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Bergsten, E. L., Haapakangas, A., Larsson, J., Jahncke, H. & Hallman, D. (2019). Effects of relocation to activity-based workplaces on perceived productivity: importance of change-oriented leadership.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of relocation to activity-based workplaces on perceived productivity: importance of change-oriented leadership
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2019 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30121 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, 2015/118
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved
Bjärntoft, S., Hallman, D., Mathiassen, S. E., Larsson, J. & Jahncke, H. (2019). Occupational and Individual Determinants of Work-life Balance among Office Workers with Flexible Work Arrangements.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational and Individual Determinants of Work-life Balance among Office Workers with Flexible Work Arrangements
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2019 (English)In: Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30408 (URN)
Available from: 2019-07-05 Created: 2019-07-05 Last updated: 2019-08-07Bibliographically approved
Rolfö, L., Jahncke, H., Järvholm, L. S., Öhrn, M. & Babapour, M. (2019). Predictors of Preference for the Activity-based Flexible Office. In: Tareq Ahram, Waldemar Karwowski, and Redha Taiar (Ed.), Human Systems Engineering and Design: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design (IHSED2018). Paper presented at 1st International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design (IHSED2018): Future Trends and Applications, October 25-27, 2018, Reims Champagne-Ardenne, France (pp. 547-553). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predictors of Preference for the Activity-based Flexible Office
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2019 (English)In: Human Systems Engineering and Design: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design (IHSED2018) / [ed] Tareq Ahram, Waldemar Karwowski, and Redha Taiar, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 547-553Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Activity-based Flexible Offices (A-FOs) are implemented with varying degree of success. Employees relocate from cell or open-plan offices, from different organizational backgrounds, varying design and implementation processes, and have different types of work tasks. This study aims at investigating whether preference for the A-FO correlate with these preconditions. The results from Chi-square tests and Spearman’s non-parametric correlation of post-relocation questionnaires distributed to 11 A-FO sites, showed that a high preference for the A-FO correlated strongest with an A-FO preference prior to relocation, being a former open-plan office occupier and with frequent performance of innovation. Low preference for the A-FO correlated with frequent performance of concentration demanding tasks. Working with tasks with high confidentiality did not predict the preference ratings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 876
Keywords
ABW, Planning process, Work activities, Office buildings, Statistical tests, Surveys, Activity-based, Chi-square tests, Design and implementations, Non-parametric, Open-plan offices, Work task, Systems engineering
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28687 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-02053-8_83 (DOI)2-s2.0-85055812345 (Scopus ID)978-3-030-02052-1 (ISBN)978-3-030-02053-8 (ISBN)
Conference
1st International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design (IHSED2018): Future Trends and Applications, October 25-27, 2018, Reims Champagne-Ardenne, France
Available from: 2018-11-27 Created: 2018-11-27 Last updated: 2018-11-27Bibliographically approved
Mixter, S., Mathiassen, S. E., Lindfors, P., Dimberg, K., Jahncke, H., Lyskov, E. & Hallman, D. (2019). Stress-related responses to alternations between repetitive physical work and cognitive tasks of different difficulties. Applied Ergonomics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stress-related responses to alternations between repetitive physical work and cognitive tasks of different difficulties
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2019 (English)In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

This experimental study aimed to determine the extent to which a repetitive physical task alternatingwith a cognitive task (CT) influences stress responses and whether the CT difficulty is important. Fifteen women performed three sessions of 10 consecutive work bouts, each including a seven-minutere petitive physical task and a three-minute CT at either of three difficulty levels. Stress-related responses were assessed using heart rate variability, blood pressure, salivary alpha-amylase, salivary cortisol, perceived stress and cognitive performance.The alternating work did not result in any marked increase in perceived stress or changes in stressresponses. CT difficulty did not influence stress responses (all p>0.05), apart from alpha-amylase which was higher during the easiest CT (F= 5.34, p= 0.02). Thus, introducing cognitive work bouts into repetitive physical work did not result in increased levels of stress, suggesting this approach to be viable in job rotation.

