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Paasch, Jesper M., Tekn. drORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4885-0018
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Publications (10 of 52) Show all publications
Andrée, M., Paasch, J. M., Paulsson, J. & Seipel, S. (2018). BIM and 3D property visualisation. In: FIG Congress 2018: Proceedings. Paper presented at FIG Congress 2018; Istanbul, Turkey; 6-11 May 2018. , Article ID 9367.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>BIM and 3D property visualisation
2018 (English)In: FIG Congress 2018: Proceedings, 2018, article id 9367Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The concept of 3D property has only existed a short period of time in Sweden, being introduced in 2004 and expanded in 2009 by the addition of condominium (apartment) ownership. It is therefore a rather new form of land management, and the demand for 3D property formation has not been as high as initially expected. There is however an increased interest in 3D property and ownership apartments today, also as being part of the nation’s geospatial infrastructure together with related 3D information for e.g. buildings, utility networks and other features. An effective management of 3D property is depending on, among other things, visualization, representation and storage of 3D real property data, such as legal boundaries and real property rights. There are at present a number of ongoing 3D development and research projects focusing on visualization and standardization of 3D cadastral boundaries. They are part of the national "Smart Built Environment" development and research program, which includes the use of BIM in the (future) 3D property formation process with focus on visualization of 3D real property and condominiums, and specification of requirements and evaluation of 3D digital real property information created and managed in the processes.

This paper presents the preliminary results of the working group on visualization of 3D boundaries in the project "Smart planning, construction and management processes throughout the life cycle". The aim is to test the results produced in the project "Information for planning, real property formation and building permission", working group "BIM for 3D property formation." The purpose of this working group is to set the requirements for and evaluate the test bed for 3D property information. The focus is on visualization of 3D property and ownership apartments. The proposed model for digitization and visualization of 3D property formation will be tested in a test bed environment. A pilot case from the Stockholm area is then used in the test bed to see how it could work in practice.

The expected outcome is recommendations for the exchange of documentation and other digital information in 3D processes, the visualization of legal boundaries for stakeholders, registration of legal 3D objects in the Swedish national real property register and how to communicate 3D models to right holders/stakeholders for 3D property and condominiums and the property market, as well as suggestions for a homogeneous, effective and digital flow of 3D information to be used by actors and other stakeholders in the property formation, planning and building processes.

Keywords
3D Real Property, Property Formation, BIM, Cadastre, standardization, Sweden
National Category
Other Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28329 (URN)
Conference
FIG Congress 2018; Istanbul, Turkey; 6-11 May 2018
Projects
Smart Built Environment. "Smarta plan-, bygg-, förvaltnings- och nyttjandeprocesser över hela livscykeln"
Available from: 2018-10-16 Created: 2018-10-16 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Paasch, J. M. (2018). Bogomtale - Best Practices 3D Cadastres [Review]. Fagbladet Landinspektøren, 60(3), 34-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bogomtale - Best Practices 3D Cadastres
2018 (Danish)In: Fagbladet Landinspektøren, ISSN 1903-5454, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 34-34Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [da]

Målet med bogen er att give et overblik samt eksempler på forskellige eksisterende juridiske og tekniske løsninger i forbindelse med tredimensionel ejendomsdannelse, registrering, forvaltning og visualisering, tx ejerlejligheder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Den danske Landinspektørforening (DdL), 2018
Keywords
3D Cadastre, ejendomsdannelse, Fastighetsbildning, 3D
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27397 (URN)
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved
Kitsakis, D., Paasch, J. M., Paulsson, J., Navratil, G., Vučić, N., Karabin, M., . . . Karki, S. (2018). Chapter 1 – Legal Foundations. In: Peter van Oosterom (Ed.), Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Extended version: (pp. 1-66). Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chapter 1 – Legal Foundations
