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Holmgren, M., Kabanshi, A., Langeborg, L., Barthel, S., Colding, J., Eriksson, O. & Sörqvist, P. (2019). Deceptive sustainability: Cognitive bias in people's judgment of the benefits of CO2 emission cuts. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 64
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deceptive sustainability: Cognitive bias in people's judgment of the benefits of CO2 emission cuts
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, E-ISSN 1522-9610, Vol. 64Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

People's beliefs in the actions necessary to reduce anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are important to public policy acceptability. The current paper addressed beliefs concerning how periods of small emission cuts contribute to the total CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, by asking participants to rate the atmospheric CO2 concentration for various time periods and emission rates. The participants thought that a time period with higher emission rates combined with a period of lower emission rates generates less atmospheric CO2 in total, compared to the period with high emission rates alone – demonstrating a negative footprint illusion (Study 1). The participants appeared to base their CO2 estimates on the average, rather than on the accumulated sum, of the two periods' emissions – i.e. an averaging bias (Study 2). Moreover, the effect was robust to the wordings of the problem presented to the participants (Study 3). Together, these studies suggest that the averaging bias makes people exaggerate the benefits of small emission cuts. The averaging bias could make people willing to accept policies that reduce emission rates although insufficiently to alleviate global warming.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Climate change; Global warming; Averaging bias; Negative footprint illusion
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29596 (URN)10.1016/j.jenvp.2019.05.005 (DOI)2-s2.0-85066452463 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved
Colding, J. & Barthel, S. (2019). Exploring the social-ecological systems discourse 20 years later. Ecology & society, 24(1), 423-432, Article ID 2.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the social-ecological systems discourse 20 years later
2019 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 423-432, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the 20-year evolution of the social-ecological systems framework (SESs). Although a first definition of SES dates back to 1988, Berkes and Folke more thoroughly used the concept in 1998 to analyze resilience in local resource management systems. Since then studies of interlinked human and natural systems have emerged as a field on its own right, promoting interdisciplinary dialogue and collaboration in a wide set of fields and practices. As the SES concept celebrates its 20-year existence we decided to make an overview of how authors use the concept in relation to research that deals with social and ecological linkages. Hence, we conducted a review of the SES concept using the Scopus database, analyzing a random set of journal articles on social-ecological systems (n = 50) regarding definitions of SES, authors’ main sources of inspiration in using the concept, as well as document type, subject area, and other relevant information. Although there is a steady increase of SES publications, we found that 61% of the papers analyzed did not even provide a definition of the term social-ecological system(s), a shortcoming that makes case comparisons difficult and reduces the usefulness of the concept. We also found three common SES frameworks that authors seem to be most commonly inspired by, referred to here as the original, the robustness, and multitier frameworks, respectively. The first can be characterized as a descriptive framework, the latter two more as diagnostic frameworks, useful for modeling. Although it would be a bit presumptuous of us to come up with a more thorough definition of the SES concept in this paper, we urge SES scholars to be more meticulous in making explicit what they mean by a social-ecological system when conducting SES research. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Resilience Alliance, 2019
Keywords
Multitier framework, Original SES framework, Robustness framework, SES modeling, Social-ecological systems, Scopus
National Category
Other Social Sciences Other Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29905 (URN)10.5751/ES-10598-240102 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065798993 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2019-06-14 Created: 2019-06-14 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved
Samuelsson, K., Colding, J. & Barthel, S. (2019). Urban resilience at eye level: spatial analysis of empirically defined experiential landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning, 187, 70-80
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban resilience at eye level: spatial analysis of empirically defined experiential landscapes
2019 (English)In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 187, p. 70-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An unresolved issue in creating resilient cities is how to obtain sustainability benefits from densification while not eroding the capacity of social-ecological systems to generate wellbeing for urban dwellers. To understand how different relationships between urban form and wellbeing together play out, we analysed geocoded experiential data (1460 experiences from 780 respondents) together with variables of the physical environment. Through statistical and spatial analysis, we operationalised resilience principles to assess what urban environments provide “resilience at eye level” – a diversity of experiences and a level of connectivity between them that limit adverse outcomes. We found 8 typologies of experiential landscapes – distinct compositions of 11 categories of experiences. Our analysis shows that typologies with experiences supportive of wellbeing are diverse and exist in environments that balance residents and workplaces, avoid extreme spatial integration and/or density and have accessible nature. Typologies with many experiences hindering wellbeing fail in one or several of these respects. Our findings suggest that resilience principles can act as a guiding heuristic for urban densification that does not compromise human wellbeing.

