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Stenumgaard, Peter
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Savic, V., Larsson, E. G., Ferrer-Coll, J. & Stenumgaard, P. (2016). Kernel Methods for Accurate UWB-Based Ranging with Reduced Complexity. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 15(3), 1783-1793
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Kernel Methods for Accurate UWB-Based Ranging with Reduced Complexity
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, ISSN 1536-1276, E-ISSN 1558-2248, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 1783-1793Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Accurate and robust positioning in multipath environments can enable many applications, such as search-and-rescue and asset tracking. For this problem, ultra-wideband (UWB) technology can provide the most accurate range estimates, which are required for range-based positioning. However, UWB still faces a problem with non-line-of-sight (NLOS) measurements, in which the range estimates based on time-of-arrival (TOA) will typically be positively biased. There are many techniques that address this problem, mainly based on NLOS identification and NLOS error mitigation algorithms. However, these techniques do not exploit all available information in the UWB channel impulse response. Kernel-based machine learning methods, such as Gaussian process regression (GPR), are able to make use of all information, but they may be too complex in their original form. In this paper, we propose novel ranging methods based on kernel principal component analysis (kPCA), in which the selected channel parameters are projected onto a nonlinear orthogonal high-dimensional space, and a subset of these projections is then used as an input for ranging. We evaluate the proposed methods using real UWB measurements obtained in a basement tunnel, and found that one of the proposed methods is able to outperform state-of-the-art, even if little training samples are available.

Nyckelord
Artificial intelligence, Broadband networks, Gaussian distribution, Gaussian noise (electronic), Impulse response, Learning systems, Mobile telecommunication systems, Principal component analysis, Range finding, Time of arrival, Gaussian process regression, High dimensional spaces, Kernel principal component analyses (KPCA), Machine learning methods, Multi-path environments, NLOS error mitigations, positioning, Ultra-wideband technology, Ultra-wideband (UWB)
Nationell ämneskategori
Elektroteknik och elektronik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21491 (URN)10.1109/TWC.2015.2496584 (DOI)000372627500013 ()2-s2.0-84963553390 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-05-13 Skapad: 2016-05-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Ferrer-Coll, J., Slimane, B., Chilo, J. & Stenumgaard, P. (2015). Detection and Suppression of Impulsive Noise in OFDM Receiver. Wireless personal communications, 85(4), 2245-2259
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Detection and Suppression of Impulsive Noise in OFDM Receiver
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Wireless personal communications, ISSN 0929-6212, E-ISSN 1572-834X, Vol. 85, nr 4, s. 2245-2259Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, the use of wireless systems in industrial applications has experienced spectacular growth. Unfortunately, industrial environments often present impulsive noise which degrades the reliability of wireless systems. OFDM is an enhanced technology used in industrial communication to monitor the work and movement of employees using high quality video. However, OFDM is sensitive to high amplitude impulsive noise because the noise energy spreads among all OFDM sub-carriers. This paper proposes a receiver structure consisting of two stages: a detector stage combining Fisher’s Quadratic discriminant and Gaussian Hypothesis techniques, and a suppression stage optimized by setting well defined thresholds. The receiver structure has been tested by simulations and measurements providing an increment in the probability of detection and improving the system performance.

Nyckelord
Bit error rate (BER), Detection technique, Impulsive noise, Impulsive noise suppression, Industrial environments, OFDM
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan elektroteknik och elektronik Telekommunikation
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20350 (URN)10.1007/s11277-015-2902-4 (DOI)000365730000033 ()2-s2.0-84948710556 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-09-29 Skapad: 2015-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Savic, V., Ferrer-Coll, J., Ängskog, P., Chilo, J., Stenumgaard, P. & Larsson, E. G. (2015). Measurement analysis and channel modeling for TOA-based ranging in tunnels. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 14(1), 456-467
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Measurement analysis and channel modeling for TOA-based ranging in tunnels
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2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, ISSN 1536-1276, E-ISSN 1558-2248, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 456-467Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A robust and accurate positioning solution is required to increase the safety in GPS-denied environments. Although there is a lot of available research in this area, little has been done for confined environments such as tunnels. Therefore, we organized a measurement campaign in a basement tunnel of Linköping university, in which we obtained ultra-wideband (UWB) complex impulse responses for line-of-sight (LOS), and three non-LOS (NLOS) scenarios. This paper is focused on time-of-arrival (TOA) ranging since this technique can provide the most accurate range estimates, which are required for range-based positioning. We describe the measurement setup and procedure, select the threshold for TOA estimation, analyze the channel propagation parameters obtained from the power delay profile (PDP), and provide statistical model for ranging. According to our results, the rise-time should be used for NLOS identification, and the maximum excess delay should be used for NLOS error mitigation. However, the NLOS condition cannot be perfectly determined, so the distance likelihood has to be represented in a Gaussian mixture form. We also compared these results with measurements from a mine tunnel, and found a similar behavior.

