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Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Patrizio, P., Leduc, S., Kraxner, F., Fuss, S., Kindermann, G., Mesfun, S., . . . Obersteiner, M. (2018). Reducing US Coal Emissions Can Boost Employment. Joule, 2(12), 2633-2648
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reducing US Coal Emissions Can Boost Employment
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2018 (English)In: Joule, E-ISSN 2542-4351, Vol. 2, no 12, p. 2633-2648Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Concerns have been voiced that implementing climate change mitigation measures could come at the cost of employment, especially in the context of the US coal sector. However, repurposing US coal plants presents an opportunity to address emission mitigation and job creation, if the right technology change is adopted. In this study, the transformation of the US coal sector until 2050 is modeled to achieve ambitious climate targets. Results show that the cost-optimal strategy for meeting 2050 emission reductions consistent with 2°C stabilization pathways is through the early deployment of BECCS and by replacing 50% of aging coal plants with natural gas plants. This strategy addresses the concerns surrounding employment for coal workers by retaining 40,000 jobs, and creating 22,000 additional jobs by mid-century. Climate change mitigation does not have to come at the cost of employment, and policymakers could seek to take advantage of the social co-benefits of mitigation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38317 (URN)10.1016/j.joule.2018.10.004 (DOI)000453896100016 ()2-s2.0-85059616029 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Bio4Energy
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2022-04-02Bibliographically approved
Wetterlund, E., Pettersson, K., Lundgren, J., Leduc, S., Hoffstedt, C., Torén, J., . . . Dotzauer, E. (2013). Optimal localisation of second generation biofuel production: the role of process integration in system studies. In: : . Paper presented at International Process Integration Jubilee Conference 2013 : 18/03/2013 - 20/03/2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optimal localisation of second generation biofuel production: the role of process integration in system studies
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2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Energy Engineering Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38354 (URN)
Conference
International Process Integration Jubilee Conference 2013 : 18/03/2013 - 20/03/2013
Available from: 2022-03-30 Created: 2022-03-30 Last updated: 2022-03-30Bibliographically approved
Wetterlund, E., Lundgren, J., Leduc, S., Pettersson, K., Hoffstedt, C., Torén, J., . . . Dotzauer, E. (2012). Optimal localisation of second generation biofuel production in Sweden. In: : . Paper presented at IIASA Anniversary Conference : 24/10/2012 - 26/10/2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optimal localisation of second generation biofuel production in Sweden
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2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38353 (URN)
Conference
IIASA Anniversary Conference : 24/10/2012 - 26/10/2012
Available from: 2022-03-30 Created: 2022-03-30 Last updated: 2022-03-30Bibliographically approved
Leduc, S., Starfelt, F., Dotzauer, E., Kindermann, G., McCallum, I., Obersteiner, M. & Lundgren, J. (2010). Optimal location of lignocellulosic ethanol refineries with polygeneration in Sweden. Energy, 35(6), 2709-2716
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optimal location of lignocellulosic ethanol refineries with polygeneration in Sweden
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2010 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 2709-2716Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The integration of ethanol production with combined heat and power plants is considered in this paper. An energy balance process model has been used to generate data for the production of ethanol, electricity, heat and biogas. The geographical position of such plants becomes of importance when using local biomass and delivering transportation fuel and heat. An optimization model has thus been used to determine the optimal locations for such plants in Sweden. The entire energy supply and demand chain from biomass outtake to gas stations filling is included in the optimization. Input parameters have been studied for their influence on both the final ethanol cost and the optimal locations of the plants. The results show that the biomass cost, biomass availability and district heating price are crucial for the positioning of the plant and the ethanol to be competitive against imported ethanol. The optimal location to set up polygeneration plants is demonstrated to be in areas where the biomass cost is competitive and in the vicinity of small to medium size cities. Carbon tax does not influence the ethanol cost, but solicits the production of ethanol in Sweden, and changes thus the geography of the plant locations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2010
Keywords
Bio-ethanol, Forestry, Optimization, Polygeneration, Biorefinery
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38305 (URN)10.1016/j.energy.2009.07.018 (DOI)000278506400040 ()2-s2.0-77953138345 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2022-04-02Bibliographically approved
Leduc, S., Lundgren, J., Franklin, O., Schmid, E. & Dotzauer, E. (2007). Optimal location for a biomass based methanol production plant: case study in Northern Sweden. In: K. Maniatis (Ed.), From Research to Market Deployment: 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition ; proceedings of the international conference held in Berlin, Germany, 7 - 11 May 2007. Paper presented at European Biomass Conference & Exhibition : 07/05/2007 - 11/05/2007. Florence: ETA - Renewable Energies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optimal location for a biomass based methanol production plant: case study in Northern Sweden
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2007 (English)In: From Research to Market Deployment: 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition ; proceedings of the international conference held in Berlin, Germany, 7 - 11 May 2007 / [ed] K. Maniatis, Florence: ETA - Renewable Energies , 2007Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Methanol appears to be a new alternative fuel in the transport sector. Methanol can be produced through gasification of lignocellulosic biomass, which makes it a renewable fuel, and its utilization has therefore an impact on greenhouse gas emissions. The county of Norrbotten in northern Sweden has the characteristic to have great amount of woody biomass, and a sparsely inhabited area. Transportation distances of both biomass and methanol would then have a great impact on the final cost of methanol depending on where the methanol plant is located. This county was therefore studied as a case study with a twenty year perspective in order to validate an optimization model. The optimal locations of three different sizes of methanol plants were studied for four demographic scenarios. From this study it appears that methanol plants of 100 MWbiomass and 200 MWbiomass would be set up closer to the demand area than a 400 MWbiomass that would optimally be set up more inlands close to the available biomass.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Florence: ETA - Renewable Energies, 2007
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38298 (URN)3-936338-21-3 (ISBN)9783936338218 (ISBN)
Conference
European Biomass Conference & Exhibition : 07/05/2007 - 11/05/2007
Available from: 2022-04-03 Created: 2022-04-03 Last updated: 2022-04-03Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2314-8097

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