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Rashid, Mamunur
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Rashid, M., Kristofferzon, M.-L., Heiden, M. & Nilsson, A. (2018). Factors related to work ability and well-being among women on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 18(1), Article ID 672.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors related to work ability and well-being among women on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back: a cross-sectional study
2018 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 672Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Musculoskeletal pain is one of the leading causes of sick leave, especially among women, in Western countries. The aim of the present study was to identify factors associated with work ability and well-being, respectively, among women on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study with a correlational design was conducted on women who were sick-listed due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back. A total of 208 participants responded to a survey comprising eight instruments: Multidimensional Pain Inventory scale, General Self-Efficacy scale, Sense of Coherence scale, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Work Ability Index and Life Satisfaction questionnaire. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with work ability and well-being, respectively.

RESULTS:

Women who more strongly believed they would return to the same work had greater work ability (β = 0.39, p < 0.001), whereas women with higher pain intensity (β = - 0.30, p < 0.001) and higher job strain (β = - 0.12, p < 0.05) had lower work ability. Women with higher self-efficacy rated greater well-being (β = 0.14, p < 0.05). As the women's scores for depression increased, their well-being decreased by 48%, which was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The regression models for work ability and well-being were significant (p < 0.001), and their adjusted R- square values were 48% and 59%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The study suggests that the factors beliefs to be back at the same work, pain intensity and job strain are predictive of work ability. Moreover, the factors self-efficacy and depression seem to be predictive of well-being. The findings highlight factors that should be considered by health care professionals and policy-makers to guide attempts to reduce sick leave.

Keywords
Ability to work; Musculoskeletal pain; Prognostic factors; Quality of life; Sickness absence; Women
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25931 (URN)10.1186/s12889-018-5580-9 (DOI)000433587000004 ()29848306 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85047837458 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agency:

University of Gävle grant no: 2015/424

Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Rashid, M., Kristofferzon, M.-L., Heiden, M. & Nilsson, A. (2018). Work ability, well-being and return-to-work among women in Gävleborg on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back. In: Per Lindberg (Ed.), FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts. Paper presented at FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle (pp. 68). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work ability, well-being and return-to-work among women in Gävleborg on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back
2018 (English)In: FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 68-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background

Sickness absence due to long-term musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is a common phenom-enon in Sweden as well as in other European countries. Sick leave due to MSP (i.e. pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back) is higher among women than among men; therefore, women can be considered as a vulnerable group.

Aim

The overall aim is to identify factors of importance for work ability, well-being and return to work among women of working age who are on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back. The project includes three empirical studies.

Methods

The project was a result of a joint collaboration between the University of Gävle and the Swedish Social Insurance Agency in Gävleborg. Initially, a postal survey was sent to 600 women in Gävleborg who were receiving time-loss benefits during spring 2016. The inclusion criteria were: women aged 18-65 years, ≥ 50% sick leave from service, sick leave ≥ 1 month due to pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back (≥ 3 months) and understanding the Swedish language. The exclusion criteria were: rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, stroke, cancer, Parkinson, bipolar disease, schizophrenia and preg-nancy. After 12 months, a follow-up survey was sent to the 208 women who answered the survey at baseline, and 141 responded.

Results

Study-I aimed to identify factors associated with work ability and well-being among women on sick leave. The results showed that beliefs to be back at the same work, pain intensity and job strain correlated with work ability. Self-efficacy and depression correlated with well-being. Study-II aimed to compare work ability and well-being over time, among women who returned to work (RTW) versus women who remained on sick leave in one year. The findings indicated that out of 141 women, 94 did RTW and 47 remained on sick leave. The group that RTW improved in work ability as well as well-being over time, whereas the group that remained on sick leave tended to decline over time in well-being. Study-III aims to identify predictors of RTW among women on sick leave. The analysis is under way. This project highlights factors that should be considered by health care professionals and policy-makers to guide attempts to reduce sick leave in this vulnerable group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28852 (URN)
Conference
FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle
Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Rashid, M., Kristofferzon, M.-L., Nilsson, A. & Heiden, M. (2017). Factors associated with return-to-work among people on work absence due to long-term neck or back pain: a narrative systematic review. BMJ Open, 7(6), Article ID e014939.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors associated with return-to-work among people on work absence due to long-term neck or back pain: a narrative systematic review
2017 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 6, article id e014939Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this narrative systematic review was to summarise prognostic factors for return to work (RTW) among people with long-term neck/shoulder or back pain.

