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Philipson, S. (2022). The End of the Present Mode of Production – A New Kondratieff Wave? – New Directions for Research?. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), 19(3), Article ID 2240002.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The End of the Present Mode of Production – A New Kondratieff Wave? – New Directions for Research?
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), ISSN 0219-8770, Vol. 19, no 3, article id 2240002Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This conceptual paper traces the history of production from simple offerings, with the logic of a product structure to a virtual structure, then how components are outsourced in a supply chain. In Wintelism, individual functions, within a product architecture and specified interfaces, are outsourced. Focal firms view the value chain as an ecosystem to optimize value.

Destructive innovation restruct and destruct ecosystems that are outperformed by ecosystems providing new offerings. Fundamental destructive innovations disrupt the very way production is made, the mode of production, replacing it by another. This paper raises the question if we are close to such a fundamental disruption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
World Scientific, 2022
Keywords
Wintelism, product architecture, modularization, standardization, destructive innovation, Kondratiev waves
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38366 (URN)10.1142/s0219877022400028 (DOI)000773582200001 ()2-s2.0-85128508391 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-04-03 Created: 2022-04-03 Last updated: 2022-12-02Bibliographically approved
Philipson, S. (2022). Value - the "atom" of the economy: A conceptual model of a new approach for marketing. Journal of Applied Business and Economics, 24(5), 170-180, Article ID 15.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Value - the "atom" of the economy: A conceptual model of a new approach for marketing
2022 (English)In: Journal of Applied Business and Economics, ISSN 1499-691X, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 170-180, article id 15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This is a conceptual paper about the most fundamental concept in the science of business administration, value. It traces its history, discusses the demarcation approach of the service dominant logic, arguing against it. We hold that customer co-creation is already presumed in the concept of use-value; the customer can realize the value-potential of a product or a service by satisfying experiences from the offering. Under certain circumstances relationships influence the value, often motivating temporal suspension of market relations. In other cases relationships do not give the potential for additional value and the exchange between seller and buyer continues to be a transaction.The micro-foundations of value are searched in the social psychology of these experiences and how they build the value.The paper suggests the need for radical re-focusing of business practices, by proposing a conceptual model based on the macro-foundations of value.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NAB Press, 2022
Keywords
value, exchange-value, use-value, co-production, relationship marketing
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
no Strategic Research Area (SFO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-41138 (URN)10.33423/jabe.v24i5 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-03-09 Created: 2023-03-09 Last updated: 2023-03-10Bibliographically approved
Philipson, S. (2020). Consumers and enterprises as actors on the market. Harvard Deusto Business Research, 9(2), 168-180
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consumers and enterprises as actors on the market
2020 (English)In: Harvard Deusto Business Research, ISSN 2254-6235, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 168-180Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This conceptual paper discusses the phenomenon of differentiation made possible throughbranding or innovation or a combination of the two. Differentiation is eventually the driving forcefor the development of its own negation, commoditization. When customers have endured acommoditized market long enough the opportunities open up for creative destruction, this conceptof Schumpeter (1942), means that an entrepreneur invents a completely new way of satisfying thecustomers’ unsatisfied needs, making the industry that no longer bothered about their customers. Many researchers have tried to re/brand destructive innovation as their own, with concepts, suchas of ”transilience”, and “blue ocean strategy’, as opposed to ‘red ocean strategy’.

The paper focuses on innovation as a differentiation strategy and on temporary monopoly rent asa driver of innovation. Increased competition and shortening and life cycles makes capitalism morevolatile and the strategies to reduce the risks involved are discussed. These strategies lead to thereal-world implementation of the concentration of capital forecasted by Marx and feared by Schumpeter.

The paper identifies the need to continuously monitor the concentration of capital and to understand individual markets by studying the firm’s profit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Barcelona: EAE Business School, 2020
Keywords
Market, differentiation, commoditization, innovation, creative destruction, monopoly rent, organic composition of capital, volatility, concentration of capitaL
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-34601 (URN)10.48132/hdbr.302 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-12-22 Created: 2020-12-22 Last updated: 2021-04-09Bibliographically approved
Philipson, S. (2020). Sources of innovation: Consequences for knowledge production and transfer. Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, 5(1), 50-58
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sources of innovation: Consequences for knowledge production and transfer
2020 (English)In: Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, E-ISSN 2444-569X, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 50-58Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In his ground-breaking work Sources of Innovation, Eric von Hippel discussed from where in (and out of) the value-chain innovations came in different industries: the customer, the manufacturer, the supplier or the third-party innovator (universities, research laboratories, etc.).

The world has changed, and new phenomena have become apparent. This article is a conceptual paper that discusses these new phenomenaand presenting a tentative updated pheno-typology of the sources of innovation, adding six to von Hippel’s original four. To build these phenotypes it draws heavily on Kaulio (1998), Borrus & Zysman (1997) and Hart & Sangbae (2002). 

