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Paasch, J. M. & Paulsson, J. (2015). Classification of Land Use: Further development of the ISO standard for Land Administration, ISO 19152. Homo Oeconomicus, 32(1), 53-76
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Classification of Land Use: Further development of the ISO standard for Land Administration, ISO 19152
2015 (English)In: Homo Oeconomicus, ISSN 0943-0180, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 53-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study discusses a proposed development of the ISO standard for land administration, the Land Administration Domain Model, LADM, ISO 19152. The extension focuses on expanding the standards terminology for classifying interests in land use. The proposed extension is based on the concept for classifying private and public rights, restrictions and responsibilities in the newly developed Legal Cadastral Domain Model, LCDM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
München: , 2015
Keywords
ISO 19152, land administration domain model, LADM, land law, terminology
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22642 (URN)
Available from: 2015-04-17 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Liedholm Johnson, E., Paulsson, J. & Paasch, J. M. (2015). Comparative Studies on Land Use Rights M: Methodological and Standardization Aspects. Journal of Comparative Law, 10(1), 1-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparative Studies on Land Use Rights M: Methodological and Standardization Aspects
2015 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Law, ISSN 1477-0814, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ildy, Simmonds and Hill Publishing, 2015
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22624 (URN)
Available from: 2015-08-03 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Paasch, J. M., van Oosterom, P., Lemmen, C. & Paulsson, J. (2015). Further modelling of LADM's Rights, Restrictions and Responsibilities (RRRs). Land use policy, 49, 680-689
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Further modelling of LADM's Rights, Restrictions and Responsibilities (RRRs)
2015 (English)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 49, p. 680-689Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper proposes a more detailed classification of the legal part of the Land Administration Domain Model (LADM), ISO 19152 (i.e. interests in land), than described in the current standard by further developing the LADM's 'right', 'restriction' and 'responsibility' (RRR) class and associated code lists. Besides the more obvious formal right descriptions, this paper also deals with informal rights' descriptions as introduced in the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) as a foundation for further LADM development. The authors base their research on the Legal Cadastral Domain Model, as developed by and described in the Ph.D. thesis of Paasch, which is used as a conceptual basis for adding an additional level to the LADM. Interests in land can be classified in this model as limiting or beneficial to real property ownership. The extended classification is further based on the paradigm that there are two major types of interest in land, privately agreed interests and regulations imposed by a public agency. The incorporation of a specialized classification of RRRs in the LADM is of value for more inclusion of social tenure in (inter-)national land administration registers. The LADM allows national profiles to be added to the standard, however, such profiles are relevant within a country. These profiles are needed in cases where detailed data of interests in land have to be exchanged internationally. International data exchange requires maintenance of code tables representing the different RRRs in use within countries. OICRF has announced an initiative in support to this.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
Land administration domain model, LADM, Land rights modelling, Social tenure modelling
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22641 (URN)10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.12.013 (DOI)000367105800062 ()2-s2.0-84948978676 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-01-20 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
El-Mekawy, M. S., Paasch, J. M. & Paulsson, J. (2015). Integration of Legal Aspects in 3D Cadastral Systems. International Journal of E-Planning Research, 4(3), 47-71
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration of Legal Aspects in 3D Cadastral Systems
2015 (English)In: International Journal of E-Planning Research, ISSN 2160-9918, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 47-71Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article continues a research on the feasibility of BIM for 3D cadastre in unified building models, presented in . It describes problems and solutions concerning interaction between BIM and the registration and visualisation of legal 3D property information. BIM and legal 3D property are two seemingly different domains, and there is a lack of BIM-3D property research in relation to technical and registration issues. The article therefore focuses on possibilities and difficulties of addressing legal interests (i.e. rights, restrictions and responsibilities) in land. A Swedish case study is used to describe the use of 3D property formation and registration in Sweden, and how it might be possible to achieve a more integrated, standard based registration of legal boundaries and physical buildings. The results emphasize how BIM and 3D property domains can interact to serve the needs for effective information handling by e.g. importing 3D cadastral boundaries into BIM as basis for decision-making or to use BIM as input in the 3D cadastral formation process.

