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Lindström, Svante
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Falk, A. B., Lindström, S., Mattsson, M. & Wright, S. A. I. (2018). Influence of some weather parameters on the susceptibility of apple fruit to postharvest grey mould attack. In: Proceedings 2018: . Paper presented at 18th International Conference on Organic Fruit Growing; University of Hohenheim, Germany; 19-21 February 2018 (pp. 124-127).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence of some weather parameters on the susceptibility of apple fruit to postharvest grey mould attack
2018 (English)In: Proceedings 2018, 2018, p. 124-127Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Several cultural and weather factors during the season influence the susceptibility of apple fruit to post-harvest pathogens. In the present study, the effect of different weather parameters on postharvest susceptibility of apples of the cv. ‘Ingrid Marie’ to grey mould was investigated. In 2015, apple fruit were collected from orchards in Southern Sweden, where local weather stations monitored different parameters. After harvest, the fruit were tested for susceptibility to grey mould by artificially inoculating them with%FLQHUHD. Lesion development was monitored over a 10-day-period. Analysis of results for a few orchards showed that cold weather for over a month preceding harvest and a low total number of growth degree days gave apples that were more susceptible to grey mould. This study was carried out in conventional orchards, but the conclusions can be important also for organic production, since they deal with the general effect of sunshine, temperature and rain, factors that may strengthen fruit during cultivation, regardless of production type. Future studies may focus on organic production to investigate whether these effects are general and also apply to organic production.

Keywords
sun, temperature, apple, Botyris cinerea, prediction
National Category
Food Science Biological Sciences Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28730 (URN)
Conference
18th International Conference on Organic Fruit Growing; University of Hohenheim, Germany; 19-21 February 2018
Available from: 2018-11-30 Created: 2018-11-30 Last updated: 2018-11-30Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, M., Sandberg, M., Claesson, L., Lindström, S. & Hayati, A. (2013). Fan pressurization method for measuring air leakage in churches – wind and stack induced uncertainties. In: A. Troi and E. Luchi. (Ed.), Conference proceedings: Cultural heritage preservation – 3rd European Workshop on Cultural Heritage Preservation: . Paper presented at Cultural heritage preservation – 3rd European Workshop on Cultural Heritage Preservation (EWCHP), Bozen, Italy, September 16-17, 2013 (pp. 63-68).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fan pressurization method for measuring air leakage in churches – wind and stack induced uncertainties
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2013 (English)In: Conference proceedings: Cultural heritage preservation – 3rd European Workshop on Cultural Heritage Preservation / [ed] A. Troi and E. Luchi., 2013, p. 63-68Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The air leakage of the building envelope of ancient churches and other historical and monumental buildings has impact on energy consumption, thermal comfort, humidity and indoor surface soiling. To measure the air leakage in such large and naturally ventilated single-zone buildings is however challenging, especially due to wind and buoyancy (stack) induced disturbances. This study describes experiences in this regard, attainedat field tests where the fan pressurization technique (“Blower door”) was employed. Reference is made to the European test standard EN 13829. Also results of wind-tunnel tests are utilized. It is shown that both buoyancy and wind at commonly occurring conditions can cause significant uncertainty in fan pressurization tests, and that some of the directions in the standard might need to be strengthened or amended. While the uncertainty in measured air leakage rate at the standard (high) pressure of 50 Pa may be small, the predictions of the air leakage rate occurring at realistically (low) indoor-outdoor pressures tend to suffer from significant uncertainty. That uncertainty is then conveyed to later utilizations of the test results, e.g. building energy modeling and prediction. It is also shown that the wind induced pressure at buildings like churches extends a considerable way out into the surroundings of the building; in the order of two times the building height. This has particular importance when choosing a reference point for outdoorpressure measurement.

