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Boman, Eva
Publications (10 of 25) Show all publications
Richardsson, L., Wiitavaara, B., Heiden, M. & Boman, E. (2018). Att arbeta på distans – möjligheter och konsekvenser för universitetslärare. In: Per Lindberg (Ed.), FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts. Paper presented at FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle (pp. 118). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att arbeta på distans – möjligheter och konsekvenser för universitetslärare
2018 (Swedish)In: FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 118-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Universitets- och högskoleväsendet har under de senaste årtiondena genomgått stora förändringar. Den teknologiska utvecklingen och ökade konkurrensen nationellt och internationellt har lett till högre krav på effektivitet, produktivitet och tillgänglighet av personal oavsett vart de befinner sig. Arbetssituationen inom universitet- och högskole-väsendet har på detta sätt blivit mer krävande. Universitetslärare är en yrkesgrupp som i allt större utsträckning har möjlighet att arbeta på distans, och nyttjar den möjligheten regelbundet både inom och utanför ordinarie arbetstid. Trots detta är det få studier som undersökt hur undervisande och forskande personal inom högskolesektorn upplever och påverkas av distansarbete.

Syfte

Att undersöka hur distansarbete praktiseras av, och påverkar universitetslärare, samt att undersöka första linjens chefers upplevelser av att leda en personalgrupp som i varierande omfattning arbetar på distans.

Metod

Projektet innehåller fyra delstudier. Delstudie I består av en web-baserad enkätunder-sökning av hälsa, stress, återhämtning, balans mellan arbete och privatliv, arbetsmo-tivation, och förekomst av distansarbete bland universitetslärare vid svenska högskolor och universitet. Datainsamlingen pågår och förväntas vara avslutad i slutet av VT-18. I delstudie II kommer universitetslärare att följas under en arbetsvecka med mätningar av rörelsemönster, hjärtfrekvens och stresshormon. Mätningarna kommer att förläggas till en vecka då läraren arbetar minst en dag på ordinarie arbetsplats och minst en dag på annan plats, så att jämförelser av exponering kan göras inom person. Datainsamling för delpro-jekt III genomförs genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med universitetslärare för att undersöka deras upplevelser av att arbeta på, respektive utanför, ordinarie arbetsplats och vad som motiverar dem att arbeta på distans. I delprojekt IV undersöks upplevelser av att leda en personalgrupp som i varierande omfattning arbetar på distans, genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med universitetsanställda med en första linjens chefsposition.

Resultat

Projektet förväntas bidra med fördjupad kunskap om hur distansarbete inom universitets- och högskolesektorn relaterar till olika aspekter av hälsa och välbefinnande bland universitetslärare, och vilka effekter det får för individen att ta med sig arbetet från den ordinarie arbetsplatsen. Projektet förväntas även generera kunskap om hur universitets-anställda med en personalledande funktion upplever att leda anställda som arbetar på distans. Denna kunskap kommer att bidra till utvecklandet av rekommendationer för en hållbar arbetsmiljö, i lärarkåren och hos universitetsanställda med en personalledande funktion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28858 (URN)978-91-88145-28-4 (ISBN)
Conference
FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle
Note

