to analyse, evaluate and map the supply of the regulating services: temperature regulation, air purification, water regulation and water purification. The study is a case study of Bomhus, Gävle where we with remote sensing of satellite images identified the different land covers in the study area. Each land cover where assigned a value based on how much they contributed to each service. The values were partly based on previous research and partly on the knowledge of two experts in the field of study.The results show that Bomhus has a high capacity to produce the examined services, especially temperature regulation and air purification. This is mostly because Bomhus has large areas of the highly valuated land covers, coniferous forest, water and deciduous forest. Coniferous forest which were the second biggest land cover class covering almost 20% of the study area were also the land cover that got the highest value. Wetlands which was the smallest land cover class and got the second highest value along with water is therefore, considered to be most vulnerable land cover and should be protected from exploitation. Open land with vegetation however, that was the biggest land cover class and received the lowest value was considered to be most suitable for exploitation.

  • Höglund, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Björkman, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    För somliga går det bättre än andra: Nyktra alkoholisters väg ut ur beroendet och deras verktyg för att bevara nykterheten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är nyktra alkoholisters egna upplevelser av vad som bidrar till ett bibehållande av nykterhet och vad försvårar bibehållandet? Den här kvalitativa studien utförd genom intervjuer (n=5) med nyktra alkoholister visade att vilja, nätverk och sysselsättning är viktiga faktorer när det handlar om att bibehålla nykterhet. Faktorer som försvårar bibehållandet av nykterhet är stress, oro och motgångar. Studien är genomförd med fenomenologisk ansats och har inspirerats av den hermeneutiska meningstolkningen där kognitiv- och systemteori har legat till grund för analysen. Slutsatsen i den här studien är att en konsekvent eftervård, anpassad för individen och ett stödjande nätverk är av största vikt vid bevarandet av nykterhet.

  • Sefa, Albijana
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Education.
    Östergren, Matilda
    Fritidspedagogers arbete med flerspråkiga barn i fritidshemmet: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur fritidspedagoger upplever flerspråkighet i fritidsverksamheten2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I fritidshemmen möts de flerspråkiga barnen av fritidspedagoger och svenskfödda barn. Enligt undersökningar vi tagit del av är det viktigt att bemötandet av de flerspråkiga barnen är genomtänkt och anpassat efter deras behov och kulturer. Det måste också ske med ett stimulerande arbetssätt. Undersökningarna visar även att språket är en förutsättning för att kunna lära sig nya saker, att kunna kommunicera med andra och att kunna stärka sin självkänsla och identitet. Syftet i vår undersökning är att belysa hur fritidspedagoger kan underlätta språkutveckling och integrering i fritidshemmet för flerspråkiga barn. Undersökningen tar reda på vilka arbetssätt som kan användas samt vilka möjligheter kontra vilka hinder som finns med flerspråkigheten i verksamheten. För att få reda på undersökningens alla frågor intervjuades 12 fritidspedagoger som varit verksamma i mer än 3 år. Denna undersökning är en kvalitativ studie. Resultatet visar att arbetssätten varierar hos fritidspedagogerna, men det finns också arbetssätt som de flesta av fritidspedagogerna har gemensamt. Undersökningen visar att det finns fler möjligheter än hinder med flerspråkiga barn i fritidshemmet.

  • Börjesson, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Lundkvist, Natalia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    En kvalitativ studie om fritidslärarens reflektioner kring uppdraget att arbeta med IT i fritidshem2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lindström, Joakim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Mechanical Engineering.
    Sundkvist, Henrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Mechanical Engineering.
    Hantering av komponenter till hydraulsystem2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Hudiksvall there is a company that manufactures and develops hydraulic grippers for handling wood, scrap and building materials. The company's proprietary hydraulic cylinder was analyzed by the Institute for Applied Hydraulics in Örnsköldsvik (ITH). Their analysis showed that the hydraulic system contained a large amount of impurities. Pollution from manufacturing and assembly remained in the gripper's hydraulic system in deliverable products, indicating that faults occur in handling and cleaning of components. Therefore, there was a need to investigate whether the cleaning equipment used was able to clean components to the level required. Handling of cleaned components needed to be investigated to ensure that the products kept the cleanliness required until final assembly. The aim of the work was to propose measures and procedures to reduce the number and amount of pollution through better washing and management methods.

    A theoretical reference frame was created by literature study of relevant scientific articles and publications, in order to create a greater understanding of how the hydraulics are affected by contamination and how they could be avoided when assembling hydraulic components, even cleaning methods were studied.

    During the work, methods have been combined to carry out a mapping of handling in the process flow. The methods that have been combined, within a case study at the company, are status report, observations and process flow charts.