Keywords
3D Cadastre, CityGML, IFC, Property Formation, UBM
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22620 (URN)10.4018/IJEPR.2015070103 (DOI)
Note

QC 20150812

Available from: 2015-07-28 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Liedholm Johnson, E., Paulsson, J. & Paasch, J. M. (2015). Sustainable Land Use: Detection and Classification of Conflicting Rights. In: Book of Abstracts: Planning Law and Property Rights 25-27 February 2015 Volos - Greece. Paper presented at PLPR 2015 Conference, International Academic Association on Planning, Law and Property Rights, 25-27 February 2015, Volos, Greece (pp. 77-77).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Land Use: Detection and Classification of Conflicting Rights
2015 (English)In: Book of Abstracts: Planning Law and Property Rights 25-27 February 2015 Volos - Greece, 2015, p. 77-77Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
sustainable land use, land use rights, property rights, conflicting rights, classification
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22623 (URN)
Conference
PLPR 2015 Conference, International Academic Association on Planning, Law and Property Rights, 25-27 February 2015, Volos, Greece
Available from: 2015-03-14 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Liedholm Johnson, E., Paulsson, J. & Paasch, J. M. (2014). Classification and Co-ordination of Conflicting Rights for Sustainable Land Use. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, 10(2), 61-81
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Classification and Co-ordination of Conflicting Rights for Sustainable Land Use
2014 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, ISSN 1459-5877, E-ISSN 2341-6599, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 61-81Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to investigate the possibilities to detect the conflicts between national interests and rights for sustainable land use. The analysis is based on a newly developed standardized terminological framework for classification of interests in land, the Legal Cadastral Domain Model. The model is used to classify conflicting rights in two Swedish mining areas, Kiruna and Bunge, in Kiruna the relocation of the city due to mining interests and in Bunge the ongoing conflict between mining interests and national nature preservation interests.

The study shows that it is relevant to use a standardized approach for getting an overview of and thus comparing the multi-facetted nature of private and public interests in land. For example, land use regulations, such as a zoning plan, often contain prohibitions and obligations for the property owner embedded in the same document and a mining concession may contain instructions for environmental protection activities. They are in the model classified as separate interests beneficial or limiting for the right holder. A detailed classification therefore provides an overview and can assist officials and decision makers in identifying and co-ordinating conflicting interests.

Keywords
sustainable land use, land use rights, property rights, conflicting rights, Legal Cadastral Domain Model
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22625 (URN)
Note

NQC 2015

Available from: 2015-02-14 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
El-Mekawy, M., Paasch, J. M. & Paulsson, J. (2014). Integration of 3D Cadastre, 3D Property Formation and BIM in Sweden. In: Proceedings of the 4th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop, 9-11 November 2014, Dubai, UAE: . Paper presented at 4th International Workshop on 3D Cadastres, 9-11 November 2014, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (pp. 17-34).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration of 3D Cadastre, 3D Property Formation and BIM in Sweden
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 4th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop, 9-11 November 2014, Dubai, UAE, 2014, p. 17-34Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Keywords
3D Cadastre, Property Formation, Building Information Model (BIM), Property
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22619 (URN)
Conference
4th International Workshop on 3D Cadastres, 9-11 November 2014, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Available from: 2015-02-14 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Paasch, J. & Paulsson, J. (2014). Legal Framework 3D Cadastres: Position Paper 1. In: Proceedings of the 4th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop, 9-11 November 2014, Dubai, UAE: . Paper presented at 4th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop, 9-11 November 2014, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (pp. 411-416).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Legal Framework 3D Cadastres: Position Paper 1
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 4th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop, 9-11 November 2014, Dubai, UAE, 2014, p. 411-416Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper serves as the basis for discussions for the working session Legal framework 3D Cadastres, being one of the four working sessions at the 4th International Workshop on 3D Cadastres. The paper is intended to initiate discussions on the legal framework of 3D cadastres and aims at identifying the main topics concerning the legal aspects of 3D cadastre and further future research.