Rundabordssamtal

Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. & Boman, E. (2018). Short is beautiful: Dimensionality and measurement invariance in two length of the Basic Psychological need Satisfaction at work scale. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, Article ID 965.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Short is beautiful: Dimensionality and measurement invariance in two length of the Basic Psychological need Satisfaction at work scale
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, article id 965Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Self-determination theory proposes that all humans have three intrinsic psychological needs: the needs for Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness. These needs take different forms in different areas of life. The present study examines the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction at Work (BPNS-W) scale. The fit of 10-factor structures previously suggested for related versions of the scale were compared. Cross-sectional data from 1,200 participants were examined in a confirmatory factor analysis framework. Both the original 21-item version and a reduced 12-item version of the BPNS-W were examined. The General Health Questionnaire was used for validation. The results supported a three-factor solution with correlated error variances for the reversed items. Invariance testing of the long and short scales gave best support to the short scale, for which partial scalar invariance was achieved. The external validity of the short scale was supported by a hierarchical regression analysis in which each need made a unique contribution in predicting psychological well-being. In conclusion, the results corroborate a three-factor structure of BPNS-W. Although not perfect the short scale should, it is argued, be preferred over the long version. Directions for the future development of the scale are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2018
Keywords
Basic need satisfaction scale, Confirmatory factor analysis, Measurement invariance, Motivation, Self-determination theory
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27517 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00965 (DOI)000435408600001 ()2-s2.0-85048534760 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-07-04 Created: 2018-07-04 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved
Heiden, M., Widar, L., Wiitavaara, B. & Boman, E. (2018). Telecommuting in academia – associations with health and well-being among staff. Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Telecommuting in academia – associations with health and well-being among staff
2018 (English)In: Annals of Work Exposures and Health, ISSN 2398-7308Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Keywords
Flexible work, Boundless work, Autonomy, Competence, Relatedness
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28727 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-30 Created: 2018-11-30 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Heiden, M., Richardsson, L., Wiitavaara, B. & Boman, E. (2018). Telecommuting in academia – Associations with staff’s health and well-being. In: Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume IX: Aging, Gender and Work, Anthropometry, Ergonomics for Children and Educational Environments. Paper presented at 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, 26-30 August 2018, Florence, Italy (pp. 308-312). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Telecommuting in academia – Associations with staff’s health and well-being
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume IX: Aging, Gender and Work, Anthropometry, Ergonomics for Children and Educational Environments / [ed] Bagnara S., Tartaglia R., Albolino S., Alexander T., Fujita Y., Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 308-312Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The ability to telecommute has changed working life for staff at universities and colleges. Although the opportunity to work away from the office at any time gives workers more freedom to manage their work, it also imposes higher demands on workers to set limits to their work. The aim of this ongoing study is to determine if there is an optimal amount of telecommuting for male and female academics with respect to perceived health, work stress, recovery, work-life balance, and work motivation. A web-based survey is currently being conducted among lecturers and professors at Swedish universities and colleges. Results so far show that perceived fatigue and stress associated with indistinct organization and conflicts are higher among academics that telecommute to a larger extent. The results also show that female academics are more fatigued and stressed at work than male academics, but this does not seem to be related to the extent of telecommuting performed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 826
Keywords
Telework, Lecturer, Work stress
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27871 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96065-4 (DOI)978-3-319-96064-7 (ISBN)978-3-319-96065-4 (ISBN)
Conference
20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, 26-30 August 2018, Florence, Italy
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2018-09-14Bibliographically approved
Boman, E., Eriksson, M. & Svedberg, P. (2016). Is perceived autonomy associated with health-related quality of life among adolescents?. Quality of Life Research, 25, 85-85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is perceived autonomy associated with health-related quality of life among adolescents?
2016 (English)In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 25, p. 85-85Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24321 (URN)000398451600201 ()
Available from: 2017-06-16 Created: 2017-06-16 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Boman, T., Kjellberg, A., Danermark, B. & Boman, E. (2015). Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability. Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, 9(2), 116-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability
2015 (English)In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 116-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The employment status of groups with different disabilities wasanalysed as were potentially important moderating factors (workability, structural and individual factors). A secondary analy-sis was performed on 4359 respondents with disabilities fromStatistics Sweden's Labour Market Investigation. The respondentswere divided into six disability groups (communicative-hearing,communicative-speech-reading, communicative-vision, psycho-logical disability, medical disability, physical disability). Logisticregression analyses showed that the probability of being employedwas highest among respondents with hearing disabilities andrespondents with psychological disabilities were least likely tobe employed. Being a woman (very young or old) with onlyprimary education and with partially or very impaired workability, reduced employment opportunities. Higher education didnot increase employment opportunities for respondents withimpaired work ability. In summary, the type of disability is essentialfor employment opportunities, and differences between disabil-ity groups cannot be explained by differences in other variables. 

Keywords
Education level, Employment, Self-estimated work ability, Type of disability, adult, Article, disability, disabled person, dyslexia, educational status, employability, employment status, female, functional disease, hearing impairment, high school, human, major clinical study, male, mental deficiency, middle aged, physical disability, primary school, priority journal, speech disorder, unemployment, visual impairment, work capacity, work disability
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19405 (URN)10.1016/j.alter.2014.11.003 (DOI)000365124200003 ()2-s2.0-84928769973 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-05-28 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Boman, T., Kjellberg, A., Danermark, B. & Boman, E. (2014). Can people with disabilities gain from education?: Similarities and differences between occupational attainment among persons with and without disabilities. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 49(2), 193-204
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can people with disabilities gain from education?: Similarities and differences between occupational attainment among persons with and without disabilities
2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 193-204Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: More knowledge is needed ofoccupational attainment of persons with disabilities, i.e. the relationship between their educational level and their profession, and factors of importance for this relationship.

