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Hollander, Ernst
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Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Hollander, E. (2018). The relevance of a Polanyi-inspired analysis when interpreting socio-economic developments in the Nordics. In: : . Paper presented at EAEPE and YSI-INET International Symposium 2018 - Paradigms of economic policy: examples and lessons from the Nordics; NTNU Business School, Trondheim, Norway; 14-15 June 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relevance of a Polanyi-inspired analysis when interpreting socio-economic developments in the Nordics
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the suggested paper I want to show that Polanyi-inspired models of interpretation and derived concepts can help us finding new ways of understanding Nordic developments. Most of the empiric material will come from Sweden. My frame of analysing as well as central references can be found in Hollander (2017). In this abstract I do two things: First I give some hints as to how I position my own views in relation to what I understand to be the intended main discourse at the conference. Second I illustrate the fruitfulness of analysing Swedish developments when bringing a Polanyian paradigm up to date.

1) Positioning

From an admittedly shallow reading of the two keynotes – Andreas Bergh and Erik Bengtsson – I infer that my understanding of Nordic developments differ from both. They of course have divergent views in relation to each other on a number of key issues but my preliminary view is that my position represents yet a third view. 

For illustrative purposes I can mention that the social capital erosion following from the restructuring of the public sector, the rising inequality etc to my mind will have devastating effects on the long term resilience of the institutions. Other contradictions in types of analysis I believe can be deduced from Polanyian concepts such as Reciprocity and retrograde countermovements (see below). The concept retrograde countermovement rests on an interpretation rather than being Polanyian in a strict sense. So is the conceptembedded liberalism which is useful and can be understood in relation to Polanyi. It is, however, doubtful to me whether Polanyi used the term when discussing post-world war II developments. (This is discussed in an illuminating way by Gareth Dale in Karl Polanyi: A Life on the Left. See also the review of that book by Robert Kuttner in NYRB 21/12/2017).

In relation to the problematique of Trondheim conference I am convinced that the frame I suggest could be very fruitful also for interpreting other Nordic countries than Sweden. I will, however, not have the time to dive deep into this before June.

 

2) Emerging Concepts for Understanding Nordic-type Models.

Useful Polanyian concepts can emerge from sketching the rise and fall of Swedish embedded liberalism.

My departure in the main part of the paper will be a chapter where I studied ‘The Contemporary Relevance of Karl Polanyi’ with Sweden as a vantage point (Hollander 2017 – <http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23542>). A central aspect was Financialisation.This is a global trend but it has been effected at an extraordinary pace in Sweden. 

In the 1960s our country was heralded as a paradigm of decommodification. Regulation of financial markets interacted with physical and social capital accumulation, building the Welfare State and (re-) embedding of labour, housing etc.

Financial regulations were removed and recommodification tried in the 1980s but the processes started in earnest in the early 1990s. Commodification prepared for pervasive financialisation also in such areas as childcare, schooling, eldercare, health etc. The financialisation of Swedish HEW led me to the idea that Polanyi’s list of fictitious commodities might have to be extended with Semi-fictitious Commodities

The logic behind the creation of Semi-fictitious Commodities can be better understood by studying Swedish developments. And the same applies to other fields of study of Polanyian relevance.

One example is the importance of focusing a form of economic coordination discussed by Polanyi et.al. (1957)[Polanyi, K., Arensberg, C. M. and Pearson, H. W. (eds.) (1957) Trade and Market in the Early Empires: Economies in History and Theory. Illinois: The Free Press].
I am referring to Reciprocity– the oldest form of human coordination for wellbeing. It has ben largely neglected by economists who have focused instead on two other forms – Market and Redistribution.

When studying the centuries’ long building of the institutions of embedded liberalismand the contemporary tearing down of them Reciprocity is important. Sweden provides pertinent examples of this and of other aspects of the rise and fall of those institutions. The risks that laissez-faire type disembedding can pave the way for right-wing authoritarianism are also illuminated. Weakened Reciprocity and Redistribution open up for retrograde countermovements.

Also the dependency on higher-level developments (higher than the national level) are made clear when this small country is looked at. Bretton Woods in 1944 was important for building of the welfare state. Four decades later Sweden was able to withstand the reemergence of global finance longer than most other countries in the global north but when this ended the consequences were thoroughgoing. As Polanyi argued, the forces unleashed by attempts to make ‘money’ into a commodity, must be put at centre stage.

