hig.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Wikman, Sofia, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8186-3662
Alternative names
Biography [eng]

My interests evolves around workplace violence and trauma prevention. I focus on issues which are exploring cross-cutting themes of health, work environment and organisation, stress, crime, trauma, and security.

Biography [swe]

Jag forskar om hur man kan mäta och förebygga våld i arbetslivet, förståelsen av samhällsproblem som t.ex. psykisk ohälsa, risk och säkerhetfrågor i arbetslivet samt om brottsoffer.

Publications (10 of 57) Show all publications
Munobwa, J. & Wikman, S. (2023). Client violence towards statutory social workers: manifestations and proposed safety measures inoccupational injury reports 2002-2020.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Client violence towards statutory social workers: manifestations and proposed safety measures inoccupational injury reports 2002-2020
2023 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-42404 (URN)
Available from: 2023-06-22 Created: 2023-06-22 Last updated: 2023-06-26Bibliographically approved
Wikman, S. (2022). Immigration, Crime and Citizenship: Thematic panel: What happened in Sweden over the last 40 years? Studies on crime, gender, ethnicity and social class. (Chair). In: European Society of Criminology (Ed.), : . Paper presented at Eurocrim Malaga 2022, 21-24 sept.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Immigration, Crime and Citizenship: Thematic panel: What happened in Sweden over the last 40 years? Studies on crime, gender, ethnicity and social class. (Chair)
2022 (English)In: / [ed] European Society of Criminology, 2022Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In Sweden and around the world, studies have consistently shown that immigrants commit more crimes than nonimmigrants. Findings of immigrant overrepresentation in crime have led to beliefs that growth in the immigrant population will beget more crime. However, research from around the world has generally indicated that immigration has little to no effect on aggregate rates of crime. In Sweden, crime rates have remained relatively stable over the past 40 years despite a rapidly growing immigrant population. It is unclear why crime rates have not concomitantly increased with the growth in the immigrant population. In this study, we aim to understand how immigration is associated with crime. In the WHiS-Project. We ask seven specific research questions in six sub-studies:

1. How has crime and immigration developed in Sweden and comparable countries between 1975-2019? 2. How has crime and immigration developed in different municipalities? 3. How has the composition of the crime suspects and those prosecuted for different types of crime changed with respect to ethnicity, social class, gender, health, and childhood conditions? 4. What do criminal and social careers look like across generations among individuals? 5. How do individuals interpret their development with regard to crime and other life events? 6. What do "co-offending" networks look like in terms of ethnicity and other social factors for different types of crime? 7. How have the characteristics of persons suspected for or prosecuted for certain types of crime changed?

In the following presentations, we will present preliminary findings from four of our six sub-studies.

Keywords
criminality, trends, immigrants, violence
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sustainable Urban Development; Health-Promoting Work; Innovative Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38589 (URN)
Conference
Eurocrim Malaga 2022, 21-24 sept
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-00331
Available from: 2022-05-24 Created: 2022-05-24 Last updated: 2022-05-24Bibliographically approved
Wikman, S. (2022). Nedmontering av välfärden ökar risk för skolvåld. Forskning & Framsteg (04-apr)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nedmontering av välfärden ökar risk för skolvåld
2022 (Swedish)In: Forskning & Framsteg, E-ISSN 0015-7937, no 04-aprArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

På bara drygt ett år har Sverige haft fyra skolattacker. Den 21 mars miste två lärare i Malmö livet när en 18-årig elev gick till angrepp. Kriminologen Sofia Wikman menar att glappen i samhällets skyddsnät leder till fler våldsdåd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stiftelsen Forskning & Framsteg, 2022
Keywords
Välfärd
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work; Innovative Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38370 (URN)
Projects
2020-01500_Forte_Att förebygga hot och våld i arbetslivet
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-01500
Available from: 2022-04-05 Created: 2022-04-05 Last updated: 2022-04-06Bibliographically approved
Wikman, S. & Lilja, M. (2022). WHIS-Project. Immigration and Crime in Sweden: Narratives about immigration, socioeconomics, and crime. In: Brottsförebyggande rådet/The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Ed.), The Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2022: . Paper presented at The Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2022, 13-15 June.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>WHIS-Project. Immigration and Crime in Sweden: Narratives about immigration, socioeconomics, and crime
2022 (English)In: The Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2022 / [ed] Brottsförebyggande rådet/The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, 2022Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study is a part of the Forte financed project “What happened in Sweden over the last 40 years? Studies on crime, gender, ethnicity, and social class”. The aim of this qualitative study is two-fold. Firstly, it attempts to explore narratives about immigration, socioeconomics, and crime among individuals with long-term professional experience.