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2018 (English)In: Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Extended version / [ed] Peter van Oosterom, Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors , 2018, p. 1-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The concepts of three-dimensional (3D) real property have been the subject of increased interest in land use management and research since the late ‘90s.Literature provides various examples of extensive research towards 3D Cadastres as well as those that are alreadyimplementing3D cadastral systems. However, in most countries the legal aspects of 3D real property and its incorporation into 3D cadastral systems have not been so rigorously examined.This paper compares and discusses 3D property concepts in 15 cadastral jurisdictions, based on the authors’ national experience, covering Europe, North and Latin America, Middle East and Australia. Each of the legal system in these cadastral jurisdiction arebased on different origins of Civil Law, including German, Napoleonic and Scandinavian Civil Law, which can prove useful to research in other Civil Law jurisdictions interested in introducing 3D cadastral systems. These jurisdictionsare atdifferent stages of introducing and implementing a 3D cadastral system.This contributesto the detection of the 3D real property concepts that apply as well as deficiencies that prohibit introduction of 3D cadastral systems,whilehighlighting challenges that may have not yet surfacedin individual jurisdictions. This paper aims to present the different legal concepts regarding 3D real property in the examined countries, focusing on the characteristic features of cadastral objects described as 3D within each country’s legal and cadastral framework. The analysis of the case studies revealed that the countries are on different stages of 3D Cadastralimplementation, starting from countries with operational 3D cadastral systems, to others where there is yet no interest in introducing a 3D cadastral system.This paper presents the nature of 3D cadastral objects in each country, as well as differences in the regulatory framework regarding definition, description and registration. The paper continues the legal workshop discussions of the 4th International Workshop on 3D Cadastres in Dubai 2014 by analysing the legal concepts of 3D cadastres in the above-mentioned countries. The outcome is an overview and discussion of existing concepts of 3D property describing their similarities and differences in use, focusing on the legal framework of 3D cadastres. The article concludes by presenting a possible way forward and identifies what further research is needed which can be used to draft national and international research proposals and form legislative amendments towards introduction of national 3D cadastral systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors, 2018
Keywords
3D cadastre, 3D real property, legal framework, land management, land administration
National Category
Other Civil Engineering Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26429 (URN)978-87-92853-64-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-15 Created: 2018-04-15 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
Dimopooulou, E., Karki, S., Roić, M., Duarte de Almeida, J.-P., Griffith-Charles, C., Thompson, R., . . . Oosterom, P. v. (2018). Chapter 2. Initial Registration of 3D Parcels. In: Peter van Oosterom (Ed.), Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Extended version: (pp. 67-94). Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chapter 2. Initial Registration of 3D Parcels
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2018 (English)In: Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Extended version / [ed] Peter van Oosterom, Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors , 2018, p. 67-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Registering the rights of a 3D parcel should provide certainty of ownership, protection of rights and unambiguous spatial location. While not all cadastral jurisdictions in the world maintain a digital cadastral database, the concepts of such registration hold true regardless of whether it is a paper-based cadastre or a digital one. Similarly, the motivations and purpose for the creation of a 2D cadastre for individual jurisdictions applies to3D cadastre as well. It provides security of ownership for3D parcels, protects the rights of the owners, and provides valuable financial instruments such as mortgage, collateral, valuation and taxation. The current life cycle of the development of a land parcel includes processes startfrom outside the cadastral registration sphere, such as zoning plans and permits, but has a direct impact on how a certain development application is processed. Thus, in considering the changes required to allow a jurisdiction to register 3D, it is important to note the sphere of influence that could have an impact on 3D registration. These include planners, notaries, surveyors, data managers and registrars; however for the purpose of this paper, the research is focused on the core 3D aspects that are institutional, legal and technical. This paper explores approaches and solutions towards the implementation of initial 3D cadastral registration, as derivedby current procedures of registration of 3D parcels in various countries worldwide. To this end, the paper analyses the categorisations and approaches of3D spatial units and examines the validation requirements (constraints) on a cadastral