Important sections of the proposed paper will deal with how the legacies of Swedish embedded liberalism, and some of the lessons from the disembedding, can be used for the future. As examples of the legacies from the golden age of Swedish social democracy I can point to good relative records in areas such as Gender equalityWork-place codeterminationPeer-to-peer-productionand Ecological sustainability. Interpretations of how those traits emerged can provide relevant lessons for the future of work globally.

 

Hollander (2017) is a chapter in Theory and Method of Evolutionary Political Economy: A Cyprus Symposium/ [ed] Hardy Hanappi, Savvas Katsikides, Manuel Scholz-Wäckerle, Abingdon: Routledge. Full name of chapter is ”The Contemporary Relevance of Karl Polanyi – a Swedish Case” (pp. 54-72)

Keywords
Karl Polanyi, Nordic Socio Economic Models, Reciprocity, Retrograde countermovements
National Category
Economic History Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28685 (URN)
Conference
EAEPE and YSI-INET International Symposium 2018 - Paradigms of economic policy: examples and lessons from the Nordics; NTNU Business School, Trondheim, Norway; 14-15 June 2018
Available from: 2018-11-27 Created: 2018-11-27 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved
Hollander, E. (2017). Conscious Use, Collaborative Research and 'Interdisciplinarities'. In: Eva Åsén Ekstrand (Ed.), Consuming the Environment: . Paper presented at Consuming the Environment 2017 – Multidisciplinary approaches to urbanization and vulnerability, 2nd Biennial International and Interdisciplinary Conference, 4–5 December 2017, Gävle, Sweden, (pp. 29-30). Gävle
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conscious Use, Collaborative Research and 'Interdisciplinarities'
2017 (English)In: Consuming the Environment / [ed] Eva Åsén Ekstrand, Gävle, 2017, p. 29-30Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Conscious Use, Collaborative Research and 'Interdisciplinarities'

The spark for my paper is a Chinese doll coming to a Swedish day care centre. The doll was conceived in a Vinnova research project related to the toxic contamination of our environments.[1] My part dealt with i.a. political economy and methods.

The proposed paper focuses on how the sustainability research community need to integrate the process of doing the research with what used to be called ‘the communication phase’ of the research.

A conclusion in my part of the Vinnova research project was that a number of 'interdisciplinarities' must be used, constructed and/or confronted in order to create images for a political economy of the Environment.

My strategy was and is to confront widely different knowledge interests. One of the many families of knowledge interests which emerge through such exercises can be illustrated by today's quest for 'social union environmentalism'. A precursor was visible in Sweden of the 1970s. We can thus understand the contradictions facing 'social union environmentalism' today and imagine a landscape where new patterns of consumption might be created. Such a vision is needed in spite of the fact that success has as yet been limited.

In the proposed paper I try to find methods which provide more room for i.a. 'interdisciplinarity, boundary-spanning, and transparent multiple partisanships’.

Interdisciplinarity is of course an accepted concept. It has been an ideal of the academic wing of the environmental movement ever since the dawn of the new environmental consciousness. But many attempts have failed. Fear that immersion in conceptual problems will delay projects, have made research teams reluctant to devote the time needed for 'translating'.

Boundary-spanning and the importance of boundary-spanning individuals have been discussed in many disciplines. But the intricacies of bringing boundary-spanning into academia have been poorly understood specifically in the more positivist oriented sciences.

Transparent multiple partisanships is a worthy aim for practioneers turned academics. Accepting such hybrids might help bringing the academic community into more fruitful dialogues with other actors who want to contribute to a reversal of the global ecological degradation.