Keywords
recovery, stress, mental task
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30459 (URN)
Funder
AFA Insurance, 120223
Available from: 2019-08-06 Created: 2019-08-06 Last updated: 2019-08-12
Haapakangas, A., Hallman, D., Mathiassen, S. E. & Jahncke, H. (2019). The effects of moving into an activity-based office on communication, social relations and work demands – A controlled intervention with repeated follow-up.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effects of moving into an activity-based office on communication, social relations and work demands – A controlled intervention with repeated follow-up
2019 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29117 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1761
Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved
Bjärntoft, S., Hallman, D., Mathiassen, S. E., Larsson, J. & Jahncke, H. (2018). Flexible work: Occupational determinants of work-life balance. In: : . Paper presented at 20th Congress International Ergonomics Association, 26-30 August 2018, Florens, Italy.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flexible work: Occupational determinants of work-life balance
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27880 (URN)
Conference
20th Congress International Ergonomics Association, 26-30 August 2018, Florens, Italy
Available from: 2018-09-10 Created: 2018-09-10 Last updated: 2018-09-11Bibliographically approved
Mathiassen, S. E., Hygge, S., Jahncke, H. & Mixter, S. (2018). Kombination av fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter: en modell för effektiv arbetsrotation?. In: Lindberg, Per (Ed.), FALF konferens 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?: Program och Abstracts. Paper presented at FALF konferens 2018 'Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?', 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle (pp. 56-57). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kombination av fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter: en modell för effektiv arbetsrotation?
2018 (Swedish)In: FALF konferens 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?: Program och Abstracts / [ed] Lindberg, Per, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 56-57Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Fysisk variation i arbetet anses allmänt av både forskare och praktiker att vara en förutsättning för god hälsa. Både för hög och för låg belastning kan med tiden leda till sämre välbefinnande och prestation. Den gällande föreskriften om belastningsergonomi (AFS 2012:2) anger specifikt att problem med repetitivt, styrt och bundet arbete ska förebyggas genom ökad variation, ”till exempel genom arbetsväxling, arbetsutvidgning eller pauser.” Samtidigt visar flera aktuella forskningsöversikter om variation och arbetsrotation att det vetenskapliga stödet för att dessa initiativ verkligen leder till bättre hälsa är otillräckligt. En anledning kan vara att de idéer till ökad variation som studerats har varit ineffektiva, till exempel därför att de arbetsuppgifter man växlat mellan har varit snarlika till sin belastning, eller att man, som i många studier av pauser, endast kunnat intervenera under en mindre del av arbetsdagen av hänsyn till produktionen. En modell för arbetsrotation med potential för att både säkra en hållbar produktion och leda till god fysisk och mental variation skulle kunna vara att kombinera fysiskt belastande arbets-uppgifter med produktiva uppgifter som ställer mentala krav, men inte är fysiskt krävande. Vid Forte-centret har vi under ett antal år arbetat med denna modell ur olika perspektiv.Det här symposiet ger en överblick över vår forskning. Vi kommer att sammanfatta det internationella forskningsläget, både om variation i stort och specifikt om kombinationer av fysiskt och mentalt belastande arbetsuppgifter. Vi kommer även att presentera en ny princip för hur man kan arbeta med belastning, variation och återhämtning: Guldlocks-principen. Vi kommer att visa resultat från våra egna studier av förekomsten av omväx-lande fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter i detaljhandel och industri, och vilka mönster av omväxling de anställda föredrar. Vidare kommer vi att gå igenom våra studier av stress och trötthetsutveckling då man kombinerar repetitivt fysiskt arbete med en mental uppgift av olika svårighetsgrader. Sammantaget kommer symposiet att visa både vilken forskning vi och andra bedrivit på området och vilka forskningsbehov som kvarstår för att svara på om en arbetsrotation som kombinerar fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter kan vara effektiv, både vad gäller hälsoeffekter och produktion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27065 (URN)978-91-88145-28-4 (ISBN)
Conference
FALF konferens 2018 'Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?', 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle
Available from: 2018-06-15 Created: 2018-06-15 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved
Jahncke, H. (2018). Omväxlande fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter i detaljhandel och industri – hur mycket förekommer det, och vad önskar de anställda? . In: Lindberg, Per (Ed.), FALF KONFERENS 2018. Arbetet - problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö? Gävle 10-12 juni 2018: Program och Abstracts. Paper presented at FALF konferens 2018 'Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?', 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle (pp. 56). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Omväxlande fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter i detaljhandel och industri – hur mycket förekommer det, och vad önskar de anställda?
2018 (Swedish)In: FALF KONFERENS 2018. Arbetet - problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö? Gävle 10-12 juni 2018: Program och Abstracts / [ed] Lindberg, Per, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 56-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
National Category
Applied Psychology Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27417 (URN)978-91-88145-28-4 (ISBN)
Conference
FALF konferens 2018 'Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?', 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle
Note

Bidraget var en del av symposiet 'Kombination av fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter: en modell för effektiv arbetsrotation?'.

Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
Rolfö, L., Eklund, J. & Jahncke, H. (2018). Perceptions of performance and satisfaction after relocation to an activity-based office. Ergonomics, 61(5), 644-657
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of performance and satisfaction after relocation to an activity-based office
2018 (English)In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 61, no 5, p. 644-657Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many companies move from open-plan offices (OPO) to activity-based workplaces (ABWs). However, few studies examine the benefits and drawbacks following such a change. The aim of this study was to explore how physical conditions, office use, communication, privacy, territoriality, satisfaction and perceived performance change following a company's relocation from an OPO to an ABW. A mixed methods approach included pre- and post-relocation questionnaires and post-relocation focus groups, individual interviews and observations. The questionnaires enabled comparisons over time (n = 34) and broader analyses based on retrospective ratings of perceived change (n = 66). Results showed that satisfaction with auditory privacy, background noise, air quality, outdoor view and aesthetics increased significantly after relocation. Negative outcomes, such as lack of communication within teams, were perceived as being due to the high people-to-workstation ratio and lack of rules. Overall satisfaction with the physical work environment increased in the ABW compared to the OPO. Perceived performance did not change significantly. Practitioner Summary: Activity-based workplaces (ABWs) are commonly implemented although their effects on performance and well-being are unclear. This case study gives advice to stakeholders involved in office planning. Despite shortcomings with the people-to-workstation ratio and rules, employees showed improved satisfaction with auditory privacy and aesthetics in the ABW compared with the previous open-plan office.

