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Bengtsson, M., Sjöblom, Y. & Öberg, P. (2018). ‘Well, it’s up to me now’ – young care leavers’ strategies for handling adversities when leaving out-of-home care in Sweden. Nordic Social Work Research, 8(sup 1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘Well, it’s up to me now’ – young care leavers’ strategies for handling adversities when leaving out-of-home care in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 8, no sup 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AbstractThis qualitative longitudinal study of 20 young Swedish care leavers investigates their subjective experience of and strategies for handling adversities when being in the process of leaving out-of-home care. The empirical data is based on two sets of interviews, the first conducted at time 1 (T1) when they were still in care but the moving out process had begun, the second (T2) 6-10 months later when the vast majority had left care. The thematic analysis based on resilience theory showed that the majority of the informants over time developed process-oriented strategies, which in our categorization emanated either from the inner world of the informants (e.g. through re-framing of experiences and an emerging self-reliance) or from their outer contextual world (e.g. through a restructuring of the social network). The results are discussed from a resilience theoretical perspective in which the informants' strategies are illustrated by the conceptual pair of 'navigation' and 'negotiation', used to make sense of their inner and outer world-oriented strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Leaving care; longitudinal studies; resilience; young people; handling adversities
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26112 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2018.1428673 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-02-07 Created: 2018-02-07 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, M., Sjöblom, Y. & Öberg, P. (2018). Young care leavers’ expectations of their future: A question of time horizon. Child & Family Social Work, 23(2), 188-195
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young care leavers’ expectations of their future: A question of time horizon
2018 (English)In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 188-195Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates young care leavers’ expectations of their future after discharge from care. The results are based on qualitative longitudinal data where 16- to 21-year-old care leavers (n = 15) were interviewed twice, first when still in care but planning for their discharge (T1) and the second time 6–9 months later (T2). The analysis using a general inductive approach showed that their expectations were dependent on the time horizon and that there was an obvious difference between the young informants’ short- and long-term expectations. Their short-term expectations consisted of worries connected to their approaching discharge (at T1) and how to cope with challenges of everyday life after discharge from care (at T2). These results seem to echo negative outcomes shown in previous quantitative research. However, the informants’ long-term expectations provide a different picture, being mainly positive in both interviews (T1 and T2). The results are discussed from a life course perspective, where the informants’ visions of their future are framed and understood in terms of the different stages of their transition process.

Keywords
adolescence, foster care, leaving care, residential care, young people (well-being of in care)
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25356 (URN)10.1111/cfs.12399 (DOI)000430665900007 ()2-s2.0-85045758513 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-04 Created: 2017-10-04 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved
Bildtgård, T. & Öberg, P. (2017). Intimacy and Ageing: New Relationships in Later Life. Bristol: Policy Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intimacy and Ageing: New Relationships in Later Life
2017 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

To begin new relationships in later life is increasingly common in large parts of the Western world. This timely book addresses the gap in knowledge about late life repartnering and provides a comprehensive map of the changing landscape of late life intimacy.

Part of the Ageing in a Global Context series, the book examines the changing structural conditions of intimacy and ageing in late modernity. How do longer lives, changing norms and new technologies affect older people’s relationship careers, their attitudes to repartnering and in the formation of new relationships? Which forms do these new unions take? What does a new intimate relationship offer older men and women and what are the consequences for social integration? What is the role and meaning of sex?

By introducing a gains-perspective the book challenges stereotypes of old age as a period of loss and decline. It also challenges the image of older people as conservative, and instead presents them as an avant-garde that often experiment with new ways of being together. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol: Policy Press, 2017. p. 212
Series
Ageing in a Global Context
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23379 (URN)9781447326496 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-0720Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11: 0909–1
Available from: 2017-01-26 Created: 2017-01-26 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Bildtgård, T. & Öberg, P. (2017). New intimate relationships in later life: consequences for the social and filial network?. Journal of family issues, 38(3), 381-405
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New intimate relationships in later life: consequences for the social and filial network?
2017 (English)In: Journal of family issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 381-405Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to investigate the consequences for linked lives of entering into new intimate relationships in later life. The empirical data is based on qualitative interviews with 28 Swedes aged 63 to 91 years, who have established a new intimate relationship after the age of 60 years or are currently dating. Theories on linked lives and individualization are used. The results show that children were generally supportive of their older parents’ unions and older individuals were often integrated into the new partner’s network. However, a new union also restructured the relationship chain so that time and energy were redirected to the new partner. Older parents preferred to be dependent on partners rather than children/others. A new partner was described as a source for autonomy and a way of “unburdening” children. Results are discussed in light of Western individualism generally and Swedish state supported individualism in particular.

