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MacCutcheon, D., Hurtig, A., Pausch, F., Hygge, S., Fels, J. & Ljung, R. (2019). Second language vocabulary level is related to benefits for second language listening comprehension under lower reverberation time conditions. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 31(2), 175-185
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Second language vocabulary level is related to benefits for second language listening comprehension under lower reverberation time conditions
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 175-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The acoustic qualities of a room can have a deleterious effect on the quality of speech signals. The acoustic measurement of reverberation time (RT) has shown to impact second language (L2) speech comprehension positively when lower due to release from spectral and temporal masking effects as well as top-down processing factors. This auralization experiment investigated the benefits of better L2 vocabulary and executive function (updating) skills during L2 listening comprehension tests under shorter versus longer RT conditions (0.3 and 0.9 s). 57 bilingual university students undertook L2 vocabulary, number updating and L2 listening comprehension tests. After splitting groups into high/low vocabulary and updating groups, a mixed ANOVA was conducted. The high number updating group showed no significant differences or interactions in L2 listening comprehension than the lower number updating group across RT conditions. The high vocabulary group had 22% better L2 listening comprehension than the low vocabulary group in long RT, and 9% better in short RT. A significant benefit in L2 listening comprehension due to release from reverberation was only evident in the high vocabulary group. Results indicate that the benefit of good room acoustics for listening comprehension is greatest for those with better language (vocabulary) ability.

Keywords
Reverberation time, Listening comprehension, Second language
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29173 (URN)10.1080/20445911.2019.1575387 (DOI)000461550600004 ()2-s2.0-85060842774 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, European Research Council, FP7/2007-2013EU, European Research Council, FP7-607139
Available from: 2019-01-25 Created: 2019-01-25 Last updated: 2019-08-13Bibliographically approved
Mathiassen, S. E., Hygge, S., Jahncke, H. & Mixter, S. (2018). Kombination av fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter: en modell för effektiv arbetsrotation?. In: Lindberg, Per (Ed.), FALF konferens 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?: Program och Abstracts. Paper presented at FALF konferens 2018 'Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?', 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle (pp. 56-57). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kombination av fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter: en modell för effektiv arbetsrotation?
2018 (Swedish)In: FALF konferens 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?: Program och Abstracts / [ed] Lindberg, Per, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 56-57Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Fysisk variation i arbetet anses allmänt av både forskare och praktiker att vara en förutsättning för god hälsa. Både för hög och för låg belastning kan med tiden leda till sämre välbefinnande och prestation. Den gällande föreskriften om belastningsergonomi (AFS 2012:2) anger specifikt att problem med repetitivt, styrt och bundet arbete ska förebyggas genom ökad variation, ”till exempel genom arbetsväxling, arbetsutvidgning eller pauser.” Samtidigt visar flera aktuella forskningsöversikter om variation och arbetsrotation att det vetenskapliga stödet för att dessa initiativ verkligen leder till bättre hälsa är otillräckligt. En anledning kan vara att de idéer till ökad variation som studerats har varit ineffektiva, till exempel därför att de arbetsuppgifter man växlat mellan har varit snarlika till sin belastning, eller att man, som i många studier av pauser, endast kunnat intervenera under en mindre del av arbetsdagen av hänsyn till produktionen. En modell för arbetsrotation med potential för att både säkra en hållbar produktion och leda till god fysisk och mental variation skulle kunna vara att kombinera fysiskt belastande arbets-uppgifter med produktiva uppgifter som ställer mentala krav, men inte är fysiskt krävande. Vid Forte-centret har vi under ett antal år arbetat med denna modell ur olika perspektiv.Det här symposiet ger en överblick över vår forskning. Vi kommer att sammanfatta det internationella forskningsläget, både om variation i stort och specifikt om kombinationer av fysiskt och mentalt belastande arbetsuppgifter. Vi kommer även att presentera en ny princip för hur man kan arbeta med belastning, variation och återhämtning: Guldlocks-principen. Vi kommer att visa resultat från våra egna studier av förekomsten av omväx-lande fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter i detaljhandel och industri, och vilka mönster av omväxling de anställda föredrar. Vidare kommer vi att gå igenom våra studier av stress och trötthetsutveckling då man kombinerar repetitivt fysiskt arbete med en mental uppgift av olika svårighetsgrader. Sammantaget kommer symposiet att visa både vilken forskning vi och andra bedrivit på området och vilka forskningsbehov som kvarstår för att svara på om en arbetsrotation som kombinerar fysiska och mentala arbetsuppgifter kan vara effektiv, både vad gäller hälsoeffekter och produktion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27065 (URN)978-91-88145-28-4 (ISBN)
Conference
FALF konferens 2018 'Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?', 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle
Available from: 2018-06-15 Created: 2018-06-15 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved
Jahncke, H., Hygge, S., Mathiassen, S. E., Hallman, D., Mixter, S. & Lyskov, E. (2017). Variation at work: alternations between physically and mentally demanding tasks in blue-collar occupations. Ergonomics, 60(9), 1218-1227
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Variation at work: alternations between physically and mentally demanding tasks in blue-collar occupations
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2017 (English)In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 60, no 9, p. 1218-1227Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of this questionnaire study were to describe the occurrence and desired number of alternations between mental and physical tasks in industrial and non-industrial blue-collar work, and determine to which extent selected personal and occupational factors influence these conditions. On average, the 122 participating workers (55 females) reported to have close to four alternations per day between mental and physical tasks, and to desire more alternations than they actually had. They also expressed a general preference for performing a physical task after a mental task and vice versa. In univariate regression models, the desired change in task alternations was significantly associated with Gender, Age, Occupation, Years with current work tasks, and Perceived job control, while Occupation was the only significant determinant in a multiple regression model including all factors. Our results suggest that alternations between productive physical and mental tasks could be a viable option in future job rotation.

