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Aslan, P., Ahmadi, N., Wikström, E. & Sjöberg, S. (2020). Agency and adaptation: strategies of immigrants’ descendants on the Swedish labor market. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agency and adaptation: strategies of immigrants’ descendants on the Swedish labor market
2020 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This article explores how descendants of immigrants in Sweden understand labor market conditions, and how such understandings influence their occupational strategies. We interviewed twenty-one Sweden-born individuals with non-Western immigrant parents, and identified three strategies based on our analysis of the data: ‘choosing’ the right job, adapting the habitus, and using cultural capital in flexible ways. The first strategy covers interviewees working in jobs with labor shortages and/or high demand for employees with immigrant background. The second covers interviewees who could learn through failing, with substantial resilience and persistence. The third deals with interviewees who searched for jobs in branches that valued their particular skill set, entailing the importance of being flexible on the labor market.

Keywords
descendants of immigrants; second generation; labor market; habitus; occupation; work; cultural capital; strategies; qualitative interviews
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work; Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30839 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-23 Created: 2019-10-28 Last updated: 2020-03-17Bibliographically approved
Aslan, P., Wikström, E., Ahmadi, N. & Sjöberg, S. (2020). 'Kids' in between? Views on work, gender, and family arrangements among men and women of migrant descent in Sweden. Community, Work and Family
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Kids' in between? Views on work, gender, and family arrangements among men and women of migrant descent in Sweden
2020 (English)In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study used qualitative interviews to explore perceptions of labour market participation in relation to gender norms and parenting ideals among employed Swedish men and women of migrant descent. Using an abductive thematic approach, we demonstrate how the respondents viewed labour market participation from different perspectives. The females saw it as a source of emancipation, whereas the men primarily viewed it as a means of providing for a current/future family. While our respondents depicted themselves as dedicated to social norms of gender equality, they expressed gender-biased views on work and family. The respondents’ immigrant heritage also influenced their views on labour market participation, gender and family. Gender inequalities in the parental generation motivated them to arrange their work and family lives differently, and the Swedish social and political context offered them incentives and opportunities to be more gender-equal than their parents. We view and analyse these findings from a life course-perspective, showing how cultural and contextual influences affect respondents’ perspectives on work and family arrangements.

Abstract [fr]

Cette enquête s’appuie sur des entretiens qualitatifs afin d’explorer les liens entre la perception de la participation au marché du travail et les normes de genre et idéaux de parentalité chez les actifs et actives suédois issu.e.s de l’immigration. Mobilisant une approche abductive et thématique, nous démontrons quelles sont les représentations de nos répondant.e.s sur la participation au marché du travail selon différentes perspectives. Tandis que les femmes y voyaient une source d’émancipation, les hommes la considéraient avant tout comme un moyen de provenir à leur famille, présente ou à venir. Alors que nos enquêté.e.s se décrivaient comme engagé.e.s en faveur des normes d’égalité de genre, ils et elles ont exprimé des visions genré.e.s sur le travail et la famille. Leur héritage lié à l’immigration a aussi influencé leurs représentations de la participation au marché du travail, du genre et de la famille. Les inégalités de genre caractérisant la génération de leurs parents les ont poussé.e.s à organiser leurs vies professionnelles et de famille différemment et le contexte social et politique suédois leur a offert des incitations et des opportunités pour réaliser une plus grande égalité de genre que leurs parents. Nous étudions et analysons ces résultats à partir d’une perspective sur de cycle de vie, en montrant comment les influences culturelles et contextuelles affectent les représentations des répondant.e.s sur le travail et la vie de famille.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
Keywords
Descendants of immigrants; labour market; gender; family; life course
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work; Sustainable Urban Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30838 (URN)10.1080/13668803.2020.1734537 (DOI)2-s2.0-85080890302 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-23 Created: 2019-10-28 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Rambaree, K. & Sjöberg, S. (2019). Companion animals in health-promoting work-life. Society and Animals
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Companion animals in health-promoting work-life
2019 (English)In: Society and Animals, ISSN 1063-1119, E-ISSN 1568-5306Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Despite a growing number of studies on human-animal interactions, empirical data focusing on companion animals within the context of health promoting work-life is still limited. This article presents the analysis and discussion based on the perceptions of 22 students and staff members from the University of Gävle in Sweden on the potential of companion animals for supportive functions in health promoting work-life, as well as on the possible challenges of having companion animals within the premises of the University. Based on the findings, this article discusses that companion animals can indeed play vital supportive functions in health promoting work-life, which are presented in the text as: forcing function, communication companion, and social skills. However, this article also highlights the socio-economic, legal, and organizational challenges that need to be carefully considered and worked-out for having companion animals at workplace, such as university.

