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Ervasti, Per-Erik
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Blomqvist, S., Ervasti, P.-E. & Elcadi, G. H. (2018). Evaluating physical workload by position during match in elite bandy. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(9), 2616-2622
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating physical workload by position during match in elite bandy
2018 (English)In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 32, no 9, p. 2616-2622Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To improve current understandings of physical Workload (WL) in elite Bandy, ten bandy players were monitored for heart rate (HR) during thirteen matches over one championship season. Participants were divided into five subgroups according to playing position - libero, defender, halves, midfielder and forward. HR measurements were analyzed with two different methods to compute physical WL - (i) percentage of total time spent in different HR zones (HRres) and (ii) WL based on the Edwards method. Also determined was the time spent at HR levels above the lactate threshold (LT). A one-way ANOVA was used for analysis. For WL according to the Edwards method, significant differences (p=0.05) were shown between groups with defenders presenting the highest scores and forwards and liberos the lowest. A significant difference (p=0.05) was found between liberos and halves and the other positions as to how much time they spent in zone 70-80% of HRres. In 91-100% of HRres there was a distinct difference between defenders and the other positions and also forwards differed significantly from liberos, defenders and halves (p=0.05). The libero spent only one percent of the time over the LT, whereas the midfielder spent about 27% of the time over the LT. Overall, defenders showed the greatest WL during a match and liberos the lowest. The practical implications of these findings can help coaches and trainers design training methods specific to each position as well as individualized training sessions for each player in elite bandy.

National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26388 (URN)10.1519/JSC.0000000000002551 (DOI)000454031400027 ()29489729 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85056289580 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Elcadi, G. H., Tsaklis, P., Blomqvist, S., Ervasti, P.-E., W. Söderström, M., Forsman, M. & Richter, H. (2016). A Strong Correlation Between Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex And Vastus Lateralis Activity During Running To Fatigue. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Sports-Medicine (ACSM), 31 May - 4 June 2017, Boston, MA, USA. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 48(5), 854-854
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Strong Correlation Between Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex And Vastus Lateralis Activity During Running To Fatigue
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2016 (English)In: Medicine and science in sports and exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 854-854Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fatigue is a phenomenon of pronounced importance in sports. Recently, there is strong evidence of interplay between the prefrontal cortex and motor output during fatiguing contractions. The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPC) due to its large involvement in cognitive and motor activities is believed to be involved but this requires physiological clarification. AIM: We investigated the relationship between DLPC activity - responses in oxyhemoglobin (HbO2) and total hemoglobin (HbT) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), and the vastus lateralis muscle (VL) activity - quantified as root-mean-square (RMS) of the EMG signal, during a fatigue protocol.

METHODS: Four male runners (32±12 yrs) with probes for NIRS over the DLPC and EMG over the VL performed a track running test at a constant speed to fatigue (exhaustion). The running speed was individually determined as the average speed of a 1200-m time trial performed ~3 days prior to testing. For NIRS changes in μmole/L of HbO2 and HbT were computed. The VL EMG-RMS of the contraction of each step was normalized as a percent of a submaximal reference contraction (%RMS), thus removing the non-activity between steps. Data of 10s epochs at 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100% of time for each lap were averaged for analyses. Regression analyses performed with HbO2 and with HbT as dependent variables and %RMS as the independent variable.

RESULTS: Over time there was an increase in HbO2 and HbT in the DLPC, and in VL-%RMS. Both HbO2 and HbT correlated strongly with EMG-RMS during running to fatigue (see figures below); p<0.001 for both.

CONCLUSION: The strong relationship between DLPC and VL activities during running to fatigue suggests the involvement of the DLPC in the central processing of fatigue.

National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22135 (URN)10.1249/01.mss.0000487560.58653.96 (DOI)000415211700135 ()
Conference
Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Sports-Medicine (ACSM), 31 May - 4 June 2017, Boston, MA, USA
Available from: 2016-07-08 Created: 2016-07-08 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
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