Keywords
cognitive task, job rotation, pause, physical variation, repetitive work
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22560 (URN)10.1080/00140139.2017.1282630 (DOI)000405845900004 ()28112588 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85011278003 (Scopus ID)
Funder
AFA Insurance, 120223
Available from: 2016-10-07 Created: 2016-10-07 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
Hygge, S. (2017). When and why does a long reverberation time improve comprehension and recall?. In: Proceedings 12th International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem (ICBEN), Zürich, Switzerland, 18-22 June, 2017: . Paper presented at 12th International Congress on Noise as a Public HealthProblem (ICBEN), 18-22 June, 2017, Zürich, Switzerland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When and why does a long reverberation time improve comprehension and recall?
2017 (English)In: Proceedings 12th International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem (ICBEN), Zürich, Switzerland, 18-22 June, 2017, 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In four recent experiments we have seen that a long reverberation time (RvT) may improve, rather than impair, comprehension and recall of spoken words or texts for participants who have limited language skills. A long RvT improved, rather than impaired, comprehension for Swedish pupils with a low proficiency in English reading when taking a grade 9 English listening comprehension test in their classroom. For those who were good at reading English there was a better recall with a short RvT. This crossover antagonistic interaction was replicated with Swedish college students grouped by their English proficiency reading skills. In two word list experiments with Swedish pupils in grade 4 and college students, English and Swedish words were presented with a long and short RvT and crossed with two signal-to-noise ratios. Also here there were indicators of a crossover interaction to the effects that along reverberation time improved, rather than impaired, the recall of the words for students that were on the low side of English language proficiency. Possible explanations will be discussed in the presentation.

