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Åkerdahl, Per-Olof
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Åkerdahl, P.-O. (2014). Martyrdom and Servanthood in the Bābī and Bahā’ī Faiths: A Struggle to Defend a Cosmic Order. In: Sasha Dehghani, Silvia Horsch (Ed.), Martyrdom in the Modern Middle East: (pp. 33-41). Würzburg: Ergon-Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Martyrdom and Servanthood in the Bābī and Bahā’ī Faiths: A Struggle to Defend a Cosmic Order
2014 (English)In: Martyrdom in the Modern Middle East / [ed] Sasha Dehghani, Silvia Horsch, Würzburg: Ergon-Verlag, 2014, p. 33-41Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Würzburg: Ergon-Verlag, 2014
Series
Ex Oriente Lux: Rezeptionen und Exegesen als Traditionskritik, ISSN 1863-9348 ; 14
Keywords
Martyr, Bahá'í
National Category
Humanities History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16641 (URN)978-3-95650-030-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-05-11 Created: 2014-05-11 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Åkerdahl, P.-O. (2013). Självmordsbombare och korsriddare: Martyrideologi som drivkraft till politiskt handlande (1ed.). Uppsala: Swedish Science Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Självmordsbombare och korsriddare: Martyrideologi som drivkraft till politiskt handlande
2013 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I boken Självmordsbombare och andra fundamentalister diskuteras frågan om vad som kan motivera människor att bli självmordsbombare. Detta fenomen har ofta uppfattats som en attack mot västvärldens grundläggande värderingar, men i diskussionen som genomförs i denna bok beskrivs det snarare som ett försök till försvar mot de man uppfattar som fiender till den världsordning som islamister finner i islam. I den diskussionen ingår en översikt över olika relevanta händelser i den islamiska historien, såväl som en jämförande diskussion om martyrbegreppet i judendom, kristendom och islam. I försöket att hitta en lösning på problematiken kring självmordsbombarna innehåller boken även en diskussion om hur man bygger upp en identitet med hjälp av roller och vilken funktion religion har i denna process. Denna del av boken innehåller även en analys av Hitlers bok ”Mein kampf” liksom en diskussion kring det dokument som Anders Behring Breivik hänvisar till när han försöker förklara det massmord som han genomförde.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2013. p. 236 Edition: 1
Series
Scientific studies of religion from the University of Gävle, ISSN 1652-7895 ; 8
Keywords
Martyr, självmordsbombare, fundamentalism.
National Category
History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16636 (URN)978-91-975446-6-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-05-09 Created: 2014-05-09 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Åkerdahl, P.-O. (2008). Bahai. In: Religion i Sverige (pp. 297-301). Stockholm: Dialogos
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bahai
2008 (Swedish)In: Religion i Sverige, Stockholm: Dialogos , 2008, p. 297-301Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dialogos, 2008
Keywords
bahai
National Category
History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-1998 (URN)978-91-7504-199-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2008-06-14 Created: 2008-06-14 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Åkerdahl, P.-O. J. (2008). The Blood of Hussain: ett gammalt tema i en film om identitet och makt i det moderna Pakistan (1ed.). In: Bogart och Betel: Texter om film och religion (pp. 60-69). Uppsala: Swedish Science Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Blood of Hussain: ett gammalt tema i en film om identitet och makt i det moderna Pakistan
2008 (Swedish)In: Bogart och Betel: Texter om film och religion, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press , 2008, 1, p. 60-69Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2008 Edition: 1
Series
Religionsvetenskapliga studier från Gävle, ISSN 1652-7895 ; 3
Keywords
martyr, identitet
National Category
History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5666 (URN)978-91-86992-21-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-10-15 Created: 2009-10-15 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Åkerdahl, P.-O. J. (2007). Martyr Ideology of the Bahá'í Faith. In: Religion on the Borders: new challenges in the academic study of religion : programme and abstracts (pp. 337-338). Stockholm: Södertörn University College
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Martyr Ideology of the Bahá'í Faith
2007 (English)In: Religion on the Borders: new challenges in the academic study of religion : programme and abstracts, Stockholm: Södertörn University College , 2007, p. 337-338Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Södertörn University College, 2007
Keywords
Bahá'í, martyr
National Category
History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5668 (URN)
Available from: 2009-10-15 Created: 2009-10-15 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Åkerdahl, P.-O. (2007). Martyrideologi of the Bahá'í Faith. In: Lena Roos (Ed.), Instances of Martyrdom: . Paper presented at Religion on the Borders: New Challenges in the Academic Study of Religion, Södertörn University College (Stockholm, Sweden), April 19-22, 2007 (pp. 1). Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Martyrideologi of the Bahá'í Faith
2007 (Swedish)In: Instances of Martyrdom / [ed] Lena Roos, Stockholm, 2007, p. 1-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2007
Keywords
Martyrdom
National Category
Humanities History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16649 (URN)
Conference
Religion on the Borders: New Challenges in the Academic Study of Religion, Södertörn University College (Stockholm, Sweden), April 19-22, 2007
Available from: 2014-05-12 Created: 2014-05-12 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Åkerdahl, P.-O. J. (2006). Martyrideologier i klassrummet (1ed.). In: Birgit Lindgren Ödén och Peder Thalén (Ed.), Nya mål?: Religionsdidaktik i en tid av förändring (pp. 96-103). Uppsala: Swedish Science Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Martyrideologier i klassrummet
2006 (Swedish)In: Nya mål?: Religionsdidaktik i en tid av förändring / [ed] Birgit Lindgren Ödén och Peder Thalén, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press , 2006, 1, p. 96-103Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2006 Edition: 1
Series
Religionsvetenskapliga studier från Gävle, ISSN 1652-7895 ; 2
Keywords
martyr, identitet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5645 (URN)91-975446-1-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-10-14 Created: 2009-10-14 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Åkerdahl, P.-O. J. (2005). Den syrianska identiteten i skolan (1ed.). In: Religionsmöten och religiös mångfald: Religionsvetenskapliga essäer från Högskolan i Gävle (pp. 42-47). Uppsala: Swedish Science Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den syrianska identiteten i skolan
2005 (Swedish)In: Religionsmöten och religiös mångfald: Religionsvetenskapliga essäer från Högskolan i Gävle, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press , 2005, 1, p. 42-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2005 Edition: 1
Series
Religionsvetenskapliga studier från Gävle, ISSN 1652-7895 ; 1
Keywords
martyr, identitet
National Category
History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5664 (URN)91-975446-0-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-10-15 Created: 2009-10-15 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Åkerdahl, P.-O. (2002). Bahá'í Identity and the Concept of Martyrdom. Spånga: Bahaiförl.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bahá'í Identity and the Concept of Martyrdom
2002 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

