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Niesten, E. & Stefan, I. (2019). Embracing the Paradox of Interorganizational Value Co-creation–Value Capture: A Literature Review towards Paradox Resolution. International journal of management reviews (Print), 21(2), 231-255
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Embracing the Paradox of Interorganizational Value Co-creation–Value Capture: A Literature Review towards Paradox Resolution
2019 (English)In: International journal of management reviews (Print), ISSN 1460-8545, E-ISSN 1468-2370, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 231-255Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study reviews literature on paradoxical tensions between value co-creation and capture in interorganizational relationships (IORs). The purpose of this review is to make a re-evaluation of the literature by engaging a paradox theory lens, thereby identifying factors that render tensions salient and factors that lead to virtuous or vicious cycles. This review of 143 articles reveals factors that make tensions salient; these relate to plurality (e.g. coopetition), scarcity (e.g. lack of experience with IORs), change (e.g. changes in collaboration scope) or combinations thereof (e.g. IORs in weak appropriability regimes). Results also uncover factors that resolve paradoxical tensions of value co-creation and capture, thus spurring virtuous cycles (e.g. carefully mixing trust and contracts), as well as factors that promote vicious cycles, owing to the emphasis on either value co-creation or capture (e.g. myopia of learning). This review also uncovers a new category of factors that may stimulate either virtuous or vicious cycles, depending on the extent to which they are enforced. This finding expands the value co-creation–capture paradox resolution, and brings to light new dynamics in the paradox framework of dynamic equilibrium. The authors thus contribute by: (1) reassessing the existing literature and applying paradox theory to the well-known hazard of value co-creation and capture; (2) highlighting factors that amplify paradoxical tensions related to this hazard; and (3) outlining factors that solve the paradox by embracing its contradictory poles and factors that hinder paradox resolution by emphasizing either value co-creation or appropriation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2019
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering Economics and Business
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28512 (URN)10.1111/ijmr.12196 (DOI)000466180200006 ()2-s2.0-85065069830 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth
Note

Erratum published in: International Journal of Management Reviews 21(3), p. 400-401.

Funding: University of Gävle (Gävleborg Region and the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth) and KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Styffe foundation)

Available from: 2018-10-31 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Stefan, I., Hurmelinna-Laukkanen, P. & Vanhaverbeke, W. (2018). Coping with tensions in open innovation: challenges and solutions to co-create and capture value.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coping with tensions in open innovation: challenges and solutions to co-create and capture value
2018 (English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28513 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-31 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Stefan, I. (2018). Knowing the Ropes in Open Innovation: Understanding Tensions through a Paradox Lens. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowing the Ropes in Open Innovation: Understanding Tensions through a Paradox Lens
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The fundamental paradox of disclosure suggested by Kenneth Arrow represents a challenge in contemporary open innovation settings. Potential negative outcomes of this paradox – e.g. misappropriation of ideas – are still not fully avertable. Researchers, practitioners and policy makers strive to untangle tensions related to this paradox, because failure to manage such tensions might entail lost jobs and hampered economic and technological growth.The purpose of this thesis is to provide a deeper understanding of this paradox by combining three perspectives on tensions in open innovation and applying a paradox lens. The overarching perspective is of value co-creation–value capture. The thesis comprises of five papers that are based on quantitative, qualitative and conceptual studies. The findings reveal: 1) characteristics of tensions; 2) factors that create tensions; and 3) possible solutions and pitfalls to managing said tensions. Findings show that tensions may be managed as paradoxical, dilemmatic or dialectical, depending e.g. on the need to be open or on the overlap between a product’s solution and its characteristics. Moreover, tensions could be spurred by a variety of factors, which may be categorized as: plurality of views, scarcity of resources, change, and combinations thereof (compound factors).Possible solutions to managing tensions include e.g. increasing staff awareness about intellectual property issues or improving collaboration contracts. Possible pitfalls are linked to over-focusing on either co-creating or on capturing value, and also to subsequent tensions. Findings also reveal a category of factors with dual role, which depending on their intensity, may lead to either solutions or to pitfalls. This hints towards additional layers of complexity concerning the paradox of disclosure. The findings contribute to theory on open innovation, appropriability and organizational paradox, and have important implications for practitioners and policy makers.

