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Yahaya, Ismael
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Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Yahaya, I., Ponce de Leon, A., A. Uthman, O., Soares, J. & Macassa, G. (2013). Individual and community-level socioeconomic position and its association with adolescents experience of childhood sexual abuse: a multilevel analysis of sixcountries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 6(1), 21-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individual and community-level socioeconomic position and its association with adolescents experience of childhood sexual abuse: a multilevel analysis of sixcountries in Sub-Saharan Africa
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2013 (English)In: Journal of Injury and Violence Research, ISSN 2008-2053, E-ISSN 2008-4072, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 21-30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a substantial global health and human rights problem and consequently a growing concern in sub-Saharan Africa. We examined the association between individual and community-level socioeconomic status (SES) and the likelihood of reporting CSA.

METHODS: We applied multiple multilevel logistic regression analysis on Demographic and Health Survey data for 6,351female adolescents between the ages of 15 and 18 years from six countries in sub-Saharan Africa, between 2006 and 2008.

RESULTS: About 70% of the reported cases of CSA were between 14 and 17 years. Zambia had the highest proportion of reported cases of CSA (5.8%). At the individual and community level, we found that there was no association between CSA and socioeconomic position. This study provides evidence that the likelihood of reporting CSA cut across all individual SES as well as all community socioeconomic strata.

CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence of socioeconomic differentials in adolescents’ experience of CSA, suggesting that adolescents from the six countries studied experienced CSA regardless of their individual- and community-level socioeconomic position. However, we found some evidence of geographical clustering, adolescents in the same community are subject to common contextual influences. Further studies are needed to explore possible effects of countries’ political, social, economic, legal, and cultural impact on Childhood sexual abuse.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16050 (URN)10.5249/jivr.v6i1.316 (DOI)23797565 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-01-17 Created: 2014-01-17 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Yahaya, I., Uthman, O. A., Soares, J. & Macassa, G. (2013). Social disorganization and history of child sexual abuse against girls in Sub-Saharan Africa: A multilevel analysis. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 13(33)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social disorganization and history of child sexual abuse against girls in Sub-Saharan Africa: A multilevel analysis
2013 (English)In: BMC International Health and Human Rights, ISSN 1472-698X, E-ISSN 1472-698X, Vol. 13, no 33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a considerable public health problem. Less focus has been paid to the role of community level factors associated with CSA. The aim of this study was to examine the association between neighbourhood-level measures of social disorganization and child sexual abuse CSA.

Methods

We applied multiple multilevel logistic regression analysis on Demographic and Health Survey data for 6,351 adolescents from six countries in sub-Saharan Africa between 2006 and 2008.

Results

The percentage of adolescents that had experienced CSA ranged from 1.04% to 5.84%. There was a significant variation in the odds of reporting CSA across the communities, suggesting 18% of the variation in CSA could be attributed to community level factors. Respondents currently employed were more likely to have reported CSA than those who were unemployed (odds ratio [OR] = 2.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.48 to 2.83). Respondents from communities with a high family disruption rate were 57% more likely to have reported CSA (OR=1.57, 95% CI 1.14 to 2.16).

Conclusion

We found that exposure to CSA was associated with high community level of family disruption, thus suggesting that neighbourhoods may indeed have significant important effects on exposure to CSA. Further studies are needed to explore pathways that connect the individual and neighbourhood levels, that is, means through which deleterious neighbourhood effects are transmitted to individuals.

Keywords
Childhood sexual abuse, Sub-Saharan Africa, Socio-demographic factors, Demographic and health survey, Neighborhood, Social disorganization
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16049 (URN)10.1186/1472-698X-13-33 (DOI)000322960200001 ()2-s2.0-84881039925 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-01-17 Created: 2014-01-17 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Yahaya, I., Soares, J., De Leon, A. P. & Macassa, G. (2012). A comparative study of the socioeconomic factors associated with childhood sexual abuse in sub-Saharan Africa. Pan African Medical Journal, 11(51), 1-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparative study of the socioeconomic factors associated with childhood sexual abuse in sub-Saharan Africa
2012 (English)In: Pan African Medical Journal, ISSN 1937-8688, E-ISSN 1937-8688, Vol. 11, no 51, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a problem of considerable proportion in Africa where up to one-third of adolescent girls report their first sexual experience as being forced. The impact of child hood sexual abuse resonates in all areas of health. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of childhood sexual abuse and variations across socioeconomic status in six sub-Saharan countries. Methods: Datasets from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in six sub-Saharan African countries conducted between 2003 and 2007 were used to access the relationship between CSA and socio economic status using multiple logistic regression models. Results: There was no association between CSA and education, wealth and area of settlement. However, there was contrasting association between CSA and working status of women. Conclusion: This study concurs with other western studies which indicate that CSA transcends across all socio economic group. It is therefore important that effective preventive strategies are developed and implemented that will cross across all socio-economic groups. © Ismail Yahaya et al.

Keywords
Childhood Sexual abuse, Demographic and health survey, Sexual violence, Socio-demographic factors, Sub-Saharan Africa
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16048 (URN)22593787 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84865289075 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-03-19 Created: 2014-01-17 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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