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Paasch, Jesper M., Tekn. drORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4885-0018
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Publications (10 of 60) Show all publications
Sandgren, U., Rannestig, E., Wasström, C. & Paasch, J. M. (2019). Infrastruktur för geografiska data (7:1ed.). In: Lars Harrie (Ed.), Geografisk inforemationsbehandling: Teori, metoder och tillämpningar (pp. 39-57). Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Infrastruktur för geografiska data
2019 (Swedish)In: Geografisk inforemationsbehandling: Teori, metoder och tillämpningar / [ed] Lars Harrie, Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 7:1, p. 39-57Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Geografisk informationsbehandling kräver tillgång till geografiska data. I detta kapitel ska vi titta närmare på tillgäången till såna, ch beskvara viktiga frågor som:

- Vilka geografiska data finns?- Hur får jag tillgång till dessa data?- Hur får jag använda geografiska data?Vilka är de viktigaste lagarna som reglerar användingen?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Studentlitteratur AB, 2019 Edition: 7:1
Keywords
Geografiska data, geodata
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31048 (URN)
Note

kommande

Available from: 2019-11-26 Created: 2019-11-26 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved
Larsson, K., Paasch, J. M. & Paulsson, J. (2019). Representation of 3D cadastral boundaries: From analogue to digital. Land use policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Representation of 3D cadastral boundaries: From analogue to digital
2019 (Swedish)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses problems and challenges concerning the process of conversion of 2D analogue cadastral boundary plans into 3D digital information and is based on experiences from a research project on visualization of 3D property boundaries in Sweden. An area next to a newly constructed sports– and event arena in Stockholm, where 3D properties are formed, is used as a case study in the project to illustrate the process and the problems related to it. Focus lies on legal issues, although other aspects are mentioned as well. The rights, restrictions and responsibilities (RRRs) are registered in the national Real Property Register, which also includes registration in the two–dimensional Digital Cadastral Index Map. 

A description of the process of forming 3D property is included in the paper regarding the documents and parties involved. The result of the study is that it is necessary to interpret two–dimensional cadastral data and textual descriptions in order for it to be used in a digital 3D environment, e.g. BIM.