Secondly, it will analyse narratives about immigration, socioeconomics, and crime among previously convicted individuals. The ambition is to triangulate the results from the other quantitative studies in the Forte project and describe the people behind the statistics and their stories. The study has a narrative approach and s based on semi-structured interviews with professionals and formerly convicted individuals. 

Keywords
Violence trends Sweden
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work; Innovative Learning; Sustainable Urban Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38586 (URN)
Conference
The Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2022, 13-15 June
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-00331
Available from: 2022-05-23 Created: 2022-05-23 Last updated: 2022-05-23Bibliographically approved
Georgieva, I., Lantta, T., Lickiewicz, J., Pekara, J., Wikman, S., Loseviča, M., . . . Lepping, P. (2021). Perceived effectiveness, restrictiveness and compliance with containment measures against the Covid-19 pandemic: an international comparative study in 11 countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(7), Article ID 3806.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceived effectiveness, restrictiveness and compliance with containment measures against the Covid-19 pandemic: an international comparative study in 11 countries
Show others...
2021 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, no 7, article id 3806Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

National governments took action to delay the transmission of the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) by implementing different containment measures. We developed an online survey that included 44 different containment measures. We aimed to assess how effective citizens perceive these measures, which measures are perceived as violation of citizens’ personal freedoms, which opinions and demographic factors have an effect on compliance with the measures, and what governments can do to most effectively improve citizens’ compliance. The survey was disseminated in 11 countries: UK, Belgium, Netherlands, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, India, Latvia, Poland, Romania, and Sweden. We acquired 9543 unique responses. Our findings show significant differences across countries in perceived effectiveness, restrictiveness, and compliance. Governments that suffer low levels of trust should put more effort into persuading citizens, especially men, in the effectiveness of the proposed measures. They should provide financial compensation to citizens who have lost their job or income due to the containment measures to improve measure compliance. Policymakers should implement the least restrictive and most effective public health measures first during pandemic emergencies instead of implementing a combination of many restrictive measures, which has the opposite effect on citizens’ adherence and undermines human rights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021
Keywords
containment measures, Coronavirus, Covid-19, Effectiveness, Human rights, Pandemic, Proportionality principle
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work; Innovative Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-35543 (URN)10.3390/ijerph18073806 (DOI)000638509600001 ()33917334 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85103576068 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-04-04 Created: 2021-04-04 Last updated: 2021-05-17Bibliographically approved
Georgieva, I., Lantta, T., Bozev, V., Lickiewicz, J., Pekara, J., Wikman, S., . . . Lepping, P. (2021). Prevalence, new incidence, course and risk factors of PTSD, depression, anxiety, and panic disorder during the Covid-19 pandemic in 11 countries. Healthcare, 9(6), Article ID 664.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence, new incidence, course and risk factors of PTSD, depression, anxiety, and panic disorder during the Covid-19 pandemic in 11 countries
Show others...
2021 (English)In: Healthcare, E-ISSN 2227-9032, Vol. 9, no 6, article id 664Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety and panic disorder (PD) among citizens in 11 countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. We explored risks and protective factors most associated with the development of these mental health disorders and their course at 68 days follow up. We acquired 9543 unique responses via an online survey that was disseminated in UK, Belgium, Netherlands, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, India, Latvia, Poland, Romania, and Sweden. The prevalence and new incidence during the pandemic for at least one disorder was 48.6% and 17.6%, with the new incidence of PTSD, anxiety, depression, and panic disorder being 11.4%, 8.4%, 9.3% and 3%, respectively. Higher resilience was associated with lower mental health burden for all disorders. Ten to thirteen associated factors explained 79% of the variance in PTSD, 80% in anxiety, 78% in depression, and 89% in PD. To reduce the mental health burden, governments should refrain from implementing many highly restrictive and lasting containment measures. Public health campaigns should focus their effort on alleviating stress and fear, promoting resilience, building public trust in government and medical care, and persuading the population of the measures’ effectiveness. Psychosocial services and resources should be allocated to facilitate individual and community-level recovery from the pandemic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021