database, at various levels of maturity. In this view, 3D data storage and visualization issues are examined in relation to the level of complexity of various jurisdictions, as provided by the results of the country inventory combined with a worldwide survey in 2010 and updated in 2014 (Van Oosterom, et al., 2014). It appearsthat significant progress has been achieved in providing legal provisions for the registration of 3D cadastres in many countries and several have started to show 3D information on cadastral plans such as isometric views, vertical profiles or text environment to facilitate such data capture and registration. Moreover, as jurisdictions progress towards an implementation of 3D cadastre, much 3D data collected in other areas (BIM, IFC CityGML files, IndoorGML, InfraGML and LandXML) open up the possibility of creating 3D cadastral database and combining with the existing datasets.The usability, compatibility and portability of these datasets is a low cost solution to one of the costliest phases of the implementation of 3D cadastres, which is the initial 3D data capture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors, 2018
Keywords
3D Cadastre, Initial Registration, Data Source
National Category
Law and Society Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26430 (URN)978-87-92853-64-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-15 Created: 2018-04-15 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
Larsson, K., Paasch, J. M. & Paulsson, J. (2018). Conversion of 2D Analogue Cadastral Boundary Plans into 3D Digital Information: problems and challenges illustrated by a Swedish case. In: 6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop: . Paper presented at 6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop; 2-4 October 2018; Delft, The Netherlands (pp. 75-94).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conversion of 2D Analogue Cadastral Boundary Plans into 3D Digital Information: problems and challenges illustrated by a Swedish case
2018 (English)In: 6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop, 2018, p. 75-94Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The possibility of forming 3D property units has not existed for a long time in Sweden. The legislation was introduced in 2004 and in 2009 the addition of apartment ownership (condominium) was added. Even though the demand for 3D property formation has not been as high yet as initially expected, there seems to be an increased interest in and demand for it today. The use of 3D property creates a need for 3D registration and visualization of the property units, which can involve difficulties in e.g. representation and storage of 3D real property data, such as the legal boundaries and real property rights connected to the property.However, even if 3D digital information is used in the real property formation process the 3D properties are still registered using two–dimensional documentation. An ongoing study, which is a part of a project testing 3D data, see Andree et al. (2018a; 2018b) and Tarandi (2017), is focusing on visualization of 3D cadastral boundaries.This paper discusses problems and challenges concerning the conversion of 2D analogue cadastral boundary plans into 3D digital information and is based on experiences being gained in a research project on visualization of 3D property boundaries in Sweden, see Andree et al. (2018a; 2018b). A newly constructed sports– and event arena in Stockholm where 3D properties are involved is used as a case study in the project to illustrate the process and the problems related to it. Focus lies here on legal issues, although other aspects will be mentioned as well.The legal foundations for 3D property formation in Sweden are primarily the Swedish Land Code (SFS, 1970:944) and the Real Property Formation Act (SFS, 1970:988). The rights, restrictions and responsibilities, RRRs, are registered in the national Real Property Register, which also includes registration in the two–dimensional digital cadastral index map.A description of the process of forming 3D property is included in the paper regarding the documents and parties involved. In the present cadastral processes concerning new 3D property formation a CAD drawing containing 3D real property boundaries is often supplied by the developer/entrepreneur. However, the 3D cadastral representation and the documentation in the cadastral dossier is recorded in 2D (El–Mekawy, Paasch and Paulsson, 2014). The CAD file may – or may not - be archived for future use by the Cadastral authority. We therefore sometimes may have to interpret two–dimensional data and convert it to be used in a 3D environment, e.g. BIM. This paper illustrates and exemplifies with some experiences of interpreting the cadastral dossiers for presentation in a 3D digital environment.Current legislation has to be investigated and interpreted to be able to add or transform into using 3D models as part of cadastral decisions in Sweden. New regulations also may have to be introduced and analysed. In this paper some of the legal issues that need to be addressed are mentioned, however more work needs to be done in order to get answers to what changes may be needed regarding legislation on this matter.