The study shows that current legislation has to be investigated and interpreted in detail to be able to add or transform into using 3D models as part of cadastral decisions in Sweden. The current cadastral process is also analysed and suggestions for further development are provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
3D Cadastre, legislation, visualisation, data collection, RRR
National Category
Law and Society Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30992 (URN)
Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved
Lundsten, J. & Paasch, J. M. (2019). The individuals’ participation in standards setting: role, influence, and motivation. In: Kai Jacobs (Ed.), Shaping the Future Through Standardization: . IGI Global
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The individuals’ participation in standards setting: role, influence, and motivation
2019 (English)In: Shaping the Future Through Standardization / [ed] Kai Jacobs, IGI Global, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Since standardization is essential and additionally have organizational effects, studying motivation for participating in standardization processes is important. A phenomenological study of descriptions made by individual participants in project teams for geographical information at the Swedish Standards Institute, SIS, was conducted 2016-2017. The study indicated that participants were motivated, but there were different motivators depending on the participants’ differing contexts. For most participants the main personal meaningful goal was  to be at the forefront of development. For participants employed by organizations with frequent interactions with stakeholders, the main personal meaningful goal was to satisfy the stakeholders’ needs. This study also showed that several members felt that they do not have sufficient time for working with standardization asks, due to that their daily work in their organizations often has higher priority in relation to standardization work. This may slow down the development of standards and other publications due to lack of resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IGI Global, 2019
Keywords
Geodata Infrastructure, Geographic Information, Motivation, Motivation in Projects, Organizational Routines, Project Management, SIS, Standardization, Swedish Standards Institute
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30993 (URN)10.4018/978-1-7998-2181-6 (DOI)9781799821816 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved
Hjelmblom, M., Paasch, J. M., Paulsson, J., Edlund, M. & Bökman, F. (2019). Towards Automation of the Swedish Property Formation Process: A Structural and Logical Analysis of Property Subdivision. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, 14(1), 29-63
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Automation of the Swedish Property Formation Process: A Structural and Logical Analysis of Property Subdivision
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2019 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, ISSN 1459-5877, E-ISSN 2341-6599, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 29-63Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ongoing digitalization of public administration and increasedautomation of legal decision-making bears promise to benefit citizens,businesses and other stakeholders through simpler and more efficient civilprocesses, and thus has great impact on the urban planning and buildingprocess. However, automation of decision-making that is directed orconstrained by normative systems such as laws, regulations and policies,requires a detailed and accurate representation of these concepts andtheir constituent parts, and the domain to which they are applied. Thispaper combines two perspectives on formalisation and classification oflegal relations within the urban planning and building domain. In a crossdisciplinaryfashion, the paper analyses and describes a small part of thisdomain at a higher level of abstraction and formalization using two differentanalysis instruments. Using these tools, we perform structural and conceptualas well as logical analyses of two specific snapshots of a fictitious propertysubdivision case in Sweden, focusing on the legal relations between differententities and parties involved in the specific situations. The structural analysisuses the Land Administration Domain Model ISO 19152:2012 standardformalism, and the logical analysis is based on the notion of atomic types oflegal relations. The paper discusses some of the strengths and weaknesses ofthe two tools regarding the formal representation of rights, restrictions andresponsibilities of different parties in the land administration domain, as wellas how the tools relate to each other and how they can be aligned. This papertakes one step towards a deeper understanding of the domain, and identifyareas for future research that may provide better conditions for efficient andtransparent use of geospatial information, and automation of the propertysubdivision process and other related civil processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Finnish Society of Built Environment Research, 2019
Keywords
cadastre, land management, digitalisation, automation, subdivision, real property, LADM, normative positions
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30094 (URN)
Projects
Efficient and transparent decision making in urban planning
Funder
J. Gust. Richert stiftelse, 2018-00456
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-11-11Bibliographically approved
Paasch, J. M., Larsson, K., Ågren, U. & Bohlin, J. (2019). Var finns utbildningarna?. Kart och Bildteknik (3), 12-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Var finns utbildningarna?
2019 (Swedish)In: Kart och Bildteknik, ISSN 1651-8705, E-ISSN 1651-792X, no 3, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Hur ser utbildningssverige ut idag när det gäller de ämnesområden som är relevanta för Kartografiska sällskapet? Detta gavs en kort inblick i artikeln Utbildningsverksamhet inom geodataområdet under det senaste decenniet i senaste numret av Sveriges Kartläggning (2018). Men vad är egentligen “relevanta ämnesområden” idag? Kartografi som ämne är idag endast en liten del av hela det område inom vilket kompetens om geodata är nödvändig. Det är idag betydligt svårare att få överblick över den ökade komplexiteten inom utbildningsområdet. Många ämnesutbildningar använder och studerar idag lägesbunden information och använder sig av geodata-/GIS-/kartografi i undervisningen.Samtidigt har branschorganisationer, myndigheter och politiker identifierat behovet av kompetens för att hantera en digitaliserad samhällsbyggnads- och informationshantering som en av nyckelfaktorerna för framgång. Trots detta var besökstalen låga på sessionerna Utveckling av grundutbildning och Kompetens för framtidens digitala samhällsbyggande under konferensen POSITION för digitalt samhällsbyggande 2030 i mars i år. Dock tog kompetensbehovet upp som centralt i många andra av konferensens presentationer.Tydligt framgår dock att ett av kärnområdena inom digitalisering i samhällsbyggandet är ökad kompetens, t.ex. inom informationshantering, standardisering, datakvalitet, kartografi och visualisering. Detta ställer nya krav på både praktiska och teoretiska/akademiska kunskaper inom geodata och digitalisering i ett bredare perspektiv. Samhällsbyggnadsprocessen är en del av en större helhet som omfattar en rad moment från planering och insamling av geodata och annan data till samhällsbyggnadsprocessen för Infrastruktur, Mark och Byggnader

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kartografiska Sällskapet, 2019
Keywords
Utbildning, geografisk information, geodata
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31004 (URN)
Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved
Andrée, M., Paasch, J. M., Paulsson, J. & Seipel, S. (2018). BIM and 3D property visualisation. In: FIG Congress 2018: Proceedings. Paper presented at FIG Congress 2018; Istanbul, Turkey; 6-11 May 2018. , Article ID 9367.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>BIM and 3D property visualisation
2018 (English)In: FIG Congress 2018: Proceedings, 2018, article id 9367Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The concept of 3D property has only existed a short period of time in Sweden, being introduced in 2004 and expanded in 2009 by the addition of condominium (apartment) ownership. It is therefore a rather new form of land management, and the demand for 3D property formation has not been as high as initially expected. There is however an increased interest in 3D property and ownership apartments today, also as being part of the nation’s geospatial infrastructure together with related 3D information for e.g. buildings, utility networks and other features. An effective management of 3D property is depending on, among other things, visualization, representation and storage of 3D real property data, such as legal boundaries and real property rights. There are at present a number of ongoing 3D development and research projects focusing on visualization and standardization of 3D cadastral boundaries. They are part of the national "Smart Built Environment" development and research program, which includes the use of BIM in the (future) 3D property formation process with focus on visualization of 3D real property and condominiums, and specification of requirements and evaluation of 3D digital real property information created and managed in the processes.