Keywords
Fan pressurization, Blower door, Large buildings, Churches, Wind effects, Stack effects
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15409 (URN)978-88-88307-26-8 (ISBN)
Conference
Cultural heritage preservation – 3rd European Workshop on Cultural Heritage Preservation (EWCHP), Bozen, Italy, September 16-17, 2013
Projects
Church project
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2011-002440
Available from: 2013-09-24 Created: 2013-09-24 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, M., Broström, T., Linden, E., Lindström, S. & Sandberg, M. (2011). Fan Convectors vs. Bench heaters in Churches – impact on air velocities. In: Tor Broström & Lisa Nilsen (Ed.), EEHB 2011: Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings. Paper presented at EEHB 2011 : Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings. Visby. Sweden.. Visby: Gotland University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fan Convectors vs. Bench heaters in Churches – impact on air velocities
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2011 (English)In: EEHB 2011: Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings / [ed] Tor Broström & Lisa Nilsen, Visby: Gotland University Press, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Air movements in churches affect the deposition rate of airborne particles on surfaces, and hence influence soiling of valuable artifacts of different kinds. Sooting from candles and the thermal comfort of people is also affected by indoor air velocities. In an experimental field study, two different heating systems were compared regarding their effect on room air velocities in a church: air-to-air heat pumps with indoor fan convectors vs. a combination of bench heaters and radiators. Hot-sphere and 3-D sonic anemometers were used to record air velocities in the church. Strong buoyant air flows were found both in the supply air flow path of the heat pumps and above the bench heaters, but the air velocities were rather low outside of these air currents. A ~25 cm thick downdraught air flow was found along walls and windows, with a magnitude that was similar at both heating systems and much larger than the outdoor air infiltration rate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby: Gotland University Press, 2011
Keywords
Churches, Air velocities, Heating system, Heat pump, Surface soiling
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-8760 (URN)978-91-86343-11-8 (ISBN)
Conference
EEHB 2011 : Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings. Visby. Sweden.
Projects
Church project
Available from: 2011-05-02 Created: 2011-05-02 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, M., Broström, T., Linden, E., Lindström, S. & Sandberg, M. (2011). Impact of heating system on air velocities in a medieval stone church. In: Roomvent 2011: 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms. Paper presented at Roomvent 2011, 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms. Trondheim. Norway. June 19-22, 2011. Trondheim, Norge: Tapir Akademisk Forlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of heating system on air velocities in a medieval stone church
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2011 (English)In: Roomvent 2011: 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms, Trondheim, Norge: Tapir Akademisk Forlag , 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The air flow pattern and magnitude of air velocities in churches and other historic buildings are of interest since they influence the deposition rate of airborne particles on surfaces, and hence affect soiling of valuable artifacts of different kinds. Increased air movements might also cause enhanced sooting from candles and it has an influence on the thermal comfort of people. The type of installed indoor heating units is likely to be important here since these usually induce substantial air movements through natural or forced convection. In an experimental field study, two different heating systems were compared regarding their effect on room air velocities in a medieval stone church: air-to-air heat pumps with indoor fan convectors vs. a combination of bench heaters and radiators. Hot-sphere anemometers were used to record air velocities in the near-zone of the heat pumps and their surroundings, and 3-D sonic anemometers were used to measure downdraught air velocities at the surfaces of a wall and a window. Smoke was used to visualize air flow patterns.

It was found that the heat pumps caused strong buoyant air jets that rose to the ceiling, but that the air velocities were rather low outside of these jets. The bench heaters caused buoyant plumes, which also seemed to attain rather high air velocities and reach the ceiling. As regards downdraught along wall and window, no significant difference between the two heating systems could be seen, although there was a tendency towards slightly higher air velocities at these surfaces when the heat pumps were in use. Since the air flow pattern at the surfaces appeared similar, also the particle deposition mechanisms and soiling rate can be expected to be similar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim, Norge: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2011
Keywords
Churches, air velocities, heating system, heat pump, surface soiling
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-8879 (URN)978-82-519-2812-0 (ISBN)
Conference
Roomvent 2011, 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms. Trondheim. Norway. June 19-22, 2011
Projects
Church project
Note

Paper No. 236.

