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Langeborg, Linda
Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Eriksson, M. & Langeborg, L. (2021). Toward a theory of own-anchoring in judgments of other people's external characteristics. Journal of Theoretical Social Psychology, 5(3), 262-268
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Toward a theory of own-anchoring in judgments of other people's external characteristics
2021 (English)In: Journal of Theoretical Social Psychology, E-ISSN 2475-0387, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 262-268Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The own-anchor effect concerns the assimilation of judgments of other people's external characteristics such as age, weight, and height toward the estimator's own characteristics. The phenomenon is related to theories of social projection and classical anchoring. It has previously been described as an estimation bias in studies of eyewitness accuracy and has been measured by the correlation between the estimates and the participants' own corresponding characteristics. We suggest that the term own-anchor effect should be reserved for cases when the estimate and the estimator's own value both are bigger than the target person's value, or when both are smaller than the target person's value. Two subtypes of own-anchoring and their association to different target persons of different ages and sizes are also described. A new index of own-anchoring based on the deviation between the estimate and the target persons' values is introduced, and differences between the two measures are discussed, as well as the implications for moderation by gender. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2021
National Category
Psychology Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-35498 (URN)10.1002/jts5.91 (DOI)000631658300001 ()2-s2.0-85102750255 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-03-29 Created: 2021-03-29 Last updated: 2021-08-17Bibliographically approved
Sörqvist, P. & Langeborg, L. (2019). Compensating for climate misdeeds can make you a worse carbon emitter. New scientist (1971) (4-mar)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Compensating for climate misdeeds can make you a worse carbon emitter
2019 (English)In: New scientist (1971), ISSN 0262-4079, no 4-marArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
no Strategic Research Area (SFO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29352 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-05 Created: 2019-03-05 Last updated: 2020-11-23Bibliographically approved
Holmgren, M., Kabanshi, A., Langeborg, L., Barthel, S., Colding, J., Eriksson, O. & Sörqvist, P. (2019). Deceptive sustainability: Cognitive bias in people's judgment of the benefits of CO2 emission cuts. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 64, 48-55
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deceptive sustainability: Cognitive bias in people's judgment of the benefits of CO2 emission cuts
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, E-ISSN 1522-9610, Vol. 64, p. 48-55Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

People's beliefs in the actions necessary to reduce anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are important to public policy acceptability. The current paper addressed beliefs concerning how periods of small emission cuts contribute to the total CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, by asking participants to rate the atmospheric CO2 concentration for various time periods and emission rates. The participants thought that a time period with higher emission rates combined with a period of lower emission rates generates less atmospheric CO2 in total, compared to the period with high emission rates alone – demonstrating a negative footprint illusion (Study 1). The participants appeared to base their CO2 estimates on the average, rather than on the accumulated sum, of the two periods' emissions – i.e. an averaging bias (Study 2). Moreover, the effect was robust to the wordings of the problem presented to the participants (Study 3). Together, these studies suggest that the averaging bias makes people exaggerate the benefits of small emission cuts. The averaging bias could make people willing to accept policies that reduce emission rates although insufficiently to alleviate global warming.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Climate change; Global warming; Averaging bias; Negative footprint illusion
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Sustainable Urban Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29596 (URN)10.1016/j.jenvp.2019.05.005 (DOI)000484869600006 ()2-s2.0-85066452463 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2022-09-15Bibliographically approved
Sörqvist, P. & Langeborg, L. (2019). Hurting the world you love. New scientist (1971), 241(3221), 24-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hurting the world you love
2019 (English)In: New scientist (1971), ISSN 0262-4079, Vol. 241, no 3221, p. 24-25Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
REED BUSINESS INFORMATION LTD, 2019
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
no Strategic Research Area (SFO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29918 (URN)10.1016/S0262-4079(19)30464-6 (DOI)000461533400021 ()
Available from: 2019-06-14 Created: 2019-06-14 Last updated: 2020-11-23Bibliographically approved
Sörqvist, P. & Langeborg, L. (2019). Why People Harm the Environment Although They Try to Treat It Well: An Evolutionary-Cognitive Perspective on Climate Compensation. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, Article ID 348.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Why People Harm the Environment Although They Try to Treat It Well: An Evolutionary-Cognitive Perspective on Climate Compensation
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, article id 348Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate changes stress the importance of understanding why people harm the environment despite their attempts to behave in climate friendly ways. This paper argues that one reason behind why people do this is that people apply heuristics, originally shaped to handle social exchange, on the issues of environmental impact. Reciprocity and balance in social relations have been fundamental to social cooperation, and thus to survival, and therefore the human brain has become specialized by natural selection to compute and seek this balance. When the same reasoning is applied to environment-related behaviors, people tend to think in terms of a balance between ‘environmentally friendly’ and ‘harmful’ behaviors, and to morally account for the average of these components rather than the sum. This balancing heuristic leads to compensatory green beliefs and negative footprint illusions—the misconceptions that ‘green’ choices can compensate for unsustainable ones. ‘Eco-guilt’ from imbalance in the moral environmental account may promote pro-environmental acts, but also acts that are seemingly pro-environmental but in reality more harmful than doing nothing at all. The current paper suggests strategies for handling this cognitive insufficiency.

