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Ahmadi, F., Erbil, P., Ahmadi, N. & Cetrez, Ö. A. (2019). Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey. Journal of religion and health, 58(4), 1115-1124
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey
2019 (English)In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 58, no 4, p. 1115-1124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

Keywords
Turkey, cancer, religious coping, culture, meaning-making
National Category
Nursing Social Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26941 (URN)10.1007/s10943-018-0646-7 (DOI)000474476400008 ()29872943 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85048056965 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-06-12 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, N., Ahmadi, F., Erbil, P. & Cetrez, Ö. A. (2019). Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients. Illness, crisis and loss, 27(3), 190-208
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients
2019 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 190-208Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

Keywords
Turkey, cancer, religious coping, culture, meaning-making
National Category
Social Work Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24088 (URN)10.1177/1054137316672042 (DOI)2-s2.0-85070264864 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Meaning-making coping
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Tavares, R., Matos, P. M., Tomás, C. & Ahmadi, N. (2019). Secular Existential Meaning-Making Coping Among Cancer Patients in Portugal: A Qualitative Study. Illness, crisis and loss
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Secular Existential Meaning-Making Coping Among Cancer Patients in Portugal: A Qualitative Study
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2019 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

For understanding the role of culture in coping in different cultural settings, we have conducted studies among cancer patients in 10 countries, within the framework of an international study on meaning-making coping. This article reports on part of the results we obtained from a study in Portugal; specifically, the reported findings are restricted to nonreligious/spiritual coping methods, methods we call secular existential meaning-making coping. The main aim is to identify the diversity of coping methods using a cultural lens. Thirty-one participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Six different kinds of coping methods related to secular existential coping emerged from thematic analyses of the interviews: discourse of the self, positive solitude, nature, positive transformational orientation, body–mind relationship, and working. Findings revealed that these six methods facilitated patients’ psychological adaptation to the oncological disease. The findings suggest the importance of considering cultural and social context when exploring coping strategies among cancer patients. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
cancer patients, culture, meaning-making coping, secular existential coping
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30578 (URN)10.1177/1054137319864854 (DOI)2-s2.0-85070295982 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Darvishpour, M., Ahmadi, N. & Palm, I. (2018). Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to elucidate and discuss the results of the 2016 Diversity Barometer (Mångfaldsbarometern) and compare these results with those obtained from ten years of the longitudinal Diversity Barometers for 2005?2014. An additional aim is to demonstrate whether and how Swedish people?s experiences of and attitudes toward people with a foreign background and ethnic diversity have changed.A random sample of the Swedish population took part in the annual study, which was carried out in the form of a nationwide postal survey. The results show that negative attitudes toward ethnic and cultural diversity in general, and migrant population in particular, have increased to some extent and with respect to certain issues. Views on diversity in relation to culture and religion ? especially Islam ? were more negative than views on diversity in relation to work. Those who have larger experience of contact with foreigners show a more positive attitude toward diversity compared with those with limited experience and contact. Individuals who have higher education, those who identify themselves as female, younger persons and those living in large cities are more positive than other groups. In our analysis of the empirical data, we proceeded from a social work perspective and applied contact theory and group conflict theories relating attitudes to group position.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28323 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2018.1527242 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-10-15 Created: 2018-10-15 Last updated: 2018-10-15Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F. & Ahmadi, N. (2018). Meaning-Making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness. New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Meaning-Making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness
2018 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book provides an alternative, complementary approach to the existing conventional approaches to religious and spiritually oriented coping. By focusing on the role of culture, the authors take into account the methods employed by a vast number of people who do not directly identify themselves as religious. The empirical data used in this book derive from studies conducted in several countries; Sweden, China, South Korea, Turkey and Malaysia, across which religion plays a different role in the social and cultural life of individuals. This approach and these empirical data are unique and allow comparisons to be made between different cultural settings.

By introducing the concept of meaning-making coping, the authors explore the influence of culture on choice of coping methods, be they purely religious, spiritual or existential. The term "existential meaning-making coping" is used to describe coping methods that are related to existential questions; these methods include religious, spiritual and existential coping methods.

Meaning-making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness contributes to new approaches and theoretical models of coping. As such it is an invaluable resource for health care, medical, public health and sociology students and researchers. It will also be of interest to educators and policy-makers working in the area of health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018. p. 148
Keywords
mening making coping, cancer, serious illness, cultural dimension in health
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27796 (URN)978-1-138-29936-8 (ISBN)9781315098036 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Khodayarifard, M., Zandi, S., Khorrami-Markani, A., Ghobari-Bonab, B., Sabzevari, M. & Ahmadi, N. (2018). Religion, culture and illness: a sociological study on religious coping in Iran. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 21(7), 721-736
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion, culture and illness: a sociological study on religious coping in Iran
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2018 (English)In: Mental Health, Religion & Culture, ISSN 1367-4676, E-ISSN 1469-9737, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 721-736Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present article is based on an international study on meaning-making coping aimed at understanding the role of culture in coping. The larger study has been conducted among cancer patients in 10 countries. The present article is confined to the results obtained in our study in Iran and restricted to religious coping methods. Twenty-seven participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. The several religious coping methods found in the present study are categorised on the basis of RCOPE?s five basic religious functions. The study reveals, among others, the impact of cultural beliefs on certain religious coping methods, even among those who are not regarded as practicing Muslims. The study highlights the importance of investigating cultural and social context when exploring the use of the meaning-making coping strategies in different countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Sociology Psychology Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29341 (URN)10.1080/13674676.2018.1555699 (DOI)000461595000006 ()2-s2.0-85060929321 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agency:

