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Nilsson, Annika
Publications (10 of 28) Show all publications
Eriksson, E., Wejåker, M., Danhard, A., Nilsson, A. & Kristofferzon, M.-L. (2019). Living with a spouse with chronic illness – the challenge of balancing demands and resources. BMC Public Health, 19, Article ID 422.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living with a spouse with chronic illness – the challenge of balancing demands and resources
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2019 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 19, article id 422Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectives. To describe the partners’ experiences of living with a person with chronic illness and how they manage everyday life.

Background. The number of partners providing informal care for their chronically ill spouse is rising, and they describe their daily life as demanding.

Design. A descriptive design with a qualitative approach was used.   

Methods. A purposive sample of 16 partners with a chronically ill spouse were interviewed. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Results Four main themes were identified: ‘Living with challenges caused by the spouse's disease,’ ‘Seeking support for living with the spouse’s illness,’ ‘Appreciating the good parts of life’ and ‘Adapting to constant changes and an uncertain future.’ The participants rated their health as rather good and had great confidence in their own ability to cope with daily life. Their experiences of support from formal care providers varied; they expressed the need for more assistance from the health care sector.

Conclusions. The partners experienced many challenges in everyday life when providing informal care for their chronically ill spouse. This affected both their physical and psychological health, as they had limited time for themselves. The partners seemed to receive more support from their informal network than from formal care providers. In handling daily life, the partners balanced demands and resources to identify possibilities to move forward and find meaning in life.

Relevance to clinical practice. Formal care providers must acknowledge partners' needs, develop evidence-based assessment guidelines, and provide efficient support to partners with a chronically ill spouse. 

Keywords
chronic illness, partner, resources, formal care, daily life
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25800 (URN)10.1186/s12889-019-6800-7 (DOI)000465429300005 ()31014309 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85064811879 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-14 Created: 2017-12-14 Last updated: 2019-08-09Bibliographically approved
Wiitavaara, B., Rissén, D., Högberg, H. & Nilsson, A. (2019). Psychometric testing of a short form questionnaire for measurement of health experiences among people with musculoskeletal disorders undergoing multimodal rehabilitation. BMJ Open, 9(5), Article ID e025103.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychometric testing of a short form questionnaire for measurement of health experiences among people with musculoskeletal disorders undergoing multimodal rehabilitation
2019 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 9, no 5, article id e025103Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim

The aim of present study was to assess if a previously suggested short-form questionnaire tested among women with non-specific neck-shoulder pain is suitable also for use among men and women with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders in any part of the body, by testing its construct validity by a confirmatory factor analysis. If not, the secondary aim was to investigate the evolving factor structure when performing an explorative factor analysis of data in the expanded sample.

Methods

Questionnaire data was collected in three different contexts, in primary care via eight different multimodal rehabilitation teams, in specialised care via two different specialist care centres. The sample consisted of 116 participants, male (n=29) and female (n=87) with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders.

Data was analysed using confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis and a visual comparison between the result of the Principal Component Analysis in present study, and the results attained in a previous study with a similar aim and design.

Results

The confirmatory factor analyses did not end up in a model with acceptable measures for validity. Three models were tested, none of them met the criterion for an acceptable model and the goodness-of-fit statistics were not fully acceptable. The exploratory factor analysis had an only partly comparable result, compared to previous study.

Conclusion

The results of present study did not prove the suggested short form questionnaire to be suitable for evaluation of symptoms among men and women with non-specific musculoskeletal disorders in any part of the body. Further studies including larger samples are recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2019
Keywords
musculoskeletal disorders, outcome measure, questionnaire, validation, psychometric test
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27466 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025103 (DOI)000471192800103 ()31110088 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85065983318 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved
Kristofferzon, M.-L., Engström, M. & Nilsson, A. (2018). Coping mediates the relationship between sense of coherence and mental quality of life in patients with chronic illness: a cross-sectional study. Quality of Life Research, 27(7), 1855-1863
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coping mediates the relationship between sense of coherence and mental quality of life in patients with chronic illness: a cross-sectional study
2018 (English)In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 1855-1863Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The aim of the present study was to investigate relationships between sense of coherence, emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, coping efficiency, and mental quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic illness. A model based on Lazarus’ and Folkman’s stress and coping theory tested the specific hypothesis: Sense of coherence has a direct and indirect effect on mental QoL mediated by emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, and coping efficiency in serial adjusted for age, gender, educational level, comorbidity, and economic status.