My submission relates to Stream D1 Media and Public Understanding

[1] Hollander, E. (2011): The Doll, the Globe and the Boomerang – Chemical Risks in the Future Introduced by a Chinese Doll Coming to Sweden - University of Gävle, (Research report 2) Sweden 2011. Many concepts used in this abstract are developed there. Important references are also provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: , 2017
Keywords
interdisciplinarity, boundary-spanning, transparent multiple partisanships’
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25981 (URN)
Conference
Consuming the Environment 2017 – Multidisciplinary approaches to urbanization and vulnerability, 2nd Biennial International and Interdisciplinary Conference, 4–5 December 2017, Gävle, Sweden,
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hollander, E. (2017). The contemporary relevance of Karl Polanyi – a Swedish case. In: Hardy Hanappi, Savvas Katsikides, Manuel Scholz-Wäckerle (Ed.), Theory and Method of Evolutionary Political Economy: A Cyprus Symposium (pp. 54-72). Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The contemporary relevance of Karl Polanyi – a Swedish case
2017 (English)In: Theory and Method of Evolutionary Political Economy: A Cyprus Symposium / [ed] Hardy Hanappi, Savvas Katsikides, Manuel Scholz-Wäckerle, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 54-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2017
Series
Routledge Advances in Heterodox Economics ; 34
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23542 (URN)000422926500005 ()978-1-138-20409-6 (ISBN)978-1-315-47021-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-02-06 Created: 2017-02-06 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved
Hollander, E. (2016). Demand shaping and the quadruple challenge for industrial policy. In: EAEPE 2016 Proceedings: . Paper presented at Industrialisation, Socio-Economic Transformation and Institutions, The 28th Annual EAEPE Conference, Manchester, UK, 3-6 November 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demand shaping and the quadruple challenge for industrial policy
2016 (English)In: EAEPE 2016 Proceedings, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Keywords
Innovation, circular economy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23971 (URN)
Conference
Industrialisation, Socio-Economic Transformation and Institutions, The 28th Annual EAEPE Conference, Manchester, UK, 3-6 November 2016
Note

Connected to paper "Innovation and Entrepreneurship in a Circular Economy", presented at same conference.

Available from: 2017-05-03 Created: 2017-05-03 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hollander, E. (2016). Emancipatory Reembedding. In: EAEPE 2016 Proceedings: . Paper presented at Industrialisation, Socio-Economic Transformation and Institutions, The 28th Annual EAEPE Conference, Manchester, UK, 3-6 November 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emancipatory Reembedding
2016 (English)In: EAEPE 2016 Proceedings, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23972 (URN)
Conference
Industrialisation, Socio-Economic Transformation and Institutions, The 28th Annual EAEPE Conference, Manchester, UK, 3-6 November 2016
Available from: 2017-05-03 Created: 2017-05-03 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hollander, E. (2016). Innovation and Entrepreneurship in a Circular Economy. In: EAEPE 2016 Proceedings: . Paper presented at Industrialisation, Socio-Economic Transformation and Institutions, The 28th Annual EAEPE Conference, Manchester, UK, 3-6 November 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation and Entrepreneurship in a Circular Economy
2016 (English)In: EAEPE 2016 Proceedings, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A challenge for us who look forward to a ‘Dynamic Circular Economy’ is to show that there will be ample room for innovation and entrepreneurship in the future society for which we work. A possible reason why this topic has not been sufficiently addressed is that the concepts innovation and entrepreneurship are strongly associated with ’defences’ for the present socio-economic formation. When the problem of inequalities produced by the system is raised you often hear that those inequalities represent a price that ‘we’ have to pay for the dynamism associated with innovation and entrepreneurship. The paper which I have in mind builds on ideas about a neoliberal-unsustainability nexus (Hollander et.al. 2015). Most of my research and social practice since 40 years have been inspired by such a thought figure. There are partial lessons to be learned from experiences gained under our present socio-economic formation. Such lessons for a future Circular Economy will of course be piecemeal and in need to be combined with visionary thinking. I will present a somewhat defensive way of arguing that regulations checking present modes of accumulation are indeed compatible with dynamism. Some examples come from the experience of the ‘Swedish Model’ during its golden years between the 1950s and the 1970s (henceforth the ‘Golden Age Swedish Model’). The socio-economic climate nurtured by the Model resulted in many very useful innovations and an openness to economic transformations shared by a broad spectrum of social strata. The transformations resulting from a compressed wage structure and wide endorsement of technological change were generally not perceived as threats since welfare state arrangements functioned as safeguards (Hollander 2016). My first examples come from innovations nurtured by demand shaping for sustainability. The ‘Golden Age Swedish Model’ made possible more symmetrical relations between users producers and workers managers. It thus opened up spaces for creative demand shaping (Hollander 2003). The original focus of the demand shaping model was on natural and work environments (related to ecological and social sustainability). Among the examples were enviro friendly seed protectives and non-toxic paints. Demand shaping refers to the complex process from a nascent demand until the demand – in interaction with technology development – has been transformed in such a way as to make it possible to fulfil. Also when it comes to work organisation the strong relative position of labour made sophisticated demand shaping possible. I argue elsewhere that the advanced Swedish production systems which are the envy of so many engineers around the globe can be seen in relation to the solidarity wages policy which was a corner stone of the ‘Golden Age Swedish Model’. This model – associated with what in a Polanyian discourse is called embedded liberalism – is today more or less buried (Ryner i.a. 2004). But legacies remain and Swedish innovations associated with i.a. broad ICT literacy, gender equality and advanced day-care are today admired even by neo-liberal observers (The Economist's Special report 2013).Finally I will speculate about the dynamic potential of societies where there are reasonably good preconditions for symmetric relations and thus reciprocity. Bradley & Pargman (2016 or 2017) suggest that ‘the sharing economy’ can be viewed as ‘the commons of the 21st century’. Those contemporary commons are situated in a globalised, urbanised and digitalised context. Missions of such sustainability-enhancing commons are very diverse but can include to democratise access to low-cost bicycling, to build a culture of trust and generosity, or to democratise access to information. My speculative idea is that societies with reasonable equality etc. are likely to be overrepresented in this kind of entrepreneurship of the future and that the kind of ‘social entrepreneurs’ or “‘intrapreneurs’ in social institutions” who played roles in my first examples will be vital in the transition to a ‘Dynamic Circular Economy’.