This paper presents the preliminary results of the working group on visualization of 3D boundaries in the project "Smart planning, construction and management processes throughout the life cycle". The aim is to test the results produced in the project "Information for planning, real property formation and building permission", working group "BIM for 3D property formation." The purpose of this working group is to set the requirements for and evaluate the test bed for 3D property information. The focus is on visualization of 3D property and ownership apartments. The proposed model for digitization and visualization of 3D property formation will be tested in a test bed environment. A pilot case from the Stockholm area is then used in the test bed to see how it could work in practice.

The expected outcome is recommendations for the exchange of documentation and other digital information in 3D processes, the visualization of legal boundaries for stakeholders, registration of legal 3D objects in the Swedish national real property register and how to communicate 3D models to right holders/stakeholders for 3D property and condominiums and the property market, as well as suggestions for a homogeneous, effective and digital flow of 3D information to be used by actors and other stakeholders in the property formation, planning and building processes.

Keywords
3D Real Property, Property Formation, BIM, Cadastre, standardization, Sweden
National Category
Other Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28329 (URN)
Conference
FIG Congress 2018; Istanbul, Turkey; 6-11 May 2018
Projects
Smart Built Environment. "Smarta plan-, bygg-, förvaltnings- och nyttjandeprocesser över hela livscykeln"
Available from: 2018-10-16 Created: 2018-10-16 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved
Paasch, J. M. (2018). Bogomtale - Best Practices 3D Cadastres [Review]. Fagbladet Landinspektøren, 60(3), 34-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bogomtale - Best Practices 3D Cadastres
2018 (Danish)In: Fagbladet Landinspektøren, ISSN 1903-5454, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 34-34Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [da]

