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Lilford, R. D., Hossain, I., Dahlberg, M., Wahlgren, C.-M., Bellander, B.-M., Rostami, A., . . . Rostami, E. (2024). Increased incidence and mortality of civilian penetrating traumatic brain injury in Sweden: a single centre registry-based study.. World Neurosurgery
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increased incidence and mortality of civilian penetrating traumatic brain injury in Sweden: a single centre registry-based study.
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2024 (English)In: World Neurosurgery, ISSN 1878-8750, E-ISSN 1878-8769Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Penetrating trauma to the head and neck (HN) has increased during the past decade in Sweden. This aim of this study was to characterize these injuries and to evaluate the outcome in patients treated at a tertiary trauma centre.

METHODS: Swedish trauma registry (SweTrau) data was extracted on patients with HN injuries admitted to Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, between 2011 and 2019. Outcome information was extracted from hospital records, with primary endpoints focusing of physiological outcome measures and secondary endpoints on surgical and radiological outcomes.

RESULTS: Of 1436 penetrating trauma patients, 329 patients with penetrating HN injuries were identified. 20% (n=66) suffered a gunshot wound (GSW), 73% (n=240) a stab wound (SW), and 7% (n=23) other trauma mechanisms (OTM). The median age for GSW, SW and OTM were 25, 33, and 21, respectively. Assault was primary intent, GSW (81.8%, n=54) and SW (65.8%, n=158). Patients suffering GSWs had severer injuries, worse admission GCS-M and higher intubation rate at the injury site. Most GSW patients underwent major surgery (59.1%) as an initial procedure and more likely had intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) (21.2%). The 30-day mortality: 45.5% (n=30) for GSWs, 5.4% (n=13) for SWs and 0% (n=0) for OTMs. There was a yearly increase in incidence and mortality for GSW and SW.

CONCLUSION: Between 2011 and 2019, there was an increasing yearly trend of incidence and mortality from penetrating HN trauma in Stockholm, Sweden. GSW patients suffered more severe injuries, ICHs, and underwent more surgical interventions compared to SW and OTM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Civilian penetrating traumatic brain injury; GSW; Head and neck trauma; Incidence; Penetrating trauma; SW; Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work; Health-Promoting Work, Brottslighet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-43367 (URN)10.1016/j.wneu.2023.11.129 (DOI)38040331 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85181253915 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-12-03 Created: 2023-12-03 Last updated: 2024-01-31Bibliographically approved
Rostami, A. & Mondani, H. (2024). Kriminella entreprenörer: En studie av den organiserade brottslighetens kopplingar till näringslivet. Stockholm: Stockholms Handelskammare
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kriminella entreprenörer: En studie av den organiserade brottslighetens kopplingar till näringslivet
2024 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholms Handelskammare, 2024. p. 88
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work, Brottslighet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-43747 (URN)
Available from: 2024-02-04 Created: 2024-02-04 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Rostami, A., Mondani, H., Carlsson, C., Sarnecki, J., Edling, C. & Sturup, J. (2024). Lone threats: a register-based study of Swedish lone actors. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 48(1), 75-94
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lone threats: a register-based study of Swedish lone actors
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2024 (English)In: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, ISSN 0192-4036, E-ISSN 2157-6475, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 75-94Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates 30 lone actors in Sweden with a register-based design using a group of male lone actors and two reference groups: same-sex siblings and other male violent extremists. We compare lone actors to the reference groups along social background, criminal background, and co-offending relations (1995 –2016), and mental health (1980–2016). Our results show that lone actors are primarily born in Sweden to two Swedish-born parents. They have a high degree of criminality and co-offending, indicating that they are not completely loners in their criminal behaviour. They have higher enrolment in secondary education than the reference groups, but lower enrolment in higher education than other male violent extremists. Additionally, they suffer considerably more from mental disorders compared to the reference groups. An analysis of criminality and in- and outpatient hospitalisation over the life course indicates that lone actors may have had problems in their transition into middle age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
co-offending; crime network; Lone actors; lone wolves; violent extremism
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-39626 (URN)10.1080/01924036.2022.2100802 (DOI)000827019300001 ()2-s2.0-85134193645 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-07-26 Created: 2022-07-26 Last updated: 2024-01-31Bibliographically approved
Kaakinen, M., Moeller, K., Mork Lomell, H., Valdimarsdóttir, M., Westfelt, L. & Rostami, A. (2024). Street gang involvement among nordic youth: A comparative study on prevalence and riskfactors in Nordic countries. Helsinki: Nordic Research Council for Criminology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Street gang involvement among nordic youth: A comparative study on prevalence and riskfactors in Nordic countries
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2024 (English)Other, Policy document (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, pages
Helsinki: Nordic Research Council for Criminology, 2024. p. 5
Series
NSfK Policy brief ; 1/2024
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work, Brottslighet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-43748 (URN)
Available from: 2024-02-04 Created: 2024-02-04 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Rostami, A. (2023). Bidragsspärr bör kunna användas mot dömda. Svenska Dagbladet (06-sep)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bidragsspärr bör kunna användas mot dömda
2023 (Swedish)In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 06-sepArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: SvD, 2023
Keywords
Bidragsbrott, välfärdsbrott
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work, Brottslighet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-42977 (URN)
Available from: 2023-09-10 Created: 2023-09-10 Last updated: 2023-09-12Bibliographically approved
Mondani, H., Askanius, T. & Rostami, A. (2023). Country Chapter: Sweden. In: Alexander Ritzmann (Ed.), Transnational linkages between violent right-wing extremism, terrorism and organized crime: (pp. 80-90). Berlin: The Counter Extremism Project (CEP)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Country Chapter: Sweden
2023 (English)In: Transnational linkages between violent right-wing extremism, terrorism and organized crime / [ed] Alexander Ritzmann, Berlin: The Counter Extremism Project (CEP) , 2023, , p. 134p. 80-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: The Counter Extremism Project (CEP), 2023. p. 134
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work, Brottslighet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-41584 (URN)
Available from: 2023-04-12 Created: 2023-04-12 Last updated: 2023-04-14Bibliographically approved
Mondani, H. & Rostami, A. (2023). Criminal nomads: The role of multiple memberships in the criminal collaboration network between Hells Angels MC and Bandidos MC (1ed.). In: David Décary-Hétu, Rémi Boivin (Ed.), The Criminology of Carlo Morselli - Part II: . Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Criminal nomads: The role of multiple memberships in the criminal collaboration network between Hells Angels MC and Bandidos MC
2023 (English)In: The Criminology of Carlo Morselli - Part II / [ed] David Décary-Hétu, Rémi Boivin, Routledge, 2023, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023 Edition: 1
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work, Brottslighet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-43005 (URN)9781032556727 (ISBN)9781000953008 (ISBN)
Note

