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Grell, P., Blom, B. & Ahmadi, N. (2019). Conditions for helping relations in specialized personal social services: a client perspective on the influence of organizational structure. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conditions for helping relations in specialized personal social services: a client perspective on the influence of organizational structure
2019 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article highlights organizational structure as a factor influencing conditions for helping relations. It is based on a survey study and an interview study, both directed at parents in families that have parallel contacts in different parts of Swedish personal social services (PSS). The aim is to describe and analyse conditions for helping relations when clients with complex needs encounter specialized PSS.

Low system trust, people processing dimensions of work, and an organizational and a professional emphasis on formal organizational structures and boundaries were found to constitute unfavourable conditions. Conversely, an occurrence of individual trust, people sustaining and people changing dimensions of work, as well as informal organization and individual social workers’ boundary spanning efforts, constituted favourable conditions. The article concludes that greater understanding of how clients are affected by contextual service conditions can give some pointers towards how to generally improve services for vulnerable and disadvantaged populations.

Keywords
Helping relations, social services, organizational structure, specialization, client perspective
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29406 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2019.1596148 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2018-01352
Available from: 2019-03-28 Created: 2019-03-28 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved
Qvarfordt, A., Hoff, D., Bäckström, Å. & Ahmadi, N. (2019). From fighting the bad to protecting the good: legitimation discourses in WADA’s athlete guides. Performance Enhancement & Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From fighting the bad to protecting the good: legitimation discourses in WADA’s athlete guides
2019 (English)In: Performance Enhancement & Health, E-ISSN 2211-2669Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The global anti-doping effort in sport is based upon perceptions of the system as desirable, proper and appropriate and thus considered legitimate. The legitimacy of the anti-doping system has earlier been studied bottom-up, based on the views of athletes. In order to gain greater understanding of legitimation processes, it is also important to study legitimation strategies top-down, used by decision-making and governing bodies. The aim of this study was to use Fairclough's critical discourse analytical approach to analyse the social construction of legitimacy in the World Anti-Doping Agency's three editions of a guide to anti-doping rules aimed at athletes. The analysis was performed based on van Leeuwen's four specific legitimation strategies: authorization, rationalization, moral evaluation and mythopoesis. Our analysis shows that the legitimation of the anti-doping discourse as constructed in the athlete guides that has accompanied anti-doping regulations for more than a decade is characterized by continuity as regards an authoritarian attitude, but also by change towards a more rational and athlete-centred stance. A shift can be seen in the construction of legitimacy in the anti-doping discourse from “fighting the bad” to “protecting the good”. We discuss the moral evaluation strategy as a way to construct legitimacy for anti-doping efforts and sport in general towards a wider public. In the light of the results of this study, we conclude that policymaking in relation to doping issues should take into account the dimension of the discursive top-down legitimation, which could affect how the policy is received at the level of the athletes and provide conditions for a sustainable anti-doping system. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Anti-doping, Doping in sports, Legitimacy, Legitimation strategies
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29160 (URN)10.1016/j.peh.2019.100147 (DOI)2-s2.0-85074421285 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-23 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved
Qvarfordt, A., Ahmadi, N., Bäckström, Å. & Hoff, D. (2019). Limitations and duties: elite athletes’ perceptions of compliance with anti-doping rules. Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Limitations and duties: elite athletes’ perceptions of compliance with anti-doping rules
2019 (English)In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The main purpose of this article is to examine how elite athletes perceive their own responsibilities and possibilities to be compliant with the anti-doping regulations, and to draw conclusions about what these perceptions mean in relation to the legitimacy of the anti-doping system. A qualitative research design, with interviews conducted with athletes globally, was employed to capture elite sportspersons’ views on anti-doping policy and procedures. The analysis was based on a theoretical framework on legitimacy. The findings show that athletes’ situation is characterized by limited information and a lack of leeway. At the same time, athletes find themselves obliged to be dutiful. We discuss the complex situation of simultaneously facing perceived limitations and duties, and consider the limits that athletes experience in relation to compliance, which may place the legitimacy of the anti-doping system at risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Doping in sports; anti-doping; elite athletes; legitimacy; compliance; WADA
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31009 (URN)10.1080/17430437.2019.1681404 (DOI)000493236800001 ()2-s2.0-85074919024 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2019-11-25Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Erbil, P., Ahmadi, N. & Cetrez, Ö. A. (2019). Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey. Journal of religion and health, 58(4), 1115-1124
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey
2019 (English)In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 58, no 4, p. 1115-1124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

Keywords
Turkey, cancer, religious coping, culture, meaning-making
National Category
Nursing Social Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26941 (URN)10.1007/s10943-018-0646-7 (DOI)000474476400008 ()29872943 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85048056965 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-06-12 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, N., Ahmadi, F., Erbil, P. & Cetrez, Ö. A. (2019). Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients. Illness, crisis and loss, 27(3), 190-208
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients
2019 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 190-208Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

