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Macassa, Gloria
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Macassa, G. (2019). Responsible leadership Styles and Promotion of Stakeholders Health. South Eastern European Journal of Public Health, 11
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Responsible leadership Styles and Promotion of Stakeholders Health
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: South Eastern European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 2197-5248, Vol. 11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this short report is to stimulate a conversation on the potential role to be played by responsible leadership in promoting the health and well-being of stakeholders (employees and society at large).

The report first describes responsible leadership styles and then briefly discusses the potential connection with health promotion within the lens of the wider determinants of health and intersectorial collaboration.

Integrative responsible leadership and health promotion share a common vision: to alter the economic, environmental, and social contexts in which decisions relating to health and well-being are made, thus affecting health equity.

Emneord
health promotion; responsible leadership, stakeholders, sustainable development goals
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29379 (URN)10.4119/UNIBI/SEEJPH-2019-209 (DOI)
Prosjekter
CSRPHaM
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-03-14 Laget: 2019-03-14 Sist oppdatert: 2019-03-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Macassa, G. (2018). Can Geographic Information Systems Help us to Better Understand Inequalities in Health Outcomes in the Era of Sustainable Development?. Gävle: Gävle
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Can Geographic Information Systems Help us to Better Understand Inequalities in Health Outcomes in the Era of Sustainable Development?
2018 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this working paper is to describe how geographic information systems can help the understanding of inequalities in health outcomes, including health care, in the era of sustainable development. Geographic information systems can help to reduce both social and spatial disparities in health outcomes (including health care location-based disparities) globally (in developed, middle-income and low-income countries alike), thus contributing to sustainable population health for today’s and future generations.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Gävle: Gävle, 2018. s. 11
Serie
Working paper, ISSN 1403-8757 ; 58
Emneord
geographic information systems, social inequalities, spatial inequalities, sustainable develop-ment
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28871 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-08 Laget: 2019-01-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-08
Abbasi, S. H., Sundin, Ö., Jalali, A., Soares, J. & Macassa, G. (2018). Ethnic Differences in the Risk Factors and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease: a Patient-Based Study in Iran. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 5(3), 623-631
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Ethnic Differences in the Risk Factors and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease: a Patient-Based Study in Iran
Vise andre…
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, ISSN 2197-3792, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 623-631Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Diverse ethnic groups may differ regarding the risk factors and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study sought to assess the association between ethnicity and CAD risk and severity in six major Iranian ethnic groups.

Methods

In this study, 20,165 documented coronary artery disease patients who underwent coronary angiography at a tertiary referral heart center were recruited. The demographic, laboratory, clinical, and risk factor data of all the patients were retrieved. The Gensini score (an indicator of CAD severity) was calculated for all, and the risk factors and severity of CAD were compared between the ethnical groups, using adjusted standardized residuals, Kruskal–Wallis test, and multivariable regression analysis.

Results

The mean age of the participants (14,131 [70.1%] men and 6034 [29.9%] women) was 60.7 ± 10.8 years. The Fars (8.7%) and Gilak (8.6%) ethnic groups had the highest prevalence of ≥4 simultaneous risk factors. The mean Gensini score was the highest for the Gilaks (77.1 ± 55.9) and the lowest among the Lors (67.5 ± 52.8). The multivariable regression analysis showed that the Gilaks had the worst severity (β 0.056, 95% CI 0.009 to 0.102; P = 0.018), followed by the Torks (β 0.032, 95% CI 0.005 to 0.059; P = 0.020). Meanwhile, the Lors showed the lowest severity (β −0.087, 95% CI −0.146 to −0.027; P = 0.004).

Conclusions

This study found that there was heterogeneity in CAD severity and a diverse distribution in its well-known traditional risk factors among major Iranian ethnic groups.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2018
Emneord
Health status disparities, Ethnicity, Coronary artery disease, Iran
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24816 (URN)10.1007/s40615-017-0408-3 (DOI)000439352900021 ()28776137 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85026809542 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-08-10 Laget: 2017-08-10 Sist oppdatert: 2018-08-15bibliografisk kontrollert
Macassa, G., Salvador, E. M. & da Cruz Francisco, J. (2018). Food Insecurity in Mozambique: What Do We Know? And what Can Be Done?. Gävle: Gävle University Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Food Insecurity in Mozambique: What Do We Know? And what Can Be Done?
2018 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Household food insecurity is defined as inadequate or insecure access to food because of financial constraints. The objective of this short article is to highlight the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity in Mozambique during the past three years. Food insecurity is an important societal and public health problem in Mozambique, and its main determinants are climate change, transportation, and poverty. There is a urgent need for research that can provide a deeper understanding of the determinants of food insecurity in the country and disentangle potential relationships with physical and psychological health outcomes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018. s. 5
Serie
Working paper, ISSN 1403-8757 ; 59
Emneord
household food insecurity, prevalence, determinants, Mozambique
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28874 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-08 Laget: 2019-01-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Ahmadi, E., Macassa, G. & Larsson, J. (2018). Managers’ working hours and time allocation in effective SMEs – an organizational health perspective. In: Per Lindberg (Ed.), FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts. Paper presented at FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle (pp. 118). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Managers’ working hours and time allocation in effective SMEs – an organizational health perspective
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, s. 118-Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Background