Nyckelord
channel modeling, impulse response, positioning, ranging, time of arrival, Tunnels, ultrawideband, Channel capacity, Maximum likelihood estimation, Range finding, Ultra-wideband (UWB), Channel model, Measurement campaign, NLOS error mitigations, Nlos identifications, Power delay profiles, Statistical modeling, Time of arrival (TOA)
Nationell ämneskategori
Kommunikationssystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-18917 (URN)10.1109/TWC.2014.2350493 (DOI)000349675400037 ()2-s2.0-84921333804 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Stiftelsen för strategisk forskning (SSF)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-02-04 Skapad: 2015-02-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Ferrer-Coll, J., Slimane, B., Chilo, J. & Stenumgaard, P. (2014). Impulsive noise detection in OFDM systems with PAPR reduction. In: 2014 International symposium on electromagnetic compatibility (EMC Europe): . Paper presented at 2014 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, EMC Europe 2014; Gothenburg, Sweden; 1-4 September 2014 (pp. 523-527). IEEE conference proceedings
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Impulsive noise detection in OFDM systems with PAPR reduction
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2014 International symposium on electromagnetic compatibility (EMC Europe), IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, s. 523-527Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Impulsive noise is a major source of degradation in industrial communications. Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) is an extended technique used in many industrial communications, however the performance of OFDM systems is reduced under an impulsive noise source. To increase the system performance, impulsive noise detection and suppression techniques can be designed in the communication system. OFDM has high levels of peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR), thus PAPR reduction techniques, such as selected mapping (SLM), are implemented in OFDM systems. This paper proposes an impulsive noise detection exploiting the statistical properties of the OFDM envelope when applying SLM. The proposed detection technique increases the probability of detection and improves the BER of the communication system compared to other impulsive detection techniques.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IEEE conference proceedings, 2014
Serie
IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, ISSN 2158-110X
Nyckelord
Impulsive noise; impulsive noise detection; OFDM; PAPR; selected mapping(SLM); wireless communications
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan elektroteknik och elektronik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17471 (URN)10.1109/EMCEurope.2014.6930962 (DOI)000364988600097 ()2-s2.0-84908673096 (Scopus ID)978-1-4799-3226-9 (ISBN)
Konferens
2014 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, EMC Europe 2014; Gothenburg, Sweden; 1-4 September 2014
Projekt
EMI
Tillgänglig från: 2014-09-08 Skapad: 2014-09-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Savic, V., Larsson, E. G., Ferrer-Coll, J. & Stenumgaard, P. (2014). Kernel principal component analysis for UWB-based ranging. In: 2014 IEEE 15th International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC): . Paper presented at 15th IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2014, 22-25 June 2014, Toronto (pp. 145-149). (October)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Kernel principal component analysis for UWB-based ranging
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2014 IEEE 15th International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC), 2014, nr October, s. 145-149Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Accurate positioning in harsh environments can enable many application, such as search-and-rescue in emergency situations. For this problem, ultra-wideband (UWB) technology can provide the most accurate range estimates, which are required for range-based positioning. However, it still faces a problem in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) environments, in which range estimates based on time-of-arrival (TOA) are positively biased. There are many techniques that try to address this problem, mainly based on NLOS identification and NLOS error mitigation. However, these techniques do not exploit all available information from the UWB channel impulse response. In this paper, we propose a novel ranging technique based on kernel principal component analysis (kPCA), in which the selected channel parameters are projected onto nonlinear orthogonal high-dimensional space, and a subset of these projections is then used for ranging. We tested this technique using UWB measurements obtained in a basement tunnel of Linköping university, and found that it provides much better ranging performance comparing with standard techniques based on PCA and TOA. 

Nyckelord
kernel principal component analysis, machine learning, ranging, time-of-arrival, ultra-wideband, Artificial intelligence, Broadband networks, Impulse response, Learning systems, Mobile telecommunication systems, Range finding, Signal processing, Time of arrival, Ultra-wideband (UWB), Wireless telecommunication systems, Emergency situation, High dimensional spaces, Kernel principal component analyses (KPCA), NLOS error mitigations, Nlos identifications, Non-line-of-sight environments, Time of arrival (TOA), Ultra-wideband technology, Principal component analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Signalbehandling
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20074 (URN)10.1109/SPAWC.2014.6941337 (DOI)000348859000030 ()2-s2.0-84932613736 (Scopus ID)
Konferens
15th IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2014, 22-25 June 2014, Toronto
Tillgänglig från: 2015-08-10 Skapad: 2015-08-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Savic, V., Ferrer-Coll, J., Ängskog, P., Chilo, J., Stenumgaard, P. & Larsson, E. G. (2013). An experimental study of ranging techniques in a tunnel environment. In: : . Paper presented at TAMSEC 2013, National Symposium on Technology and Methodology for Security and Crisis Management, 13-14 November 2013, Stockholm, Sweden (pp. 34).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>An experimental study of ranging techniques in a tunnel environment
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2013 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a preliminary experimental analysis of the ranging techniques using UWB measurements obtained in a tunnel at Linköping university. According to our results, range estimates based on time-of-arrival are very accurate in LOS and all NLOS scenarios with thin obstacles. However, there is a relatively large bias when a NLOS is caused by a tunnel wall.