Keywords
Climate Change, moral accounting, natural selection, Negative footprint illusion, compensatory green beliefs, evolutionary-cognitive perspective
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Sustainable Urban Development; Intelligent Industry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29225 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00348 (DOI)000460299600001 ()30886596 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85065163465 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2022-02-10Bibliographically approved
Skoog Waller, S. & Langeborg, L. (2018). ”Jag önskar att dom hade trott mig”: En kartläggning av våld i nära relationer i Gävle kommun 2017. Gävle: Gävle kommun; Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Jag önskar att dom hade trott mig”: En kartläggning av våld i nära relationer i Gävle kommun 2017
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med kartläggningen var att undersöka förekomsten av utsatthet för olika typer av våld i nära relationer bland invånarna i Gävle kommun, med hänsyn till variabler som de utsattas kön och ålder, förövarens kön samt de utsattas relation till förövaren. Kartläggningen syftade även till att undersöka i vilken grad utsatta upplevt olika former av konsekvenser av våldet, gjort polisanmälan eller sökt stöd, samt om det funnits barn med i bilden.

En enkätundersökning med personer folkbokförda i Gävle kommun genomfördes. Urvalet bestod av totalt 3000 slumpmässigt utvalda kvinnor och män, jämnt fördelade i åldersgrupperna 18-33, 34-46, 47-59, 60-72 och 73-85 år. Enkätfrågorna mätte bland annat utsatthet för psykiskt, fysiskt, sexuellt, ekonomiskt, materiellt och latent våld. Totalt 886 personer besvarade enkäten och svarsfrekvensen var 30%. Deskriptiv statistik i form av andelen utsatta för olika typer av våld i olika grupper beräknades. För att analysera skillnader mellan exempelvis kvinnor och män och olika åldersgrupper beräknades konfidensintervall, z-test och t-test. Samband mellan olika variabler samt prediktioner analyserades genom regressionsanalys.

Resultatet visade att omkring var tredje svarande hade varit utsatt för våld i nära relationer under det vuxna livet. Personer i åldrarna 18-35 år hade i högre grad varit utsatta för våld i nära relationer jämfört med personer i åldrarna 36-85 år. Det var vanligast att ha varit utsatt av en partner i en tidigare relation och tre fjärdedelar av allt rapporterat våld hade utövats av män.

Kvinnor hade i signifikant högre utsträckning än män varit utsatta för våld, och det gällde samtliga typer av våld. Våldet mot kvinnor var också i signifikant högre grad upprepat och bidragande till ständig rädsla och minskat livsutrymme hos den utsatta, jämfört med våldet mot män. Utsatta kvinnor upplevde också allvarligare konsekvenser av våldet jämfört med utsatta män.

En fjärdedel av de svarande hade varit utsatta för våld i nära relationer i barndomen och bland dem var det vanligare att även ha varit utsatta senare, under det vuxna livet. I hälften av fallen där utsatta personer hade barn, hade barnen varit närvarande när den svarande utsattes för våld, och i en tredjedel av fallen hade barnen också blivit utsatta för direkt våld av samma förövare. I nio av tio fall, där barn varit närvarande eller även utsatta för direkt våld, var förövaren en man.

Av de svarande som någon gång utsatts för våld hade en sjundedel varit i kontakt med någon myndighet eller annan enhet med anledning av våldet. Många utsatta beskrev att stödet de fått när de sökt hjälp var bristfälligt i förhållande till deras behov. Endast 6% av de utsatta hade någon gång polisanmält våldet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle kommun; Gävle University Press, 2018. p. 96
Series
RD-report, ISSN 1403-8749 ; 49
Keywords
våld i nära relationer, Gävle kommun, våldsprevention
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-32079 (URN)
Available from: 2020-04-14 Created: 2020-04-14 Last updated: 2020-04-14Bibliographically approved
Skoog Waller, S., Wikman, S. & Langeborg, L. (2018). Measuring gender differences in exposure to domestic abuse –: taking account of coercive control, impact of violence and patterns over time. In: : . Paper presented at Viktimologisk forskarkonferens 2018, 20 november 2018, Stockholm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring gender differences in exposure to domestic abuse –: taking account of coercive control, impact of violence and patterns over time
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The controversy over gender differences in exposure to domestic violence (DV) seems to be a never-ending story. Researchers on one side of the debate argue that men and women are equally victimized (gender symmetry), while researches on the other side of the debate argue that women are victimized to larger extent, and with greater severity (gender asymmetry). Evidence for gender symmetry is based mainly on quantitative data from a plentitude of surveys measuring gender differences in perpetration and exposure to intimate partner violence. The asymmetry perspective, on the other hand, emphasizes investigation of contextual factors (e.g. the impact and meaning of violence) but have been based on studies that to a lesser extent include both men and women. Hence, there are conceptual and methodological differences between studies that find gender symmetry and those that propose gender asymmetry.

