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Sarnecki, Jerzy, Professor emeritusORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1061-7851
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Sturup, J., Rostami, A., Mondani, H., Gerell, M., Sarnecki, J. & Edling, C. (2019). Increased Gun Violence Among Young Males in Sweden: a Descriptive National Survey and International Comparison. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 25(4), 365-378
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increased Gun Violence Among Young Males in Sweden: a Descriptive National Survey and International Comparison
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2019 (English)In: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, ISSN 0928-1371, E-ISSN 1572-9869, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 365-378Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This population-based time-trend study examines gun violence rates among males in Sweden during the years 1996 to 2015 and compares the rate in Sweden to other Western European countries. Data were collected from six registries and are presented descriptively per 100,000 inhabitants. The risks among males in Sweden increased considerably in both lethal and non-lethal gun victimization and perpetration. Among males aged 15 to 29 there was a five-fold increase in risk for victimization in lethal and non-lethal gun violence during the 20-year observation period. In a comparative perspective the rate of gun homicide victimization among males 15 to 29 years was higher in Sweden compared to other Western European countries, while the risk for males over age 30 was at an average level. Based on the results of this study we conclude that gun violence among young males in Sweden has been on the rise and is at a high level compared to other Western European countries. The development of gun violence in Sweden can be characterized as endemic, prevalent in both population and socially vulnerable areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2019
Keywords
Attempted homicide, Firearms, Guns, Homicide, Hospitalization
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26785 (URN)10.1007/s10610-018-9387-0 (DOI)000497510600002 ()2-s2.0-85046409495 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Sarnecki, J. (2018). A Criminological Perspective on Recruitment of Men and Women to Daesh. International Annals of Criminology, 56(1-2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Criminological Perspective on Recruitment of Men and Women to Daesh
2018 (English)In: International Annals of Criminology, ISSN 0003-4452, Vol. 56, no 1-2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Criminological research usually directs its focus at traditional forms of offending. The purpose of this article is to discuss the extent to which traditional criminological theories can be used to understand a modern form of terrorism. The main issue to explain is why young men and women from a Western European country, such as Sweden, are joining Daesh in Iraq and Syria. The conclusion is that many criminology theories are useful to analyse the factors behind the affiliation to Daesh. The majority of those recruited into this organization have in many respects a similar background to individuals recruited to other forms of serious organized violent crimes. It should be noted that many of the theories discussed in the paper are more relevant for the understanding of why men join Daesh. When it comes to the recruitment of women these theories’ explanatory value is more limited. However, this applies also to these theories’ ability to explain female crime in general.

Abstract [es]

La investigación criminológica generalmente dirige su enfoque a las formas tradicionales de ofender. El objetivo de este capítulo es analizar en qué medida las teorías criminológicas tradicionales pueden utilizarse para comprender una forma moderna de terrorismo. El principal problema a explicar es por qué los hombres y mujeres jóvenes de un país de Europa occidental, como Suecia, se unen a Daesh en Irak y Siria. La conclusión es que muchas teorías criminológicas son útiles para analizar los factores detrás de la afiliación a Daesh. La mayoría de los reclutados en esta organización tienen antecedentes en muchos aspectos similares a los reclutados para otras formas de crímenes violentos organizados graves. Cabe señalar que muchas de las teorías discutidas en el capítulo son más relevantes para la comprensión de por qué los hombres se unen a Daesh. Cuando se trata de la contratación de mujeres, estas teorías tienen un valor explicativo más limitado. Esto se aplica también, sin embargo, a la capacidad de estas teorías de explicar el crimen femenino en general.

Abstract [fr]

La recherche criminologique se concentre généralement sur les formes traditionnelles de délinquance. Le but de ce chapitre est d’examiner dans quelle mesure les théories criminologiques traditionnelles peuvent être utilisées pour comprendre une forme moderne de terrorisme. La principale question à expliquer est la raison pour laquelle des jeunes hommes et femmes d’un pays d’Europe occidentale, comme la Suède, rejoignent Daech en Irak et en Syrie. La conclusion est que de nombreuses théories de la criminologie sont utiles pour analyser les facteurs derrière l’affiliation à Daesh. La majorité des personnes recrutées dans cette organisation ont, à bien des égards, des antécédents similaires à ceux des personnes recrutées dans d’autres formes de crimes violents organisés graves. Il convient de noter que nombre des théories présentées dans ce chapitre sont plus pertinentes pour comprendre pourquoi les hommes rejoignent Daesh. En ce qui concerne le recrutement des femmes, la valeur de ces théories est plus limitée. Cela vaut également pour les théories qui expliquent la criminalité féminine en général.