Keywords
Turkey, cancer, religious coping, culture, meaning-making
National Category
Social Work Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24088 (URN)10.1177/1054137316672042 (DOI)2-s2.0-85070264864 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Meaning-making coping
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Darvishpour, M., Ahmadi, N. & Palm, I. (2018). Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to elucidate and discuss the results of the 2016 Diversity Barometer (Mångfaldsbarometern) and compare these results with those obtained from ten years of the longitudinal Diversity Barometers for 2005?2014. An additional aim is to demonstrate whether and how Swedish people?s experiences of and attitudes toward people with a foreign background and ethnic diversity have changed.A random sample of the Swedish population took part in the annual study, which was carried out in the form of a nationwide postal survey. The results show that negative attitudes toward ethnic and cultural diversity in general, and migrant population in particular, have increased to some extent and with respect to certain issues. Views on diversity in relation to culture and religion ? especially Islam ? were more negative than views on diversity in relation to work. Those who have larger experience of contact with foreigners show a more positive attitude toward diversity compared with those with limited experience and contact. Individuals who have higher education, those who identify themselves as female, younger persons and those living in large cities are more positive than other groups. In our analysis of the empirical data, we proceeded from a social work perspective and applied contact theory and group conflict theories relating attitudes to group position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28323 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2018.1527242 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-10-15 Created: 2018-10-15 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F. & Ahmadi, N. (2018). Meaning-Making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness. New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meaning-Making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness
2018 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book provides an alternative, complementary approach to the existing conventional approaches to religious and spiritually oriented coping. By focusing on the role of culture, the authors take into account the methods employed by a vast number of people who do not directly identify themselves as religious. The empirical data used in this book derive from studies conducted in several countries; Sweden, China, South Korea, Turkey and Malaysia, across which religion plays a different role in the social and cultural life of individuals. This approach and these empirical data are unique and allow comparisons to be made between different cultural settings.

By introducing the concept of meaning-making coping, the authors explore the influence of culture on choice of coping methods, be they purely religious, spiritual or existential. The term "existential meaning-making coping" is used to describe coping methods that are related to existential questions; these methods include religious, spiritual and existential coping methods.

Meaning-making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness contributes to new approaches and theoretical models of coping. As such it is an invaluable resource for health care, medical, public health and sociology students and researchers. It will also be of interest to educators and policy-makers working in the area of health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018. p. 148
Keywords
mening making coping, cancer, serious illness, cultural dimension in health
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27796 (URN)978-1-138-29936-8 (ISBN)9781315098036 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Cetrez, Ö., Erbil, P., Ortak, A. & Ahmadi, N. (2017). A survey study among cancer patients in Turkey: meaning-making coping. Illness, crisis and loss
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A survey study among cancer patients in Turkey: meaning-making coping
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2017 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

To understand the role of culture on the use of the meaning-making coping among people who have been struck by cancer, qualitative and quantitative studies have been conducted in several countries like Sweden, China, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, and Turkey. This article reports on a quantitative study carried out in Turkey. The aim of the study has been to answer the following question: “Which meaning-making coping method (even nonreligious or spiritual coping methods) is used by informants?” The sample consists of 95 persons, 18+ who had been struck by cancer. The questionnaire was distributed to former/current cancer patients via a web address as an electronic survey through the media page of Cancer Survivors Association. The results of the study show that the most important coping methods used by cancer patients in Turkey are the religious coping (RCOPE) methods, particularly spiritual connection, active religious surrender, passive religious deferral, and pleading for direct intercession. Several RCOPE methods such as spiritual discontent, seeking support from clergy or members, punishing God reappraisal, and demonic reappraisal or self-directing religious coping are not used by the Turkish informants. Nor are non-RCOPE methods highly prevalent among informants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Meaning-making coping, Turkey, Survey study, Cancer, Illness
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27797 (URN)10.1177/1054137317720751 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved
Macassa, G., Hiswåls, A.-S., Ahmadi, N. & McGrath, C. (2017). Educating Public Health Professionals for an Unknown Future: Insight from a New Bachelor Programme Linking Health Promotion and Sustainable Development. Research in Health Science, 2(2), 70-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Educating Public Health Professionals for an Unknown Future: Insight from a New Bachelor Programme Linking Health Promotion and Sustainable Development
2017 (English)In: Research in Health Science, ISSN 2470-6205, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 70-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to provide a description of the new bachelor programme “Health Promotion through Sustainable Development”, which started in autumn 2016 at the University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Working Life. The programme was built integrating public health and biology through a thread of health promotion and sustainable development across the three years of study. In the era of sustainable development and more complex health threats, future public health professionals need to be equipped with the right knowledge and skills that will enable them to promote a sustainable population health.

Keywords
Public health, health promotion, biology, sustainable development, University of Gävle
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24113 (URN)10.22158/rhs.v2n2p70 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-06-09 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Macassa, G., Bergström, H., Malstam, E., Hiswåls, A. S., Soares, J., Ahmadi, N. & Marttila, A. (2017). Experiences of employment precariousness and psychological well-being in East Central Sweden. Health Science Journal, 11(2), Article ID 491.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of employment precariousness and psychological well-being in East Central Sweden
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2017 (English)In: Health Science Journal, ISSN 1791-809X, Vol. 11, no 2, article id 491Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In the past decade, temporary employment arrangements, including fixed-term and sub-contracted jobs, as well as project work, on-call work and work via temporary-help agencies have increased in developed countries, including Sweden. The objective of this study was to explore precariously employed individuals’ experiences and perceptions of employment strain and its effect on their psychological well-being in Gävleborg County, Sweden. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 respondents residing in Gävleborg County about their experiences of precarious employment and their perceptions of the relationship between their precarious employment and psychological well-being. Thematic analysis was conducted to relate the results to the employment strain framework. Results: The main theme to emerge in the data was managing stress. Respondent’s perceived significant stress related to keeping employment as well as having future work. In addition, they had difficulties in coping with everyday life because of economic strain, lack of work opportunities and isolation. Conclusions: The results of this study highlight how precariously employed individuals are unable to cope with the stress related to uncertainty in maintaining their current work or having control of their working hours. In addition, the results indicate that precariously employed workers experience economic strain related to income uncertainty, which affects their ability to cope with daily life.

Keywords
Precarious employment; Gävleborg county; Sweden; Psychological well-being
National Category
Health Sciences Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24157 (URN)10.21767/1791-809X.1000491 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-06-12 Created: 2017-06-12 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2885-0635

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