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Dahlkvist, E., Wallhagen, M., Bergsten, E. L., Larsson, J. & Enmarker, I. (2023). First-line managers’ leadership behavior profiles and use of gardens in residential care facilities: An interview study. Journal of Aging and Environment, 37(1), 65-84
Open this publication in new window or tab >>First-line managers’ leadership behavior profiles and use of gardens in residential care facilities: An interview study
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Aging and Environment, ISSN 2689-2618, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 65-84Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explored first-line managers’ leadership behavior profiles regarding their goals for utilizing the garden at residential care facilities for older people. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of first-line managers (n = 12) in Sweden. Data were analyzed using deductive content analysis theoretically guided by the Three-dimensional Leadership Model. The results showed that the main leadership behavior profiles were related to the dimensions structure, relation and change. The managers emphasized workplace regulations and goals. They allowed staff to make decisions and encouraged them to see problems and opportunities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Older people, first-line managers, garden, leadership
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Sustainable Urban Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-37398 (URN)10.1080/26892618.2021.2001707 (DOI)000967885300004 ()2-s2.0-85119203641 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1761
Available from: 2021-11-19 Created: 2021-11-19 Last updated: 2023-11-23Bibliographically approved
Larsson, J., Vinberg, S. & Jahncke, H. (2022). Changing the Office Design to Activity-Based Flexible Offices: A Longitudinal Study of How Managers’ Leadership Behaviours Are Perceived. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(20), Article ID 13557.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing the Office Design to Activity-Based Flexible Offices: A Longitudinal Study of How Managers’ Leadership Behaviours Are Perceived
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 20, article id 13557Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This longitudinal study examines the impact of office type on employees’ perception of managers’ leadership behaviours, which is an unexplored area. The expanding research related to activity-based flexible offices (AFOs) has mainly focused on employees’ working conditions and health outcomes, not on the changes in leadership behaviours when moving from traditional offices to AFOs. Office workers (n = 261) from five office sites within a large Swedish government agency were included in a controlled study of a natural intervention. At four sites, traditional offices were replaced by AFOs, while workers at one site with no relocation acted as the control. The same employees rated different leadership behaviours in a web-based questionnaire at baseline and at one follow-up. The analyses showed that relocations from cell and open-plan offices to AFOs were clearly related to a decrease in the perception of relation-oriented leadership behaviours. However, coming from open-plan offices to AFOs also decreased the perception of the other leadership dimensions. As expected, the control group was stable over time in their perceptions. This emphasises the need for organisations to provide managers with prerequisites so they can keep up with behaviours that support employees’ performance and health when office designs and ways of working are changed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022
Keywords
AFO; ABW; activity-based working; behaviour; flexible work; management; open-plan office
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-40326 (URN)10.3390/ijerph192013557 (DOI)000875366600001 ()36294137 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85140904476 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, 2015/43010
Available from: 2022-10-31 Created: 2022-10-31 Last updated: 2022-11-11Bibliographically approved
Bjärntoft, S., Hallman, D., Zetterberg, C., Larsson, J., Edvinsson, J. & Jahncke, H. (2021). A participatory approach to identify key areas for sustainable work environment and health in employees with flexible work arrangements. Sustainability, 13(24), Article ID 13593.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A participatory approach to identify key areas for sustainable work environment and health in employees with flexible work arrangements
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2021 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 24, article id 13593Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Flexible work arrangements are common worldwide, but knowledge on how to achieve a sustainable work environment is sparse. The aim of this study was to use a participatory approach to identify concrete suggestions and key areas for improvement that were considered relevant, effective, and feasible for promoting good work environment and health at organizational, work group and individual level (O-G-I), among office employees with flexible work arrangements. Eight focus group interviews (including 45 employees) were conducted in a large Swedish government agency in 2017. By using a Tree diagram approach, employees made a total of 279 suggestions for improvements, which were sorted into O-G-I levels and mapped into 18 key areas. We found that 13 key areas addressed organizational level (e.g., improving leadership, policy, job demands, and work efficiency), two key areas addressed group level (create common rules of availability and activity-based working), and three key areas addressed individual level (e.g., individuals’ responsibility to clearly communicate their availability). The participatory process was effective in obtaining concrete suggestions and key areas in need of improvement, which may provide an action plan that can guide organizations in developing interventions to promote good work environment and health in flexible work. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021
Keywords
Health promotion; Job autonomy; Participative; Sustainable work; Work environment
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work, Flexibelt arbete
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-37535 (URN)10.3390/su132413593 (DOI)000738547500001 ()2-s2.0-85120936209 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1761Swedish Transport Administration, 2016/425/1
Available from: 2021-12-20 Created: 2021-12-20 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved
Bergsten, E. L., Haapakangas, A., Larsson, J., Jahncke, H. & Hallman, D. (2021). Effects of relocation to activity-based workplaces on perceived productivity: importance of change-oriented leadership. Applied Ergonomics, 93, 10-16, Article ID 103348.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of relocation to activity-based workplaces on perceived productivity: importance of change-oriented leadership