Keywords
Learning, memory, acoustics
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25616 (URN)
Conference
12th International Congress on Noise as a Public HealthProblem (ICBEN), 18-22 June, 2017, Zürich, Switzerland
Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Jahncke, H., Hygge, S., Mathiassen, S. E., Hallman, D., Mixter, S. & Lyskov, E. (2016). A cross-sectional study of alternations between physical and mental tasks. In: : . Paper presented at Ninth International Conference on the Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (PREMUS), June 20-23, 2016, Toronto, Canada.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A cross-sectional study of alternations between physical and mental tasks
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2016 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background. Health and well-being at work is generally assumed to be associated with sufficient physical and mental variation. Job rotation, where workers typically alternate between different physical tasks, is a popular initiative. Controlled experiments suggest that favourable effects are associated with alternations between mental and physical tasks, but little is known about this intervention in real work. The aims of this study were (1) to describe the occurrence of alternations between mental and physical tasks, and (2) to identify key determinants of such alternations.

Method. We developed a questionnaire combining established questions with specific questions about alternations. Workers from two occupations (industrial and non-industrial blue-collar work), in jobs containing both physical and mental tasks, were included in the study. 122 (55 females) out of 293 workers approached at four companies answered the questionnaire.

Results. On average, the workers alternated 3.5 times per day between mental and physical tasks. In the non-industrial companies, workers reported wanting more alternations than they had, while desired and actual alternations did not differ in the industrial companies. This effect of occupation on the difference between the number of alternations wanted and the actual alternations available was significant (p < 0.001). Furthermore, there was a general preference for performing a physical task after a mental task, and vice versa. This main effect of primarily performed task type (i.e. either physical or mental) on preferred subsequent task type was significant (p < 0.001). In a univariate analysis, gender appeared to be a strong determinant of the occurrence of alternations, but the effect was absorbed when adding the occupation variable.

Discussion. Within the studied companies, work offered alternations between mental and physical tasks and there was a preference among workers to alternate between tasks. Occupation rather than gender was a key determinant of the number of alternations reported.

National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21905 (URN)
Conference
Ninth International Conference on the Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (PREMUS), June 20-23, 2016, Toronto, Canada
Available from: 2016-06-23 Created: 2016-06-23 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Rudner, M., Keidser, G., Hygge, S. & Rönnberg, J. (2016). Better visuospatial working memory in adults who report profound deafness compared to those with normal or poor hearing: data from the UK Biobank resource. Ear and Hearing, 37(5), 620-622
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Better visuospatial working memory in adults who report profound deafness compared to those with normal or poor hearing: data from the UK Biobank resource
2016 (English)In: Ear and Hearing, ISSN 0196-0202, E-ISSN 1538-4667, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 620-622Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Experimental work has shown better visuospatial working memory (VSWM) in profoundly deaf individuals compared to those with normal hearing. Other data, including the UK Biobank resource shows poorer VSWM in individuals with poorer hearing. Using the same database, the authors investigated VSWM in individuals who reported profound deafness. Included in this study were 112 participants who were profoundly deaf, 1310 with poor hearing and 74,635 with normal hearing. All participants performed a card-pair matching task as a test of VSWM. Although variance in VSWM performance was large among profoundly deaf participants, at group level it was superior to that of participants with both normal and poor hearing. VSWM in adults is related to hearing status but the association is not linear. Future study should investigate the mechanism behind enhanced VSWM in profoundly deaf adults.

Keywords
Deafness; Hearing; Visuospatial; Working memory
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21564 (URN)10.1097/AUD.0000000000000314 (DOI)000395797700020 ()27232076 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84970024896 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

Funding agency:

