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Salzmann-Erikson, MartinORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2610-8998
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Publications (10 of 62) Show all publications
Olsson, A., Thunborg, C., Björkman, A., Blom, A., Sjöberg, F. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2020). A scoping review of complexity science in nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A scoping review of complexity science in nursing
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2020 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648Article, review/survey (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Abstract: Aim To describe how complexity science has been integrated into nursing.

Design: A scoping review. Data source/review method Academic Search Elite, Scopus, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed and Web of Science were searched November 2016, updated in October 2017 and January 2020. The working process included: problem identification, literature search, data evaluation, synthesizing and presentation. Results Four categories were found in the included 89 articles: 1) how complexity science is integrated into the nursing literature in relation to nursing education and teaching; 2) patients? symptoms, illness outcome and safety as characteristics of complexity science in nursing; 3) that leaders and managers should see organizations as complex and adaptive systems, rather than as linear machines; and 4) the need for a novel approach to studying complex phenomena such as healthcare organizations. Lastly, the literature explains how complexity science has been incorporated into the discourse in nursing and its development.

Conclusion: The review provided strong support for use in complexity science in the contemporary nursing literature. Complexity science is also highly applicable and relevant to clinical nursing practice and nursing management from an organizational perspective. The application of complexity science as a tool in the analysis of complex nursing systems could improve our understanding of effective interactions among patients, families, physicians and hospital and skilled nursing facility staff as well as of education.

Impact: Understanding complexity science in relation to the key role of nurses in the healthcare environment can improve nursing work and nursing theory development. The use of complexity science provides nurses with a language that liberates them from the reductionist view on nursing education, practice and management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2020
Keywords
complex adaptive systems, complexity science, nursing, scoping review
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-32183 (URN)10.1111/jan.14382 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-04-21 Created: 2020-04-21 Last updated: 2020-04-21Bibliographically approved
Rubensson, A. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2019). A document analysis of how the concept of health is incorporated in care plans when using the nursing diagnosis classification system (NANDA-I) in relation to individuals with bipolar disorder. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 33(4), 986-994
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A document analysis of how the concept of health is incorporated in care plans when using the nursing diagnosis classification system (NANDA-I) in relation to individuals with bipolar disorder
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 986-994Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Nursing diagnosis classification systems have been developed to help nurses identify problems and patient needs. However, the question of how classification systems have adopted the concept of health has been given little attention. Aim: The aim was to explore and analyse which perspectives on health are incorporated into the NANDA-I-based care plans of individuals with bipolar disorder. Methods: A document analysis was used to systematically review and analyse care plans based on nursing diagnosis classification system. Thematic analysis was used as an analytic tool. Findings: The results are presented in three themes: (i) health as strengths; (ii) health as satisfaction; and (iii) health as behaviour and functionality. Discussion: We discuss how health is deeply embedded in nursing diagnosis classification system-based care plans. The care plans correspond to the holistic perspective, as they acknowledge the existence of health even during illness. Further, health is viewed as nonstatic and discussed from the perspective of person-centred care. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2019
Keywords
bipolar disorder, document analysis, health, NANDA-I, nursing classification system
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30514 (URN)10.1111/scs.12697 (DOI)000505266700025 ()31062409 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85065507298 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-19 Created: 2019-08-19 Last updated: 2020-01-17Bibliographically approved
Källquist, A. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2019). Experiences of having a parent with serious mental illness: An interpretive meta-synthesis of qualitative literature. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(8), 2056-2068
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of having a parent with serious mental illness: An interpretive meta-synthesis of qualitative literature
2019 (English)In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, ISSN 1062-1024, E-ISSN 1573-2843, Vol. 28, no 8, p. 2056-2068Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Previous research found that burdens are put on relatives to patients with serious mental illness. A majority of the studies have described the situation of being a husband/wife or parent of someone who is mentally ill. However, little is known about the perspective of childhood experiences and the effect on adult life from having a parent with mental illness. Hence, the purpose of this review was to investigate experiences of having a parent with serious mental illness.

Methods: We used a qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis. Five relevant databases were chosen: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection. We found 4302 studies in our initial search. Fourteen met the inclusion criteria and the quality assessment.

Results: The findings are presented in four themes: (1) Growing up in a dysfunctional home environment; (2) The child’s feelings and thoughts; (3) The need of support; and (4) The lingering effects in adult life.

Conclusions: We found that experiences of growing up in a dysfunctional home can result in relational issues later in life and that the need for support can persist into adult life. This has implications for clinical practice when encountering these patients. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Adult children, Children, Experiences, Mental illness, Parent
National Category
Psychology Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30525 (URN)10.1007/s10826-019-01438-0 (DOI)000488319300003 ()2-s2.0-85065701229 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved
Björkman, A. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2019). Giving advice to callers with mental illness: adaptation among telenurses at Swedish Healthcare Direct. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 14(1), Article ID 1633174.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Giving advice to callers with mental illness: adaptation among telenurses at Swedish Healthcare Direct
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 1633174Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Our aim was to describe Swedish Healthcare Direct (SHD) and its features as a complex system.