Methods

The study used a cross-sectional and correlational design. Patients (n = 292) with chronic diseases (chronic heart failure, end-stage renal disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and Parkinson) completed three questionnaires and provided background data. Data were collected in 2012, and a serial multiple mediator model was tested using PROCESS macro for SPSS.

Results

The test of the conceptual model confirmed the hypothesis. There was a significant direct and indirect effect of sense of coherence on mental QoL through the three mediators. The model explained 39% of the variance in mental QoL.

Conclusions

Self-perceived effective coping strategies are the most important mediating factors between sense of coherence and QoL in patients with chronic illness, which supports Lazarus’ and Folkman’s stress and coping theory.

Keywords
Coping, Chronic illness, Quality of life, Sense of coherence, Coping effectiveness
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26408 (URN)10.1007/s11136-018-1845-0 (DOI)000435128700017 ()29623597 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85045041173 (Scopus ID)
Projects
LVO-CopQoL
Available from: 2018-04-06 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2019-01-30Bibliographically approved
Rashid, M., Kristofferzon, M.-L., Heiden, M. & Nilsson, A. (2018). Factors related to work ability and well-being among women on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 18(1), Article ID 672.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors related to work ability and well-being among women on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back: a cross-sectional study
2018 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 672Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Musculoskeletal pain is one of the leading causes of sick leave, especially among women, in Western countries. The aim of the present study was to identify factors associated with work ability and well-being, respectively, among women on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study with a correlational design was conducted on women who were sick-listed due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back. A total of 208 participants responded to a survey comprising eight instruments: Multidimensional Pain Inventory scale, General Self-Efficacy scale, Sense of Coherence scale, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Work Ability Index and Life Satisfaction questionnaire. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with work ability and well-being, respectively.

RESULTS:

Women who more strongly believed they would return to the same work had greater work ability (β = 0.39, p < 0.001), whereas women with higher pain intensity (β = - 0.30, p < 0.001) and higher job strain (β = - 0.12, p < 0.05) had lower work ability. Women with higher self-efficacy rated greater well-being (β = 0.14, p < 0.05). As the women's scores for depression increased, their well-being decreased by 48%, which was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The regression models for work ability and well-being were significant (p < 0.001), and their adjusted R- square values were 48% and 59%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The study suggests that the factors beliefs to be back at the same work, pain intensity and job strain are predictive of work ability. Moreover, the factors self-efficacy and depression seem to be predictive of well-being. The findings highlight factors that should be considered by health care professionals and policy-makers to guide attempts to reduce sick leave.

Keywords
Ability to work; Musculoskeletal pain; Prognostic factors; Quality of life; Sickness absence; Women
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25931 (URN)10.1186/s12889-018-5580-9 (DOI)000433587000004 ()29848306 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85047837458 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agency:

University of Gävle grant no: 2015/424

Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, M., Björn, C., Engström, M. & Nilsson, A. (2018). Nurse anesthetists' reflections on caring for patients with previous substance dependence: Balancing between professionalism and preconceptions. Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, 33(1), 69-77
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nurse anesthetists' reflections on caring for patients with previous substance dependence: Balancing between professionalism and preconceptions
2018 (English)In: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, ISSN 1089-9472, E-ISSN 1532-8473, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 69-77Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The study aim was to describe nurse anaesthetists’ reflections on provision of perioperative care to patients with previous substance dependence.