Keywords
Autonomy, later life, linked lives, new intimate relationships, relationship chain
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20449 (URN)10.1177/0192513X15579503 (DOI)000391800900005 ()2-s2.0-85008877392 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Nya intima relationer på äldre dar
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009 0720
Available from: 2015-10-21 Created: 2015-10-21 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Öberg, P. & Bildtgård, T. (2016). Initiation and development of new intimate relationships in later life. Paper presented at 2016 GSA Annual Scientific Meeting, November 16-20, 2016, New Orleans, Louisiana. The Gerontologist, 56(Suppl. 3), 17-18, Article ID Suppl. 3.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Initiation and development of new intimate relationships in later life
2016 (English)In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, no Suppl. 3, p. 17-18, article id Suppl. 3Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

According to contemporary family theory late modern relationships are guided less be external norms and more by internal negotiation between relatively equal partners. The purpose of this paper is to study initiation and development of new intimate relationships in later life, with a focus on negotiation and change, based on relationship histories with older Swedes (n=28), who are currently in new late in life cross-gender relationships initiated 60+, or currently dating singles. The results show a paradox: relationship ideals often seem unchangeable in prospect, but actual relationship arrangements appear open and changeable, when described in retrospect. LATs recall having been determined not to initiate any new relationships, cohabitants to retain their own home, remarried informants never to marry again. The analysis focuses the negotiations leading to relationship change. We discuss and question prevailing implicit assumptions about older people’s relationships as non-negotiated and unchangeable.

National Category
Geriatrics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23274 (URN)000388585000068 ()
Conference
2016 GSA Annual Scientific Meeting, November 16-20, 2016, New Orleans, Louisiana
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009 0720
Available from: 2017-01-10 Created: 2017-01-10 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Öberg, P. & Bildtgård, T. (2016). Partner-age in late life unions - ideals vs realities. Paper presented at 2016 GSA Annual Scientific Meeting,November 16-20, 2016, New Orleans, Louisiana. The Gerontologist, 56(3), 732-732, Article ID Suppl. 3.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Partner-age in late life unions - ideals vs realities
2016 (English)In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 732-732, article id Suppl. 3Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Age homo/heterogamy in romantic unions is given little attention in current gerontological research. Still partner age-differences are important for men’s and women’s relationship opportunities. This paper studies actual partner-age (age-difference) in cross-gendered unions, and ideal partner-age both for singles and respondents in unions. The study was carried out by a survey to 60–90 year old Swedes, currently either singles or in a cross-gender relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) (n=1225). Unions follow a traditionally gendered age structure: 56% of men, but only 16% of women have a younger partner. This pattern is more pronounced: in first unions (p<.001) and unions initiated before 1970 (p<.01). For respondents in unions actual partner-age showed no significant correlation with union form or urbanity (modernity-hypothesis), and not with education or income (power-hypothesis). For respondents in unions Ideal Partner-Age correlates strongly (p<.001; R2=0,76) with actual partner-age (ideal slightly younger). Among single respondents, almost all (92%) single men and half of the single women (47%) prefer a younger partner (8,9 years younger on average for men; 2,2 for women). The proportion preferring a younger partner increases by age, leading to increasingly incompatible age ideals. Results will be discussed in relation to life-course theory; gender and power; the deinstitutionalization hypothesis.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23273 (URN)000388585003441 ()
Conference
2016 GSA Annual Scientific Meeting,November 16-20, 2016, New Orleans, Louisiana
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0909:1
Available from: 2017-01-10 Created: 2017-01-10 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Öberg, P., Bildtgård, T. & Andersson, L. (2016). Skyddar en parrelation på äldre dar mot ensamhet?. Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, 23(1), 19-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skyddar en parrelation på äldre dar mot ensamhet?
2016 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this article is to study the importance of intimate relationships as protection from loneliness in later life. We base ourselves on a survey to Swedes aged 60–90 (n=1 225) focusing on intimate relationships. The analysis considers neglected issues in ageing research on loneliness: the importance of union form, the importance of looking at relationship dissolution in terms of both widowhood and divorce, and the importance of new late life unions (a gains perspective). We use two theoretical perspectives: the discrepancy model (realities vs. ideals), and the protection hypothesis, where the partner is generally the first and most important source of support in everyday life. The results show that a partner protects against loneliness and that union form matters: marriage provides the best protection, followed by cohabitation and Living Apart Together (LAT). Feelings of loneliness decrease over time following a union dissolution – and, for men, more rapidly after separation than widowhood. The more the ideal union form differs from one’s actual union form, the more common are feelings of loneliness. Initiating a new relationship after a union dissolution protects against loneliness. The article discusses the importance of using union form instead of civil status as relationship indicators in studies of older people in late modern Sweden, and of including separation/divorce as indicators of union dissolution besides widowhood. It also stresses the importance of looking at later life not only from a loss – but also from a gains – perspective.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22550 (URN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0909:1
Note

Embargo 1 år för elektronisk tillgång.

Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Öberg, P. & Bildtgård, T. (2015). Changing Union Forms Among Older People in Late Modern Sweden. In: Aging Families/Changing Families: . Paper presented at Aging Families/Changing Families: An International Conference, 3-6 June 2015, Syracuse (NY), USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing Union Forms Among Older People in Late Modern Sweden
2015 (English)In: Aging Families/Changing Families, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on union form in cross-gender relationships in later life, against the background of the transformation of intimacy in late modernity. Results are based on a survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225; response rate 42%) and European census data. Sweden seems to be the only country where there are more divorced than widowed people in this age group. Almost 1/3 of Swedes, aged 60-90, categorized as “singles” by official Swedish census data on civil status, are in fact living as LATs or cohabitants. In new romantic relationships initiated 60+ the dominant union form is LAT (70%) followed by cohabitation (26%), while marriage is rare (4%). Less than 2 in 10 singles think that is important to be married – and among marrieds less than 8 in 10. Relationship history data shows that although half of the respondents have been married only once, one third (33%) have had 2+ cohabiting unions (marital/non-marital), half (46%) 2+ established relationships, and a majority (66%) 3+ sexual partners. The results indicate that the transformation of intimacy includes older Swedes. Discussion: Should we see older people as a vanguard in the exploration of late modern intimacy, rather than carriers of cultural lag?

Keywords
later life, cross-gender relationsship, intimacy, late modernity
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20798 (URN)
Conference
Aging Families/Changing Families: An International Conference, 3-6 June 2015, Syracuse (NY), USA
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0909:1
Note

Ingår i Session8: New Forms of Partnerships in Later Life.

Available from: 2015-12-08 Created: 2015-12-08 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Hiswåls, A.-S., Ghilagaber, G., Wijk, K., Öberg, P., Soares, J. & Macassa, G. (2015). Employment status and suicidal ideation during economic recession. Health Science Journal, 9(1), Article ID 13.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Employment status and suicidal ideation during economic recession
Show others...
2015 (English)In: Health Science Journal, ISSN 1791-809X, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Suicide is a public health problem and an important indicator of severe mental ill-health. Thus, identifying risk factors for suicidal ideation is a public health priority. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between employment status and suicidal ideation in Gävleborg County. Method: The study used data from the 2010 Health in Equal Terms survey, a cross-sectional survey carried out in Gävleborg County in Sweden. A total of 4,245 individuals, aged 16–65 years were included in the analyses. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were carried out to assess the relationship between employment status and suicidal ideation Results: Individuals outside the labour market had odds of suicidal ideation of 4.21 (CI 3.14-5.64) compared to their employed counterparts. Controlling for other covariates, reduced the risk from 4.21(CI 3.14-5.64) in model I, to 1.73 (CI 1.16- 2.57) in model IV, but remained statistically significant. In addition, other variables were associated with suicidal ideation. Conclusion: There was a statistically significant association between being out of work and suicidal ideation. The association was explained partly by demographic, socio-economic and self-reported psychological variables. Results of the study suggest the need for primary prevention strategies among those out of the labour market, especially during times of economic hardship.

Keywords
Employment status; Health inequalities; Suicidal ideation
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-18964 (URN)2-s2.0-84926348708 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-02-03 Created: 2015-02-10 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Bildtgård, T. & Öberg, P. (2015). Förändrade intimitetsformer bland äldre i det senmoderna samhället [Changing forms of intimacy among older people in late modern society]. Sociologisk forskning, 52(1), 5-31
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förändrade intimitetsformer bland äldre i det senmoderna samhället [Changing forms of intimacy among older people in late modern society]
2015 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 5-31Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to a neglected reality in Swedish social research: New romantic relationships in later life. Our theoretical points of departure are the transformation of intimacy and the transition from a culture of marriage to a culture of divorce. We ask if the transformation of intimacy has reached later life and investigate late life divorce, attitudes to and choice of union form in late life heterosexual relationships, relationship history and the importance of a relationship for life satisfaction. The results, which are based both on demographic data and a survey to 60-90 year old Swedes (n=1225), show that changing relationship patterns in late modern Sweden have reached older people. In romantic relationships initiated in later life LAT is the preferred union form, followed by cohabitation, while marriage is a rare choice. In some respects this makes older people an avant-garde in the investigation of alternative union forms. The results also show the importance of romantic relationships for life satisfaction in later life independent of union form. Finally we criticize Swedish census data, which is based on civil status, for giving a somewhat distorted image of older people's family and romantic lives.

Keywords
divorce culture, late modern Sweden, later life, new romantic relationships, older people, transformation of intimacy, union forms
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19407 (URN)000353178600002 ()2-s2.0-84928984379 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Nya intima relationer på äldre dar - förändrade intimitetsformer i det senmoderna samhället
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0909:1
Available from: 2015-05-28 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Projects
New intimate relations in later life - Changed forms of intimacy in late modern society [2009-00720_Forte]; University of GävleNew intimate relations in later life - a quantitative survey [P11-0909:1_RJ]; University of GävleIntergenerational relationships between adult children and older parents in stepfamilies [2014-00395_Forte]; University of GävleGrey divorce - An unexplored path to uncoupling in later life [2017-02610_VR]; University of Gävle
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0295-898x

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