Abstract [sv]

En aktuell utmaning i samband med öppen innovation kan hänföras till den grundläggande paradox om avslöjande av idéer som föreslogs av Kenneth Arrow. Det är oklart hur potentiella negativa konsekvenser av denna paradox - till exempel otillåten användning av idéer – ska hanteras. Forskare, praktiker och beslutsfattare strävar efter att eliminera de spänningar som följer av paradoxen eftersom de kan hindra ekonomisk och teknologisk tillväxt. Denna avhandling syftar till att ge en djupare förståelse av paradoxen om avslöjande genom att kombinera tre perspektiv på spänningar och tillämpa paradoxteori som teoretisk lins. Det övergripande perspektivet är spänningarna mellan samskapande av värde och värdefångst. Avhandlingen inkluderar fem papper som baseras på kvalitativa, kvantitativa och konceptuella studier. Resultaten identifierar: 1) karaktären på spänningar; 2) faktorer som skapar spänningar och 3) möjliga lösningar och fallgropar för att hantera spänningarna. Resultaten visar att spänningarna kan hanteras som paradoxala, dilemmatiska eller dialektiska beroende på t.ex. behovet av att vara öppen eller överlapp mellan en produkts lösning och dess egenskaper. Dessutom kan spänningar förstärkas av en mängd olika faktorer, som kan kategoriseras som: olika synsätt, brist på resurser, förändring eller kombinationer därav (sammansatta faktorer). Möjliga lösningar för att hantera spänningar inkluderar t.ex. att öka medvetenheten om immateriella frågor eller förbättra samarbetsavtal. Möjliga fallgropar är kopplade till överfokusering på antingen samskapande eller fångst av värde, eller till efterföljande spänningar. Resultaten visar också en kategori av faktorer med dubbel roll, som beroende på deras intensitet kan leda till antingen lösningar eller fallgropar. Detta pekar mot ytterligare lager av komplexitet angående paradoxen om avslöjande. Avhandlingens resultat bidrar bland annat till teorier om öppen innovation och organisatoriska paradoxer och har viktiga konsekvenser för praktiker och beslutsfattare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 116
Series
TRITA-ITM-AVL ; 2018:53
Keywords
tensions, open innovation, paradox of disclosure, value co-creation, value capture, openness, appropriability, intellectual property rights, misappropriation, paradox lens, spänningar, öppen innovation, paradox om avslöjande, samskapande av värde, värdefångst, öppenhet, immateriella rättigheter, idé missbruk, paradoxteori lins
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28511 (URN)978-91-7873-014-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-11-23, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Stefan, I., Fobbe, L., Bengtsson, L. & Lozano, R. (2018). Open Business Model Innovation: Antecedents, Dynamics and Subsequent Challenges. In: I. Bitran; S. Conn; K.R.E. Huizingh; O. Kokshagina; M. Torkkeli; M. Tynnhammar (Ed.), 2018 ISPIM Innovation Conference (Stockholm): Innovation, The Name of The Game. Paper presented at 2018 ISPIM Innovation Conference – Innovation, The Name of The Game, Stockholm, Sweden, 17-20 June 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Open Business Model Innovation: Antecedents, Dynamics and Subsequent Challenges
2018 (English)In: 2018 ISPIM Innovation Conference (Stockholm): Innovation, The Name of The Game / [ed] I. Bitran; S. Conn; K.R.E. Huizingh; O. Kokshagina; M. Torkkeli; M. Tynnhammar, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Series
LUT Scientific and Expertise Publications, Reports ; 78
Keywords
open business models, business model innovation, change management, open innovation strategies, internal antecedents, external antecedents, business model dynamics
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29055 (URN)978-952-335-219-3 (ISBN)
Conference
2018 ISPIM Innovation Conference – Innovation, The Name of The Game, Stockholm, Sweden, 17-20 June 2018
Available from: 2019-01-05 Created: 2019-01-05 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Agostini, L., Bengtsson, L., Lazzarotti, V., Manzini, R., Nosella, A., Pellegrini, L. & Stefan, I. (2017). Combining an external with an internal perspective on open innovation with scientific partners and patenting. In: 18th International CINet Conference: Digitalization and innovation: designing the organization of the future. Paper presented at 18th International CINet Conference, 10-12 September 2017, Potsdam, Germany.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Combining an external with an internal perspective on open innovation with scientific partners and patenting
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2017 (English)In: 18th International CINet Conference: Digitalization and innovation: designing the organization of the future, 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24796 (URN)978-90-77360-20-0 (ISBN)
Conference
18th International CINet Conference, 10-12 September 2017, Potsdam, Germany
Note