METHODS:

A systematic literature search was performed through three databases (Medline, CINAHL and PsycINFO) for studies published until February 2016. Only observational studies of people on work absence (≥2 weeks) due to neck/shoulder or back pain were included. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using guidelines for assessing quality in prognostic studies on the basis of Framework of Potential Biases. Factors found in the included studies were grouped into categories based on similarities and then labelled according to the aspects covered by the factors in the category.

RESULTS:

Nine longitudinal prospective cohort studies and one retrospective study fulfilled the inclusion criteria. From these, five categories of factors were extracted. Our findings indicate that recovery beliefs, health-related factors and work capacity are important for RTW among people with long-term neck or back pain. We did not find support for workplace factors and behaviour being predictive of RTW.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest that recovery beliefs, perceived health and work capacity may be important targets of intervention for people with long-term neck or back pain. However, more high-quality prospective studies are needed to confirm the results and improve our understanding of what is needed to facilitate RTW in this population.

Keywords
factors, return to work, work absence, pain
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21102 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014939 (DOI)000406391200103 ()28674139 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85021744037 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Rashid, M., Kristofferzon, M.-L., Heiden, M. & Nilsson, A. (2017). Predictors of work ability among women on long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain. In: Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mikael Blomé and Hajnalka Bodnar (Ed.), NES2017 conference proceedings: . Paper presented at Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference 2017 (NES2017) 'Joy at Work', 20-23 August, 2017, Lund, Sweden (pp. 140).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predictors of work ability among women on long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain
2017 (English)In: NES2017 conference proceedings / [ed] Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mikael Blomé and Hajnalka Bodnar, 2017, p. 140-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Musculoskeletal pain is one of the leading causes of sick leave (SL), especially among women in Sweden and in other western countries. It is, therefore, important to know which health- and work-related factors are associated with work ability (WA) among women with long-term musculoskeletal pain.

     Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is any association between self-efficacy, anxiety, depression, sense of coherence, job strain, support at work, pain intensity, physical activity, beliefs to be back at the same work, coping strategies, and WA.

     Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on women with long-term pain who were on SL. Inclusion criteria: (i) age 18-65 years, (ii) SL: ≥ 1 months, (iii) SL: ≥ 50%, (iv) pain in neck, shoulder or back (≥ 3 months), and (v) understanding Swedish. Exclusion criteria: (i) rheumatoid arthritis, (ii) multiple sclerosis, (iii) stroke, (iv) cancer, (v) Parkinson, (vi) bipolar disease, (vii) schizophrenia, (viii) pregnancy. In spring 2016, self-administered questionnaires were sent out to 600 women who were receiving time-loss benefits according to the Swedish Social Insurance registers. Out of these, a total of 208 participants responded and were included in the analysis. For assessing the predictors and the outcome, seven instruments were used: General Self-Efficacy, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire, Sense of Coherence, Multidimensional Pain Inventory, Coping Strategy Questionnaire and Work Ability Index. Two of the predictors, physical activity and beliefs to be back at the same work, were measured by single questions. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to detect which of the factors were associated with WA.

     Results: Women who more strongly believed that they would return to the same work within 6 months had higher WA (β= 0.39, p < .001), whereas women with higher pain intensity (β= -0.28, p < .001) and higher job strain (β= -0.12, p < .05) had lower WA. The results did not change when age, cohabitant, economic situation and social support were controlled for in the analysis. The regression model was significant (p < .0001), and its adjusted R- square was 48%.

     Discussion and practical implications: Women’s positive beliefs are associated with higher WA in accordance with previous studies. Our study also found that pain intensity and high job strain are associated with reduced WA. The results suggest that health care providers and employers should take women’s beliefs to be back at the same work into account for supporting them to return to work. Furthermore, the focus of rehabilitation program should be on women suffering from high pain intensity to increase WA.

     Conclusion: This study showed that beliefs to be back at the same work, pain intensity and job strain might be predictors of WA. Further studies are needed to identify if these predictors are also important for WA among women with long-term pain who are at work.

 

Key words: Factors, ability to work, sickness absence, women and pain

National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25222 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference 2017 (NES2017) 'Joy at Work', 20-23 August, 2017, Lund, Sweden
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
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