Nationell ämneskategori
Elektroteknik och elektronik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15797 (URN)
Konferens
TAMSEC 2013, National Symposium on Technology and Methodology for Security and Crisis Management, 13-14 November 2013, Stockholm, Sweden
Tillgänglig från: 2013-11-26 Skapad: 2013-11-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-12-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Ferrer-Coll, J., Ängskog, P., Elofsson, C., Chilo, J. & Stenumgaard, P. (2013). Antenna Cross Correlation and Ricean K-Factor Measurements in Indoor Industrial Environments at 433 and 868 MHz. Wireless personal communications, 73(3), 587-593
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Antenna Cross Correlation and Ricean K-Factor Measurements in Indoor Industrial Environments at 433 and 868 MHz
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2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Wireless personal communications, ISSN 0929-6212, E-ISSN 1572-834X, Vol. 73, nr 3, s. 587-593Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The Ricean K-factor and antenna diversity properties for indoor industrial environments have been characterized for 433 and 868 MHz. The high amount of metallic structures gives a multipath environment that heavily differs from other environments e.g. indoor office environments. The results show that low correlation between receiving antennas can be achieved for shorter antenna distances than in other environments.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2013
Nationell ämneskategori
Elektroteknik och elektronik Telekommunikation
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14396 (URN)10.1007/s11277-013-1204-y (DOI)000327861700013 ()2-s2.0-84890552792 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
EMI
Tillgänglig från: 2013-06-10 Skapad: 2013-06-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Stenumgaard, P., Chilo, J., Ferrer-Coll, J. & Ängskog, P. (2013). Challenges and conditions for wireless machine-to-machine communications in industrial environments. IEEE Communications Magazine, 51(6), 187-192
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Challenges and conditions for wireless machine-to-machine communications in industrial environments
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN 0163-6804, E-ISSN 1558-1896, Vol. 51, nr 6, s. 187-192Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Wireless solutions are rapidly growing in machine-to-machine communications in industrial environments. These environments provide challenging conditions in terms of radio wave propagation as well as electromagnetic interference. In this article, results from the characterization of radio channel properties are summarized in order to provide some guidelines for the choice of wireless solutions in industrial environments. In conclusion, it is essential to know the sensitivity of industrial processes to time delay in data transfer. Furthermore, it is important to be aware of the radio interference environment and the manner in which different wireless technologies react upon interference. These steps will minimize the risk of unforeseen expensive disturbances in industrial processes.

Nationell ämneskategori
Annan elektroteknik och elektronik Telekommunikation
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14393 (URN)10.1109/MCOM.2013.6525614 (DOI)000320193000025 ()2-s2.0-84879103439 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
EMI
Tillgänglig från: 2013-06-10 Skapad: 2013-06-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Stenumgaard, P., Chilo, J., Ferrer-Coll, J. & Ängskog, P. (2013). Challenges and Conditions for Wireless Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communications. In: : . Paper presented at Electronic Environment 2013, Älvsjö, March 19-20, 2013 (pp. 72-74).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Challenges and Conditions for Wireless Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communications
2013 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Elektroteknik och elektronik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13992 (URN)
Konferens
Electronic Environment 2013, Älvsjö, March 19-20, 2013
Projekt
EMI
Tillgänglig från: 2013-03-24 Skapad: 2013-03-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Ferrer-Coll, J., Ängskog, P., Shabai, H., Chilo, J. & Stenumgaard, P. (2012). Analysis of wireless communications in underground tunnels for industrial use. In: 38TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON IEEE INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS SOCIETY (IECON 2012): . Paper presented at IECON 2012 - 38th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 25-28 October, 2012, Montreal, Canada (pp. 3216-3220). New York: IEEE conference proceedings
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Analysis of wireless communications in underground tunnels for industrial use
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2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: 38TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON IEEE INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS SOCIETY (IECON 2012), New York: IEEE conference proceedings, 2012, s. 3216-3220Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Wireless communication is expected to improve the safety and the productivity in underground tunnels for industrial use. However the multiple shapes and structures of tunnels affect wireless communication characteristics in terms of signal propagation which is significantly different from terrestrial environments. This paper presents comprehensive broadband measurements and simulations of multipath propagation and path loss in two underground environments. The results can be used in the development of new communication systems in tunnels that provide industrial services.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
New York: IEEE conference proceedings, 2012
Serie
IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, ISSN 1553-572X
Nationell ämneskategori
Elektroteknik och elektronik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13994 (URN)10.1109/IECON.2012.6389383 (DOI)000316962903030 ()2-s2.0-84872926158 (Scopus ID)978-1-4673-2419-9 (ISBN)978-1-4673-2421-2 (ISBN)
Konferens
IECON 2012 - 38th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 25-28 October, 2012, Montreal, Canada
Projekt
EMI
Tillgänglig från: 2013-03-24 Skapad: 2013-03-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Projekt
Reliable Wireless Machine-to-MachineCommunications in Electromagnetic Disturbed Industrial Environments [2008-00388_Vinnova]; Högskolan i Gävle

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