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2021 (English)In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 93, p. 10-16, article id 103348Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Activity-based workplaces (ABWs) are becoming popular in Western countries and were implemented at four office sites of a large Swedish government agency. A fifth office was used as a control group. The study aim was to examine the effects of relocation to ABW on perceived productivity among employees and to determine if perceived change-oriented leadership behavior prior to relocation moderates potential effects. Data were collected three months prior to relocation, and three and 12 months after. 407 respondents were included in linear mixed regression models. Perceived productivity decreased significantly after relocation compared to the control group and these effects persisted 12 months after the relocation. However, the decrease in perceived productivity was significantly smaller among employees perceiving high change-oriented leadership before relocation. Our results point out the importance of a change-oriented leadership behavior during the implementation to avoid productivity loss among employees when implementing ABWs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Flexible office; Implementation process; Organisational change
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30121 (URN)10.1016/j.apergo.2020.103348 (DOI)000633160900007 ()33497955 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85099804827 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, 2015/118
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2021-08-16Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, E., Macassa, G. & Larsson, J. (2021). Managers’ work and behaviour patterns in profitable growth SMEs. Small Business Economics, 57, 849-863
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managers’ work and behaviour patterns in profitable growth SMEs
2021 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 57, p. 849-863Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated managers’ work and behaviour patterns in profitable growth small- and medium-sized Swedish companies, and considered how these patterns might be associated with good health outcomes. Specifically, we looked at hours worked by managers, proportion of time spent on working activities, and leadership behaviour orientation. We used a quantitative cross-sectional design and collected data via a standardized questionnaire that was answered by 133 top managers. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, linear regression, and compositional data analysis. Our results indicate that the managers worked long hours, which is a health risk both for them as individuals and for their organizations, but also that they engaged in work practices and leadership behaviours that were favourable for organizational health and for their employees. The managers spent a high proportion of their time in touring, which could be beneficial to organizational health, and exercised active leadership through behaviours that contribute to both employee health and company effectiveness. Comparing our results to other studies, we can observe that patterns of managers’ time use differ between small and large companies, confirming that the size of the firm is an important determinant of managerial work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Keywords
Managers' time use; Managers' working hours; Leadership behaviour; Touring; Organizational health; Small businesses
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Business Administration
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-33315 (URN)10.1007/s11187-020-00386-0 (DOI)000554789400003 ()2-s2.0-85088829346 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-08-17 Created: 2020-08-17 Last updated: 2024-01-31Bibliographically approved
Bjärntoft, S., Hallman, D., Mathiassen, S. E., Larsson, J. & Jahncke, H. (2020). Occupational and individual determinants of work-life balance among office workers with flexible work arrangements. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4), Article ID 1418.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational and individual determinants of work-life balance among office workers with flexible work arrangements
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2020 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 4, article id 1418Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Flexible work arrangements permitting workers to work anytime and anywhere are increasingly common. This flexibility can introduce both challenges and opportunities for the organisation, as well as for worker work-life balance (WLB). This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the extent to which occupational factors (organizational, leadership and psychosocial) and individual work-related behaviours (over-commitment, overtime work and boundary management) are associated with WLB, and whether these associations are modified by the perceived level of flexibility at work (i.e., control over when, where, and how to do the work). In total, 2960 full-time office workers with flexible work arrangements at the Swedish Transport Administration participated. Associations were determined using linear regression analyses with adjustment for covariates. The strongest negative associations with WLB were found for over-commitment, quantitative job demands, expectations of availability, and overtime work. Strongest positive associations were found for boundary management, information about organizing work, social support, and relation-oriented leadership. Perceived flexibility was positively associated with WLB, and interacted with several of the examined factors, buffering their negative associations with WLB. Results suggest that WLB can be promoted by organizational initiatives focusing on minimizing excessive job demands, increasing psychosocial resources, supporting boundary management, and enhancing perceived flexibility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
work-life balance; autonomy; job resources; job demands; work control
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work; Health-Promoting Work, Flexibelt arbete
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30408 (URN)10.3390/ijerph17041418 (DOI)000522388500294 ()32098327 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85079902220 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1761Swedish Transport Administration, 2015/92392
Available from: 2019-07-05 Created: 2019-07-05 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved
Bjärntoft, S., Hallman, D., Mathiassen, S. E., Larsson, J. & Jahncke, H. (2018). Flexible work: Occupational determinants of work-life balance. In: : . Paper presented at 20th Congress International Ergonomics Association, 26-30 August 2018, Florens, Italy.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flexible work: Occupational determinants of work-life balance
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2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27880 (URN)
Conference
20th Congress International Ergonomics Association, 26-30 August 2018, Florens, Italy
Available from: 2018-09-10 Created: 2018-09-10 Last updated: 2020-11-23Bibliographically approved
Bergsten, E. L., Mathiassen, S. E., Larsson, J. & Kwak, L. (2018). Implementation of an ergonomics intervention in a Swedish flight baggage handling company: a process evaluation. PLOS ONE, 13(3), Article ID e0191760.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementation of an ergonomics intervention in a Swedish flight baggage handling company: a process evaluation
2018 (English)In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 3, article id e0191760Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To conduct a process evaluation of the implementation of an ergonomics training program aimed at increasing the use of loading assist devices in flight baggage handling.