Keywords
Flex office, communication, noise, office planning, privacy
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25595 (URN)10.1080/00140139.2017.1398844 (DOI)000427848800003 ()29134874 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85034248562 (Scopus ID)
Funder
AFA Insurance, 130200
Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved
Haapakangas, A., Hallman, D., Mathiassen, S. E. & Jahncke, H. (2018). Self-rated productivity and employee well-being in activity-based offices: the role of environmental perceptions and workspace use. Building and Environment, 145, 115-124
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-rated productivity and employee well-being in activity-based offices: the role of environmental perceptions and workspace use
2018 (English)In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 145, p. 115-124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Activity-based offices are increasingly popular. However, productivity and well-being in these work environments have been little researched. The aims of this study were to quantitatively determine perception and use of the activity-based office environment in relation to self-rated productivity and well-being at work, and to identify important predictors of these outcomes. Four activity-based offices in a large Swedish government agency were surveyed 12 months after implementation.Two hundred and thirty-nine respondents were included in the analyses. Linear regression models, adjusted for relevant covariates, were constructed separately for predictors measuring satisfaction with different aspect of the environment (physical environment, privacy, communication, personalization, personal storage, IT functions and cleaning) and office use (the number of daily workspace switches, different workspaces used and the time spent looking for a workspace). Satisfaction with the physical environment, privacy and communication had the strongest positive association with self-rated productivity and well-being at work. Increased workspace switching was associated with higher productivity, while an increase in self-reported time spent searching for a workspace was associated with lower productivity and well-being. However, predictors related to office use generally explained only a small proportion of variance in the two outcomes. The results suggest that office developers should focus particularly on privacy needs but also on communication, personalization, smooth workspace switching and minimization of work time spent looking for available workspaces.

Keywords
flexible office, performance, well-being, work environment, environmental satisfaction
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27315 (URN)10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.09.017 (DOI)000448091500011 ()2-s2.0-85053375834 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1761Swedish Transport Administration, 2015/43010
Note

Funding agency:

Finnish Work Environment Fund Grant no: 117423

Available from: 2018-06-23 Created: 2018-06-23 Last updated: 2018-11-27Bibliographically approved
Projects
Effekter av aktivitetsbaserade kontor på stillasittande, koncentration och hälsa i jämförelse med traditionella kontor [TRV 2015/43010]; University of Gävle; Publications
Haapakangas, A., Hallman, D., Mathiassen, S. E. & Jahncke, H. (2018). Self-rated productivity and employee well-being in activity-based offices: the role of environmental perceptions and workspace use. Building and Environment, 145, 115-124Jahncke, H., Persson, L. & Hallman, D. (2017). Aktivitetsbaserade arbetsplatser: Koncentration, stillasittande och hälsa i jämförelse med traditionella kontor: Kartläggning år 2015-2017. Högskolan i GävleJahncke, H., Edvinsson, J., Mathiassen, S. E. & Hallman, D. (2016). Delrapport kontor A: Effekter av aktivitetsbaserade kontor på stillasittande, koncentration och hälsa i jämförelse med traditionella kontor. Gävle: Högskolan i GävleJahncke, H., Edvinsson, J., Mathiassen, S. E. & Hallman, D. (2016). Delrapport kontor B: Effekter av aktivitetsbaserade kontor på stillasittande, koncentration och hälsa i jämförelse med traditionella kontor. Gävle: Högskolan i GävleJahncke, H., Edvinsson, J., Mathiassen, S. E. & Hallman, D. (2016). Delrapport kontor C: Effekter av aktivitetsbaserade kontor på stillasittande, koncentration och hälsa i jämförelse med traditionella kontor. Gävle: Högskolan i GävleJahncke, H., Edvinsson, J., Mathiassen, S. E. & Hallman, D. (2016). Delrapport kontor D: Effekter av aktivitetsbaserade kontor på stillasittande, koncentration och hälsa i jämförelse med traditionella kontor. Gävle: Högskolan i GävleJahncke, H., Edvinsson, J., Mathiassen, S. E. & Hallman, D. (2016). Delrapport kontor E: Effekter av aktivitetsbaserade kontor på stillasittande, koncentration och hälsa i jämförelse med traditionella kontor. Gävle: Högskolan i Gävle
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6668-5044

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