Keywords
Mental health, risk factors, Covid-19, pandemic, resilience, PTSD, anxiety, depression, panic disorder, general population, multinational study
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Innovative Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-35550 (URN)10.3390/healthcare9060664 (DOI)000666084100001 ()34204925 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85108212971 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 831644
Available from: 2021-04-06 Created: 2021-04-06 Last updated: 2021-07-08Bibliographically approved
Wikman, S. (2021). Våld i arbetslivet - utvecklingen de senaste 40 åren. In: : . Paper presented at FALF 2021, 14-16 juni, Mälardalens högskola. Västerås/Eskilstuna: Forum för arbetslivsforskning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Våld i arbetslivet - utvecklingen de senaste 40 åren
2021 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I flera av de skandinaviska ländernas offerundersökningar har exempelvis andelen somsvarat att de utsatts för arbetsplatsrelaterat våld ökat sedan 1990-talets början. Våld iarbetslivet har blivit en viktig fråga för arbetstagarnas intresseorganisationer och problemet tas oftare upp i media. Även forskningen på området har expanderat och ny lagstiftning har tillkommit. Problemet beskrivs ofta som tilltagande i olika europeiska undersökningar och kartläggningar. Mot bakgrund av att våld i arbetslivet framstår som ett samhällsproblem medallt större prioritet är det angeläget att fortsätta att studera dess utveckling som socialt problem.Syfte: Det övergripande syfte är att studera omfattning och utveckling av våld i arbetslivet, hur detuppmärksammats samt vilka åtgärder som föreslagits. Vad kan våld på jobbet kan vara, vilketvåld ökar och vad bör vi göra åt det?Metod: Jag går igenom vilka kunskapskällor som finns på området och gör en longitudinell analys av SCB’s ULF-undersökningar om hur utsattheten för våld utvecklats i olika yrkesgrupper de senaste 40 åren.Resultat: Sedan 1980-talets början har andelen i ULF-undersökningarna som uppger att de utsatts förvåld eller hot i arbetslivet ökat påtagligt, särskilt inom de kvinnodominerade välfärdsyrkena.Tendensen att våld i arbetslivet har gått från att ses som ett problem som ska lösas internt påarbetsplatsen som en arbetsmiljöfråga till att allt oftare ses som ett problem som ska lösasexternt av polis och rättsväsende är särskilt tydlig inom vissa branscher.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås/Eskilstuna: Forum för arbetslivsforskning, 2021
Keywords
våld
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-36454 (URN)
Conference
FALF 2021, 14-16 juni, Mälardalens högskola
Projects
Preventing workplace violence
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-01500
Available from: 2021-06-23 Created: 2021-06-23 Last updated: 2021-06-23Bibliographically approved
Wikman, S. (2019). Att förebygga hot och våld i svenska statliga myndigheter: en jämförelse mellan två perspektiv på säkerhetsarbete. In: Nordisk samarbejds for kriminologi (Ed.), : . Paper presented at NSfK´s 61st Research Seminar 2019: Crime, crime control and criminology in the digital era, 8-10 maj, Helsingør, Denmark.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att förebygga hot och våld i svenska statliga myndigheter: en jämförelse mellan två perspektiv på säkerhetsarbete
2019 (Swedish)In: / [ed] Nordisk samarbejds for kriminologi, 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Våld och hot i arbetslivet är inte enbart ett arbetsmiljöproblem utan även ett demokratiproblem. Hantering av arbetsrelaterat våld och hot regleras i arbetsmiljölagen och Arbetsmiljöverkets föreskrifter. Arbetsgivaren är ansvarig för det förebyggande arbetet som ska utföras i samarbete med skyddsombud och medarbetare. En utgångspunkt i arbetsmiljölagen är att kartlägga de risker som finns i verksamheten. Betoningen av den stabila, formella sidan av arbetsmiljöarbete sker dock ofta på bekostnad av en utveckling i form av arbetstagarmedverkan. Styrning som inte tar kontextuell hänsyn till arbetstagare eller klienter medför negativa konsekvenser. Strategier som inte harmonierar med det faktiska arbetet och regler som hämmar kreativitet och anpassning innebär en begränsning - inte bara för de scenarion vi i förebyggande syfte kan föreställa oss, utan också för att vi berövas en källa till tillit, diversitet och innovation. Den här artikeln beskriver hur två perspektiv hämtade från fältet ”resilience engineering” kan komplettera kriminologin för att användas för att analysera hur arbetsmiljölagen implementeras på olika arbetsplatser i syfte för att förebygga hot och våld.