Abstract [zh]

犯罪學研究通常將其重點放在傳統形式的犯罪上。本章的目的是討論傳統犯罪學理論在多大程度上可用於理解現代恐怖主義形式。要解釋的主要問題是為什麼來自西歐國家的年輕男女如瑞典加入伊拉克和敘利亞的Daesh。

結論是, 許多犯罪學理論對於分析與Daesh的歸屬背後的因素是有用的。招募到該組織的大多數人在許多方面與招募其他形式的嚴重有組織暴力犯罪的個人具有相似的背景。

應該指出的是, 本章中討論的許多理論與理解為什麼男人加入Daesh更為相關。在招聘女性方面, 這些理論的解釋價值更為有限。然而, 這也適用於這些理論解釋一般女性犯罪的能力。

Abstract [ar]

عادة ما يوجه البحث الجنائي تركيزه على الأشكال التقليدية للإهانة. الغرض من هذا الفصل هو مناقشة مدى إمكانية استخدام النظريات الجنائية التقليدية لفهم شكل حديث من أشكال الإرهاب. تكمن القضية الرئيسية التي تفسر لماذا ينضم الشباب والشابات من دولة أوروبية غربية ، مثل السويد ، إلى داعش في العراق وسوريا.

الاستنتاج هو أن العديد من نظريات علم الإجرام مفيدة لتحليل العوامل الكامنة وراء الانتماء إلى داعش. ولجميع الذين جُنّدوا في هذه المنظمة ، من عدة جوانب ، خلفية مماثلة للأفراد المعينين في أشكال أخرى من جرائم العنف المنظمة الخطيرة.

تجدر الإشارة إلى أن العديد من النظريات التي تمت مناقشتها في الفصل أكثر ملاءمة لفهم سبب انضمام الرجال لداعش. عندما يتعلق الأمر بتجنيد النساء فهذه النظريات القيمة التوضيحية أكثر محدودية. هذا ينطبق أيضا ، مع ذلك ، على هذه النظرية القدرة على تفسير الجريمة النسائية بشكل عام.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2018
Keywords
criminological theory, Daesh, gender, violence, 犯罪學理論 Daesh, 性別 暴力, théorie criminologique, Daesh, genre, violence, النظرية الإجرامية ، داعش ، النوع ، العنف, teoría criminológica, Daesh, género, violencia
National Category
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28780 (URN)10.1017/cri.2018.18 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2018-12-10Bibliographically approved
Sarnecki, J. (2016). Sweden. In: International Handbook of Juvenile Justice: (pp. 445-471). Cham: Springer International Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden
2016 (English)In: International Handbook of Juvenile Justice, Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2016, p. 445-471Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish criminal code of 1864 was based on the views of the classical school of criminal justice, which rested on the two cornerstones of justice and proportionality. Thus, the punishment should proceed from the criminal act and be proportionate to the severity of the act in question. Over time, however, this classical view was abandoned, and sanctions gradually became individualized on the basis of different characteristics of the offender. When determining the severity of sanctions, increasing consideration came to be given to factors such as the offender’s anti-social nature, psychological condition, and the danger he or she posed to society. By the end of the 1960s and the beginning of the 1970s, the Swedish justice system was characterized by a treatment focus. However, this approach came to be questioned in Sweden during the latter part of the 1970s-similar to many other parts of the western world. Today’s Swedish legislation on young offenders represents a compromise between the classical theory’s demands for justice and proportionality and treatment theory’s focus on prevention and rehabilitation. Social services and diversion from the legal system has still strong influence on reaction to the criminal acts of the youngest offenders (up to 15 and often even 18 years), while the legal system’s influence increases with the offender’s age. Compared with many other countries, the system can still be considered as lenient and characterized by humanistic values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016
Keywords
Alternative sanctions, Imprisonment, Juvenile justice, Neoclassicism, Social services, Special approved homes, Sweden, The age of criminal responsibility, Treatment, Trends in youth crime
National Category
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24880 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-45090-2_21 (DOI)2-s2.0-85026555189 (Scopus ID)9783319450902 (ISBN)9783319450889 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-08-18 Created: 2017-08-18 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Beckley, A. L., Kardell, J. & Sarnecki, J. (2015). Immigration and crime in Sweden. In: Sharon Pickering and Julie Ham (Ed.), Routledge handbook on crime and international migration: (pp. 41-54). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Immigration and crime in Sweden
2015 (English)In: Routledge handbook on crime and international migration / [ed] Sharon Pickering and Julie Ham, Abingdon: Routledge, 2015, p. 41-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2015
Series
Routledge International Handbooks
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19294 (URN)000349989000004 ()978-0-415-82394-4 (ISBN)978-0-203-38556-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-05-05 Created: 2015-05-05 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Sarnecki, J. (2014). Should Criminologists Shift Their Focus Away From Juvenile Delinquency?. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 58(5), 519-521
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Should Criminologists Shift Their Focus Away From Juvenile Delinquency?
2014 (English)In: International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, ISSN 0306-624X, E-ISSN 1552-6933, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 519-521Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-18359 (URN)10.1177/0306624X14528776 (DOI)000333663800001 ()2-s2.0-84898996277 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2018-03-22Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1061-7851

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