Available from: 2011-05-02 Created: 2011-05-02 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, M., Lindström, S., Linden, E. & Sandberg, M. (2011). Methods to Identify Air Leakages in the Building Envelope of Churches. In: Tor Broström & Lisa Nilsen (Ed.), EEHB 2011: Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings. Paper presented at Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings. Visby. Sweden, 9-11 February 2011. Visby, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methods to Identify Air Leakages in the Building Envelope of Churches
2011 (English)In: EEHB 2011: Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings / [ed] Tor Broström & Lisa Nilsen, Visby, Sweden, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Frequently there is a wish to reduce the natural ventilation rate in churches in order to save energy and/or improve the thermal comfort. It is then often difficult to ascertain exactly which the dominating leaks in the building envelope are, and where tightening measures would be most effective. A number of different methods to identify these leakages are discussed here. It appears that valuable help can be attained by a combination of several measuring techniques, including IR-thermography, tracer gas and pressure measurements. These techniques can also be useful in verifying the effect of tightening measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby, Sweden: , 2011
Keywords
Churches, Natural ventilation, Air leakage, Air infiltration, Building tightness
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-8759 (URN)978-91-86343-11-8 (ISBN)
Conference
Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings. Visby. Sweden, 9-11 February 2011
Projects
Church project
Available from: 2011-05-02 Created: 2011-05-02 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Mattsson, M., Lindström, S., Linden, E. & Sandberg, M. (2011). Tracer gas techniques for quantifying the air change rate in churches – field investigation experiences. In: Hans Martin Mathisen (Ed.), Proc. Roomvent 2011: 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms. Paper presented at Proc. Roomvent 2011: 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms. Paper No. 235. Trondheim. Norway.. Trondheim, Norge: Tapir Akademisk Forlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tracer gas techniques for quantifying the air change rate in churches – field investigation experiences
2011 (English)In: Proc. Roomvent 2011: 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms / [ed] Hans Martin Mathisen, Trondheim, Norge: Tapir Akademisk Forlag , 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Two different tracer gas techniques for quantifying the air change rate were tested in three naturally ventilated churches. The techniques were the decay method (or tracer gas dilution method) and a passive tracer gas method. It appeared that the room air in the studied churches tended to be fairly well mixed when the churches are heated, presumably due to strong natural convection air currents occurring at heat sources and cooler outer building surfaces. This seems to entail that both the decay and the passive method are fairly easy to apply during times of heating. It then doesn’t seem to matter much were the tracer gas is injected or where it is sampled. During non-heating periods, however, spatial differences in tracer gas concentrations were observed, making tracer gas measurements more difficult to perform.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim, Norge: Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2011
Keywords
Tracer gas, air change rate, decay method, passive tracer gas method, churches
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-8881 (URN)978-82-519-2812-0 (ISBN)
Conference
Proc. Roomvent 2011: 12th International conference on air distribution in rooms. Paper No. 235. Trondheim. Norway.
Projects
Church project
Available from: 2011-05-02 Created: 2011-05-02 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Broström, T., Linden, E., Lindström, S., Mattsson, M. & Sandberg, M. (2009). Convective heating in a medieval church: Effects of air-to-air heat pumps on air movements, particle deposition and temperature distribution. Paper presented at The 11th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms, 24-27 May, 2009, Busan, South Korea.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Convective heating in a medieval church: Effects of air-to-air heat pumps on air movements, particle deposition and temperature distribution
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2009 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In Europe many historic buildings use direct electric heating. Air-to-air heat pumps are an interesting alternative, in particular for conservation heating.  However, the convective heating may accelerate soiling of walls and artefacts by increasing the velocity and turbulence.

 

The objective of the present paper is to discuss the general problem, the methodology for studying air motions and temperature distribution, and to present the results from a case study where air-to-air heat pumps and bench heaters were used for heating in a medieval church. The temperatures, velocities and humidity in the church have been measured for four different heating modes.

 

The present study does not indicate any major disadvantages of using heat pumps for background heating in stone churches of the studied kind. More detailed long term studies are needed to ascertain the effects over time.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-8492 (URN)
Conference
The 11th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms, 24-27 May, 2009, Busan, South Korea
Projects
Church project
Available from: 2011-02-22 Created: 2011-02-22 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
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