Abstract [sv]

I detta paper diskuteras problem och utmaningar rörande konvertering av 2D analoga registerkartor till 3D digital information och bygger på erfarenheter från ett forskningsprojekt om visualisering av 3D-fastighetsgränser i Sverige. Att kunna konvertera registerkartan till 3D innebär att omvandla befintliga data till 3D, men också att ta fram nya processer för att inkludera 3D digital information i framtida fastighetsbildningsbeslut. En nybyggd sport- och evenemangsarena i Stockholm där 3D-fastigheter ingår används som fallstudie i projektet för att illustrera processen och relaterade problem. Fokus ligger här på juridiska frågor, även om andra aspekter också tas upp. Studien visade att det skulle vara mer kostnadseffektivt att registrera 3D-gränser och volymer på den nationella registerkartan med hjälp av byggnadsplaner som visar invändiga väggar, balkar och andra detaljer som är föremål för 3D-fastighetsbildning. Nuvarande lagstiftning måste utredas och tolkas för att kunna lägga till eller övergå till att använda 3D-modeller som en del av förrättningsbeslut i Sverige. Nya regler kan också behöva införas och analyseras. I detta paper nämns några av de rättsliga problem som behöver åtgärdas, men mer arbete krävs för att få svar på vilka förändringar som skulle kunna behövas vad gäller lagstiftningen på området.

Keywords
3D cadastre, legislation, visualization, data collection, RRR.
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28327 (URN)
Conference
6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop; 2-4 October 2018; Delft, The Netherlands
Available from: 2018-10-15 Created: 2018-10-15 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Çağdaş, V., Stubkjær, E., de Vries, W. T., van der Merwe, C., Paasch, J. M., Paulsson, J., . . . Kara, A. (2018). Co-ownership shares in condominiums – A comparison across jurisdictions and standards: Long version. In: 6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop: . Paper presented at 6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop; 2-4 October 2018; Delft, The Netherlands. Copenhagen: International Federation of Surveyors, FIG
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-ownership shares in condominiums – A comparison across jurisdictions and standards: Long version
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2018 (English)In: 6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop, Copenhagen: International Federation of Surveyors, FIG , 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Condominium is one of the prevalent forms of three-dimensional (3D) property rights (Paulsson, 2007, p. 32). The condominium concept common to a number of jurisdictions consists of three elements: (a) individual ownership of an apartment, (b) co-ownership (joint ownership) of the land and the common parts of the building, and (c) membership of an incorporated or unincorporated owners' association (van der Merwe, 2015, p. 5). The ownership shares of condominium unit owners in the common property are here referred to as co-ownership shares; yet, alternative terms include ownership fraction, condominium share, participation quota, share value, and unit entitlement. The co-ownership share determines the proportional contribution to the common expenses and the share of common profits, as well as the voting power of each condominium unit owner in the administration of the condominium. The most common approaches to the determination of the co-ownership shares are based on equality, relative size or relative value of each condominium unit, or a combination of such (van der Merwe, 1994, p. 57-58). The literature presents detailed descriptions and comparative analysis related to condominium systems in different jurisdictions (e.g. van der Merwe, 2016; 2015; Paulsson, 2007; EUI, 2005; UNECE, 2005); however, the technical and procedural aspects related to the allotment of co-ownership shares still need to be further investigated. This paper aims to compare methods and procedures applied for the allotment of co-ownership shares of condominium systems in the following seven jurisdictions; Denmark, Germany, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Turkey. Also, international geographic information standards (i.e. ISO LADM, OGC LandInfra/InfraGML) are analyzed to assess the extent to which they facilitate allocation of co-ownership shares. The main purpose is to clarify the legal provisions and methodologies related to the determination of co-ownership shares in national condominium systems and bring new insights to countries, which are trying to revise their national provisions for fairer implementations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: International Federation of Surveyors, FIG, 2018
Keywords
Condominium, co-ownership share, ownership fraction, participation quota, share value, unit entitlement
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28331 (URN)
Conference
6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop; 2-4 October 2018; Delft, The Netherlands
Available from: 2018-10-16 Created: 2018-10-16 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Çağdaş, V., Stubkjær, E., de Vries, W., van der Merwe, C., Paasch, J. M., Paulsson, J., . . . Kara, A. (2018). Co-ownership shares in condominiums – A comparison across jurisdictions and standards: Short version. In: Peter van Oosterom (Ed.), 6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop: . Paper presented at 6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop; 2-4 October 2018; Delft, The Netherlands (pp. 217-242). Copenhagen: International Federation of Surveyors, FIG
