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Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Grell, P., Blom, B. & Ahmadi, N. (2019). Conditions for helping relations in specialized personal social services: a client perspective on the influence of organizational structure. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conditions for helping relations in specialized personal social services: a client perspective on the influence of organizational structure
2019 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article highlights organizational structure as a factor influencing conditions for helping relations. It is based on a survey study and an interview study, both directed at parents in families that have parallel contacts in different parts of Swedish personal social services (PSS). The aim is to describe and analyse conditions for helping relations when clients with complex needs encounter specialized PSS.

Low system trust, people processing dimensions of work, and an organizational and a professional emphasis on formal organizational structures and boundaries were found to constitute unfavourable conditions. Conversely, an occurrence of individual trust, people sustaining and people changing dimensions of work, as well as informal organization and individual social workers’ boundary spanning efforts, constituted favourable conditions. The article concludes that greater understanding of how clients are affected by contextual service conditions can give some pointers towards how to generally improve services for vulnerable and disadvantaged populations.

Keywords
Helping relations, social services, organizational structure, specialization, client perspective
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29406 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2019.1596148 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-28 Created: 2019-03-28 Last updated: 2019-08-09Bibliographically approved
Aslan, P., Ahmadi, N., Sjöberg, S. & Wikström, E. (2019). What Works? Family Influences on Occupational Aspirations among Descendants of Middle Eastern Immigrants on the Swedish Labour Market. Nordic Journal of Social Research, 9, 134-160
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What Works? Family Influences on Occupational Aspirations among Descendants of Middle Eastern Immigrants on the Swedish Labour Market
2019 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Social Research, ISSN 1892-2783, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 9, p. 134-160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we examine family influences on occupational aspirations among employed descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. Using a qualitative approach, we conducted 21 semi-structured interviews with native-born descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. We present and analyse their interpretations of their parents’ experiences and living conditions before, during and after migration and demonstrate how these interpretations shaped their own occupational aspirations. We discuss parents’ high expectations of their children in relation to ethnic-community valuations of educational and occupational achievements. These high expectations may increase the chances of social mobility but can also become a negative pressure, especially if parents set high standards but cannot help their children to meet those expectations. In these cases, older siblings who possess valuable knowledge of the educational system and labour market can function as important transferrers of resources.

Keywords
labour market participation, descendants of immigrants, family relations, social capital, cultural capital
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29199 (URN)10.7577/njsr.2235 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-29 Created: 2019-01-29 Last updated: 2019-02-19Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Darvishpour, M., Ahmadi, N. & Palm, I. (2018). Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to elucidate and discuss the results of the 2016 Diversity Barometer (Mångfaldsbarometern) and compare these results with those obtained from ten years of the longitudinal Diversity Barometers for 2005?2014. An additional aim is to demonstrate whether and how Swedish people?s experiences of and attitudes toward people with a foreign background and ethnic diversity have changed.A random sample of the Swedish population took part in the annual study, which was carried out in the form of a nationwide postal survey. The results show that negative attitudes toward ethnic and cultural diversity in general, and migrant population in particular, have increased to some extent and with respect to certain issues. Views on diversity in relation to culture and religion ? especially Islam ? were more negative than views on diversity in relation to work. Those who have larger experience of contact with foreigners show a more positive attitude toward diversity compared with those with limited experience and contact. Individuals who have higher education, those who identify themselves as female, younger persons and those living in large cities are more positive than other groups. In our analysis of the empirical data, we proceeded from a social work perspective and applied contact theory and group conflict theories relating attitudes to group position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28323 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2018.1527242 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-10-15 Created: 2018-10-15 Last updated: 2018-10-15Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F. & Ahmadi, N. (2018). Meaning-Making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness. New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meaning-Making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness
2018 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book provides an alternative, complementary approach to the existing conventional approaches to religious and spiritually oriented coping. By focusing on the role of culture, the authors take into account the methods employed by a vast number of people who do not directly identify themselves as religious. The empirical data used in this book derive from studies conducted in several countries; Sweden, China, South Korea, Turkey and Malaysia, across which religion plays a different role in the social and cultural life of individuals. This approach and these empirical data are unique and allow comparisons to be made between different cultural settings.