BAHAI IDENTITY AND THE CONCEPT OF MARTYRDOM

The Bahā’īs have been persecuted in Iran for the greater part of the existence of this movement, especially during the 1850’s and the period after 1979. The persecution has been a dominating part of the Bahā’ī history and an active part of the creation of a special Bahā’ī identity. This persecution could probably have been avoided if the Bahā’īs had chosen to hide their religious believes but this has generally not happened and this makes a difference from the Shī'a identity. The Bahā’ī identity seems to form the basis of a martyrideology as well as a servant ideology. The martyr ideology is, however, not an independent ideology but is rather an aspect of the servant ideology of Bahā’ī and can be traced to early Bābī texts.

The servant ideology in Bahā’ī has been used in the building of the special Bahā’ī administration, that has been developed gradually from the time of Bahā’u’llāh. This administration has been used as a tool to keep together the two different Bahā’ī identities: the Western identity, based on Christian messianic expectations, and the Eastern identity based on Mahdi expectation in Shī'a Islam. The Bahā’ī administration has been used as a tool to diminish the effects of the persecutions in Iran and in this way the persecutions have served as an agent to unite these separate identities.

The reaction of the Bābī and Bahā’ī movement has differed during different periods. During the first period, the 1840’s, the Islamic concept of jihad still existed among the Bābīs who met the persecution in some instances with sword in hand in defence. This was not in accordance to the instruction of the Bāb and in the persecution of the 1850’s there were no attempts from the Bābīs to defend themselves in any way. Important for the change of attitude among the Bābīs was the conference 1848 in Badasht, where Bahā’u’llāh was the driving force. What made the shah in Iran avoid any more national persecutions was probably the reaction of representatives of Western governments, but the persecutions continued on a local level. When the persecutions started on a larger scale again in 1979 the servant ideology of the Bahā’īs in Iran took the form of a martyr ideology and the Bahā’ī communities in other parts of the world could co-operate with the international community with the goal to stop the persecution, using diplomatic ways, by drawing upon the servant ideology that functioned as the motivating force in the Bahā’ī communities. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Spånga: Bahaiförl., 2002. p. 263
Keywords
martyrskap, bahá'í
National Category
History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16642 (URN)91-7444-128-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-05-11 Created: 2014-05-11 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Åkerdahl, P.-O. J. (2002). Bahá'í Identity and the concept of Martyrdom. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Eget förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bahá'í Identity and the concept of Martyrdom
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Eget förlag, 2002. p. 263
Keywords
Bahá'í, martyrdom, identityt
National Category
History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-5667 (URN)91-7444-128-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
(English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-10-16 Created: 2009-10-15 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
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