As principal take-away, the consequences for the knowledge production and transfer are discussed for each of the 10 phenotypes, in comparison to the in-house, non-open innovation, default phenotype.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Innovation, Tacit Knowing, Differentiation, Monopoly rent, Sources of Innovation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29528 (URN)10.1016/j.jik.2019.01.002 (DOI)000537721900005 ()2-s2.0-85078178364 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-03 Created: 2019-05-03 Last updated: 2021-01-19Bibliographically approved
Philipson, S. (2020). Value - the "atom" of the economy. In: Vrontis, D., Weber, Y. & Tsoukatos, E. (Ed.), 13th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business: Theory and Practice Across Industries and Markets. Paper presented at 13th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, Palermo, Italy 16-18 September 2020 (pp. 860-870). EuroMed Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Value - the "atom" of the economy
2020 (English)In: 13th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business: Theory and Practice Across Industries and Markets / [ed] Vrontis, D., Weber, Y. & Tsoukatos, E., EuroMed Press , 2020, p. 860-870Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This is a conceptual paper about the most fundamental concept in the science of business administration, value. It traces its history, discusses the demarcation approach of the service dominant logic, arguing against it. We hold that customer co-creation is already presumed in the concept of use-value; the customer can realize the value-potential of a product or a service by satisfying experiences from the offering. Under certain circumstances relationships influence the value, often motivating temporal suspension of market relations. In other cases, relationships do not give the potential for additional value and the exchange between seller and buyer continues to be a transaction.The micro-foundations of value are searched in the social psychology oof these experiences and how they build the value.The paper suggests the need for radical re-focusing of business practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EuroMed Press, 2020
Series
Business Theory and Practice Across Industries and Markets, ISSN 2547-8516
Keywords
Value, exchange-value, use-value, co-production, relationship marketing, transaction marketing.
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-34250 (URN)000652176000067 ()978-9963-711-89-5 (ISBN)
Conference
13th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, Palermo, Italy 16-18 September 2020
Available from: 2020-11-13 Created: 2020-11-13 Last updated: 2021-06-17Bibliographically approved
Philipson, S. & Kjellström, E. (2020). When Objects Are Talking: How Tacit Knowing Becomes Explicit Knowledge. Journal of Small Business Strategy, 30(1), 68-82
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When Objects Are Talking: How Tacit Knowing Becomes Explicit Knowledge
2020 (English)In: Journal of Small Business Strategy, ISSN 1081-8510, E-ISSN 2380-1751, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 68-82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper is to build a model of how tacit knowing is externalised and becomes reflected external knowledge. 

Knowledge Management (Nonaka, 1991, 1994; Nonaka, Toyama and Konno, 2000) is an important field in Business Administration. Based on the model provided by Nonaka and his colleagues, researchers and practitioners have fallen into the pipe dream that employees’ tacit knowledge can be coded and canned in computers (structural capital), eventually leading to the enterprise without humans. Earlier critics (Gourlay, 2002, 2006; Gourlay and Nurse, 2005, Grant, 2007; Author 1, 2016a, 2019) of the knowledge management paradigm have shown that it does not understand Polanyi’s concept tacit knowing and that it is much more complicated to “externalize” such knowing than presumed by KM. The understanding in extant management literature of this process has been very problematic. 

Building on concepts in philosophy, psychology, pedagogics, organizational science, and engineering, a model is built and exemplified. This paper develops a theoretical framework for how tacit knowing can be externalized, what is required for such an externalization, and discusses the problems in such externalization, limiting it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Middle Tennessee State University, 2020
Keywords
Tacit knowing, externalization, reflected knowledge, boundary objects
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31246 (URN)2-s2.0-85079873080 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2022-04-29Bibliographically approved
Philipson, S. (2019). Consumers And Enterprises As Actors On The Market. In: Demetris Vrontis, Yaakov Weber, Evangelos Tsoukatos (Ed.), 12th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business Conference Readings: Business Management Theories and Practices in a Dynamic Competitive Environment. Paper presented at the 12th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, September 18-20, 2019 Thessaloniki, Greece (pp. 989-996). Euriomed Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consumers And Enterprises As Actors On The Market
2019 (English)In: 12th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business Conference Readings: Business Management Theories and Practices in a Dynamic Competitive Environment / [ed] Demetris Vrontis, Yaakov Weber, Evangelos Tsoukatos, Euriomed Press , 2019, , p. 13p. 989-996Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This conceptual paper discusses the phenomenon of differentiation made possible through branding or innovation or a combination of the two. Differentiation is eventually the driving force for the development of its own negation, commoditization. When customers have endured a commoditized market long enough the opportunities open up for creative destruction, this concept of Schumpeter (1942), means that an entrepreneur invents a completely new way of satisfying the customers’ unsatisfied needs, making the industry that no longer bothered about their customers. Many researchers have tried to re/brand destructive innovation as their own, with concepts, such as of ”transilience”, and “blue ocean strategy’, as opposed to ‘red ocean strategy’.

The paper focuses on innovation as a differentiation strategy and on temporary monopoly rent as a driver of innovation. Increased competition and shortening and life cycles makes capitalism more volatile and the strategies to reduce the risks involved are discussed. These strategies lead to the real-world implementation of the concentration of capital forecasted by Marx and feared by Schumpeter.