National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22643 (URN)
Conference
4th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop, 9-11 November 2014, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Available from: 2015-02-14 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Lemmen, C., van Oosterom, P., Ploeger, H., Paasch, J. M., Paulsson, J. & Zevenbergen, J. (2014). Legal Refinement of the LADM Standard: More classes or extended code lists with better defined types of Rights, Restrictions and Responsibilities?. In: PLPR 2014 Conference: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at PLPR 2014 Conference, 10-14 February 2014, Technion, Haifa, Israel (pp. 91).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Legal Refinement of the LADM Standard: More classes or extended code lists with better defined types of Rights, Restrictions and Responsibilities?
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2014 (English)In: PLPR 2014 Conference: Book of Abstracts, 2014, p. 91-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

To provide legal security in property rights/land tenure and support efficient land use planning, one needs a well-functioning system of land administration. In other words good land administration is the basis for sustainable land management and a stable and efficient land market.

Although property rights and procedures vary considerably between jurisdictions, the underlying data model to support land administration was found to be quite similar. Therefore, a decade ago, several of the authors of this paper initiated the process of coming to an international reference standard for land administration, the so-called Land Administration Domain Model (LADM). LADM is a framework for describing interest in land according to internationally agreed concepts and terminology and makes it possible to categorize interests in land (in specific jurisdiction) regardless of the origin in different legal systems. This not only enables the improvement and further development of national systems of land administration, but also supports international communication and exchange of data. In 2012 the LADM became an international standard, ISO 19152.

The LADM is based on “right”, “restriction” and “responsibility” (RRR) classes, which can apply to land, but also to buildings, network utilities, and 3D volumetric spatial units. Based on a number of earlier publications, such as (Paasch 2012), (Paasch et al 2013) and (Hespanha et al 2013), this paper explores the need and possible approaches to a more detailed classification of property rights, by either adding more subclasses for specific sets of RRRs, clustered after their legal or societal characteristics (e.g. common rights, latent rights, customary rights or informal rights as explored by (Paasch et al 2013)) or by the extension of code list values in LADM for a more refined classifications, or both. Options to ‘define’ code list values are: 1. describe with natural text, or 2. additionally encode an hierarchical structure to code list values, or 3. develop an ontology of the code list values, such as ownership, lease, etc. However, in all options it is non-trivial to define formally basic legal concepts such as ‘ownership’.

We will further investigate these aspects, including the decision when to add new classes and when to extend the code list values. In case of code list it will be further explored what is good approach to define the values.

Keywords
land administration, ISO standard, semantic legal model
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22622 (URN)
Conference
PLPR 2014 Conference, 10-14 February 2014, Technion, Haifa, Israel
Available from: 2015-02-14 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Paulsson, J. & Paasch, J. M. (2013). 3D property research from a legal perspective. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 40, 7-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>3D property research from a legal perspective
2013 (English)In: Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, ISSN 0198-9715, E-ISSN 1873-7587, Vol. 40, p. 7-13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates and discusses 3D property research, as evidenced by conference papers and other publications written in English, to analyze the distribution of interest areas and the occurrence of legal aspects and trends within 3D property research occurring between 2001 and 2011. A total of 156 publications on 3D property were examined. The publications were classified in four different categories, which represent different aspects of 3D property: legal, technical, registration and organizational. More 3D property research has been conducted on technical aspects and registration than legal aspects. In the legal category, most studies addressed national legislation and the practical use of (national) legislation. The authors believe that further fundamental legal research on 3D property is needed. The quantity of research could be increased, for example, by promoting international discussion and increasing the number of comparative legal studies on 3D property rights. Additional and more focused attention should be given to international matters, such as comparative studies on the use of 3D property concepts, the development of (international) 3D property terminology and cooperation between 3D property unit owners.

Keywords
3D property, 3D cadastre, Classification, Legislation
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22647 (URN)10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2012.11.004 (DOI)000321940100002 ()2-s2.0-84879460215 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20130816

Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7886-5926

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