There is an increased global interest in occupational health across small businesses as they represent a large share of employers in many societies. In the model of healthy work organisations, employee health is a prerequisite for higher productivity and profitability and management practices are considered as determinants of organisational health. A better understanding of how managers in effective companies use their time can offer a better understanding of how this can affect employees’ well-being and business effect-iveness. Managers’ long working hours and share of time spent on Management by Walking Around (MBWA) are considered important characteristics of managers’ work that might have consequences for employees’ and managers’ own health outcomes, as well as for organisational effectiveness. MBWA is a management technique common for successful companies in regard to their effectiveness; providing an opportunity for a spontaneous manager-subordinate interaction that might be important for employee health and wellbeing. Studies of managerial work have to some extent not clearly placed managers’ time use in the broad context of leadership, often missing to link it with leadership behaviour theories, health and effectiveness.

Objective

The objective of this study was to explore, on the one hand, the total amount of working hours that managers spent, and on the other, their patterns of time allocation to different activities in effective SMEs. Research questions were: 1) What patterns regarding managers’ working hours can be identified across socio-demographic variables, leader-ship experience factors and leadership profiles in effective SMEs? 2) What patterns regarding proportions of total working hours spent on MBWA can be identified across socio-demographic variables, leadership experience factors and leadership profiles in effective SMEs?

Method

The study used data collected within the project, “Successful Companies in Gästrikland”. Annually the project nominates 120 companies for the award based on companies’ financial indicators. The study employed a cross-sectional design and analysed responses to questionnaires collected within the project during years 2014-2018. The inclusion criteria were small and medium sized companies (more than four and less than 250 subordinates), high-level managers having subordinates. Data analysis were carried out using descriptive statistics and regression analysis.

Results

The results section is being processed and will be reported on the conference.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28861 (URN)978-91-88145-28-4 (ISBN)
Konferanse
FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle
Merknad

Rundabordssamtal

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-12-17 Laget: 2018-12-17 Sist oppdatert: 2018-12-17bibliografisk kontrollert
Begun, A., Viitasara, E., Soares, J., Rahman, A. F. & Macassa, G. (2018). Parental socio-economic position and suicidal ideation among adolescents in rural Bangladesh. Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 4, Article ID 1018.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Parental socio-economic position and suicidal ideation among adolescents in rural Bangladesh
Vise andre…
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 2637-8027, Vol. 4, artikkel-id 1018Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death world-wide and becoming a public health concern among adolescents. However, adolescent suicidal behaviour is a neglected public health issue, especially in low-income countries such as Bangladesh. Of great importance is the understanding of which factors might be related to this growing public problem.

Objective: To examine the relationship between parental socio-economic position and suicide ideation among adolescents in rural Bangladesh

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 among 2,476 adolescents, aged 14-19 years, selected randomly from a rural community of Bangladesh. An adapted version of the WHO/SUPRE-MISS questionnaire was used to collect data in the Raiganj sub-district, which is a surveillance area of the Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB).

Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the data. Comparisons of proportions between groups were carried out using the χ2 test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between parental co-variants and suicidal thoughts among adolescents. The significance level was set atp <0.05. All analyses were performed using SPSS 20.

Results: The majority of parents had education only up to primary school (mothers 58.7% and fathers 49.5%). Most of them were farmers (53.3% of fathers) and housewives (96.5% of mothers). Monthly income and expenditure of the adolescent’s parents were mainly upto 10,000 taka only. Suicidal ideation is more common among adolescents of low income group parents 104 (5.5%) and who were not living with their parents 18 (8.2%). Adolescent’s suicidal ideation was found to be significantly associated with education, marital status and house ownership of their parents. Not being able to live with their parents was also a significant factor. Parents who received education up to SSC had odds ratio of 2.10 (1.21,3.64) and 1.92 (1.15, 3.23) for mothers and fathers respectively. Parent’s income or expenditure was not associated with adolescent’s suicidal ideation. Adolescent’s suicidal ideation of single parents had higher odds (OR 3.00, CI 1.75-5.19) in comparison to adolescents who had both parents. Adolescents whose parents owned a house and who weren’t living withtheir parents had odds ratios of 0.14 (0.05,0.35), and 1.80 (1.07,3.03) respectively. After adjusting for other covariates parents’ marital status and house ownership significantly associated with the adolescent suicide ideation.

Conclusion: Parental socio-economic position was asso-ciated with suicidal ideation. Adolescent with single parents were more likely to report suicidal ideation. Low parental education and socio-economic status, marital status, house ownership, not living with parents at home as well as adolescent loneliness were the important factors for suicidal ideation.