The paper identifies the need to continuously monitor the concentration of capital and to understand individual markets by studying the firm’s profit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Euriomed Press, 2019. p. 13
Series
EuroMed Academy of Business Conference Book of Proceedings, ISSN 2547-8516
Keywords
Market, differentiation, commoditization, innovation, creative destruction, monopoly rent, organic composition of capital, volatility, concentration of capital
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31249 (URN)000548057800074 ()978-9963-711-81-9 (ISBN)
Conference
the 12th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, September 18-20, 2019 Thessaloniki, Greece
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2021-01-19Bibliographically approved
Philipson, S. (2019). Cost-structure and the volatility of capitalism. In: 12th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business Conference Proceedings: Business Management Theories and Practices in a Dynamic Competitive Environment. Paper presented at the 12th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, September 18-20 2019, Thessaloniki, Greece. Euromed Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cost-structure and the volatility of capitalism
2019 (English)In: 12th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business Conference Proceedings: Business Management Theories and Practices in a Dynamic Competitive Environment, Euromed Press , 2019, , p. 8Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This conceptual paper explores the phenomena of changing cost-structures and the implications for the volatility of capitalism and the possibility to manage firms in such a hostile environment and proposes future research. It also provides an explanation of why the relevance of accounting is lost, the so-called “relevance lost” debate (see among others Francis

& Schipper, 1999).The changing cost-structures raises fundamental questions concerning the resulting the volatility of capitalism and the management of firms in such an increasingly more volatile environment. In Philipson, Johansson & Scheley (2016), we raised the question if it was possible to “...to ride the dragon.” Considering the importance of these phenomena, it is astonishing that we have not found any empirical research concerning them. They restresearch questions, based on the author’s almost 25 years of experience, as a senior executive in Scandinavian industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Euromed Press, 2019. p. 8
Series
EuroMed Academy of Business Conference Book of Proceedings, ISSN 2547-8516
Keywords
Cost-structure, volatility, risk
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31247 (URN)000548057800073 ()978-9963-711-81-9 (ISBN)
Conference
the 12th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, September 18-20 2019, Thessaloniki, Greece
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2021-01-19Bibliographically approved
Philipson, S. (2019). The difficulty with which tacit knowing is transformed into explicit knowledge. World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 15(3), 346-359
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The difficulty with which tacit knowing is transformed into explicit knowledge
2019 (English)In: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 346-359Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This is a conceptual paper giving a fundamental critique of knowledge management, as conceptualised by Nonaka and colleagues by a critical reading of Polanyi, inspired by the Russian psychologist Vygotsky and the US engineering professor Ferguson. The findings are that the externalisation of tacit knowing is much more complex and less prone to be managed than suggested in extant literature. In creating knowledge from such tacit knowing the community pf practice is identified as crucial.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2019
Keywords
tacit knowing; externalisation; explicit knowledge; gestalt; problematisation; innovation; community of practice; entrepreneurship.
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29529 (URN)10.1504/WREMSD.2019.099410 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065118297 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-03 Created: 2019-05-03 Last updated: 2021-01-19Bibliographically approved
Philipson, S. (2018). Bachelor and Master theses, bird or fish? What is a good thesis? And what are the Differences and Similarities between Theses and scientific articles?. In: Vrontis, D., Weber, Y. and Tsoukatos, E. (Ed.), 11th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business: Research Advancements in National and Global Business Theory and Practice. Paper presented at The 11th Annual EUROMED Academy of Business (EMAB) conference, "Research Advancements in National and Global Business Theory and Practice", September 12th-14th 2018, Valletta, Malta (pp. 1085-1094). EuroMed Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bachelor and Master theses, bird or fish? What is a good thesis? And what are the Differences and Similarities between Theses and scientific articles?
2018 (English)In: 11th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business: Research Advancements in National and Global Business Theory and Practice / [ed] Vrontis, D., Weber, Y. and Tsoukatos, E., EuroMed Press , 2018, p. 1085-1094Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses the similarities and differences between peer-reviewed scientific articles and students’ theses (bachelor, one-year master, and two-year master). A sample of theses and scientific articles is analyzed as a basis for a discussion of what is a good thesis.

It holds that the Goals are different and that those goals should affect the principal process to be documented, the Research Process or the Presentation of the research results. It also proposes that the Structure of a thesis should to some degree be different from the scientific article. Finally, it proposes a Framework for a good thesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EuroMed Press, 2018
Series
EuroMed Academy of Business Conference Book of Proceedings, E-ISSN 2547-8516
Keywords
Higher Education, Thesis writing, Research Process, Presentation Process
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26573 (URN)000520521200079 ()978-9963-711-67-3 (ISBN)
Conference
The 11th Annual EUROMED Academy of Business (EMAB) conference, "Research Advancements in National and Global Business Theory and Practice", September 12th-14th 2018, Valletta, Malta
Available from: 2018-05-15 Created: 2018-05-15 Last updated: 2021-01-19Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3323-907X

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