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Munobwa, J., Ahmadi, F. & Öberg, P. (2023). ‘Anxiety, frustration and understanding’: Swedish personal social service workers’ cognitive appraisals of encounters with violent clients. Nordic Social Work Research, 13(2), 188-201
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘Anxiety, frustration and understanding’: Swedish personal social service workers’ cognitive appraisals of encounters with violent clients
2023 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 188-201Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Workplace violence and threats from social service users towards social workers (client violence) is a problem in Sweden and internationally. This article explores the circumstances that make client violence stressful to social workers who exercise public authority in Swedish individual and family social services. The empirical data are based on qualitative inter- views with social workers (n = 19) who, according to their own perception, have been threatened or assaulted by a client in relation to work. Theory on cognitive appraisal of threat and harm is used. The results, analysed by Inductive Thematic Analysis, show that client violence is stressful because it poses a threat to social workers’ professional identity and private life, and occurs in uncertain and repetitive ways. The results suggest that a negligent safety culture in social service agencies, characterized by normalization of client violence and limited organizational support, may contribute to stress related to client violence. The results are discussed in light of how social workers and social service agencies transact and affect each other.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
client violence; social services; workplace violence; cognitive appraisal; soical work; stress
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-40283 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2021.1911836 (DOI)001026166600003 ()2-s2.0-85140586249 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-10-18 Created: 2022-10-18 Last updated: 2023-11-23Bibliographically approved
Yavari, M., Esmaeily, M., Kazemian, S. & Ahmadi, F. (2023). Compilation of the establishment counseling model of the immigrant’s identity status based on"returning to oneself" extracted from the metaphors of masnavi manavi stories. Journal of Psychological Science, 22(121), 71-93
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Compilation of the establishment counseling model of the immigrant’s identity status based on"returning to oneself" extracted from the metaphors of masnavi manavi stories
2023 (Persian)In: Journal of Psychological Science, ISSN 1735-7462, Vol. 22, no 121, p. 71-93Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Identity is a dynamic construct and will change under different cultural conditions. Immigrants, facing the host country, react differently in order to adapt their identity to the new cultural conditions. Despite the high importance of identity and its changes in different cultural and geographical conditions and how a new identity base is formed in immigrants, none of the researches have specifically addressed the identity confusion caused by migration and how to help the individual in redefining identity as a dynamic matter.

Aims: The current research aimed at developing a model to help immigrant students form an established identity status focusing on “returning to oneself”.Methods: This research was conducted with a qualitative approach and a classical hermeneutic method. The current research community is the famous work of Maulana Jalaluddin Muhammad Balkhi, i.e., Masnavi Manavi, and the target sample, according to the content of the research, is two stories; of “Ni Namah” and “The Maid and the King” from Masnav’s first book. These two stories are often cited as documentary sources. The primary coding was based on the hermeneutic method emphasizing the metaphorical side of the mentioned stories. The underlying structure of the research was drawn through the descriptive and interpretive processes; the underlying structure of the research was drawn.

Results: Data analysis results were formulated in the counseling form model comprising six processes: 1) therapeutic alliance, 2) discovering the person desired, 3) raising awareness, 4) searching for origin, 5) unifying, and 6) termination. Each process has its unique content, purpose, and techniques.

Conclusion: The establishment model of the identity status based on “returning to oneself”, based on the components and theoretical framework obtained, can be utilized for solving the identity challenges of immigrant students.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
JPS, 2023
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-43373 (URN)10.52547/JPS.22.121.71 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-12-04 Created: 2023-12-04 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Zandi, S., Ahmadi, F., Cetrez, Ö. A. & Akhavan, S. (2023). Coping Orientation of Academic Community in the Time of COVID-19 Pandemic: A Pilot Multi-Country Survey Study. Illness, crisis and loss, 31(3), 504-524
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coping Orientation of Academic Community in the Time of COVID-19 Pandemic: A Pilot Multi-Country Survey Study
2023 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 504-524Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we have mapped the coping methods used to address the coronavirus pandemic by members of the academic community. We conducted an anonymous survey of a convenient sample of 674 faculty/staff members and students from September to December 2020. A modified version of the RCOPE scale was used for data collection. The results indicate that both religious and existential coping methods were used by respondents. The study also indicates that even though 71% of informants believed in God or another religious figure, 61% reported that they had tried to gain control of the situation directly without the help of God or another religious figure. The ranking of the coping strategies used indicates that the first five methods used by informants were all non-religious coping methods (i.e., secular existential coping methods): regarding life as a part of a greater whole, regarding nature as an important resource, listening to the sound of surrounding nature, being alone and contemplating, and walking/engaging in any activities outdoors giving a spiritual feeling. Our results contribute to the new area of research on academic community's coping with pandemic-related stress and challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage, 2023
Keywords
academic staff, academics, coping strategies, coronavirus epidemic, higher education
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-38508 (URN)10.1177/10541373221088391 (DOI)2-s2.0-85129135640 (Scopus ID)