By introducing the concept of meaning-making coping, the authors explore the influence of culture on choice of coping methods, be they purely religious, spiritual or existential. The term "existential meaning-making coping" is used to describe coping methods that are related to existential questions; these methods include religious, spiritual and existential coping methods.

Meaning-making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness contributes to new approaches and theoretical models of coping. As such it is an invaluable resource for health care, medical, public health and sociology students and researchers. It will also be of interest to educators and policy-makers working in the area of health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018. p. 148
Keywords
mening making coping, cancer, serious illness, cultural dimension in health
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27796 (URN)978-1-138-29936-8 (ISBN)9781315098036 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Khodayarifard, M., Zandi, S., Khorrami-Markani, A., Ghobari-Bonab, B., Sabzevari, M. & Ahmadi, N. (2018). Religion, culture and illness: a sociological study on religious coping in Iran. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 21(7), 721-736
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion, culture and illness: a sociological study on religious coping in Iran
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2018 (English)In: Mental Health, Religion & Culture, ISSN 1367-4676, E-ISSN 1469-9737, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 721-736Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present article is based on an international study on meaning-making coping aimed at understanding the role of culture in coping. The larger study has been conducted among cancer patients in 10 countries. The present article is confined to the results obtained in our study in Iran and restricted to religious coping methods. Twenty-seven participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. The several religious coping methods found in the present study are categorised on the basis of RCOPE?s five basic religious functions. The study reveals, among others, the impact of cultural beliefs on certain religious coping methods, even among those who are not regarded as practicing Muslims. The study highlights the importance of investigating cultural and social context when exploring the use of the meaning-making coping strategies in different countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Sociology Psychology Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29341 (URN)10.1080/13674676.2018.1555699 (DOI)2-s2.0-85060929321 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-01 Created: 2019-03-01 Last updated: 2019-03-12Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Erbil, P., Ahmadi, N. & Cetrez, Ö. A. (2018). Religion, culture and meaning-making coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey. Journal of religion and health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion, culture and meaning-making coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey
2018 (English)In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

Keywords
Turkey, cancer, religious coping, culture, meaning-making
National Category
Nursing Social Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26941 (URN)10.1177/1054137316672042 (DOI)29872943 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85048056965 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-06-12 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Matos, P. M., Tavare, R., Tomas, C. & Ahmadi, N. (2018). Religious/Spiritual Coping Methods among Cancer Patients in Portugal. Illness, crisis and loss
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religious/Spiritual Coping Methods among Cancer Patients in Portugal
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2018 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The present article is part of an international study on meaning-making coping aimed at understanding the role of culture in coping in different cultural settings. The international study was conducted among cancer patients in ten countries. This article contains the results obtained in the study in Portugal. The main aim is to investigate the impact of culture on the meaning-making coping methods used by cancer patients. In the present article, only religious/spiritual coping methods are in focus.

Thirty-one participants with various kinds of cancer (e.g., breast, testicular, lymphoma) were interviewed. Nine different kinds of coping methods related to religion and spirituality emerged from analysis of the interviews. These methods, which are categorized on the basis of RCOPE’s five basic religious functions (Pargament, 1997), are: Seeking Spiritual Support, Spiritual Connection, Spiritual Discontent, Benevolent Religious Reappraisal, Punishing God Reappraisal, God’s Trust in Personal Strength, Support from Clergy or Members, Self-Directing Religious Coping and Active Religious Surrender. The study confirms the notion that the strategies people employ when they are stricken by disease, accidents, misfortune, etc., are cultural and temporal constructions. As such, they are valid in concrete contexts and time periods. It is, thus, important that cultural context be taken into consideration when exploring the use of meaning-making coping strategies in different countries.