    The result of the observations, is that the cleaning equipment used failed to deliver the cleanliness needed. That the company, in its process flow, has long rest periods for readymade components in a dirty environment. The measures proposed by the project team were to replace the washing equipment and to keep the dustprotected components.

    Despite the use of a case study, can this work be a guide for other companies in similar situations, which implies some generalization of the work when the company in which the case study is conducted is believed to be a typical production of hydraulic cylinders.

    The conclusion of the work was that after replacing the cleaning equipment and through better and dustprotected storage, the company will be able to deliver grippers with a high level of cleanliness.

  • Breimark, Sophie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bäcke, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Kuratorers erfarenheter av arbete med individer som har utmattningssyndrom: “... utmattningspatienter, där är det ingen quick fix …”2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to illustrate counselors’ experiences of working with individuals experiencing exhaustion disorder. Seven counselors working in primary health care were interviewed in a qualitative study. The results showed that the counselors’ experiences of causes to exhaustion disorder could be related to both external and internal factors. The increase of exhaustion disorder within society was ascribed to societal change and the demand to always be on top of things. To identify the patients’ needs questionnaires, diagnosis, alliance building and mapping were used. The method and approach used was determined by the patients’ needs, the counselors’ background, personal traits, organizational guidelines and evaluation of treatment results. Empowerment, CBT, mindfulness and cooperation with other professionals were described as useful counseling methods and approaches. Counselors described that the recovery for patients with exhaustion disorder takes time, and the routine of 8-10 meetings with the patient is often not enough.

  • Leijon, Frida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Stibe, Therese
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Tolkanvändning i socialt arbete utifrån socialarbetares perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to analyz the importance of using local interpreters while interacting with clients from a social worker’s perspective. The study where conducted with five qualitative interviews with social workers working in different departments of social services. The result were analyzed based on the communication theory, social constructivism and intersectionality and analyzed with the hermeneutic analysis method. The result has shown that interpreter's presence can affect the conversation due to misunderstanding between client and social worker, it may be longer with interpreter than without. The interpreter and client background variables (ethnicity, class, sex and age) are affected by the fact that there may be contradictions between them. The client's story can be distorted, the client may not dare to talk about sensitive subjects or interpreters may refuse to interpret for the opposite sex.

  • Oliver, Langenberg
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Albin, Andersson
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Mäns attityd till könsbaserad ojämlikhet i arbetslivet och förekomsten av mäns kollektiva skuld gentemot kvinnor.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the occurrence of collective guilt among men against women in working life and its possible correlation with men's attitude towards gender-based inequality at the workplace. Differences in collective guilt and attitude towards gender-based inequality between young (18-41 years) and elder (42-65 years) men was studied. A survey was distributed to an international telecom company. The survey was based on the Branscombe Colletive Guilt Scale (BCGS) which measured the level of collective guilt and the Men´s Polarized Gender Thinking Questionnaire (MPGQ) which measured men's attitude towards gender-based inequality in the workplace. The result demonstrated that collective guilt in men occurred. A significant correlation was measured between MPGQ and BCGS. Young men reported significantly higher levels of collective guilt compared to older men. This study illustrates the existence of collective guilt, its link to attitude, as well as the age's impact on collective guilt.

  • Ekström, Mikaela
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Holmer, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Medarbetarnas upplevelse av implementeringen av en aktivitetsbaserad kontorstyp2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to research the experience of ten employees of a Swedish administrative authority in regard to the implementation of an activity-based workplace 2014. The study was conducted in the form of ten semi-structured interviews which were analyzed inductively. From this, three themes emerged: working activity-based, the ability to influence and social cohesion. The former two with their own subcategories. The study concluded that the administrative authority did not adjust their version of an activity-based workplace to accommodate the tasks a large number of the employees perform on a daily basis. The implementation also was not considered a continuous process with the opportunity to shape the workplace to accommodate a larger part of the organisation.

  • Enzell, Markus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Boman, Mathias
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Stillasittande - en hälsorisk för kontorsarbetare: En kvantitativ studie om hur kontorsarbetare hanterar problematiken som kan uppstå av stillasittande arbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den digitala arbetsplatsen är något som blivit allt vanligare och det stillasittande kontorsarbetet har växt explosionsartat. Långvarigt stillasittande har en mängd negativa hälsoeffekter på kroppen samt kan medföra olika typer av belastningsskador. Tidigare forskning belyser vikten av ett ergonomiskt arbetssätt för att undvika de konsekvenser som kan uppstå av ett stillasittande kontorsarbete.

    Syftet

    med denna studie är att undersöka hur kommunalt anställda i Mellansverige med stillasittande kontorsarbete, under arbetstid, hanterar problematiken som kan uppkomma vid ett stillasittande arbete. Detta gjordes genom att undersöka hur och vad de anställda gör under arbetstid för att undvika de konsekvenser som kan uppstå med ett stillasittande arbete.

