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Visuri, Ingela
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Visuri, I. (2019). A room of one’s own: Autistic imagination as a stage for parasocial interaction.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A room of one’s own: Autistic imagination as a stage for parasocial interaction
2019 (English)In: Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

This article examines the role and function of imagination and parasocial/fictional relations among autistic individuals. Interviews with 17 high functioning young adults diagnosed on the autism spectrum illustrate how they frequently absorption into day dreams, fantasy literature and multiplayer online roleplaying games. Cognitive research however suggests that imagination is limited in autistic individuals; a conclusion which is currently challenged by scholars pointing towards a faulty stereotype. The results suggest that these opposed scholarly views can be bridged analytically and methodologically by separating between interpersonal  and intrapersonal imagination, of which only the former, social aspect is affected across the whole autism spectrum. The results moreover indicate that parasocial relations are used both for pleasure and to cope with adversities, and that imaginary realms serve as optimal ‘autistic spaces’ for simulating and practicing social interaction. Finally, the article provides a cognitive comparison between parasocial and invisible, ‘religious’ (e.g. gods, spirits and djinn) relations.

National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29590 (URN)
Note

Som manuskript i avhandling. As manuscript in dissertation.

Available from: 2019-05-13 Created: 2019-05-23 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved
Visuri, I. (2019). Dis:order: Cognition explored through a different lens. In: A. K. Pedersen, I. Sælid Gilhus, L. H. Martin, J. Sinding Jensen, J. Sørensen (Ed.), Evolution, Cognition and the History of Religion: a New Synthesis: Festschrift in Honour of Armin W. Geertz (pp. 397-412). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dis:order: Cognition explored through a different lens
2019 (English)In: Evolution, Cognition and the History of Religion: a New Synthesis: Festschrift in Honour of Armin W. Geertz / [ed] A. K. Pedersen, I. Sælid Gilhus, L. H. Martin, J. Sinding Jensen, J. Sørensen, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019, p. 397-412Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter I discuss challenges that we are faced with when studying atypical populations, departing from my own research on religiosity in autistic individuals. The central argument is that the study of atypical cognition requires new approaches to terminology and methodology, and difficulties arise when we fail to do so. I will also turn a critical eye to the postulation that mentalizing difficulties are directly linked to atheism by departing from the understanding of cognition as embrained, embodied, encultured, extended and distributed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019
Series
Supplements to Method and Theory in the Study of Religion, ISSN 2214-3270 ; 13
Keywords
cognitive science of religion; atypical cognition; autism; embodiment; enculturation; methodology; terminology; anthropology, kognitiv religionsvetenskap; atypisk kognition; autism; embodiment; enkulturation; metodologi; terminologi; antropologi
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28559 (URN)10.1163/9789004385375_027 (DOI)978-90-04-38537-5 (ISBN)978-90-04-38510-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved
Visuri, I. (2018). Rethinking Autism, Theism, and Atheism: Bodiless Agents and Imaginary Realities. Archive for the Psychology of Religion/ Archiv für Religionspsychologie, 40(1), 1-31
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rethinking Autism, Theism, and Atheism: Bodiless Agents and Imaginary Realities
2018 (English)In: Archive for the Psychology of Religion/ Archiv für Religionspsychologie, ISSN 0084-6724, E-ISSN 1573-6121, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 1-31Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This anthropologically informed study explores descriptions of communication with invisible, superhuman agents in high functioning young adults on the autism spectrum. Based on material from interviews, two hypotheses are formulated. First, autistic individuals may experience communication with bodiless agents (e.g., gods, angels, and spirits) as less complex than interaction with peers, since it is unrestricted by multisensory input, such as body language, facial expressions, and intonation. Second, descriptions of how participants absorb into “imaginary realities” suggest that such mental states are desirable due to qualities that facilitate social cognition: While the empirical world comes through as fragmented and incoherent, imaginary worlds offer predictability, emotional coherence, and benevolent minds. These results do not conform to popular expectations that autistic minds are less adapted to experience supernatural agents, and it is instead argued that imaginative, autistic individuals may embrace religious and fictive agents in search for socially and emotionally comprehensible interaction.