Keywords
companion animal, health, health promotion, work-life, social support, workplace
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22411 (URN)10.1163/15685306-12341504 (DOI)2-s2.0-85062190766 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-09-16 Created: 2016-09-16 Last updated: 2019-11-29Bibliographically approved
Aslan, P., Sjöberg, S., Wikström, E. & Ahmadi, N. (2019). Door Openers? Public Officials as Supportive Actors in the Labour Market Participation of Descendants of Immigrants in Sweden. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Door Openers? Public Officials as Supportive Actors in the Labour Market Participation of Descendants of Immigrants in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine how employed descendants of immigrants in Sweden perceive that interactions with public officials have benefitted their occupational aspirations and attainments. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with twelve female and nine male descendants of immigrants, followed by an abductive thematic analysis. Applying a theoretical framework of social capital, we found three main influences of public officials from respondents’ perspectives: 1) connectedness, 2) supporting personal goals and focusing on possibilities, and 3) mediation of knowledge and information. We discuss and analyse the symbolic resources deriving from these influences, e.g. increased motivation and self-belief, and conceptualize these resources as social capital contributing to the occupational aspirations and attainments of immigrants’ descendants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Descendants of immigrants, public officials, social work, social capital, labour market
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30787 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2019.1680418 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-14 Created: 2019-10-14 Last updated: 2019-10-28Bibliographically approved
Rambaree, K., Sjöberg, S. & Turunen, P. (2019). Ecosocial change and community resilience: the case of “Bönan” in glocal transition. Journal of Community Practice, 27(3-4), 231-248
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ecosocial change and community resilience: the case of “Bönan” in glocal transition
2019 (English)In: Journal of Community Practice, ISSN 1070-5422, E-ISSN 1543-3706, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 231-248Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article was to identify and discuss ecosocial changes and community resilience mechanisms in a coastal fishing community of Sweden – Bönan. Data were collected through eight semi-structured interviews and field observations. An abductive thematic analysis was used to analyze data and background literature. The findings showed that Bönan has been exposed to a combination of ecosocial changes that have transformed the community, and therefore required community resilience interventions. This article concludes that social workers need to take an active part in ecosocial work for enhancing community resilience.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Anthropogenic disturbances, coastal community, community resilience, ecosocial work, environment, glocalisation, neoliberalism, social change, Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30590 (URN)10.1080/10705422.2019.1658005 (DOI)000483000600001 ()2-s2.0-85071470499 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2020-01-07Bibliographically approved
Sjöberg, S. (2019). Social Work in the Context of the Swedish Welfare Model in Transition from Universal to Mixed Welfare. In: : . Paper presented at Social Glocalisation. International Congress, 19-21 Sep 2019, Cologne, Germany. Catholic University of Applied Sciences.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Work in the Context of the Swedish Welfare Model in Transition from Universal to Mixed Welfare
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study explores the transformation of the Swedish welfare model and its implications for social work practice. The development of the Swedish welfare model from the 1990s and onwards is characterised by deregulation, recommodification and a reverse distribution from the public to the private sector. Through an analysis of extensive data on welfare and wealth in Sweden, this study shows how the Swedish welfare model has changed profoundly as power, resources and influence have been reallocated away from the democratically governed public sector towards the market driven private sector. The Swedish universal welfare model has been replaced by a mixed welfare model with increasing market liberal elements. Some of the consequences are less equal distributions of education, healthcare and elderly care services, lower democratic influence and reduced possibilities for redistribution policies. Social work in Sweden has traditionally been carried out within the politically driven public sector. The discussion focuses on the implications for social work of the ongoing changes of social policies and the welfare sector.