Målet med bogen er att give et overblik samt eksempler på forskellige eksisterende juridiske og tekniske løsninger i forbindelse med tredimensionel ejendomsdannelse, registrering, forvaltning og visualisering, tx ejerlejligheder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Den danske Landinspektørforening (DdL), 2018
Keywords
3D Cadastre, ejendomsdannelse, Fastighetsbildning, 3D
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27397 (URN)
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved
Kitsakis, D., Paasch, J. M., Paulsson, J., Navratil, G., Vučić, N., Karabin, M., . . . Karki, S. (2018). Chapter 1. Legal Foundations. In: Peter van Oosterom (Ed.), Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Extended version: (pp. 1-66). Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chapter 1. Legal Foundations
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2018 (English)In: Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Extended version / [ed] Peter van Oosterom, Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors , 2018, p. 1-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The concepts of three-dimensional (3D) real property have been the subject of increased interest in land use management and research since the late ‘90s.Literature provides various examples of extensive research towards 3D Cadastres as well as those that are alreadyimplementing3D cadastral systems. However, in most countries the legal aspects of 3D real property and its incorporation into 3D cadastral systems have not been so rigorously examined.This paper compares and discusses 3D property concepts in 15 cadastral jurisdictions, based on the authors’ national experience, covering Europe, North and Latin America, Middle East and Australia. Each of the legal system in these cadastral jurisdiction arebased on different origins of Civil Law, including German, Napoleonic and Scandinavian Civil Law, which can prove useful to research in other Civil Law jurisdictions interested in introducing 3D cadastral systems. These jurisdictionsare atdifferent stages of introducing and implementing a 3D cadastral system.This contributesto the detection of the 3D real property concepts that apply as well as deficiencies that prohibit introduction of 3D cadastral systems,whilehighlighting challenges that may have not yet surfacedin individual jurisdictions. This paper aims to present the different legal concepts regarding 3D real property in the examined countries, focusing on the characteristic features of cadastral objects described as 3D within each country’s legal and cadastral framework. The analysis of the case studies revealed that the countries are on different stages of 3D Cadastralimplementation, starting from countries with operational 3D cadastral systems, to others where there is yet no interest in introducing a 3D cadastral system.This paper presents the nature of 3D cadastral objects in each country, as well as differences in the regulatory framework regarding definition, description and registration. The paper continues the legal workshop discussions of the 4th International Workshop on 3D Cadastres in Dubai 2014 by analysing the legal concepts of 3D cadastres in the above-mentioned countries. The outcome is an overview and discussion of existing concepts of 3D property describing their similarities and differences in use, focusing on the legal framework of 3D cadastres. The article concludes by presenting a possible way forward and identifies what further research is needed which can be used to draft national and international research proposals and form legislative amendments towards introduction of national 3D cadastral systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors, 2018
Keywords
3D cadastre, 3D real property, legal framework, land management, land administration
National Category
Other Civil Engineering Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26429 (URN)978-87-92853-64-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-15 Created: 2018-04-15 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved
Kitsakis, D., Paasch, J. M., Paulsson, J., Navratil, G., Vučić, N., Karabin, M., . . . Karki, S. (2018). Chapter 1. Legal Foundations. In: Peter van Oosterom (Ed.), Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Printed version: (pp. 1-18). Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chapter 1. Legal Foundations
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2018 (English)In: Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Printed version / [ed] Peter van Oosterom, Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors , 2018, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The concepts of three-dimensional (3D) real property have been the subject of increasedinterest in land use management and research since the late ‘90s while literatureprovides various examples of extensive research towards 3D Cadastres as well asalready implementing 3D cadastral systems. However, in most countries the legal aspectsof 3D real property and its incorporation into 3D cadastral systems have not beenso rigorously examined.This chapter compares and discusses 3D property concepts in fifteen selected countries,based on the authors’ national experience, covering Europe, North and LatinAmerica, Middle East and Australia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors, 2018
Series
FIG report series, ISSN 1018-6530 ; 72
Keywords
3D cadastre, 3D real property, legal framework, land management, land administration
National Category
Other Civil Engineering Law and Society Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31019 (URN)978-87-92853-84-4 (ISBN)978-87-92853-83-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-11-23 Created: 2019-11-23 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved
Dimopooulou, E., Karki, S., Roić, M., Duarte de Almeida, J.-P., Griffith-Charles, C., Thompson, R., . . . Oosterom, P. v. (2018). Chapter 2. Initial Registration of 3D Parcels. In: Peter van Oosterom (Ed.), Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Extended version: (pp. 67-94). Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chapter 2. Initial Registration of 3D Parcels
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2018 (English)In: Best Practices 3D Cadastres - Extended version / [ed] Peter van Oosterom, Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors , 2018, p. 67-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Registering the rights of a 3D parcel should provide certainty of ownership, protection of rights and unambiguous spatial location. While not all cadastral jurisdictions in the world maintain a digital cadastral database, the concepts of such registration hold true regardless of whether it is a paper-based cadastre or a digital one. Similarly, the motivations and purpose for the creation of a 2D cadastre for individual jurisdictions applies to3D cadastre as well. It provides security of ownership for3D parcels, protects the rights of the owners, and provides valuable financial instruments such as mortgage, collateral, valuation and taxation. The current life cycle of the development of a land parcel includes processes startfrom outside the cadastral registration sphere, such as zoning plans and permits, but has a direct impact on how a certain development application is processed. Thus, in considering the changes required to allow a jurisdiction to register 3D, it is important to note the sphere of influence that could have an impact on 3D registration. These include planners, notaries, surveyors, data managers and registrars; however for the purpose of this paper, the research is focused on the core 3D aspects that are institutional, legal and technical. This paper explores approaches and solutions towards the implementation of initial 3D cadastral registration, as derivedby current procedures of registration of 3D parcels in various countries worldwide. To this end, the paper analyses the categorisations and approaches of3D spatial units and examines the validation requirements (constraints) on a cadastral database, at various levels of maturity. In this view, 3D data storage and visualization issues are examined in relation to the level of complexity of various jurisdictions, as provided by the results of the country inventory combined with a worldwide survey in 2010 and updated in 2014 (Van Oosterom, et al., 2014). It appearsthat significant progress has been achieved in providing legal provisions for the registration of 3D cadastres in many countries and several have started to show 3D information on cadastral plans such as isometric views, vertical profiles or text environment to facilitate such data capture and registration. Moreover, as jurisdictions progress towards an implementation of 3D cadastre, much 3D data collected in other areas (BIM, IFC CityGML files, IndoorGML, InfraGML and LandXML) open up the possibility of creating 3D cadastral database and combining with the existing datasets.The usability, compatibility and portability of these datasets is a low cost solution to one of the costliest phases of the implementation of 3D cadastres, which is the initial 3D data capture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors, 2018
Keywords
3D Cadastre, Initial Registration, Data Source
National Category
Law and Society Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26430 (URN)978-87-92853-64-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-15 Created: 2018-04-15 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4885-0018

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