Design

A qualitative approach with a descriptive design.

Methods

Semi-structured interviews based on clinical vignettes were conducted with ten nurse anaesthetists.

Findings

The perioperative care provided to patients with previous substance dependence was perceived as balancing between professionalism and preconceptions for this specific patient group. The nurse anaesthetists felt that anesthetizing this group of patients constituted an anaesthesiological challenge with regard to knowledge, experience and time. However, the nurses also had feelings of distrust and uncertainty due to lack of knowledge.

Conclusion

The nurse anaesthetists strove to uphold the principle that patients who are/have been substance dependent have the same right to adequate treatment and care as all patients. If guidelines were developed for this patient group, care could be made safer and nurses’ sense of uncertainty minimized.

 

Keywords
nurse anaesthetist, relapse, substance abuse, perioperative care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21014 (URN)10.1016/j.jopan.2016.01.004 (DOI)000425223700010 ()2-s2.0-85015446147 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-01-14 Created: 2016-01-14 Last updated: 2018-03-15Bibliographically approved
Rashid, M., Kristofferzon, M.-L., Heiden, M. & Nilsson, A. (2018). Work ability, well-being and return-to-work among women in Gävleborg on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back. In: Per Lindberg (Ed.), FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts. Paper presented at FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle (pp. 68). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work ability, well-being and return-to-work among women in Gävleborg on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back
2018 (English)In: FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 68-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background

Sickness absence due to long-term musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is a common phenom-enon in Sweden as well as in other European countries. Sick leave due to MSP (i.e. pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back) is higher among women than among men; therefore, women can be considered as a vulnerable group.

Aim

The overall aim is to identify factors of importance for work ability, well-being and return to work among women of working age who are on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back. The project includes three empirical studies.

Methods

The project was a result of a joint collaboration between the University of Gävle and the Swedish Social Insurance Agency in Gävleborg. Initially, a postal survey was sent to 600 women in Gävleborg who were receiving time-loss benefits during spring 2016. The inclusion criteria were: women aged 18-65 years, ≥ 50% sick leave from service, sick leave ≥ 1 month due to pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back (≥ 3 months) and understanding the Swedish language. The exclusion criteria were: rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, stroke, cancer, Parkinson, bipolar disease, schizophrenia and preg-nancy. After 12 months, a follow-up survey was sent to the 208 women who answered the survey at baseline, and 141 responded.

Results

Study-I aimed to identify factors associated with work ability and well-being among women on sick leave. The results showed that beliefs to be back at the same work, pain intensity and job strain correlated with work ability. Self-efficacy and depression correlated with well-being. Study-II aimed to compare work ability and well-being over time, among women who returned to work (RTW) versus women who remained on sick leave in one year. The findings indicated that out of 141 women, 94 did RTW and 47 remained on sick leave. The group that RTW improved in work ability as well as well-being over time, whereas the group that remained on sick leave tended to decline over time in well-being. Study-III aims to identify predictors of RTW among women on sick leave. The analysis is under way. This project highlights factors that should be considered by health care professionals and policy-makers to guide attempts to reduce sick leave in this vulnerable group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28852 (URN)
Conference
FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle
Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, A., Carlsson, M., Lindqvist, R. & Kristofferzon, M.-L. (2017). A comparative correlational study of coping strategies and quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure and the general Swedish population. Nursing Open, 4(3), 157-167
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparative correlational study of coping strategies and quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure and the general Swedish population
2017 (English)In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 157-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to compare coping strategies and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) with such strategies and QOL in persons from two general Swedish populations as well as to investigate relationships between personal characteristics and coping strategies. Methods:A cross-sectional, comparative and correlational design was used to examine data from three sources. The patient group (n=124), defined using ICD-10, was selected consecutively from two hospitals in central Sweden. The population group (n=515) consisted of persons drawn randomly from the Swedish population. Data were collected with questionnaires in 2011; regarding QoL, Swedish population reference data from 1994 were used. Results: Overall, women used more coping strategies than men did. Compared to the general population data from SF-36, patients with CHF rated lower QoL. In the regression models, perceived low ‘efficiency in managing psychological aspects of daily life’ increased use of coping. Other personal characteristics related to increased use of coping strategies were higher education, lower age and unsatisfactory economic situation. Conclusion: Differences between the patients and the general Swedish population showed an unclear pattern for coping and a clear pattern for QoL. To deal with the psychological consequences of daily life, men with CHF and persons in the general Swedish population seemed to use both problem- and emotion-focused coping. 