We will present a survey performed to measure the prevalence of exposure to DV among men and women in the municipality of Gävle, Sweden. The presentation will highlight the significance of coercive control, temporal aspects, and impact of violence in measurement and understanding of gender differences in exposure to DV. Results from the survey suggest that women had been more exposed than men to all types of violence measured (psychological, sexual, physical, economical-material, latent violence and negligence), that female exposure were more often repeated, and lead to more severe consequences than did male exposure to DV. We also found that having children with the perpetrator, which was more common among women, was a stronger predictor of negative consequences than any single type of violence. We will also present results concerning children of DV victims and experiences of help seeking and reporting violence.

Keywords
domestic violence, domestic abuse, coercive control, gender symmetry, gender asymmetry
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Innovative Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28918 (URN)
Conference
Viktimologisk forskarkonferens 2018, 20 november 2018, Stockholm
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2021-03-30Bibliographically approved
Langeborg, L. & Eriksson, M. (2016). Anchoring in numeric judgments of visual stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, Article ID 225.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anchoring in numeric judgments of visual stimuli
2016 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 7, article id 225Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates effects of anchoring in age estimation and estimation of quantities, two tasks which to different extents are based on visual stimuli. The results are compared to anchoring in answers to classic general knowledge questions that rely on semantic knowledge. Cognitive load was manipulated to explore possible differences between domains. Effects of source credibility, manipulated by differing instructions regarding the selection of anchor values (no information regarding anchor selection, information that the anchors are randomly generated or information that the anchors are answers from an expert) on anchoring were also investigated. Effects of anchoring were large for all types of judgments but were not affected by cognitive load or by source credibility in either one of the researched domains. A main effect of cognitive load on quantity estimations and main effects of source credibility in the two visually based domains indicate that the manipulations were efficient. Implications for theoretical explanations of anchoring are discussed. In particular, because anchoring did not interact with cognitive load, the results imply that the process behind anchoring in visual tasks is predominantly automatic and unconscious.

Keywords
anchoring effects, decision making, age estimation, cognitive load, judgment, source credibility
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21268 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00225 (DOI)000370598000001 ()26941684 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-02-23 Created: 2016-02-23 Last updated: 2022-09-16Bibliographically approved
Sörqvist, P., Langeborg, L. & Marsh, J. E. (2016). Social desirability does not underpin the eco-label effect on product judgments. Food Quality and Preference, 50, 82-87
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social desirability does not underpin the eco-label effect on product judgments
2016 (English)In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 50, p. 82-87Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What reason underpins why people say they prefer eco-labeled over conventional products during direct perceptual comparison? One possibility is that there is no difference in the perceptual experience of the products; the participants just say there is because they wish to gain other’s approval. In this paper, we tested this social desirability account of the eco-label effect by requesting participants to judge grapes that were in truth identical but labeled “eco-friendly” and “conventional” respectively. The eco-label effects were similar in magnitude for an impression management condition (participants were told that their responses were monitored) and a no-instructions control condition, but greater in a moral-instructions condition (the participants were told, amongst other things, that conventional agriculture is harmful). The experiment suggests that people do not say that they prefer eco-labeled products because they seek other’s approval. Social motives may underpin reasons to purchase “green” products at the grocery store, but social motives are not the direct cause of the eco-label effect on the perceptual experience of the products.

Keywords
Eco-label effect, Taste, Social desirability, Impression management, Perceptual experience
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21113 (URN)10.1016/j.foodqual.2016.01.010 (DOI)000372767300010 ()2-s2.0-84955561469 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Sörqvist, P. & Langeborg, L. (2015). Glorification of eco-labeled objects: An effect of intrinsic or social desirability?. In: : . Paper presented at 11th Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology (BCEP2015), 24-26 August 2015, Groningen, Holland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Glorification of eco-labeled objects: An effect of intrinsic or social desirability?
2015 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Environmentally friendly consumables and products are often perceived as superior to their conventional counterparts. The reason for this, at least in part, is that people tend to glorify eco-labeled objects. For example, people prefer the taste of coffee called “eco-friendly” in comparison with another cup of coffee called “conventional”, even when the two cups of coffee are actually identical and merely named differently. What is the underlying mechanism of this eco-label effect? Do people report superior evaluations of eco-labeled products for intrinsic reasons or because they think this attitude is approved by others (a social desirability mechanism)? In two experiments, the participants’ concerns with social desirability were manipulated by telling them that their taste judgments of consumables were monitored by others. The eco-label effect was just as strong in the high social desirability concerns condition as in a control condition (Experiments 1 and 2). However, the eco-label effect was stronger in magnitude for participants who were told that consumers are morally responsible for the environmental consequences of their consumer behavior (Experiment 2). Taken together, the eco-label effect appears to be caused by intrinsic desirability processes, not by social desirability processes.

National Category
Applied Psychology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20152 (URN)
Conference
11th Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology (BCEP2015), 24-26 August 2015, Groningen, Holland
Available from: 2015-08-26 Created: 2015-08-26 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
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