Proceedings available with login

Available from: 2017-08-07 Created: 2017-08-07 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Stefan, I. (2017). Exploring Tensions between Appropriability and Openness to Collaboration in Innovation. (Licentiate dissertation). Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Tensions between Appropriability and Openness to Collaboration in Innovation
2017 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Researchers, policy makers and practitioners alike have in recent years acknowledged a growing tendency towards opening up the innovation process by combining internal organizational assets with external actors’ resources. However, opening up the innovation process usually also entails revealing ideas, which may result in misappropriation. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate tensions related to the openness-appropriability relationship; this is done in three studies. The first study concerns a specific contextual factor that is likely to stress the openness-appropriability tensions: the location of external partners in innovation. The second study relates to the way managing openness-appropriability tensions affects performance, and the third study involves a theoretical discussion about the nature of the tensions occurring in the openness-appropriability relationship, i.e. paradoxical, dilemmatic, or dialectical. The first two studies apply quantitative methods, using survey data, while the third is a conceptual paper. The findings from the first study indicate that the use of different groups of appropriability mechanisms varies across various types of openness and that the location of external partners in innovation refines these linkages even more. The second study’s main takeaway is that the higher appropriability intensity, i.e. the extent to which appropriability mechanisms are put into practice, explains higher performance outcomes. The third study suggests that the tensions between openness and appropriability are more likely of paradoxical nature. From a theoretical perspective, findings indicate that paradoxical tensions between openness and appropriability may have a spatial dimension, and that these tensions should also be investigated in regards to performance. Managerial implications point out that opening up to innovation partners located abroad is likely to require more costly appropriability mechanisms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. p. 40
Keywords
Appropriability, Openness, Tensions, Open Innovation, Performance, Intellectual Property Rights, Territoriality, Location, Intellectual Property Protection Mechanisms, Paradox, Dilemma, Dialectic
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering Law
Research subject
Industrial Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23758 (URN)978-91-7729-273-9 (ISBN)
Presentation
2017-02-23, 243, Lindstedtsvägen 30, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-17 Created: 2017-03-16 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Stefan, I. (2017). Illustrating and managing paradoxical tensions between openness and appropriability. In: : . Paper presented at R&D Management Conference, 1-5 July, 2017, Leuven, Belgium.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Illustrating and managing paradoxical tensions between openness and appropriability
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24075 (URN)
Conference
R&D Management Conference, 1-5 July, 2017, Leuven, Belgium
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Agostini, L., Bengtsson, L., Lazzarotti, V., Manzini, R., Nosella, A. & Stefan, I. (2017). Open innovation with scientific partners and patenting: the moderating role of the internal context for innovation. In: Proceedings of IFKAD 2017: Knowledge Management in the 21st Century: Resilience, Creativity and Co-creation. Paper presented at IFKAD 2017, 12th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics, 7-9 June 2017, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Open innovation with scientific partners and patenting: the moderating role of the internal context for innovation
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2017 (English)In: Proceedings of IFKAD 2017: Knowledge Management in the 21st Century: Resilience, Creativity and Co-creation, 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23920 (URN)000491167500054 ()
Conference
IFKAD 2017, 12th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics, 7-9 June 2017, St. Petersburg, Russia
Note