Funder
University of Gävle, SFO-AHA-FA-2020
Available from: 2022-05-16 Created: 2022-05-16 Last updated: 2023-06-16Bibliographically approved
Munobwa, J., Ahmadi, F. & Öberg, P. (2023). Creeping under the skin: manifestations of client violence towards social workers in Swedish individual and family services. Nordic Social Work Research, 13(2), 202-216
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creeping under the skin: manifestations of client violence towards social workers in Swedish individual and family services
2023 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 202-216Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Client violence can affect social workers negatively. In this paper, we explore what the experience of client violence entails for social workers who exercise public authority in Swedish individual and family social services. The empirical data are based on qualitative interviews with social workers (n = 19) and analysed using inductive thematic analysis and power theory. The results show that social workers experienced physical and non-physical violence, often perpetrated through several related incidents. Clients’ use of violence was mainly in reaction to social workers’ exercise of public authority. Organization and delivery of social services seemed to create friction that agitated clients, while putting social work- ers at risk of violence. Social workers situated client violence in two arenas, i.e. the professional and private arena, with perceived aggravation of the violence as it transcended the professional boundary into their private life. The paper highlights the importance of organizational culture that values and promotes the aspirations, dignity and wellbeing of clients and social workers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
client violence; power; social services; workpalce violence
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-40282 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2021.1927807 (DOI)001026166600004 ()2-s2.0-85148750268 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-10-18 Created: 2022-10-18 Last updated: 2023-11-23Bibliographically approved
Munobwa, J., Öberg, P. & Ahmadi, F. (2023). Helping or Controlling? Choice of Coping Methods When Dealing with Violent Clients in Statutory Social Work. Social Sciences, 12(2), Article ID 58.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Helping or Controlling? Choice of Coping Methods When Dealing with Violent Clients in Statutory Social Work
2023 (English)In: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 12, no 2, article id 58Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Client violence in social work is a workplace problem in Sweden and internationally. Frontline workers in public agencies have the discretion to decide how they deal with clients to cope with challenges like violence and threats. The coping methods may favour some clients while disadvantaging others. Ultimately, the coping practices may become de facto policy, which may not match official organisational policy. This article explores coping methods statutory social workers use to manage violence and threats in their day-to-day dyadic interactions with clients. The article is based on qualitative interviews with social workers (n = 19) who, according to their perception, were victims of client violence. Theory on street-level bureaucracy and frontline workers’ discretion is used. Based on thematic analysis, the results show that social workers draw from four groups of coping methods depending on their moral and normative dispositions. These include (1) the forced helper, (2) the compassionate helper, (3) the distanced helper, and (4) the authoritarian helper. Social workers oscillate between different dispositions depending on situational needs, striving to find the appropriate balance between helping and controlling clients. Studying social workers’ day-to-day dyadic interactions with clients highlights how coping methods could shape social work policy and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023
Keywords
client violence; coping; discretion; frontline work; social services; social work; street-level bureaucracy; workplace violence
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-41129 (URN)10.3390/socsci12020058 (DOI)000941429400001 ()2-s2.0-85148727944 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-03-06 Created: 2023-03-06 Last updated: 2023-06-26Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F. (2023). Integration of Sufi Ideas into the Ways of Thinking of Iranians. The International Journal of Humanities, 30(3), 12-31
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration of Sufi Ideas into the Ways of Thinking of Iranians
2023 (English)In: The International Journal of Humanities, ISSN 2538-2640, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 12-31Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, I will discuss the integration of the Sufi ideas into the Iranian ways of thinking. I will put forward some factors, which explain the reason why Sufi ideas could impact the Iranian ways of thinking and become an integrated part of it. This issue is important since one of the reasons for several social problems from which the Iranian society suffers can be found in the Iranian group-oriented ways of thinking and the lack of an individual-oriented perspective concerning every citizen’s not only rights but duties as well. The mystical dimension of Iranian ways of thinking is regarded as one of the factors, which counteracted the growth of concern for the individual self in the ways of thinking of Iranians.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tarbiat Modares University Press, 2023
Keywords
Sufism, Mental Attitude, Islamic Mysticism, Tasawwuf, Persian Mysticism
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-43116 (URN)
Available from: 2023-10-09 Created: 2023-10-09 Last updated: 2023-10-09Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Zandi, S., Khodayarifard, M., Cetrez, Ö. A. & Akhavan, S. (2023). Job Satisfaction and Overcoming the Challenges of Teleworking in Times of COVID-19: A Pilot Study Among Iranian University Community. SAGE Open, 13(2), Article ID 21582440231173654.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job Satisfaction and Overcoming the Challenges of Teleworking in Times of COVID-19: A Pilot Study Among Iranian University Community
