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Publications (10 of 60) Show all publications
Ahmadi, F., Ristiniemi, J., Linblad, I. & Schiller, L. (2019). Perceptions of death among children in Sweden. International Journal of Children's Spirituality
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of death among children in Sweden
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Children's Spirituality, ISSN 1364-436X, E-ISSN 1469-8455Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The article discusses children’s thoughts about death. Research was carried out in two elementary schools in Sweden among 40 children between 6 and 9 years of age, data were collected through text reading, movie viewing and dialogues with children. The main results reveal child-specific thoughts about the end of life, i.e., ideas children construe on their own. The findings also show society- and time-specific thoughts that children take from their societal and cultural context. The article proposes an integrative approach between these two: it is only when the categories of child-specific and society- and time-specific thoughts are combined that we get a fair picture of children’s perceptions of death. The main finding is that children form ideas of their own; they are not completely under the influence of their societal and cultural context. Children take over ideas from their surrounding society but they also express ideas produced by themselves.

Keywords
Children's perception of death, child-specific thoughts, society- and time-specific thoughts, integrative approach
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30793 (URN)10.1080/1364436X.2019.1672627 (DOI)000489852000001 ()2-s2.0-85073936693 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-14 Created: 2019-10-14 Last updated: 2019-11-05Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Mohamed Hussin, N. A. & Mohammad, M. T. (2019). Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Malaysia. Journal of religion and health, 58(6), 1909-1924
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Malaysia
2019 (English)In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 1909-1924Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to explore the use of meaning-making coping mechanisms (existential, spiritual and religious coping) among ethnic Malay cancer patients in Malaysia and to investigate the impact of culture on their choice of coping methods. Twenty-nine participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Four kinds of coping resources emerged from analyses of the interview transcripts: (1) relying on transcendent power, (2) supernatural or mystical beliefs, (3) finding oneself in relationships with others and (4) nature. In this article, the two first resources are in focus. The present findings suggest that Malay culture, which is imbued with Islamic belief, strongly influences cancer patients’ coping methods and ways of looking at their experience of being cancer patients. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Culture and coping, Existential coping methods, Malay cancer patients, Meaning-making coping, RCOPE (religious coping methods), Spiritual-oriented coping, adult, article, cancer patient, clinical article, female, genetic transcription, human, interview, Malaysia, male, religion
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27364 (URN)10.1007/s10943-018-0636-9 (DOI)000495395100001 ()29948793 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85048507484 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2019-11-29Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Erbil, P., Ahmadi, N. & Cetrez, Ö. A. (2019). Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey. Journal of religion and health, 58(4), 1115-1124
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey
2019 (English)In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 58, no 4, p. 1115-1124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

Keywords
Turkey, cancer, religious coping, culture, meaning-making
National Category
Nursing Social Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26941 (URN)10.1007/s10943-018-0646-7 (DOI)000474476400008 ()29872943 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85048056965 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-06-12 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F. & Rabbani, M. (2019). Religious Coping Methods among Cancer Patients in Three Islamic Countries: A Comparative Perspective. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 7(5), 72-82
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religious Coping Methods among Cancer Patients in Three Islamic Countries: A Comparative Perspective
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Social Science Studies, ISSN 2324-8033, E-ISSN 2324-8041, Vol. 7, no 5, p. 72-82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present article aimed to compare the use of religious coping methods among cancer patients in three Islamic countries from a sociocultural perspective.  The article is based on an international study on meaning-making coping in ten countries, among others Malaysia, Iran and Turkey. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted among cancer patients in Malaysia (29), Iran (27) and Turkey (25). The results of the comparison show certain differences in use of religious coping methods between informants in these three countries despite Islam being the dominant religion in all contexts.  The findings of this comparative study show the important role culture plays in coping.

Keywords
Meaning-making coping, Cancer, Spirituality, Religion, Sociocultural perspective, Iran, Malaysia, Turkey, comparative study
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30602 (URN)10.11114/ijsss.v7i5.4417 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, N., Ahmadi, F., Erbil, P. & Cetrez, Ö. A. (2019). Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients. Illness, crisis and loss, 27(3), 190-208
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients
2019 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 190-208Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

Keywords
Turkey, cancer, religious coping, culture, meaning-making
National Category
Social Work Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24088 (URN)10.1177/1054137316672042 (DOI)2-s2.0-85070264864 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Meaning-making coping
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Tavares, R., Matos, P. M., Tomás, C. & Ahmadi, N. (2019). Secular Existential Meaning-Making Coping Among Cancer Patients in Portugal: A Qualitative Study. Illness, crisis and loss
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Secular Existential Meaning-Making Coping Among Cancer Patients in Portugal: A Qualitative Study
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2019 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