National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29049 (URN)10.1016/j.landurbplan.2019.03.015 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-08-09Bibliographically approved
Raymond, C., Giusti, M. & Barthel, S. (2018). An embodied perspective on the co-production of cultural ecosystem services: Toward embodied ecosystems. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61(5/6), 778-799
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An embodied perspective on the co-production of cultural ecosystem services: Toward embodied ecosystems
2018 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 61, no 5/6, p. 778-799Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite arguments justifying the need to consider how cultural ecosystem services are coproduced by humans and nature, there are currently few approaches for explaining the relationships between humans and ecosystems through embodied scientific realism. This realism recognises that human–environment connections are not solely produced in the mind, but through relations between mind, body, culture and environment through time. Using affordance theory as our guide, we compare and contrast embodied approaches to common understandings of the co-production of cultural ecosystem services across three assumptions: (1) perspective on cognition; (2) the position of socio-cultural processes and (3) typologies used to understand and value human–environment relationships. To support a deeper understanding of co-production, we encourage a shift towards embodied ecosystems for assessing the dynamic relations between mind, body, culture and environment. We discuss some of the advantages and limitations of this approach and conclude with directions for future research. 

Keywords
affordances, worldviews, social-ecological systems, sense of place, relational values, cultural ecosystem services
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24139 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2017.1312300 (DOI)000430421700003 ()2-s2.0-85019594035 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-01193
Available from: 2017-06-12 Created: 2017-06-12 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved
Isendahl, C. & Barthel, S. (2018). Archeology, history, and urban food security: integrating cross-cultural and long-term perspectives (1ed.). In: Joshua Zeunert and Tim Waterman (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Landscapes and Food: (pp. 61-73). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Archeology, history, and urban food security: integrating cross-cultural and long-term perspectives
2018 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of Landscapes and Food / [ed] Joshua Zeunert and Tim Waterman, New York: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 61-73Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018 Edition: 1
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29121 (URN)978-1-315-64769-2 (ISBN)9781138125155 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Barthel, S., Belton, S., Raymond, C. M. & Giusti, M. (2018). Fostering children's connection to nature through authentic situations: the case of saving salamanders at school. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(JUN), Article ID 928.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fostering children's connection to nature through authentic situations: the case of saving salamanders at school
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, no JUN, article id 928Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to explore how children learn to form new relationships with nature. It draws on a longitudinal case study of children participating in a stewardship project involving the conservation of salamanders during the school day in Stockholm, Sweden. The qualitative method includes two waves of data collection: when a group of 10-year-old children participated in the project (2015) and 2 years after they participated (2017). We conducted 49 interviews with children as well as using participant observations and questionnaires. We found indications that children developed sympathy for salamanders and increased concern and care for nature, and that such relationships persisted 2 years after participation. Our rich qualitative data suggest that whole situations of sufficient unpredictability triggering free exploration of the area, direct sensory contact and significant experiences of interacting with a species were important for children's development of affective relationships with the salamander species and with nature in an open-ended sense. Saving the lives of trapped animals enabled direct sensory interaction, feedback, increased understanding, and development of new skills for dynamically exploring further ways of saving species in an interactive process experienced as deeply meaningful, enjoyable and connecting. The behavioral setting instilled a sense of pride and commitment, and the high degree of responsibility given to the children while exploring the habitat during authentic situations enriched children's enjoyment. The study has implications for the design of education programs that aim to connect children with nature and for a child-sensitive urban policy that supports authentic nature situations in close spatial proximity to preschools and schools. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2018
Keywords
Affective relationships with nature, Affordances, Longitudinal approach, Nature experience, Qualitative methods, Situated learning, Stewardship, Urban
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27366 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00928 (DOI)000434680800001 ()29937747 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85048250371 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-01193
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2018-10-10Bibliographically approved
Barthel, S., Belton, S., Raymond, C. & Giusti, M. (2018). Fostering Children’s Connection to Nature Through Authentic Situations: The Case of Saving Salamanders at School. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, Article ID 928.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fostering Children’s Connection to Nature Through Authentic Situations: The Case of Saving Salamanders at School
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, article id 928Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

