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Eriksson, H. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2016). Cyber nursing: a conceptual framework. Journal of Research in Nursing, 21(7), 505-514
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyber nursing: a conceptual framework
2016 (English)In: Journal of Research in Nursing, ISSN 1744-9871, E-ISSN 1744-988X, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 505-514Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There have been few attempts to express in words and conceptualise ‘the Internet’ and ‘health’ within a framework. The aim of this study was to present a conceptual framework concerning virtual self-care and online caring. The results show that the concepts of virtual communities, virtual self-care and torrenting frame these very specific interactions and environments and that the concepts of keyboard cowboy, cyber aid and health interests trader stipulate different ways in which to express expertise in cyber nursing. Alongside cyber-bullying, cyber nursing is also present in virtual arenas. Nursing researchers need to explore and monitor cyber nursing activities using concepts developed within the field of nursing.

Keywords
concept development, cyber nursing, nethnography, online research, self-care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22275 (URN)10.1177/1744987116661378 (DOI)000387321400004 ()2-s2.0-84994091670 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-08-22 Created: 2016-08-22 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Eriksson, H. (2015). Empatiska robotar förändrar vårdvetenskapen. Vårdfokus, 12, 26-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Empatiska robotar förändrar vårdvetenskapen
2015 (Swedish)In: Vårdfokus, ISSN 2000-5717, Vol. 12, p. 26-27Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Vi vill lyfta fram en till synes uppenbar 
vårdvetenskaplig paradox, den 
empatiska roboten, och vad en sådan paradox kan vara bra för.

National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20695 (URN)
Available from: 2015-11-28 Created: 2015-11-28 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, H. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2015). Turning to monster to learn about humanity: presentation of findings from caring monsters - the research project. In: Human Rights and Health and the Astrid Janzon Symposium: Abstract Book. Paper presented at 4th annual conference at the Swedish Red Cross University College on Human Rights and Health, 26-27 November 2015, Stockholm, Sweden (pp. 22-22).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Turning to monster to learn about humanity: presentation of findings from caring monsters - the research project
2015 (English)In: Human Rights and Health and the Astrid Janzon Symposium: Abstract Book, 2015, p. 22-22Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Popular culture; literature, movies and comics, is full of monsters. Monsters that both scare and amuse. Through history people has been fascinated, feared and amused by the idea of mysterious creatures, the monsters. Passing stories and constructing the “monsters” are part of all cultures and over times, although the representation of monsters are projected in variance over time and are historical and contextual bounded. Just as monsters are the binary opposition of the ‘good citizen’, monsters also perform as embodied representations of the “Other”. Monster is therefore best understood as embodiment of difference, a breaker of categories and a resistant other. Monsters are “tricksters” challenging our coding of the world by challenging our knowledge. The monster ask us how we as humans perceive the world and about our perception of difference. The aim of this project is to explore the caring activities of monsters in popular culture. The project will catalog monsters’ caring activities around the globe and analyze why, when and under what circumstances monster characters actually do care. In this presentation the initial analyzes of data gathered from the project website (http://www.caringmonsters.com/) will be presented. The initial readings based on a straight forward content analysis of why monsters sometimes go out of character and suddenly engage in some kind of caring activities will be presented. The result will contribute to a critical discussion of the impact of caring and the ethics of caring from which we could learn about humanity, when reflecting upon it from an “outside” and monstrous perspective.

National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20694 (URN)
Conference
4th annual conference at the Swedish Red Cross University College on Human Rights and Health, 26-27 November 2015, Stockholm, Sweden
Available from: 2015-11-28 Created: 2015-11-28 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, H. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2013). Cyber nursing—Health ‘experts’ approaches in the post-modern era of virtual performances: A nethnography study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 50(3), 335-344
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyber nursing—Health ‘experts’ approaches in the post-modern era of virtual performances: A nethnography study
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 335-344Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The imperative to gather information online and to become an ‘expert’ by locating effective advice for oneself and others is a fairly new support phenomenon in relation to health advice. The creation of new positions for health ‘experts’ within the space of the Internet has been addressed as a cybernursing activity. A focused analysis of communication in health forums might give insight into the new roles that are available for health experts in cyberspace.

Aim

The aim of this study is to describe approaches to being an ‘expert’ in lifestyle health choice forums on the Internet and to elaborate on the communicative performances that take place in the forums.

Method

An archival and cross-sectional observational forum study was undertaken using principles for conducting ethnographic research online. 2640 pages of data from two health Internet forums were gathered and analyzed.

Findings

The results reveal three distinctive types of experts that emerge in the forums: (1) those that build their expertise by creating a presence in the forum based on lengthy and frequent postings, (2) those who build a presence through reciprocal exchanges with individual posters with questions or concerns, and (3) those who build expertise around a “life long learning” perspective based on logic and reason.

Discussion

The results suggest that experts not only co-exist in the forums, but more importantly they reinforce each others’ positions. This effect is central; alongside one another, the posts of the three types of experts we identify constitute a whole for those seeking the forum for advice and support. Users are provided with strong opinions and advice, support and Socratic reasoning, and a problem-oriented approach. The Internet is now an integral part of everyday living, not least of which among those who seek and offer support in cyberspace. As such, cyber nursing has become an important activity to monitor, and formal health care professionals and nursing researchers must stay abreast of developments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keywords
cyber nursing, health experts, virtual approaches, virtual performances
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20606 (URN)10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.09.014 (DOI)23040763 (PubMedID)
Projects
Omvårdn@d i cyberrymden
Available from: 2012-11-19 Created: 2015-11-17 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Eriksson, H. (2013). Fathers sharing about early parental support in health-care: virtual discussions on an Internet forum. Health & Social Care in the Community, 21(4), 381-390
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fathers sharing about early parental support in health-care: virtual discussions on an Internet forum
2013 (English)In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 381-390Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Becoming a father is a life changing event and this transition is associated with various emotions. Educational activities aimed at new parents are important in healthcare parental support (HCPS). HCPS has been critiqued for its predominant focus on mothers, while the needs of fathers seem to have been downplayed. As a result, fathers often turn to Internet-based forums for support. As virtual discussions and mutual support among fathers take place in cyberspace, it is important to monitor these forums to observe the ways in which the fathers discuss HCPS. The aim of this study is to explore the ways in which new fathers visiting an Internet-based forum for fathers communicated their experiences of HCPS. A netnographic method consisting of six steps was used to gather and analyse the data. The findings show that fathers shared with one another their experiences of the attitudes expressed by HCPS workers as well as their own attitudes towards HCPS. The attitudes of HCPS workers that were directed towards the fathers were perceived as highly personal and individual, while fathers described their attitudes towards the HCPS in general terms, towards HCPS as a system. Overall, the fathers described HCPS as a valuable confirmatory support that eased their worries concerning sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), colic, weight gain, fever and teething. Although the fathers expressed gratitude towards HCPS, they also shared their negative experiences, such as feeling invisible, disregarded and insulted. In fact, the twofold attitudes that exist in the relationship between the fathers and HCPS can act as a barrier rather than being a confirmatory support. We recommend that HCPS adopts a broader approach using more targeted and strategic didactic methods for supporting fathers in the growth of their own personal awareness, as such an approach would offer a competitive and professional alternative to the support offered in informal experience-based Internet forums.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2013
Keywords
father, infant, Internet, netnography, nursing, parental support
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20605 (URN)10.1111/hsc.12028 (DOI)23496139 (PubMedID)
Projects
Omvårdn@d i cyberrymden
Available from: 2013-03-19 Created: 2015-11-17 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0335-3472

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