    Datainsamlingen skedde genom en kvantitativ

    metod i form av online-enkäter. Detta för att det är ett bra sätt att täcka en större grupp människor och det är tidseffektivt. De som deltog valdes ut med hjälp av två kontaktpersoner på två kommuner i Mellansverige . Kontaktpersonerna distribuerade sedan enkäterna till lämplig urvalsgrupp för studiens syfte. Den besvarades av 131 respondenter varav 90 av dem var kvinnor och 41 var män.

    Resultatet

    för studien visade att alla förutom tre personer tar pauser från det stillasittande arbetet i olika utsträckning. Dessa pauser togs i olika former där ta trapporna var den mest förekommande typen av paus i det stillasittande arbetet. Näst intill alla respondenter svarade att de hade tillgång till anpassningsbart bord och stol samt ergonomiska hjälpmedel såsom "roller mouse". Slutsatsen av denna studie visar att antalet pauser under arbetstid är varierande hos de anställda. Vissa respondenter trodde även att långvarigt stillasittande kunde kompenseras med träning på fritiden.

  • Wiklund, Hannah
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vallin, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Användande av sociala träningsapplikationer och dess påverkan på motivation till träning: En kvantitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den fysiska inaktiviteten är något som ständigt ökar bland människor världen över. Därför har många nya innovationer tagits fram, bland annat mobila applikationer i syfte att främja hälsa och fysisk aktivitet genom att uppmuntra människor till rörelse. Syftet med studien var att öka förståelsen för varför personer från 18 år och uppåt väljer att använda sig av sociala träningsapplikationer i samband med konditionsträning, samt hur de upplever att användandet påverkar deras motivation till träning.

    Studien genomfördes med en kvantitativ metod, där datainsamlingen skedde genom en webbaserad enkät för att finna ytlig kunskap från en större population. Enkäten besvarades av 103 respondenter som uppfyllde inklusionskriterierna och nåddes av den genom delning via författarnas privata Facebook-profiler eller i en forumtråd på hemsidan Jogg.se.

    Sammanställningen av resultatet visade att användandet av sociala träningsapplikationer huvudsakligen grundade sig i att användarna loggar och för statistik över sin träning samt håller bättre koll på hur mycket de rör sig. Att logga sin träning var också den fördel som flest respondenter upplevde följt av att kunna tävla mot sig själv. Förekomsten av upplevda nackdelar var få, men bland de som upplevde nackdelar handlade det om att respondenterna kände sig stressade eller dåliga när de presterade sämre än tidigare eller när andra presterade bättre. Avslutningsvis visade resultatet att majoriteten upplever att deras motivation till träning har påverkats av användandet av sociala träningsapplikationer, där merparten av dessa har svarat att motivationen mer eller mindre har ökat.

    Av detta har slutsatsen dragits att de sociala aspekterna av applikationsanvändandet är mindre viktigt. Det skulle också kunna dras paralleller mellan att logga sin träning och att behålla eller öka sin motivation till träning. Vilket på sikt skulle kunna hjälpa personer att motivera sig till rörelse, hålla igång med sin träning eller att sätta upp utmanande målsättningar.

  • Pihlajainen, Juhani
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Fors-Jadin, Victor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Ett glas vin med omtanke: Systembolagets kamp i den svenska alkoholkulturen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Systembolagets external communication is something a lot of people in Sweden have to deal with. The mission is unique because of their monopoly of the retail sales of alcoholic beverages in Sweden and a mission to sell alcohol with responsibility and without profit. The purpose of this essay is to elucidate how they previously worked in Operation Vin 1960, and how they work 2018 with the movie “Tack för din omtanke”, to shed light about their external communication. This case study is a content analysis with focus on rhetoric and strategical communication with emphasis on health and culture.

                          Systembolaget and the government have a long history of campaigns to reduce alcohol consumption. Raised taxes and low accessibility have been part to the alcohol politics by the government. Systembolaget have besides this, been focused on information campaigns to keep the Swedish alcohol consumption low. They have lead information campaigns from the start of the company to inform the Swedish population of the risks of alcohol. Through an analysis of the first and the last infomercials did it reveal that culture was an important part of the alcohol culture in Sweden and how Systembolaget has used communication in order to shed light on this matter. Systembolaget use a commercial kind of element to strengthen their brand and by that, the infomercials could be read as commercials.

                          The analysis revealed that the problem Systembolaget had, was different 2018 compared to 1960. The mission had not changed, however. Branding communication and the maintaining of a high reputation was central, compared to Operation vin, which dealt with the problem of high consumption of hard liquor within the population.