 The aim of this paper is to explore how children learn to form new relationships with nature. It draws on a longitudinal case study of children participating in a stewardship project involving the conservation of salamanders during the school day in Stockholm, Sweden. The qualitative method includes two waves of data collection: when a group of 10-year-old children participated in the project (2015) and 2 years after they participated (2017). We conducted 49 interviews with children as well as using participant observations and questionnaires. We found indications that children developed sympathy for salamanders and increased concern and care for nature, and that such relationships persisted 2 years after participation. Our rich qualitative data suggest that whole situations of sufficient unpredictability triggering free exploration of the area, direct sensory contact and significant experiences of interacting with a species were important for children’s development of affective relationships  with the salamander species and with nature in an open-ended sense. Saving the lives of trapped animals enabled direct sensory interaction, feedback, increased understanding, and development of new skills for dynamically exploring further ways of saving species in an interactive process experienced as deeply meaningful, enjoyable and connecting. The behavioral setting instilled a sense of pride and commitment, and the high degree of responsibility given to the children while exploring the habitat during authentic situations enriched children’s enjoyment. The study has implications for the design of education programs that aim to connect children with nature and for a child-sensitive urban policy that supports authentic nature situations in close spatial proximity to preschools and schools.

Keywords
nature experience, affordances, affective relationships with nature, urban, situated learning, stewardship, qualitative methods, longitudinal approach
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29120 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00928 (DOI)000434680800001 ()29937747 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85048250371 (Scopus ID)
Projects
ZEUS - Spatial and Experiential Analyzes for Urban Social Sustainability
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-01193
Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-02-25Bibliographically approved
Cilliers, S., Siebert, S. & Barthel, S. (2018). Garden ecosystem services of Sub-Saharan Africa and the role of health clinic gardens as social-ecological systems. Landscape and Urban Planning, 180, 294-307
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Garden ecosystem services of Sub-Saharan Africa and the role of health clinic gardens as social-ecological systems
2018 (English)In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 180, p. 294-307Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rapid urbanization is predicted to take place in Africa in the near future and currently stressed cities will be even more overburdened in terms of pressure on green areas and increasing urban poverty. Effectively planning for and conserving current urban green infrastructure will be essential to ensure resilience and maintenance of quality urban environments. Gardens represent major portions of urban green infras- tructure. In this paper we review literature to determine the current status of garden ecosystem services under the main themes of provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural services in sub-Saharan Africa and identify the current challenges in optimizing these ecosystem services. Studying gardens as social- ecological systems might be the key to promote and enhance their resilience capacity in a changing world, acknowledging the fact that gardens are communities of practice in which social learning may occur. Studies on health clinic gardens in the North-West Province of South Africa have indicated how some of the challenges in terms of optimizing garden ecosystem services can be addressed. Multiple stakeholders involved in the health clinic gardens contribute towards a co-production of knowledge that could lead to social learning on aspects such as cultivation of nutritious food. More detailed studies on health clinic gardens are however, necessary to be able to develop a community-based resource man- agement framework that can be implemented in the North-West Province and potentially in other South African provinces and countries in Sub-Saharan Africa 

Keywords
Social-ecological systems, Gardens, Ecosystem services, Coproduction of knowledge, Green infrastructure
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24140 (URN)10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.01.011 (DOI)2-s2.0-85048737159 (Scopus ID)
Note