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-ownership shares in condominiums – A comparison across jurisdictions and standards: Short version
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2018 (English)In: 6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop / [ed] Peter van Oosterom, Copenhagen: International Federation of Surveyors, FIG , 2018, p. 217-242Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Condominium is one of the prevalent forms of three- dimensional (3D) property rights (Paulsson, 2007, p. 32). The condominium concept common to a number of jurisdictions consists of three elements: (a) individual ownership of an apartment, (b) co-ownership (joint ownership) of the land and the common parts of the building, and (c) membership of an incorporated or unincorporated owners' association (van der Merwe, 2015, p. 5). The ownership shares of condominium unit owners in the common property are here referred to as co-ownership shares; yet, alternative terms include ownership fraction, condominium share, participation quota, share value, and unit entitlement. The co-ownership share determines the proportional contribution to the common expenses and the share of common profits, as well as the voting power of each condominium unit owner in the administration of the condominium. The most common approaches to the determination of the co-ownership shares are based on equality, relative size or relative value of each condominium unit, or a combination of such (van der Merwe, 1994, p. 57-58). The literature presents detailed descriptions and comparative analysis related to condominium systems in different jurisdictions (e.g. van der Merwe, 2016; 2015; Paulsson, 2007; EUI, 2005; UNECE, 2005); however, the technical and procedural aspects related to the allotment of co-ownership shares still need to be further investigated. This paper aims to compare methods and procedures applied for the allotment of co-ownership shares of condominium systems in the following seven jurisdictions; Denmark, Germany, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Turkey. Also, international geographic information standards are analyzed to assess the extent to which they facilitate allocation of co-ownership shares. The main purpose is to clarify the legal provisions and methodologies related to the determination of co-ownership shares in national condominium systems and bring new insights to countries, which are trying to revise their national provisions for fairer implementations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: International Federation of Surveyors, FIG, 2018
Keywords
Condominium, co-ownership share, ownership fraction, participation quota, share value, unit entitlement
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28330 (URN)
Conference
6th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop; 2-4 October 2018; Delft, The Netherlands
Available from: 2018-10-16 Created: 2018-10-16 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Berggren, D. & Paasch, J. M. (2018). Förnyelselagen - möjlighet eller hot?. Samhällsbyggaren (2), 38-39
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förnyelselagen - möjlighet eller hot?
2018 (Swedish)In: Samhällsbyggaren, ISSN 2000-2408, no 2, p. 38-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Riksdagen har beslutat att avtalsrättigheter som skrivits in i det statliga Lantmäteriets fastighetsregister före den 1 juli 1968 kommer att tas bort ur registret om inte rättighetshavaren senast den 31 december 2018 anmäler till Lantmäteriet att den ska finnas kvar. Hur arbetar rättighetshavare med förnyelsekravet och vad kan förnyelsekravet väntas få för konsekvenser?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Samhällsbyggarna Sverige AB, 2018
Keywords
fastighetsrätt, förnyelselagen, rättigheter, inskrivning, fastighetsregister
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27425 (URN)
Available from: 2018-06-27 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
Lundsten, J. & Paasch, J. M. (2018). Individual’s Motivation in Standardization of Geographic Information. In: FIG 2018 Istanbul : Proceedings: . Paper presented at FIG Congress 2018, Istanbul, Turkey, 6-11 Maj 2018. The International Federation of Surveyors, FIG, Article ID 9364.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Individual’s Motivation in Standardization of Geographic Information
2018 (English)In: FIG 2018 Istanbul : Proceedings, The International Federation of Surveyors, FIG , 2018, article id 9364Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Geographic information and standardization has gained increased interest in the last decades due to the increased use and exchange of digital data describing geographicand administrative features. Standards and related documents, such as technical reports, play an important part in this for private and public organizations. However, the role and motivation of the individual participants in the standardization process has been less researched. This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on participants’ personal meaningful goals for participating in formal standardization work at the Swedish Standards Institute, SIS. The study focus on production of national standards and related documents, for example national guidelines and other publications. The research question is how project team members are motivated in the standardization project. One or more participants in each of the technical committees, TCs, working with geographicinformation standardization, have been interviewed in regard to how they