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2023 (English)In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 13, no 2, article id 21582440231173654Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The coronavirus pandemic changed the academic world in many ways, and most academic institutions continue operating through teleworking. The aim of the present study was to determine how satisfied the university community (faculty/staff members and students) in Iran has been with remote work, and the ways in which they have dealt with the lockdown and working from home during the coronavirus pandemic. A survey was conducted among 196 academics from different universities in Iran. The results show that a majority of our participants (54%) are very or somewhat satisfied with the current work-from-home arrangement. The most frequently used methods for managing the challenges of teleworking were social contacts with colleagues or classmates at a distance, solidarity and offering kindness and support to the people around them. The least used coping method was trusting state or local health authorities in Iran. The coping strategies that have the highest impact on overall teleworking satisfaction are “Make myself busy with my working day because it makes me feel useful,”“I care for my mental and physical health,” and “Think about what I can do rather than what I can’t do.” The findings were discussed in detail, taking into consideration the theoretical approaches, as well as bringing forth more dynamic aspects of the culture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE, 2023
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-41926 (URN)10.1177/21582440231173654 (DOI)000994991900001 ()37252198 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85160700756 (Scopus ID)
Funder
University of Gävle, SFO-AHA-FA-2020
Available from: 2023-06-01 Created: 2023-06-01 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Cetrez, Ö. A. & Zandi, S. (2023). Living through a Global Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study on the Psychological Resilience of the University Population in Iran. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(6), Article ID 4844.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living through a Global Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study on the Psychological Resilience of the University Population in Iran
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 20, no 6, article id 4844Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: This study aimed to describe and understand the individual and social dimensions of resiliency among Iranian academics as professionals during the early wave of the ongoing pandemic. Furthermore, we aimed to emphasize the cultural context in our analysis. Method: A cross-sectional survey design was adopted. We used convenient sampling, administered through an online survey, among academics at Iranian universities (n = 196, 75% women). We employed the CD-RISC 2 instrument, items on life meaning, and a modified version of Pargament’s RCOPE instrument (Meaning, Control, Comfort/Spirituality, Intimacy/Spirituality, and Life Transformation). Results: The results revealed a strong level of resilience among men (M = 5.78) and women (M = 5.52). Self-rated health was rated as excellent, very good, or good among a majority (92%) of the participants, more so among men. Family was one of the factors that most strongly gave life meaning, followed by friends, work/school, and religion/spirituality. There was a strong correlation between self-rated health and life as part of a greater whole, being alone, and listening to the sounds of the surrounding nature. Conclusions: Both personal and social levels of resilience and meaning-making are seen in the results, with an ability to balance between obstacles and resources. Cultural practices are interdependent, which also include the individual and social dimensions of resiliency and meaning-making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023
Keywords
academia; academicians; academics; collective trauma; coping; COVID-19; crisis; health; higher education; resiliency
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-41239 (URN)10.3390/ijerph20064844 (DOI)36981752 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85152453301 (Scopus ID)
Funder
University of Gävle, SFO-AHA-FA-2020
Available from: 2023-03-27 Created: 2023-03-27 Last updated: 2023-04-24Bibliographically approved
Groglopo, A., Ahmadi, F. & Munobwa, J. (2023). Structural Racism in Sweden: Framing Attitudes towards Immigrants through the Diversity Barometer Study (2005–2022). Social Sciences, 12(7), Article ID 421.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural Racism in Sweden: Framing Attitudes towards Immigrants through the Diversity Barometer Study (2005–2022)
2023 (English)In: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 12, no 7, article id 421Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents a theoretical framework for analysing the findings derived from the Diversity Barometer, a longitudinal study that collected data on immigration and diversity-related topics in Swedish society from 2005 to 2022. This article examines attitudes towards immigrants and migration in Sweden and how the historical context of Swedish race relations and structural racism shapes these attitudes. Specifically, the article focuses on attitudes regarding immigrants’ social rights and responsibilities, workplace diversity, cultural diversity, and spatial segregation. Our findings and analysis demonstrate how structural racism manifests itself through attitudes towards individuals with immigrant backgrounds in Sweden. Research has also revealed the pervasive nature of racial discrimination across various aspects of Swedish society, contributing to a divided society based on racial markers. However, the findings also show complexity in how Swedes’ attitudes toward immigrants are to be understood when they do not follow a simple horizontal division between Swedes and immigrants. Instead, it appears as an intricate vertical division where immigrants, their culture and their labour are accepted, albeit in a subordinate manner.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023
Keywords
structural racism; attitudes toward immigrants; Sweden; diversity; segregation
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-42785 (URN)10.3390/socsci12070421 (DOI)001036377300001 ()2-s2.0-85166408728 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-07-28 Created: 2023-07-28 Last updated: 2023-11-23Bibliographically approved
Pantazakos, D., Ahmadi, F. & Zandi, S. (2023). The green leaves fall before the yellow ones: A Swedish qualitative inquiry on coping with parental grief. Omega
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The green leaves fall before the yellow ones: A Swedish qualitative inquiry on coping with parental grief
2023 (English)In: Omega, ISSN 0030-2228, E-ISSN 1541-3764Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE, 2023
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-43391 (URN)
Available from: 2023-12-04 Created: 2023-12-04 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8823-6434

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