Department of Health and Aging in Australia

Available from: 2016-06-10 Created: 2016-06-10 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hurtig, A., Keus van de Poll, M., Pekkola, E., Hygge, S., Ljung, R. & Sörqvist, P. (2016). Children’s recall of words spoken in their first and second language: Effects of signal-to-noise ratio and reverberation time. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, Article ID 2029.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children’s recall of words spoken in their first and second language: Effects of signal-to-noise ratio and reverberation time
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2016 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 6, article id 2029Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Speech perception runs smoothly and automatically when there is silence in the background, but when the speech signal is degraded by background noise or by reverberation, effortful cognitive processing is needed to compensate for the signal distortion. Previous research has typically investigated the effects of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and reverberation time in isolation, whilst few have looked at their interaction. In this study, we probed how reverberation time and SNR influence recall of words presented in participants’ first- (L1) and second-language (L2). A total of 72 children (10 years old) participated in this study. The to-be-recalled wordlists were played back with two different reverberation times (0.3 and 1.2 sec) crossed with two different SNRs (+3 dBA and +12 dBA). Children recalled fewer words when the spoken words were presented in L2 in comparison with recall of spoken words presented in L1. Words that were presented with a high SNR (+12 dBA) improved recall compared to a low SNR (+3 dBA). Reverberation time interacted with SNR to the effect that at +12 dB the shorter reverberation time improved recall, but at +3 dB it impaired recall. The effects of the physical sound variables (SNR and reverberation time) did not interact with language.

Keywords
Children, Speech Perception, reverberation time, signal-to-noise ratio, Second-language, classroom acoustics
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20903 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02029 (DOI)000368055900001 ()26834665 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84959420428 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 242-2010-1006
Available from: 2015-12-19 Created: 2015-12-19 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hurtig, A., Sörqvist, P., Ljung, R., Hygge, S. & Rönnberg, J. (2016). Student's second-language grade may depend on classroom listening position. PLoS ONE, 11(6), Article ID e0156533.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Student's second-language grade may depend on classroom listening position
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2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 6, article id e0156533Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this experiment was to explore whether listening positions (close or distant location from the sound source) in the classroom, and classroom reverberation, influence students’ score on a test for second-language (L2) listening comprehension (i.e., comprehension of English in Swedish speaking participants). The listening comprehension test administered was part of a standardized national test of English used in the Swedish school system. A total of 125 high school pupils, 15 years old, participated. Listening position was manipulated within subjects, classroom reverberation between subjects. The results showed that L2 listening comprehension decreased as distance from the sound source increased. The effect of reverberation was qualified by the participants’ baseline L2 proficiency. A shorter reverberation was beneficial to participants with high L2 proficiency, while the opposite pattern was found among the participants with low L2 proficiency. The results indicate that listening comprehension scores—and hence students’ grade in English—may depend on students’ classroom listening position.

Keywords
adolescent, comprehension, high school, human, human experiment, language, sound, speech, student
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21515 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0156533 (DOI)000377824800016 ()27295546 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84976293629 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, A0204201Swedish Research Council Formas, 2010-1006
Available from: 2016-05-23 Created: 2016-05-23 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Keidser, G., Rudner, M., Seeto, M., Hygge, S. & Rönnberg, J. (2016). The Effect of Functional Hearing and Hearing Aid Usage on Verbal Reasoning in a Large Community-Dwelling Population. Ear and Hearing, 37(1), e26-e36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Effect of Functional Hearing and Hearing Aid Usage on Verbal Reasoning in a Large Community-Dwelling Population
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2016 (English)In: Ear and Hearing, ISSN 0196-0202, E-ISSN 1538-4667, Vol. 37, no 1, p. e26-e36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Verbal reasoning performance is an indicator of the ability to think constructively in everyday life and relies on both crystallized and fluid intelligence. This study aimed to determine the effect of functional hearing on verbal reasoning when controlling for age, gender, and education. In addition, the study investigated whether hearing aid usage mitigated the effect and examined different routes from hearing to verbal reasoning.

Design: Cross-sectional data on 40- to 70-year-old community-dwelling participants from the UK Biobank resource were accessed. Data consisted of behavioral and subjective measures of functional hearing, assessments of numerical and linguistic verbal reasoning, measures of executive function, and demographic and lifestyle information. Data on 119,093 participants who had completed hearing and verbal reasoning tests were submitted to multiple regression analyses, and data on 61,688 of these participants, who had completed additional cognitive tests and provided relevant lifestyle information, were submitted to structural equation modeling.