Keywords
Meaning-making coping, Portuguese with cancer, Religious and spiritual coping methods.
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28751 (URN)10.1177/1054137318817885 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058931018 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-04 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Cetrez, Ö., Erbil, P., Ortak, A. & Ahmadi, N. (2017). A survey study among cancer patients in Turkey: meaning-making coping. Illness, crisis and loss
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A survey study among cancer patients in Turkey: meaning-making coping
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2017 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

To understand the role of culture on the use of the meaning-making coping among people who have been struck by cancer, qualitative and quantitative studies have been conducted in several countries like Sweden, China, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, and Turkey. This article reports on a quantitative study carried out in Turkey. The aim of the study has been to answer the following question: “Which meaning-making coping method (even nonreligious or spiritual coping methods) is used by informants?” The sample consists of 95 persons, 18+ who had been struck by cancer. The questionnaire was distributed to former/current cancer patients via a web address as an electronic survey through the media page of Cancer Survivors Association. The results of the study show that the most important coping methods used by cancer patients in Turkey are the religious coping (RCOPE) methods, particularly spiritual connection, active religious surrender, passive religious deferral, and pleading for direct intercession. Several RCOPE methods such as spiritual discontent, seeking support from clergy or members, punishing God reappraisal, and demonic reappraisal or self-directing religious coping are not used by the Turkish informants. Nor are non-RCOPE methods highly prevalent among informants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Meaning-making coping, Turkey, Survey study, Cancer, Illness
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27797 (URN)10.1177/1054137317720751 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved
Macassa, G., Winersjö, R., Wijk, K., MacGrath, C., Ahmadi, N. & Soares, J. (2017). Fear of crime and its relationships to self-reported health and stress among men. Journal of Public Health Research, 6(3), 169-174, Article ID 1010.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fear of crime and its relationships to self-reported health and stress among men
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Public Health Research, ISSN 2279-9028, E-ISSN 2279-9036, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 169-174, article id 1010Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Fear of crime is a growing social and public health problem globally, including in developed countries such as Sweden. This study investigated the impact of fear of crime on self-reported health and stress among men living in Gävleborg County.Design and Methods: The study used data collected from 2993 men through a cross sectional survey in the 2014 Health in Equal Terms survey. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were carried out to study the relationship between fear of crime and self-reported health and stress. Results: There was a statistically significant association between fear of crime and self-reported poor health and stress among men residing in Gävleborg County. In the bivariate analysis, men who reported fear of crime had odds of 1.98 (CI 1.47- 2.66) and 2.23 (CI 1.45-3.41) respectively. Adjusting for demographic, social and economic variables in the multivariate analysis only reduced the odds ratio for self-reported poor health to 1.52 (CI 1.05-2.21) but not for self-reported stress with odds of 2.22 (1.27-3.86). Conclusions: Fear of crime among men was statistically significantly associated with self-reported poor health and stress in Gävleborg County. However, the statistically significant relationship remained even after accounting for demographic, social and economic factors, which warrants further research to better understand the role played by other variables.

Keywords
Fear of crime, men, self-reported health and stress, Gävleborg County
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25920 (URN)10.4081/jphr.2017.1010 (DOI)000440723600007 ()29441331 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85052228321 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Park, J., Kim, K. M. & Ahmadi, N. (2017). Meaning-making coping among cancer patients in Sweden and South Korea: a comparative perspective. Journal of religion and health, 56(5), 1794-1811
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meaning-making coping among cancer patients in Sweden and South Korea: a comparative perspective
2017 (English)In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 56, no 5, p. 1794-1811Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study compared meaning-making coping among cancer patients in Sweden and South Korea, with a focus on the sociocultural context. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 51 Swedes and 33 Koreans. The results showed significant differences between the two countries as well as similarities in existential, spiritual, and religious coping. For example, Swedes primarily used meaning-making coping as a means of meditation or relaxation, whereas Koreans relied on coping with prayer and using healthy foods as a means to survive. The present study confirms the significance of investigating cultural context when we explore the use of meaning-making coping among people who have experienced cancer.

Keywords
Cancer, Meaning-making coping, religion, spirituality, sociocultural perspective
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24089 (URN)10.1007/s10943-017-0383-3 (DOI)000408336100022 ()28342147 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85016209354 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Meaning-making coping
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2885-0635

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