Emneord
Parents; Socio-economic; Suicidal ideation; Rural; Adolescents
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29141 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-21 Laget: 2019-01-21 Sist oppdatert: 2019-02-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Chaquisse, E., Fraga, S., Meireles, P., Macassa, G., Soares, J., Nbofana, F. & Barros, H. (2018). Sexual and physical intimate partner violence among women using antenatal care in Nampula, Mozambique. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 9(1), Article ID 744.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sexual and physical intimate partner violence among women using antenatal care in Nampula, Mozambique
Vise andre…
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Public Health in Africa, ISSN 2038-9922, E-ISSN 2038-9930, Vol. 9, nr 1, artikkel-id 744Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to estimate the prevalence of sexual and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) and its associated factors, in a sample of pregnant women using antenatal care (ANC) in Nampula province - Mozambique. This cross-sectional study was carried out in six health units in Nampula, from February 2013 to January 2014. Overall, 869 participants answered the Conflict Tactics Scale 2. The lifetime and past year prevalence of sexual abuse was 49% and 46%, and of physical abuse was 46% and 44%, respectively. Lifetime and past year sexual abuse was significantly associated with living as a couple, alcohol drinking and having a past diagnosis of gonorrhea. Lifetime and past year physical abuse increased significantly with age and was associated with living as a couple, alcohol drinking and history with syphilis. The prevalence of lifetime and previous year violence among women using ANC was high and similar showing that most women were constantly exposed to IPV. ANC provides a window of opportunity for identifying and acting on violence against women.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
PAGEPress, 2018
Emneord
Intimate partner violence; prevalence; pregnant women; reproductive health; antenatal care; Nampula, Mozambique.
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24980 (URN)10.4081/jphia.2018.744 (DOI)000448698600001 ()30079164 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85052132524 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-08-18 Laget: 2017-08-18 Sist oppdatert: 2018-12-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Macassa, G., Francisco, J. & Mcgrath, C. (2017). Corporate Social Responsibility and Population Health. Health Science Journal, 11(5), Article ID 528.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Corporate Social Responsibility and Population Health
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Health Science Journal, ISSN 1791-809X, Vol. 11, nr 5, artikkel-id 528Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent decades, corporate social responsibility (CSR) aspart of socially sustainable business organizations operations has become a common practice across developed and developing countries. The objective of this mini review is to reflect on the potential role that CSRmight have on the health of stakeholders (employees and society in general). We suggest that there is an opportunity for business to become agents of change and contribute to improved population health. Therefore, public health researchers need to explore how business organizations can, through CSR impact population health currently and in years to come. This would occur through helping to address global challenges in the workplace and immediate local communities, but above all through identifying the role businesses play in contributing to sustainable development and sustainable population health/health promotion across entire societies regardless of their stage of economic development.

Emneord
Corporate social responsibility; Business case; Responsible leadership; Population health
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25651 (URN)10.21767/1791-809X.1000528 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-28 Laget: 2017-11-28 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Macassa, G., Hiswåls, A.-S., Ahmadi, N. & McGrath, C. (2017). Educating Public Health Professionals for an Unknown Future: Insight from a New Bachelor Programme Linking Health Promotion and Sustainable Development. Research in Health Science, 2(2), 70-78
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Educating Public Health Professionals for an Unknown Future: Insight from a New Bachelor Programme Linking Health Promotion and Sustainable Development
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Research in Health Science, ISSN 2470-6205, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 70-78Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to provide a description of the new bachelor programme “Health Promotion through Sustainable Development”, which started in autumn 2016 at the University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Working Life. The programme was built integrating public health and biology through a thread of health promotion and sustainable development across the three years of study. In the era of sustainable development and more complex health threats, future public health professionals need to be equipped with the right knowledge and skills that will enable them to promote a sustainable population health.

Emneord
Public health, health promotion, biology, sustainable development, University of Gävle
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24113 (URN)10.22158/rhs.v2n2p70 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-06-09 Laget: 2017-06-09 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Hiswåls, A.-S., Walander, A., Soares, J. F. & Macassa, G. (2017). Employment Status, Anxiety and Depression in a Municipal Context. Research in Health Science, 2(1), 12-23
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Employment Status, Anxiety and Depression in a Municipal Context
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Research in Health Science, ISSN 2470-6213, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 12-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives:This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression by employment status among a sample of the working age population residing in Gävle Municipality in Sweden.

Methods: A total of 241 persons completed a self-administered postal questionnaire in the baseline survey of the Gävle Household, Labour Market and Health Outcomes (GHOLDH) survey, which collected information on the employment status and psychological health (anxiety and depression) among persons aged 18-65 years. Descriptive and multivariate analyses were performed.

Results: The prevalence and risk of anxiety and depression were high among people who were out of work. In the multiple regression analysis, compared to employed people, those who were not employed had a risk of anxiety of 7.76 (5.97-9.75) and 4.67 (3.60-5.74) for depression.

Conclusion: The prevalence of anxiety and depression was higher among those who were out of labour marketas compared to those employed. Furthermore, people who were out of work had a higher risk of anxiety and depression. The odds were slightly higher for anxiety than for depression.

Emneord
Gävle, employment status, anxiety, depression
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23714 (URN)10.22158/rhs.v2n1p12 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-03-06 Laget: 2017-03-06 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-13bibliografisk kontrollert
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