Online proceedings available for participants only (login)

Available from: 2017-04-27 Created: 2017-04-27 Last updated: 2019-11-25Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, L., Wang, W. & Stefan, I. (2017). Rapid innovation processes in Chinese firms. In: 18th International CINet Conference: Digitalization and innovation: designing the organization of the future. Paper presented at 18th International CINet Conference, 10-12 September 2017, Potsdam, Germany.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rapid innovation processes in Chinese firms
2017 (English)In: 18th International CINet Conference: Digitalization and innovation: designing the organization of the future, 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24795 (URN)978-90-77360-20-0 (ISBN)
Conference
18th International CINet Conference, 10-12 September 2017, Potsdam, Germany
Note

Online proceedings available with login

Available from: 2017-08-07 Created: 2017-08-07 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Berggren, C., Bengtsson, L., Karabag, S. F., Wang, W. & Stefan, I. (2017). Responses from established firms to rapid innovator challenges in emerging economies. In: : . Paper presented at R&D management conference, 1-5 July 2017, Leuven, Belgium.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Responses from established firms to rapid innovator challenges in emerging economies
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2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24793 (URN)
Conference
R&D management conference, 1-5 July 2017, Leuven, Belgium
Funder
Vinnova, 2014-03388
Available from: 2017-08-07 Created: 2017-08-07 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved
Projects
Innovative competitors in emerging economies [2014-03388_Vinnova]; University of Gävle; Publications
von Haartman, R. & Bengtsson, L. (2018). Sustainable global purchasing: assessing the relative impact of sustainability goals and programs. International Journal of Business Performance Management, 19(2), 169-188Lazzarotti, V., Bengtsson, L., Manzini, R., Pellegrini, L. & Pierluigi, R. (2017). Openness and innovation performance: an empirical analysis of openness determinants and performance mediators. European Journal of Innovation Management, 20(3), 463-492Berggren, C., Bengtsson, L., Karabag, S. F., Wang, W. & Stefan, I. (2017). Responses from established firms to rapid innovator challenges in emerging economies. In: : . Paper presented at R&D management conference, 1-5 July 2017, Leuven, Belgium. Stefan, I. & Bengtsson, L. (2017). Unravelling appropriability mechanisms and openness depth effects on firm performance across stages in the innovation process. Technological forecasting & social change, 120, 252-260Stefan, I. & Bengtsson, L. (2016). Appropriability: a key to opening innovation internationally?. International Journal of Technology Management, 71(3-4), 232-252Bengtsson, L. & Wang, W. (2016). Cost innovation in global supply chains: the case of Huawei Technologies. International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 23(2), 189-208Bengtsson, L., Wang, W. & Stefan, I. (2016). How can they be so rapid? New product development in Chinese CE firms. In: : . Paper presented at R&D Management Conference 2016 “From Science to Society: Innovation and Value Creation” 3-6 July 2016, Cambridge, UK. Bengtsson, L., Lakemond, N., Laursen, K. & Tell, F. (2016). Open innovation: Managing knowledge integration across multiple boundaries (1ed.). In: Fredrik Tell, Christian Berggren, Stefano Brusoni, and Andrew Van de Ven (Ed.), Managing Knowledge Integration across Boundaries: (pp. 87-105). Oxford: Oxford University PressArnemo, U., Bengtsson, L., Berggren, C., Hansson, S., Holmberg, G., Karabag, S. F., . . . Wang, W. (2016). Rapid innovators in emerging economies: Challenges and opportunities for Swedish firms. University of GävleBengtsson, L., Wang, W. & Stefan, I. (2016). Rapid NPD processes in Chinese CE firms. In: : . Paper presented at The 5th World Conference on P&OM (co-organized by POMS, EurOMA and JOMSA),6-10th September 2016, Havanna, Cuba.
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3371-9313

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