Methods: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 SHD telenurses, covering their experiences and skills when encountering and advising callers with mental illness. Complexity science was used as an a priori theoretical framework to enhance understanding of the complex nature of telenursing.

Results: SHD was described as a complex system as nurses were constantly interacting with other agents and agencies. During these interactions, dynamic processes were found between the agents in which the nurses adapted to every new situation. They were constantly aware of their impact on the care-seekers, and perceived their encounters with callers with psychiatric illness as "balancing on a thin line". SHD was also described as both an authority and a dumping ground. The openness of the system did not give the nurses possibility to control the number of incoming calls and the callers' intentions.

Conclusions: These new insights into SHD have important implications for organization developers and nursing management in terms of overcoming linear thinking.

Keywords
Complexity, nurses, organizations, qualitative, telemedicine
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30559 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2019.1633174 (DOI)000473007100001 ()31242817 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85068076028 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agency:

University of Gävle

Available from: 2019-08-23 Created: 2019-08-23 Last updated: 2020-02-14Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Yifter, L. (2019). Risk Factors and Triggers That May Result in Patient-Initiated Violence on Inpatient Psychiatric Units: An Integrative Review. Clinical Nursing Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk Factors and Triggers That May Result in Patient-Initiated Violence on Inpatient Psychiatric Units: An Integrative Review
2019 (English)In: Clinical Nursing Research, ISSN 1054-7738, E-ISSN 1552-3799Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present integrative review is to identify and describe risk factors and triggers that may result in patient-initiated violence on inpatient psychiatric units. Original studies were searched for in PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature. From the 826 identified publications, 18 were included for a synthesis. The results are presented in three themes, which demonstrate that patient characteristics, staff approach, and the ward environment are influencers that may trigger the emergence of violent incidents. Incidents are discussed from the theoretical framework of complexity science as dynamic, highly variable in manifestation, and adaptive, in that the forthcoming process and outcomes are highly dependent on how the surrounding environment responds. Our recommendation is that staff on inpatient wards recognize the myriad influencers that may trigger inpatient violence in a context of highly complex interactions. © The Author(s) 2019.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
aggression, complexity theory, emergency service, psychiatric, risk assessment, violence, adult, article, Cinahl, conceptual framework, emergency health service, female, human, male, Medline, psychiatric department, PsycINFO, publication, risk factor, synthesis, systematic review
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31106 (URN)10.1177/1054773818823333 (DOI)2-s2.0-85060608026 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-11-27 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2019). Stabilitet, rytm och rörelser: att konstruera vårdande i intensiv psykiatri (3ed.). In: Lena Wiklund Gustin (Ed.), Vårdande vid psykisk ohälsa: på avancerad nivå (pp. 411-432). Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stabilitet, rytm och rörelser: att konstruera vårdande i intensiv psykiatri
2019 (Swedish)In: Vårdande vid psykisk ohälsa: på avancerad nivå / [ed] Lena Wiklund Gustin, Studentlitteratur , 2019, 3, p. 411-432Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Studentlitteratur, 2019 Edition: 3
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30625 (URN)9789144123684 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-04 Created: 2019-09-04 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Eriksson, H. (2018). A descriptive statistical analysis of volume, visibility and attitudes regarding nursing and care robots in social media. Contemporary Nurse: health care across the lifespan, 54(1 (SI)), 88-96
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A descriptive statistical analysis of volume, visibility and attitudes regarding nursing and care robots in social media
2018 (English)In: Contemporary Nurse: health care across the lifespan, ISSN 1037-6178, E-ISSN 1839-3535, Vol. 54, no 1 (SI), p. 88-96Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Technology in the healthcare sector is undergoing rapid development. One of the most prominent areas of healthcare in which robots are implemented is nursing homes. However, nursing and technology are often considered as being contradictory, an attitude originating in the view of ?the natural? versus ?the artificial?. Social media mirror this view, including in attitudes and societal debates regarding nursing and care robots. However, little is known about this topic in previous research. Objectives: To examine user behaviour in social media platforms on the topic of nursing and care robots. Design: A retrospective and cross-sectional observation study design was applied. Methods: Data were collected via the Alchemy streaming application programming interface. Data from social media were collected from 1 January 2014 to 5 January 2016. The data set consisted of 12,311 mentions in total. Results: Nursing and care robots are a small-scale topic of discussion in social media. Twitter was found to be the largest channel in terms of volume, followed by Tumblr. News channels had the highest percentage of visibility, while forums and Tumblr had the least. It was found in the data that 67.9% of the mentions were positive, 24.4% were negative and 7.8% were neutral. Discussion: The volume and visibility of the data on nursing robots found in social media, as well as the attitudes to nursing robots found there, indicate that nursing care robots, which are seen as representing a next step in technological development in healthcare, are a topic on the rise in social media. These findings are likely to be related to the idea that nursing care robots are on the breakthrough of replacing human labour in healthcare worldwide.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
attitudes, nursing robots, social media, Twitter, user behaviour
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25407 (URN)10.1080/10376178.2017.1388183 (DOI)000431691200010 ()28980506 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85031501387 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Sjödin, M. (2018). A narrative meta-synthesis of how people with schizophrenia experience facilitators and barriers in using antipsychotic medication: implications for healthcare professionals. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 85, 7-18
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A narrative meta-synthesis of how people with schizophrenia experience facilitators and barriers in using antipsychotic medication: implications for healthcare professionals
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 85, p. 7-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: It is recognized that people who are diagnosed with schizophrenia often do not fully adhere with their antipsychotic prescription. The vast majority of previous research on the topic of medical adherence is limited to quantitative research methods, and in particular, to determining correlations.