Methods: Feasibility (recruitment, reach, context, dose delivered, dose received, satisfaction); intermediate outcomes (skills, confidence and behaviors); and barriers and facilitators of the training intervention were assessed by qualitative and quantitative methods.

Results: Implementation proved feasible regarding dose delivered, dose received and satisfaction. Confidence among participants in the training program in using and talking about devices, observed use of devices among colleagues, and internal feedback on work behavior increased significantly (p<0.01). Main facilitators were self-efficacy, motivation, and perceived utility of training among the trainees. Barriers included lack of peer support, opportunities to observe and practice behaviors, and follow-up activities; as well as staff reduction and job insecurity.

Conclusions: In identifying important barriers and facilitators for a successful outcome, our study can help supporting the effectiveness of future interventions. Our results show that barriers caused by organizational changes may likely be alleviated by recruiting motivated trainees and securing strong organizational support for the implementation.   

  

Keywords
implementation barriers, implementation facilitators, musculoskeltal disorders, loading assist devices, qualitative methods
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21685 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0191760 (DOI)000426896800008 ()29513671 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85043373121 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1761
Available from: 2016-06-16 Created: 2016-06-16 Last updated: 2022-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, E., Macassa, G. & Larsson, J. (2018). Managers’ working hours and time allocation in effective SMEs – an organizational health perspective. In: Per Lindberg (Ed.), FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts. Paper presented at FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle (pp. 118). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managers’ working hours and time allocation in effective SMEs – an organizational health perspective
2018 (English)In: FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 118-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background

There is an increased global interest in occupational health across small businesses as they represent a large share of employers in many societies. In the model of healthy work organisations, employee health is a prerequisite for higher productivity and profitability and management practices are considered as determinants of organisational health. A better understanding of how managers in effective companies use their time can offer a better understanding of how this can affect employees’ well-being and business effect-iveness. Managers’ long working hours and share of time spent on Management by Walking Around (MBWA) are considered important characteristics of managers’ work that might have consequences for employees’ and managers’ own health outcomes, as well as for organisational effectiveness. MBWA is a management technique common for successful companies in regard to their effectiveness; providing an opportunity for a spontaneous manager-subordinate interaction that might be important for employee health and wellbeing. Studies of managerial work have to some extent not clearly placed managers’ time use in the broad context of leadership, often missing to link it with leadership behaviour theories, health and effectiveness.

Objective

The objective of this study was to explore, on the one hand, the total amount of working hours that managers spent, and on the other, their patterns of time allocation to different activities in effective SMEs. Research questions were: 1) What patterns regarding managers’ working hours can be identified across socio-demographic variables, leader-ship experience factors and leadership profiles in effective SMEs? 2) What patterns regarding proportions of total working hours spent on MBWA can be identified across socio-demographic variables, leadership experience factors and leadership profiles in effective SMEs?