perceive their individual involvement in the standardization work and the personal meaningful goals making them to do so. A phenomenological method, Meaning Constitution Analysis (MCA), was used for analyzingthe interviewee’s experiences of the projects. The organizational motive behind the project and the personal meaningful goals for the individuals were focused on in the analysis of each interview. The study concluded that the investigated private companies and public organizations fulfil their obligations concerning financing the TCs work, but that some companies and organizationsdo not allow sufficient time for their employees to engage in standardization work, due to prioritization of other day-to-day tasks to be done. That is, standardization was not the organization's main motive. This may lead, apart from poor work environment for the individual participants and concerns about how to prioritize their daily work, which may result in delayed standardization projects. The interviewed participants were mainly motivated by their individual curiosity for the subject. That is, learning was a main personal meaningful goal. However, participants with frequent contacts with stakeholders had a significant motivation for participating, with the long-term goal to satisfy the stakeholders’ needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The International Federation of Surveyors, FIG, 2018
Keywords
Individual motivation, Standardization, Geodata, Geographic information, Sweden, SIS
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27580 (URN)978-87-92853-78-3 (ISBN)
Conference
FIG Congress 2018, Istanbul, Turkey, 6-11 Maj 2018
Available from: 2018-07-11 Created: 2018-07-11 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved
Stubkjær, E., Paasch, J. M., Cagdas, V., Oosterom, P. v., Simmons, S., Paulsson, J. & Lemmen, C. (2018). International Code List Management: The Case of Land Administration. In: Lemmen, C., Oosterom, P. v. , Fendel, E. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 7th Land Administration Domain Model Workshop: . Paper presented at 7th Land Administration Domain Model Workshop, April 11-13, 2018, Zagreb, Croatia. (pp. 223-244). Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors (FIG)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International Code List Management: The Case of Land Administration
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2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 7th Land Administration Domain Model Workshop / [ed] Lemmen, C., Oosterom, P. v. , Fendel, E., Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) , 2018, p. 223-244Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Standardization reduces technical barriers to trade and foster dissemination of innovations. Within the domain of information technology, standardization enhances semantic interoperability of systems and services. In order to achieve the potential of standardization, IT solutions must be localized to adapt to local needs. To reduce localization costs, software developers, but also standards develop and adopt internationalization principles and best practices, cf. the W3C Internationalization (I18n) Activity, the ISO 639 Language Codes, which provides an example for code lists and code list management, and the coding of coordinate reference systems. For the domain of Land Administration, the localization issue extends from language names to the various organizations and institutions dealing with interests in land. Paasch et al (2013) propose code lists as a mean of internationalization by which the classes of the ISO 19152:2012 Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) may be related to the concerned jurisdiction. The issue of code lists has been addressed by the OGC as well, namely in terms of the document 17-050r1 Code List Manifesto by Paul Scarponcini. Motivations for the study include that various OGC standards have encoded enumerations and code lists differently, as realized during the development of the InfraGML standard, which regards land and civil engineering infrastructure facilities, and thus share part of its scope with LADM. Aiming at harmonization of standards within the domain of Land Administration, the present paper proposes a joint management of the code lists which are specified by ISO LADM and by OGC LandInfra / InfraGML, respectively. The FIG motivated the ISO standard LADM and moreover framed research on code lists. It seems therefore appropriate to join with this organization of surveying professionals, also to benefit from sharing of expertise and cost of the management activities. The paper the outlines the tasks of code list management by drawing on the mentioned Code List Manifesto and resuming research supporting code list management, e.g. terminological theory and semantic tools. The setup of a possible code list management system is discussed, and summarized in terms of a draft Memorandum of Understanding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors (FIG), 2018
Keywords
Code lists, Semantic Web, Land Administration Domain Model (LADM), ISO 19152, OGC Land and and Infrastructure Conceptual Model Standard (LandInfra), OGC InfraGML
National Category
Other Social Sciences Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26427 (URN)978-87-92853-68-4 (ISBN)978-87-92853-69-1 (ISBN)
Conference
7th Land Administration Domain Model Workshop, April 11-13, 2018, Zagreb, Croatia.
Available from: 2018-04-15 Created: 2018-04-15 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4885-0018

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