Högskolan i Gävle Grant no. 7350

Available from: 2019-03-01 Created: 2019-03-01 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Mohamed Hussin, N. A. & Mohammad, M. T. (2018). Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Malaysia. Journal of religion and health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Malaysia
2018 (English)In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to explore the use of meaning-making coping mechanisms (existential, spiritual and religious coping) among ethnic Malay cancer patients in Malaysia and to investigate the impact of culture on their choice of coping methods. Twenty-nine participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Four kinds of coping resources emerged from analyses of the interview transcripts: (1) relying on transcendent power, (2) supernatural or mystical beliefs, (3) finding oneself in relationships with others and (4) nature. In this article, the two first resources are in focus. The present findings suggest that Malay culture, which is imbued with Islamic belief, strongly influences cancer patients’ coping methods and ways of looking at their experience of being cancer patients. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Culture and coping, Existential coping methods, Malay cancer patients, Meaning-making coping, RCOPE (religious coping methods), Spiritual-oriented coping, adult, article, cancer patient, clinical article, female, genetic transcription, human, interview, Malaysia, male, religion
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27364 (URN)10.1007/s10943-018-0636-9 (DOI)29948793 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85048507484 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2018-09-04Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Matos, P. M., Tavare, R., Tomas, C. & Ahmadi, N. (2018). Religious/Spiritual Coping Methods among Cancer Patients in Portugal. Illness, crisis and loss
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religious/Spiritual Coping Methods among Cancer Patients in Portugal
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2018 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The present article is part of an international study on meaning-making coping aimed at understanding the role of culture in coping in different cultural settings. The international study was conducted among cancer patients in ten countries. This article contains the results obtained in the study in Portugal. The main aim is to investigate the impact of culture on the meaning-making coping methods used by cancer patients. In the present article, only religious/spiritual coping methods are in focus.

Thirty-one participants with various kinds of cancer (e.g., breast, testicular, lymphoma) were interviewed. Nine different kinds of coping methods related to religion and spirituality emerged from analysis of the interviews. These methods, which are categorized on the basis of RCOPE’s five basic religious functions (Pargament, 1997), are: Seeking Spiritual Support, Spiritual Connection, Spiritual Discontent, Benevolent Religious Reappraisal, Punishing God Reappraisal, God’s Trust in Personal Strength, Support from Clergy or Members, Self-Directing Religious Coping and Active Religious Surrender. The study confirms the notion that the strategies people employ when they are stricken by disease, accidents, misfortune, etc., are cultural and temporal constructions. As such, they are valid in concrete contexts and time periods. It is, thus, important that cultural context be taken into consideration when exploring the use of meaning-making coping strategies in different countries.

Keywords
Meaning-making coping, Portuguese with cancer, Religious and spiritual coping methods.
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28751 (URN)10.1177/1054137318817885 (DOI)2-s2.0-85058931018 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-04 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Rambaree, K., Mousavi, F. & Ahmadi, F. (2018). Sports participation and drug use among young people in Mauritius. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 23(2), 188-197
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sports participation and drug use among young people in Mauritius
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, ISSN 0267-3843, E-ISSN 2164-4527, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 188-197Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between drug use and sports participation among young people (14–25 years old) living in Mauritius. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire from a stratified sample of young people residing in Mauritius. According to the results, the strongest predictor of reporting drug use was age, recording an odds ratio of 2.50 and showing a positive effect. Drug usage was a negative predictor, meaning that the more use of drug, the less sport activity. In addition, gender predicted the respondents’ sports activity. This article concludes that sports can protect young people in Mauritius from getting into drug use, and policy-makers should focus more attention in tackling the gender disparities in sports participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Youth, Drugs, Sports, Mauritius, Health
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24016 (URN)10.1080/02673843.2017.1325756 (DOI)000437711200006 ()2-s2.0-85019223561 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-05-18 Created: 2017-05-18 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved
Ahmadi, F., Cetrez, Ö., Erbil, P., Ortak, A. & Ahmadi, N. (2017). A survey study among cancer patients in Turkey: meaning-making coping. Illness, crisis and loss
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A survey study among cancer patients in Turkey: meaning-making coping
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2017 (English)In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

To understand the role of culture on the use of the meaning-making coping among people who have been struck by cancer, qualitative and quantitative studies have been conducted in several countries like Sweden, China, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, and Turkey. This article reports on a quantitative study carried out in Turkey. The aim of the study has been to answer the following question: “Which meaning-making coping method (even nonreligious or spiritual coping methods) is used by informants?” The sample consists of 95 persons, 18+ who had been struck by cancer. The questionnaire was distributed to former/current cancer patients via a web address as an electronic survey through the media page of Cancer Survivors Association. The results of the study show that the most important coping methods used by cancer patients in Turkey are the religious coping (RCOPE) methods, particularly spiritual connection, active religious surrender, passive religious deferral, and pleading for direct intercession. Several RCOPE methods such as spiritual discontent, seeking support from clergy or members, punishing God reappraisal, and demonic reappraisal or self-directing religious coping are not used by the Turkish informants. Nor are non-RCOPE methods highly prevalent among informants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Meaning-making coping, Turkey, Survey study, Cancer, Illness
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27797 (URN)10.1177/1054137317720751 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8823-6434

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