Method

The study used data collected within the project, “Successful Companies in Gästrikland”. Annually the project nominates 120 companies for the award based on companies’ financial indicators. The study employed a cross-sectional design and analysed responses to questionnaires collected within the project during years 2014-2018. The inclusion criteria were small and medium sized companies (more than four and less than 250 subordinates), high-level managers having subordinates. Data analysis were carried out using descriptive statistics and regression analysis.

Results

The results section is being processed and will be reported on the conference.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work; Intelligent Industry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28861 (URN)978-91-88145-28-4 (ISBN)
Conference
FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?, 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle
Note

Rundabordssamtal

Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2022-09-16Bibliographically approved
Jahncke, H., Edvinsson, J., Bjärntoft, S., Hallman, D., Mathiassen, S. E., Larsson, J. & Zetterberg, C. (2018). Symposium: Återhämtning och ledarskap i flexibla arbeten: resultat från ett forskningsprojekt på Trafikverket. In: Lindberg, Per (Ed.), FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts. Paper presented at FALF 2018 konferens 'Arbetet - problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?', 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle (pp. 78). Gävle: Gävle University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Symposium: Återhämtning och ledarskap i flexibla arbeten: resultat från ett forskningsprojekt på Trafikverket
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2018 (Swedish)In: FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts / [ed] Lindberg, Per, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 78-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion

Den stressrelaterade ohälsan ökar i samhället i stort och det är möjligt att bristande återhämtning kan vara bidragande. Det finns dock ännu inte några tydliga svar på hur ett gynnsamt mönster av arbete och återhämtning bör se ut. Frågan om balansen mellan krav i arbetet och möjligheter till återhämtning är särskilt aktuell i yrken där digital teknik möjliggör flexibelt arbete, dvs. ett arbete där de anställda till stor del själva kan styra över sin arbetstid, sitt arbetsställe och/eller sitt arbetssätt. Möjligheten att arbeta flexibelt kan innebära både för- och nackdelar för såväl individen som organisationen och medföra nya utmaningar för chefer när det gäller hur de ska leda sina medarbetare på ett hälsofrämjande sätt. Samtidigt kan flexibiliteten underlätta för medarbetare att få ihop livspusslet och att anpassa arbetsinsatsen utifrån arbetstoppar, vilket kan gynna organisationens produktivitet. Risken är dock att den stressrelaterade ohälsan ökar om balansen mellan arbete och återhämtning rubbas genom t.ex. övertidsarbete och ständig tillgänglighet till arbetet på ogynnsamma tider.

Det här symposiet presenterar resultat från ett forskningsprojekt som undersökt flexibelt arbete på Trafikverket. I ett första steg genomfördes en kartläggning av arbetsvillkor, återhämtning och hälsa med hjälp av en webbaserad enkät till 4926 anställda. Resultaten från kartläggningen har sedan legat till grund för fokusgruppsdiskussioner med chefer och medarbetare, där åtgärdsförslag har tagits fram i syfte att förstärka fördelarna och reducera riskerna med flexibelt arbete. Även åtgärdsförslagen från fokusgrupperna kommer att presenteras vid symposiet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Gävle University Press, 2018
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28864 (URN)978-91-88145-28-4 (ISBN)
Conference
FALF 2018 konferens 'Arbetet - problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?', 10-12 juni 2018, Gävle
Note

Symposiebidrag:

1. Flexibelt arbete och återhämtningHelena Jahncke, Johanna Edvinsson, Sofie Bjärntoft, David Hallman, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Johan Larsson, Camilla Zetterberg

2.Ledarskap vid flexibelt arbeteJohan Larsson, Camilla Zetterberg, Sofie Bjärntoft, Johanna Edvinsson, David Hallman, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Helena Jahncke

3.Bestämningsfaktorer i flexibelt arbete som bidrar till upplevd balans mellan arbete och fritidSofie Bjärntoft, David Hallman, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Johan Larsson, Johanna Edvinsson, Camilla Zetterberg, Helena Jahncke

4.Åtgärder för att främja god arbetsmiljö och hälsa vid flexibelt arbeteCamilla Zetterberg, Sofie Bjärntoft, Johan Larsson, Johanna Edvinsson, Helena Jahncke

Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2022-09-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7322-9346

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