Results: Poorer performance on the behavioral measure of functional hearing was significantly associated with poorer verbal reasoning in both the numerical and linguistic domains (p < 0.001). There was no association between the subjective measure of functional hearing and verbal reasoning. Functional hearing significantly interacted with education (p < 0.002), showing a trend for functional hearing to have a greater impact on verbal reasoning among those with a higher level of formal education. Among those with poor hearing, hearing aid usage had a significant positive, but not necessarily causal, effect on both numerical and linguistic verbal reasoning (p < 0.005). The estimated effect of hearing aid usage was less than the effect of poor functional hearing. Structural equation modeling analyses confirmed that controlling for education reduced the effect of functional hearing on verbal reasoning and showed that controlling for executive function eliminated the effect. However, when computer usage was controlled for, the eliminating effect of executive function was weakened.

Conclusions: Poor functional hearing was associated with poor verbal reasoning in a 40- to 70-year-old community-dwelling population after controlling for age, gender, and education. The effect of functional hearing on verbal reasoning was significantly reduced among hearing aid users and completely overcome by good executive function skills, which may be enhanced by playing computer games.

Keywords
Computer games, Education, Epidemiology, Executive function, Gender, Hearing, Hearing AIDS, Verbal reasoning
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20080 (URN)10.1097/AUD.0000000000000196 (DOI)000367343600004 ()26244401 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84952771355 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2015-08-10 Created: 2015-08-10 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Keidser, G., Seeto, M., Rudner, M., Hygge, S. & Rönnberg, J. (2015). On the relationship between functional hearing and depression. International Journal of Audiology, 54(10), 653-664
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the relationship between functional hearing and depression
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 54, no 10, p. 653-664Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To establish the effect of self-rated and measured functional hearing on depression, taking age and gender into account. Additionally, the study investigates if hearing-aid usage mitigates the effect, and if other physical health problems and social engagement confound it.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the UK Biobank resource, including subjective and behavioural measures of functional hearing and multifactorial measures of depressive episodes and symptoms, were accessed and analysed using multi-regression analyses.

STUDY SAMPLE: Over 100 000 community-dwelling, 39-70 year-old volunteers.

RESULTS: Irrespective of measurement method, poor functional hearing was significantly (p < 0.001) associated with higher levels of depressive episodes (≤ 0.16 factor scores) and depressive symptoms (≤ 0.30 factor scores) when controlling for age and gender. Associations were stronger for subjective reports, for depressive symptoms, and the younger participants. Females generally reported higher levels of depression. Hearing-aid usage did not show a mitigating effect on the associations. Other physical health problems particularly partially confounded the effects.

CONCLUSION: Data support an association between functional hearing and depression that is stronger in the younger participants (40-49 years old) and for milder depression. The association was not alleviated by hearing-aid usage, but was partially confounded by other physical health problems.

Keywords
Hearing, hearing aids, mental health, depression, epidemiology
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20335 (URN)10.3109/14992027.2015.1046503 (DOI)000366449800002 ()26070470 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84941899264 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2015-09-24 Created: 2015-09-24 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Projects
What is the nature of working memory capacity? Towards answering a fundamental question in cognitive science [2010-02042_VR]; University of Gävle; Publications
Marsh, J., Sörqvist, P., Hodgetts, H., Beaman, P. & Jones, D. (2015). Distraction control processes in free recall: benefits and costs to performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition, 41(1), 118-133Marsh, J. E., Hughes, R. W., Sörqvist, P., Beaman, C. P. & Jones, D. M. (2015). Erroneous and Veridical Recall Are Not Two Sides of the Same Coin: Evidence From Semantic Distraction in Free Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition, 41(6), 1728-1740Nöstl, A., Marsh, J. & Sörqvist, P. (2014). What we expect is not always what we get: Evidence for both the direction-of-change and the specific-stimulus hypotheses of auditory attentional capture. PLoS ONE, 9(11), e111997Nöstl, A., Marsh, J. & Sörqvist, P. (2012). Expectations Modulate the Magnitude of Attentional Capture by Auditory Events. PLoS ONE, 7(11), e48569
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4298-7459

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