OBJECTIVES: The present review was designed to describe how people who are diagnosed with schizophrenia experience and narrate pharmacological treatment with antipsychotic medication.

DESIGN: A narrative meta-synthesis.

DATA SOURCES/REVIEW METHOD: A search was conducted in three databases, PubMed, CINAHL and PsycINFO, to identify qualitative original research. Nine articles met the criteria for inclusion and were subjected to a qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis.

RESULTS: The findings showed that patients were uninformed about medication but valued talks about medication with professionals. The findings also demonstrated that patients are motivated to take medication in order to gain stability in their life and to be able to participate in life activities and in relationships. Good support, both from relatives and professionals, also motivates them to continue taking medication. The obstacles were side-effects, pressure and compulsion, and rigid organizations.

CONCLUSIONS: We advise professionals to adopt a person-centered approach to healthcare when encountering these patients and to transform the language used to describe patients from terms denoting compliance and adherence to terms denoting cooperation and alliance. Labeling patients as compliant or non-adherent may risk fortifying preconception of patients as static beings and obscure the patients' individual recovery process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Antipsychotic agents, Emotions, Lived experiences, Medication adherence, Patient compliance, Person-centered therapy, Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
National Category
Nursing Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26790 (URN)10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.05.003 (DOI)000447570800003 ()29803018 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85047381706 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2019-08-15Bibliographically approved
Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Eriksson, H. (2018). Absorbability, applicability and availability in nursing and care robots: A thematic analysis of Twitter postings. Telematics and informatics, 35(5), 1553-1560
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Absorbability, applicability and availability in nursing and care robots: A thematic analysis of Twitter postings
2018 (English)In: Telematics and informatics, ISSN 0736-5853, E-ISSN 1879-324X, Vol. 35, no 5, p. 1553-1560Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nursing and care robots (NCR) have become an important technological innovation in various areas in the medical discipline. Previous studies have found that implementation of robots in healthcare is both associated with positive and negative attitudes. This study aims to improve the understanding of the general public's communication about nursing and care robots through analyzing the content of posts in social media. An advanced social intelligence platform was used to mine Twitter content. From the platform, data were collected historically. An archival and cross-sectional observational study was conducted online. The data set comprising of 5954 tweets were thematically analyzed. Tweets under the theme of absorbability show that nursing and care robots are considered to be a part of users’ lives, either now or sometime in the future for Twitter users, and the topic is tackled as a fact but with humor, skepticism and enthusiasm. Tweets falling under applicability show that potential nursing and care robots usage covers a range of arenas in everyday life. Results thematized as availability show sincere concern about how the accessibility of nursing and care robots in everyday life will affect costs and other economic aspects, both on a global and an individual level as well as on micro and macro levels of economies. Twitter offers a window into attitudes and ideas as well as fundamental beliefs and practices. Thus, monitoring Twitter discussions on social media can provide valuable insights into current attitudes as well as forecasting coming trends. The data includes information about Twitter users’ anxious relationships with nursing and care robots. We raise important questions about the nature of nursing and care robots and their implementations, both in health care but also in everyday living.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Internet, Nursing robots, Robotics, Service robot, Social robot, Technology, Twitter, Nursing, Social networking (online), Technological forecasting, Medical disciplines, Micro and macro levels, Observational study, Service robots, Social intelligence, Social robots, Technological innovation, Robots
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26740 (URN)10.1016/j.tele.2018.04.001 (DOI)000438480500036 ()2-s2.0-85045217370 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-08-15Bibliographically approved
Björkman, A., Andersson, K., Bergström, J. & Salzmann-Erikson, M. (2018). Increased Mental Illness and the Challenges This Brings for District Nurses in Primary Care Settings. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 39(12), 1023-1030
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increased Mental Illness and the Challenges This Brings for District Nurses in Primary Care Settings
2018 (English)In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 39, no 12, p. 1023-1030Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Patients with mental illness generally make their initial healthcare contact via a registered nurse. Although studies show that encountering and providing care to care-seekers with mental illness might be a challenge, little research exists regarding Primary Care Nurses' (PCN) view of the challenges they face. The aim of this study was to qualitatively explore PCNs' reflections on encountering care-seekers with mental illness in primary healthcare settings. The results consist of three themes: constantly experiencing patients falling through the cracks, being restricted by lack of knowledge and resources, and establishing a trustful relationship to overcome taboo, shame, and guilt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health-Promoting Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29325 (URN)10.1080/01612840.2018.1522399 (DOI)000461365600007 ()30624130 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85059906887 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-02-25 Created: 2019-02-25 Last updated: 2020-01-17Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2610-8998

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