For understanding the role of culture in coping in different cultural settings, we have conducted studies among cancer patients in 10 countries, within the framework of an international study on meaning-making coping. This article reports on part of the results we obtained from a study in Portugal; specifically, the reported findings are restricted to nonreligious/spiritual coping methods, methods we call secular existential meaning-making coping. The main aim is to identify the diversity of coping methods using a cultural lens. Thirty-one participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Six different kinds of coping methods related to secular existential coping emerged from thematic analyses of the interviews: discourse of the self, positive solitude, nature, positive transformational orientation, body–mind relationship, and working. Findings revealed that these six methods facilitated patients’ psychological adaptation to the oncological disease. The findings suggest the importance of considering cultural and social context when exploring coping strategies among cancer patients. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
cancer patients, culture, meaning-making coping, secular existential coping
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30578 (URN)10.1177/1054137319864854 (DOI)2-s2.0-85070295982 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-11-29Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Rabbani, M., Yi, X., Hiroko, K. & Ahmadi, N. (2019). Spiritual and Secular Existential Meaning-Making Coping Methods among Japanese Cancer Patients. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 7(6)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spiritual and Secular Existential Meaning-Making Coping Methods among Japanese Cancer Patients
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2019 (English)In: International Journal of Social Science Studies, ISSN 2324-8033, E-ISSN 2324-8041, Vol. 7, no 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present article is written on the basis of a sociological international project on meaning-making coping. The aim of the project has been to understand the role of culture in meaning-making coping. The project embarrasses studies among cancer patients in 10 countries. The present article is confined to the results obtained in the study in japan. The main aim was to investigate the impact of culture from a sociological perspective on the choice of coping methods. Twelve participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Several meaning-making coping methods are found in the present study. This study underlines the importance of investigating cultural and social context when investigating into the use of the meaning-making coping methods in different countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
RedFame, 2019
Keywords
Meaning-making coping, cancer, Japan, meaning-making coping methods
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30835 (URN)10.11114/ijsss.v7i6.4527 (DOI)
Projects
Meaning-making coping
Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2019-11-20Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Darvishpour, M., Ahmadi, N. & Palm, I. (2018). Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to elucidate and discuss the results of the 2016 Diversity Barometer (Mångfaldsbarometern) and compare these results with those obtained from ten years of the longitudinal Diversity Barometers for 2005?2014. An additional aim is to demonstrate whether and how Swedish people?s experiences of and attitudes toward people with a foreign background and ethnic diversity have changed.A random sample of the Swedish population took part in the annual study, which was carried out in the form of a nationwide postal survey. The results show that negative attitudes toward ethnic and cultural diversity in general, and migrant population in particular, have increased to some extent and with respect to certain issues. Views on diversity in relation to culture and religion ? especially Islam ? were more negative than views on diversity in relation to work. Those who have larger experience of contact with foreigners show a more positive attitude toward diversity compared with those with limited experience and contact. Individuals who have higher education, those who identify themselves as female, younger persons and those living in large cities are more positive than other groups. In our analysis of the empirical data, we proceeded from a social work perspective and applied contact theory and group conflict theories relating attitudes to group position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28323 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2018.1527242 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-10-15 Created: 2018-10-15 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F. & Ahmadi, N. (2018). Meaning-Making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness. New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meaning-Making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness
2018 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book provides an alternative, complementary approach to the existing conventional approaches to religious and spiritually oriented coping. By focusing on the role of culture, the authors take into account the methods employed by a vast number of people who do not directly identify themselves as religious. The empirical data used in this book derive from studies conducted in several countries; Sweden, China, South Korea, Turkey and Malaysia, across which religion plays a different role in the social and cultural life of individuals. This approach and these empirical data are unique and allow comparisons to be made between different cultural settings.

By introducing the concept of meaning-making coping, the authors explore the influence of culture on choice of coping methods, be they purely religious, spiritual or existential. The term "existential meaning-making coping" is used to describe coping methods that are related to existential questions; these methods include religious, spiritual and existential coping methods.

Meaning-making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness contributes to new approaches and theoretical models of coping. As such it is an invaluable resource for health care, medical, public health and sociology students and researchers. It will also be of interest to educators and policy-makers working in the area of health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018. p. 148
Keywords
mening making coping, cancer, serious illness, cultural dimension in health
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27796 (URN)978-1-138-29936-8 (ISBN)9781315098036 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Khodayarifard, M., Zandi, S., Khorrami-Markani, A., Ghobari-Bonab, B., Sabzevari, M. & Ahmadi, N. (2018). Religion, culture and illness: a sociological study on religious coping in Iran. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 21(7), 721-736
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion, culture and illness: a sociological study on religious coping in Iran
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2018 (English)In: Mental Health, Religion & Culture, ISSN 1367-4676, E-ISSN 1469-9737, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 721-736Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present article is based on an international study on meaning-making coping aimed at understanding the role of culture in coping. The larger study has been conducted among cancer patients in 10 countries. The present article is confined to the results obtained in our study in Iran and restricted to religious coping methods. Twenty-seven participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. The several religious coping methods found in the present study are categorised on the basis of RCOPE?s five basic religious functions. The study reveals, among others, the impact of cultural beliefs on certain religious coping methods, even among those who are not regarded as practicing Muslims. The study highlights the importance of investigating cultural and social context when exploring the use of the meaning-making coping strategies in different countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Sociology Psychology Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29341 (URN)10.1080/13674676.2018.1555699 (DOI)000461595000006 ()2-s2.0-85060929321 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agency:

Högskolan i Gävle Grant no. 7350

Available from: 2019-03-01 Created: 2019-03-01 Last updated: 2019-11-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8823-6434

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