Keywords
Innovation, circular economy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23561 (URN)
Conference
Industrialisation, Socio-Economic Transformation and Institutions, The 28th Annual EAEPE Conference, Manchester, UK, 3-6 November 2016
Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2017-02-07 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hollander, E. (2016). Kravformarmodellen för innovationer: en pusselbit för frigörande arbetslivsforskning. In: Åke Sandberg (Ed.), På jakt efter framtidens arbete: utmaningar i arbetets organisering och forskning (pp. 131-135). Stockholm: Tankesmedjan Tiden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kravformarmodellen för innovationer: en pusselbit för frigörande arbetslivsforskning
2016 (Swedish)In: På jakt efter framtidens arbete: utmaningar i arbetets organisering och forskning / [ed] Åke Sandberg, Stockholm: Tankesmedjan Tiden , 2016, p. 131-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Med hjälp av kravformarmodellen kan vi få syn på att jämlika löner och hög standard på arbetsmiljön uppmuntrar avancerade krav. Dessa krav kan i sin tur föda innovationer som har såväl demokratiförstärkande kvaliteter som kommersiell potential. Med mitt bidrag vill jag medverka till en revitaliserad forskning om arbetsorganisation som stödjer en ”regim” där forskare samarbetar med allt ifrån kravformare ”på golvet” till fack, andra civilsamhälleliga organisationer (NGO:s) och företagsledningar som är öppna för dialoger.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Tankesmedjan Tiden, 2016
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23347 (URN)978-91-566-3167-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-20 Created: 2017-01-20 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hollander, E. (2016). Political Economy’s role in understanding and combatting authoritarian nationalisms in a time of mass migration. In: EAEPE 2016 Proceedings: . Paper presented at Industrialisation, Socio-Economic Transformation and Institutions, The 28th Annual EAEPE Conference, Manchester, UK, 3-6 November 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political Economy’s role in understanding and combatting authoritarian nationalisms in a time of mass migration
2016 (English)In: EAEPE 2016 Proceedings, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23974 (URN)
Conference
Industrialisation, Socio-Economic Transformation and Institutions, The 28th Annual EAEPE Conference, Manchester, UK, 3-6 November 2016
Available from: 2017-05-03 Created: 2017-05-03 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hollander, E. (2015). Innovation and entrepreneurship in a no-growth society: some Polanyi-inspired concepts and ‘thought figures’. In: : . Paper presented at ESEE2015: Transformations, 11th International Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE), University of Leeds, Leeds, UK, 30 June–3 July 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation and entrepreneurship in a no-growth society: some Polanyi-inspired concepts and ‘thought figures’
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23849 (URN)
Conference
ESEE2015: Transformations, 11th International Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE), University of Leeds, Leeds, UK, 30 June–3 July 2015
Note

Peer reviewed abstract presented in the Special session "Using Polyanyian concepts to bring together sustainability discourses", as a personal contribution in his role as one of the conveners.

Available from: 2017-04-05 Created: 2017-04-05 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hollander, E., Hermele, K., Negru, I. & Dymski, G. (2015). Using Polanyian concepts to bring together sustainability discourses. In: : . Paper presented at ESEE2015: Transformations, 11th International Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE), University of Leeds, Leeds, UK, 30 June–3 July 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using Polanyian concepts to bring together sustainability discourses
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23847 (URN)
Conference
ESEE2015: Transformations, 11th International Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE), University of Leeds, Leeds, UK, 30 June–3 July 2015
Note

Peer-reviewed call for Special session, in the form of a round-table. Points of departure written by the session conveners for the round-table disscussion held at the 11th ESEE conference.

Available from: 2017-04-05 Created: 2017-04-05 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved
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