National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Innovative Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30673 (URN)
Conference
NSfK´s 61st Research Seminar 2019: Crime, crime control and criminology in the digital era, 8-10 maj, Helsingør, Denmark
Note

Finansierat av Stiftelsen Clas Groschinskys Minnesfond

Available from: 2019-09-21 Created: 2019-09-21 Last updated: 2021-03-30Bibliographically approved
Engström, I., Bremberg, S. & Wikman, S. (2019). Dåligt stöd för att psykiska sjukdomar ökar bland unga (DN Debatt). Dagens Nyheter (21 maj)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dåligt stöd för att psykiska sjukdomar ökar bland unga (DN Debatt)
2019 (Swedish)In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 21 majArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Socialstyrelsen presenterar en katastrofal ökning av psykisk ohälsa bland unga och tolkar det som en reell ökning av psykiska sjukdomar. Vilket leder till rubriker med ord som epidemi. Men slutsatsen håller inte rent vetenskapligt. Vi måste ta signalerna från unga på allvar, men risken för en medikalisering av normala livserfarenheter är uppenbar, skriver tre forskare.

Keywords
adolescence mental health, Ungas psykiska hälsa
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychology
Research subject
Innovative Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29628 (URN)
Available from: 2019-06-01 Created: 2019-06-01 Last updated: 2021-03-30Bibliographically approved
Georgieva, I., Whittington, R., Lauvrud, C., Steinert, T., Wikman, S., Lepping, P., . . . Vesselinov, R. (2019). International variations in mental health law regulating involuntary commitment of psychiatric patients as measured by the Mental Health Legislation Attitudes Scale (MHLAS). Medicine, Science and the Law, 59(2), 104-114
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International variations in mental health law regulating involuntary commitment of psychiatric patients as measured by the Mental Health Legislation Attitudes Scale (MHLAS)
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Medicine, Science and the Law, ISSN 0025-8024, E-ISSN 2042-1818, Vol. 59, no 2, p. 104-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research illustrated that the laws regulating involuntaryplacement and treatment of persons with mental health problems arevery diverse across countries. International studies comparingsatisfaction levels between countries are rare. We compared the opinionsof professionals and family members about the operation of the nationalmental health law regulating forcibly admission and treatment ofpsychiatric patients in eleven countries: Ireland, Iceland, England &Wales, Romania, Slovenia, Denmark, Germany, Sweden, Norway andIndia. An online survey design was adopted using a Mental HealthLegislation Attitude Scale (MHLAS). This brief 9-item questionnaire wasdistributed via e-mail to psychiatrists, general practitioners, acute andcommunity mental health nurses, tribunal members, police officers and family members in each collaborating country. The levels ofagreement/disagreement were measured on a Likert- scale. Data wereanalysed both per question and with regard to a total MHLAS ‘approval’score computed as a sum of the 9 questions. We found that respondentsin England & Wales and Denmark expressing strongest approval for theirnational legislation (76 and 74% respectively), with those in India andIreland expressing the least approval (65 and 64% respectively). Almostall countries had a more positive attitude in comparison with Ireland onthe admission criteria for involuntary placement and the way people aretransferred to psychiatric hospitals. There are significant variationsacross Europe and beyond in terms of approval for how the nationalmental health law framework operates in each country.

Keywords
involuntary commitment mental health law forcibly treatment legislation
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29329 (URN)10.1177/0025802419841139 (DOI)000464512200005 ()30982427 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85064345431 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-1670
Available from: 2019-02-26 Created: 2019-02-26 Last updated: 2021-04-01Bibliographically approved
Projects
Preventing workplace violence [2020-01500_Forte]; University of GävleWhat happened in Sweden over the last 40 years? Studies on crime, gender, ethnicity and social class [2020-00331_Forte]; University of Gävle
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8186-3662

Search in DiVA

Show all publications