Objective: To compare occupational attainment among persons with and without a disability.

Method: 3 396 informants with disabilities and 19 004 non-disabled informants participated (control group) in a survey study by Statistics Sweden.The informants with disabilities were divided into six groups.

Results: Occupational attainment did not differ between the disability groups, neither between persons with and without a disability. Follow-up analysis showed that men with disabilities with primary or secondary school had an occupation above their educational level to a significantlylarger extent than women with disabilities. This pattern was even clearer in comparison with the control group. Persons without disabilities, with secondary or higher education, were more successful in the labor market than persons with disabilities. Occupational attainment increased with age in both groups.

Conclusions: Young women with disabilities who only have primary or secondary education run a higher risk of having a job that is below their educational level than men at the same educational level. This indicates discriminating mechanisms in the society related to gender and ability.

Keywords
Discrimination, occupational attainment, education level, self-estimated work ability
National Category
Educational Sciences Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15971 (URN)10.3233/WOR-131718 (DOI)000344347900004 ()24004782 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84907560525 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-01-09 Created: 2014-01-09 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Svedberg, P., Eriksson, M. & Boman, E. (2013). Associations between scores of psychosomatic health symptoms and health-related quality of life in children and adolescents. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 11(176)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations between scores of psychosomatic health symptoms and health-related quality of life in children and adolescents
2013 (English)In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 11, no 176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The aims of the present study are to investigate whether there are differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between girls and boys in two different age groups, to study how much of children’s variance in HRQoL can be explained by common psychosomatic health symptoms, and to examine whether the same set of psychosomatic symptoms can explain differences in HRQoL, both between girls and boys and between older and younger school children.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 253 children, 99 of ages 11-12 years (n=51 girls, n=48 boys) and 154 of ages 15-16 years (n=82 girls, n=72 boys), in Swedish schools. The KIDSCREEN-52 instrument, which covers 10 dimensions of HRQoL and additional questions about psychosomatic health symptoms, were used. Analyses of variance were conducted to investigate differences between the genders and age groups, and in interaction effects on the KIDSCEEN-52 dimensions. Regression analyses were used to investigate the impacts of psychosomatic symptoms on gender and age group differences in HRQoL.

Results: Boys rated themselves higher than girls on the KIDSCREEN dimensions: physical and psychological well-being, moods and emotions, self-perception, and autonomy. Main effects of age group were found for physical well-being, psychological well-being, moods and emotions, self-perception, autonomy, and school environment, where younger children rated their HRQoL more highly than those aged 15-16 years. Girls rated their moods and emotions dramatically lower than boys in the older age group, but the ratings of emotional status were more similar between genders at younger ages. Psychosomatic symptoms explained between 27% and 50% of the variance in the children’s HRQoL. Sleeping difficulties were a common problem for both girls and boys. Depression and concentration difficulties were particularly associated with HRQoL among girls whereas stomach aches were associated with HRQoL among boys.  

Conclusions: Girls and adolescents experience poorer HRQoL than boys and younger children, but having psychosomatic symptoms seem to explain a substantial part of the variation. Strategies to promote health among school children, in particular to alleviate sleep problems among all children, depression and concentration difficulties among girls, and stomach aches among boys, are of great importance.

Keywords
Health, Quality of Life, Gender, School, Children, Adolescents, Psychomatic symptoms, Slee problems, KIDSCREEN
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15977 (URN)10.1186/1477-7525-11-176 (DOI)000328557200001 ()2-s2.0-84886076750 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-01-10 Created: 2014-01-09 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Boman, E. & Svedberg, P. (2012). Can psychosomatic symptoms explain gender and age differences in health related quality of life among Swedish schoolchildren?. Quality of Life Research, 21, 77-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can psychosomatic symptoms explain gender and age differences in health related quality of life among Swedish schoolchildren?
2012 (English)In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 21, p. 77-78Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19459 (URN)000209358900217 ()
Available from: 2015-06-04 Created: 2015-06-04 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Boman, E., Ballgren, P. & Svedberg, P. (2010). Is health related quality of life among school children associated with level of semantic memory?. Quality of Life Research, 19, 107-107, Article ID 194/1380.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is health related quality of life among school children associated with level of semantic memory?
2010 (English)In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 19, p. 107-107, article id 194/1380Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22083 (URN)000209358700331 ()
Available from: 2016-07-04 Created: 2016-07-04 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
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