Keywords
religion; autism; superhuman agents; mentalizing abilities; imagination; emotional coherence; fantasy proneness; multisensory binding
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26609 (URN)10.1163/15736121-12341348 (DOI)000434436000001 ()2-s2.0-85048224782 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-05-22 Created: 2018-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-23Bibliographically approved
Visuri, I. (2015). Empatiträning på schemat. In: Petra Alfe Åslund (Ed.), Från Alfons till Dostojevskij 2: Röster om Barnkonventionen (pp. 64-69). Stockholm: Fondi förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Empatiträning på schemat
2015 (Swedish)In: Från Alfons till Dostojevskij 2: Röster om Barnkonventionen / [ed] Petra Alfe Åslund, Stockholm: Fondi förlag , 2015, p. 64-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I detta kapitel diskuteras möjligheten att utgå ifrån berättande och rolltagande inom undervisning om de abrahamitiska religionerna (judendom, kristendom och islam). Syftet är att både bidra till elevernas förståelse av de olika traditionerna, samt utveckla deras empatiska förmågor. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Fondi förlag, 2015
Keywords
Empati, undervisning, religionskunskap, Abrahams barn, Abrahams döttrar, genus, legender, litteratur
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26615 (URN)9789198209525 (ISBN)978-91-637-9285-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-23 Created: 2018-05-23 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
Visuri, I. (2013). Aspergers, andar och böner till Gud: En fallstudie om Aspergers syndrom, religion och andlighet (1ed.). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Aspergers, andar och böner till Gud: En fallstudie om Aspergers syndrom, religion och andlighet
2013 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This case study examined what impact the neurological disorder Asperger’s syndrome has on the line of reasoning about religion and spirituality. Also, the question of whether the four informants showed any tendency to use the cognitive tools called theory of mind (ToM), existential theory of mind (EToM) and hypersensitive agency detection device (HADD) or not was put forth. From the interviews five themes were extracted: a stereoscopical view upon the world, thoughts on physical causality, prayer used as one-way communication, spiritual agency and intentionality, as well as existential and social questions. These themes were subsequently matched with theories on ToM, EToM and HADD. The result of the case study showed that the informants’ line of reasoning only corresponded to two out of six possible and expected approaches to religion and spirituality. For example, the informants rejected literal readings of religious narratives and there were no signs of rigidity or specific interest in religious rituals. However, their arguments were often based on physical causality and they were creative in discerning logical connections between physical and spiritual concepts. Regarding the use of cognitive tools, the informants showed signs of using ToM, but only in relation to spirits, guardian angels and aliens. There was no perceived two-way interaction, and the informants seemed to separate between an impersonal, deistic image of God and other metaphysical and personal agents. Also, the informants appeared to use their HADD in reasoning on agency and intentionality, at least parts of it, while there were no signs of EToM in terms of meaning making arguments. In conclusion, it seems as if curiosity is a key element in the results, both in the informants’ line of reasoning about religion and spirituality and possibly in terms of activating some of the cognitive tools examined in this essay.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2013. p. 122 Edition: 1
Series
Södertörn Studies on Religion ; 6
Keywords
Aspergers syndrom, religion, andlighet, theory of mind (ToM), existential theory of mind (EToM), hypersensitive agency detection device (HADD)
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21415 (URN)978-91-86069-75-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-19 Created: 2016-04-19 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Visuri, I. (2012). Could Everyone Talk to God?: A Case Study on Asperger's Syndrome, Religion, and Spirituality. Journal of Religion, Disability & Health, 16(4), 352-378
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Could Everyone Talk to God?: A Case Study on Asperger's Syndrome, Religion, and Spirituality
2012 (English)In: Journal of Religion, Disability & Health, ISSN 1522-8967, E-ISSN 1522-9122, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 352-378Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Four young adults diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome were interviewed to learn more about what impact this neurological disorder might have on the reasoning on religion and spirituality, particularly regarding their theory of mind and interaction with metaphysical agents. The result contradicts several predictions about Asperger's syndrome and religion, and when analyzing to what extent the theory of mind was used when reasoning on intentionality, it seems as if the informants separate between different kinds of metaphysical agents. The question remains whether their reasoning on religion and spirituality is more influenced by having a specific cognitive style or by their cultural context.

Keywords
Asperger's syndrome, cognition, existential theory of mind, religion, spirituality, theory of mind
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21416 (URN)10.1080/15228967.2012.731888 (DOI)2-s2.0-84869807794 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-12-17 Created: 2016-04-19 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Visuri, I. (2009). The teacher's dilemma: Exploring the border between culture relativism and prejudice when discussing gender issues in islam (1ed.). In: Roos, Lena and Berglund, Jenny (Ed.), Your heritage and mine: Teaching in a multi-religious classroom (pp. 170-180). Uppsala: Religionshistoriska avdelningen, Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The teacher's dilemma: Exploring the border between culture relativism and prejudice when discussing gender issues in islam
2009 (English)In: Your heritage and mine: Teaching in a multi-religious classroom / [ed] Roos, Lena and Berglund, Jenny, Uppsala: Religionshistoriska avdelningen, Uppsala universitet , 2009, 1, p. 170-180Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Religionshistoriska avdelningen, Uppsala universitet, 2009 Edition: 1
Series
Studies on inter-religious relations, ISSN 1650-8718 ; 43
Keywords
Religionsundervisning, Mångfald i skolan
National Category
Religious Studies Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21418 (URN)9789189652361 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-19 Created: 2016-04-19 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
(2005). Att arbeta med IE-metoden. In: Jan Knappert (Ed.), Muslimska berättelser [Islamic Legends]: (pp. 8-15). Stockholm: Fondi
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att arbeta med IE-metoden
2005 (Swedish)In: Muslimska berättelser [Islamic Legends] / [ed] Jan Knappert, Stockholm: Fondi , 2005, p. 8-15Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Fondi, 2005
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21419 (URN)91-631-7168-6 (ISBN)
Note

Inledning till svensk översättning

Available from: 2016-04-19 Created: 2016-04-19 Last updated: 2018-03-20Bibliographically approved
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