Reprint: The chapters included in this book were originally published as a special issue of Global Crime.

Available from: 2023-09-12 Created: 2023-09-12 Last updated: 2023-10-18Bibliographically approved
von Sydow, K., Appelgren, G., Erkers, H., Holmestig, A., Jägerskog, M., Magnusson, V., . . . Rostami, A. (2023). Debatt: Gängvåldet kräver att ni samlas över blocken. Aftonbladet (13-okt)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Debatt: Gängvåldet kräver att ni samlas över blocken
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2023 (Swedish)In: Aftonbladet, E-ISSN 1403-9656, no 13-oktArticle in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Aftonbladet, 2023
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work, Brottslighet; Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-43138 (URN)
Note

https://www.aftonbladet.se/debatt/a/76vyO9/poliser-fack-organisationer-gangvaldet-kraver-att-nisamlas-over-blocken

Available from: 2023-10-17 Created: 2023-10-17 Last updated: 2023-10-18Bibliographically approved
Rostami, A. (2023). Ett stärkt och samlat skydd av välfärdssystemen: SOU 2023:52. Stockholm: Elanders Sverige AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ett stärkt och samlat skydd av välfärdssystemen: SOU 2023:52
2023 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Elanders Sverige AB, 2023. p. 844
Series
Statliga offentliga utredningar (SOU) ; 2023:52
Keywords
Bidragsbrott, välfärdsbrottslighet
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work, Brottslighet
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-42978 (URN)0375-250X (ISRN)978-91-525-0701-8 (ISBN)978-91-525-0702-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-09-10 Created: 2023-09-10 Last updated: 2023-09-12Bibliographically approved
Mondani, H. & Rostami, A. (2023). Kriminella på kartan: En ESO-rapport om den organiserade brottslighetens geografi. Stockholm: Statens Offentliga Utredningar
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kriminella på kartan: En ESO-rapport om den organiserade brottslighetens geografi
2023 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Statens Offentliga Utredningar, 2023. p. 127
Series
Rapport till Expertgruppen för studier i offentlig ekonomi ; 3
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work, Brottslighet; Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-41571 (URN)978-91-525-0576-2 (ISBN)978-91-525-0577-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-04-05 Created: 2023-04-05 Last updated: 2023-05-29Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0973-3481

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