Keywords
Swedish universal welfare model, social work, welfare regime, decommodification, redistribution, deregulation
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30767 (URN)
Conference
Social Glocalisation. International Congress, 19-21 Sep 2019, Cologne, Germany. Catholic University of Applied Sciences
Available from: 2019-10-11 Created: 2019-10-11 Last updated: 2019-10-14Bibliographically approved
Aslan, P., Ahmadi, N., Sjöberg, S. & Wikström, E. (2019). What Works? Family Influences on Occupational Aspirations among Descendants of Middle Eastern Immigrants on the Swedish Labour Market. Nordic Journal of Social Research, 9, 134-160
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What Works? Family Influences on Occupational Aspirations among Descendants of Middle Eastern Immigrants on the Swedish Labour Market
2019 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Social Research, ISSN 1892-2783, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 9, p. 134-160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we examine family influences on occupational aspirations among employed descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. Using a qualitative approach, we conducted 21 semi-structured interviews with native-born descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. We present and analyse their interpretations of their parents’ experiences and living conditions before, during and after migration and demonstrate how these interpretations shaped their own occupational aspirations. We discuss parents’ high expectations of their children in relation to ethnic-community valuations of educational and occupational achievements. These high expectations may increase the chances of social mobility but can also become a negative pressure, especially if parents set high standards but cannot help their children to meet those expectations. In these cases, older siblings who possess valuable knowledge of the educational system and labour market can function as important transferrers of resources.

Keywords
labour market participation, descendants of immigrants, family relations, social capital, cultural capital
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29199 (URN)10.7577/njsr.2235 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-29 Created: 2019-01-29 Last updated: 2019-11-29Bibliographically approved
Sjöberg, S., Többe-Schukalla, M., Singh, S. & Martinss, K.-H. (2018). Community work in Germany and Sweden in context of changing welfare models. International Social Work, 61(4), 553-570
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Community work in Germany and Sweden in context of changing welfare models
2018 (English)In: International Social Work, ISSN 0020-8728, E-ISSN 1461-7234, Vol. 61, no 4, p. 553-570Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this comparative study was to explore how community work is being undertakenin marginalized urban settings in Germany and Sweden, in relation to changing contexts ofrespective welfare models. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in neighborhoods inGävle, Sweden, and Paderborn, Germany, and were analyzed by abductive thematic discourseanalysis, using Atlas.ti and MaxQData. The results showed that community work in the respectivesettings is affected by lack of sufficient resources to meet increasing levels of social exclusion,related to ongoing transformation processes of the welfare regimes, and there is a lack ofcollective empowerment perspectives for social change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018
Keywords
Community work, collective empowerment, welfare model, globalisation, individualisation
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22410 (URN)10.1177/0020872816666622 (DOI)000438579400009 ()2-s2.0-85050191626 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-09-16 Created: 2016-09-16 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved
Rambaree, K. & Sjöberg, S. (2018). Empowermentarbete i marginaliserade bostadsområden i Indien och Sverige (1ed.). In: Sjöberg, Stefan & Turunen, Päivi (Ed.), Samhällsarbete: aktörer, arenor och perspektiv (pp. 343-362). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Empowermentarbete i marginaliserade bostadsområden i Indien och Sverige
2018 (Swedish)In: Samhällsarbete: aktörer, arenor och perspektiv / [ed] Sjöberg, Stefan & Turunen, Päivi, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1, p. 343-362Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Kapitlet belyser hur kollektiv empowerment tillämpas inom samhällsarbete i marginaliserade bostadsområden i Stockholm och Mumbai. Kollektiv empowerment innebär medvetandegörande om orsaker till social exkludering och marginalisering, uppbyggande av kollektiv identitet, samt social mobilisering av exkluderade grupper så att de kan bygga gemensamma maktresurser med syfte att förändra ojämlikhetsskapande sociala strukturer. I Sverige är det en mera individinriktad form av empowerment som kommit att bli dominerande, åtminstone inom professionellt socialt arbete. Den utmaning som diskuteras i detta kapitel handlar om hur kollektiv empowerment och social mobilisering kan främjas i Sverige vad gäller socialt arbete i allmänhet och samhällsarbete i synnerhet. Enligt författarna har socialarbetare och forskare i socialt arbete viktiga lärdomar att dra från hur man arbetar i Mumbai, men även från den egna historien av folkrörelsernas mobiliseringsarbete.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018 Edition: 1
Keywords
kollektiv empowerment, samhällsarbete, kritiskt socialt arbete, marginaliserade bostadsområden, välfärdsmodell, globalisering, maktresurser
National Category
Social Work Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24854 (URN)978-91-44-11175-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
Allelin, M., Kallifatides, M., Sjöberg, S., Skyrman, V. & Suhonen, D. (2018). Femton familjer kontrollerar sjuttio procent av börsvärdet. Dagens nyheter, 14 april
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Femton familjer kontrollerar sjuttio procent av börsvärdet
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2018 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. 14 aprilArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2018
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26519 (URN)
Available from: 2018-04-30 Created: 2018-04-30 Last updated: 2019-12-19Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4962-1540

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