In Press, Corrected Proof

Available from: 2017-06-12 Created: 2017-06-12 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved
Samuelsson, K., Giusti, M., Peterson, G. D., Legeby, A., Brandt, S. A. & Barthel, S. (2018). Impact of environment on people’s everyday experiences in Stockholm. Landscape and Urban Planning, 171, 7-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of environment on people’s everyday experiences in Stockholm
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2018 (English)In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 171, p. 7-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to construct urban environments that limit negative impacts for global sustainability while supporting human wellbeing, there is a need to better understand how features of the environment influence people’s everyday experiences. We present a novel method for studying this combining accessibility analysis and public participatory GIS (PPGIS). Seven environment features are defined and accessibility to them analysed across Stockholm municipality. We estimate the probabilities of positive and negative experiences in places based on these environment features, by using spatial regression to extrapolate from the results of an online PPGIS survey (1784 experiences of 1032 respondents). Six of the seven studied environment features have significant impact on experiential outcome, after accounting for spatial autocorrelation among the data. The results show that number of residents and proximity of nature environments and water, all common quality indicators in urban planning and research, have weak statistically significant effects on people’s experiences. However, areas dominated by large working populations or proximity to major roads have very low rates of positive experiences, while areas with high natural temperature regulating capacities have very high rates, showing that there are considerable qualitative differences within urban environments as well as nature environments. Current urban planning practices need to acknowledge these differences to limit impacts on the biosphere while promoting human wellbeing. We suggest that a good way to start addressing this is through transformation of negatively experienced urban areas through designs that integrate closeness to urbanity with possibilities to have nature experiences on a daily basis. 

Keywords
Affordances, Public participatory GIS, Spatial regression, Urban ecosystem services, Urban social-ecological systems
National Category
Environmental Sciences Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25599 (URN)10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.11.009 (DOI)000423643000002 ()2-s2.0-85035000677 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-01193Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011-75
Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Langemeyer, J., Camps-Calvet, M., Calvet-Mir, L., Barthel, S. & Gomez Beggethun, E. (2018). Stewardship of urban ecosystem services: understanding the value(s) of urban gardens in Barcelona. Landscape and Urban Planning, 170, 78-89
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stewardship of urban ecosystem services: understanding the value(s) of urban gardens in Barcelona
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2018 (English)In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 170, p. 78-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The notion and assessment of ecosystem services (ES) values is becoming an established part of the discourse regarding urban green space performance. Yet, underlying factors enabling ES values are still poorly understood. We assume the production of ES value crucial for environmental stewardship in cities, and aimed in this study to uncover their key enabling factors. This study has been developed on a broad data base including a survey (n = 201), interviews (n = 46), field observation and remote sensing from 27 urban gardens in Barcelona, Spain, including municipal ‘allotment gardens’ and ‘civic gardens’ emerging from bottom-up initiatives. In a first step, we distinguished different urban gardens types regarding the ES values they provide. In a second step, we tested specific garden characteristics including (a) user profiles, (b) biophysical garden properties, and (c) in- stitutional settings for their specific importance to trigger ES values. Results showed ES values to significantly differ with the types of gardens. For example, classical allotment gardens are more likely to provide recreational values, while emerging civic gardens are more likely to produce place-making and social cohesion. A main finding from our study is the importance of social and institutional garden characteristic as enabling factors of ES values. Results indicate, for example, a correlation between childhood experiences and a higher appreciation of ES. Our results further indicate that civic gardens with broader property rights and decision-capacities are more likely to enhance stewardship action. In providing a differentiated understanding of the ES value(s) of urban gardens, this study highlights the potential for green space planning in cities to steer the stewardship of urban gardens by providing institutional and physical space for civic gardening initiatives. 

National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25557 (URN)10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.09.013 (DOI)000419412400009 ()2-s2.0-85030719669 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 308428
Note

Biodiversa-ENABLE  Grant no: PCIN-2016-002

EU-COST Action  Grant no: TU1201

Catalan government (FI DGR) Grant no: 2012FI_B00578 

Available from: 2017-11-21 Created: 2017-11-21 Last updated: 2018-10-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2637-2024

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