Keywords
chronic heart failure, coping, cross sectional survey, general Swedish population, Jalowiec Coping Scale, quality of life, SF-36
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23789 (URN)10.1002/nop2.81 (DOI)000405085600006 ()28694980 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062111850 (Scopus ID)
Projects
LVO-CopQoL
Available from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Rashid, M., Kristofferzon, M.-L., Nilsson, A. & Heiden, M. (2017). Factors associated with return-to-work among people on work absence due to long-term neck or back pain: a narrative systematic review. BMJ Open, 7(6), Article ID e014939.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors associated with return-to-work among people on work absence due to long-term neck or back pain: a narrative systematic review
2017 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 6, article id e014939Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this narrative systematic review was to summarise prognostic factors for return to work (RTW) among people with long-term neck/shoulder or back pain.

METHODS:

A systematic literature search was performed through three databases (Medline, CINAHL and PsycINFO) for studies published until February 2016. Only observational studies of people on work absence (≥2 weeks) due to neck/shoulder or back pain were included. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using guidelines for assessing quality in prognostic studies on the basis of Framework of Potential Biases. Factors found in the included studies were grouped into categories based on similarities and then labelled according to the aspects covered by the factors in the category.

RESULTS:

Nine longitudinal prospective cohort studies and one retrospective study fulfilled the inclusion criteria. From these, five categories of factors were extracted. Our findings indicate that recovery beliefs, health-related factors and work capacity are important for RTW among people with long-term neck or back pain. We did not find support for workplace factors and behaviour being predictive of RTW.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest that recovery beliefs, perceived health and work capacity may be important targets of intervention for people with long-term neck or back pain. However, more high-quality prospective studies are needed to confirm the results and improve our understanding of what is needed to facilitate RTW in this population.

Keywords
factors, return to work, work absence, pain
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21102 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014939 (DOI)000406391200103 ()28674139 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85021744037 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Rashid, M., Kristofferzon, M.-L., Heiden, M. & Nilsson, A. (2017). Predictors of work ability among women on long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain. In: Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mikael Blomé and Hajnalka Bodnar (Ed.), NES2017 conference proceedings: . Paper presented at Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference 2017 (NES2017) 'Joy at Work', 20-23 August, 2017, Lund, Sweden (pp. 140).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predictors of work ability among women on long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain
2017 (English)In: NES2017 conference proceedings / [ed] Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mikael Blomé and Hajnalka Bodnar, 2017, p. 140-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Musculoskeletal pain is one of the leading causes of sick leave (SL), especially among women in Sweden and in other western countries. It is, therefore, important to know which health- and work-related factors are associated with work ability (WA) among women with long-term musculoskeletal pain.

     Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is any association between self-efficacy, anxiety, depression, sense of coherence, job strain, support at work, pain intensity, physical activity, beliefs to be back at the same work, coping strategies, and WA.

     Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on women with long-term pain who were on SL. Inclusion criteria: (i) age 18-65 years, (ii) SL: ≥ 1 months, (iii) SL: ≥ 50%, (iv) pain in neck, shoulder or back (≥ 3 months), and (v) understanding Swedish. Exclusion criteria: (i) rheumatoid arthritis, (ii) multiple sclerosis, (iii) stroke, (iv) cancer, (v) Parkinson, (vi) bipolar disease, (vii) schizophrenia, (viii) pregnancy. In spring 2016, self-administered questionnaires were sent out to 600 women who were receiving time-loss benefits according to the Swedish Social Insurance registers. Out of these, a total of 208 participants responded and were included in the analysis. For assessing the predictors and the outcome, seven instruments were used: General Self-Efficacy, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire, Sense of Coherence, Multidimensional Pain Inventory, Coping Strategy Questionnaire and Work Ability Index. Two of the predictors, physical activity and beliefs to be back at the same work, were measured by single questions. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to detect which of the factors were associated with WA.

     Results: Women who more strongly believed that they would return to the same work within 6 months had higher WA (β= 0.39, p < .001), whereas women with higher pain intensity (β= -0.28, p < .001) and higher job strain (β= -0.12, p < .05) had lower WA. The results did not change when age, cohabitant, economic situation and social support were controlled for in the analysis. The regression model was significant (p < .0001), and its adjusted R- square was 48%.

     Discussion and practical implications: Women’s positive beliefs are associated with higher WA in accordance with previous studies. Our study also found that pain intensity and high job strain are associated with reduced WA. The results suggest that health care providers and employers should take women’s beliefs to be back at the same work into account for supporting them to return to work. Furthermore, the focus of rehabilitation program should be on women suffering from high pain intensity to increase WA.

     Conclusion: This study showed that beliefs to be back at the same work, pain intensity and job strain might be predictors of WA. Further studies are needed to identify if these predictors are also important for WA among women with long-term pain who are at work.

 

Key words: Factors, ability to work, sickness absence, women and pain

National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25222 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference 2017 (NES2017) 'Joy at Work', 20-23 August, 2017, Lund, Sweden
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Dahlkvist, E., Hartig, T., Nilsson, A., Högberg, H., Skovdahl, K. & Engström, M. (2016). Garden greenery and the health of older people in residential care facilities: A multi-level cross-sectional study. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(9), 2065-2076
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Garden greenery and the health of older people in residential care facilities: A multi-level cross-sectional study
Show others...
2016 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 72, no 9, p. 2065-2076Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS:

To test the relationship between greenery in gardens at residential facilities for older people and the self-perceived health of residents, mediated by experiences of being away and fascination when in the garden and the frequency of visitation there. To examine how these indirect effects vary with the number of physical barriers to visiting the garden.

BACKGROUND:

Many older people in residential facilities suffer from complex health problems. Access to a green outdoor environment may enable psychological distance, engage effortless attention, encourage more frequent visitation and promote resident health.

DESIGN:

A multi-level, cross-sectional, correlational design.

METHODS:

Questionnaires were administered June-August, 2011 to convenience samples of residents at 72 facilities for older people with complex healthcare needs. One to 10 eligible residents were sampled during self-motivated garden visits at each facility (n = 290). They reported on their garden experiences and health. Facility staff reported on objective garden characteristics and barriers to access. A serial mediation model was tested with multiple linear regression analysis.

RESULTS:

The total indirect effect of greenery on self-perceived health was positive and significant. Garden greenery appears to affect health by enhancing a sense of being away, affording possibilities to experience the outdoor environment as interesting and encouraging visitation. Among residents in homes with multiple barriers, only fascination mediated the relationship between greenery and self-perceived health.

CONCLUSION:

Ample greenery in outdoor space at residential facilities for older people appears to promote experiences of being away and fascination, more frequent visitation and better health.

Keywords
health, nurses, nursing, outdoor environment, residential facilities, serial mediation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21204 (URN)10.1111/jan.12968 (DOI)000383625800009 ()27028976 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84978983258 (Scopus ID)
Projects
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Note

Funded by:

- University of Gävle- Örebro University; Swedish Society of Nursing; Maja Johansson & Maja Brantefors Foundation; Annalisa Detlow-Bergs Foundation; Göranssonska Foundation

Available from: 2016-02-06 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
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