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Title [sv]
Citizen Schein - En studie i svensk filmkultur, filmpolitik och mediesfär under perioden 1950-1990 med utgångspunkt i Harry Scheins arkiv
Title [en]
Citizen Schein - Studying Swedish Cinema Culture, Media Politics and the Archive of Harry Schein
Abstract [en]
Harry Schein (1924-2006) was one of the most influential participants in Swedish media politics in the late 20th century. Generally thought of as the inventor of the national film institute in 1963, he was also as a leading film critic one of the central figures in the national domain of art-cinema during the 1950s. Further he took part in a vast area of the public life in Sweden during the period from the late 1940s until the end of the century. The project Citizen Schein is an attempt to read the transition of Swedish mediascape after the arrival of television - the era when film becomes an art - through the life of Harry Schein. He will thus be put in relation to a structure of media power that he also had been structuring himself. As a public celebrity, the construction of Schein in major medias (TV, Radio, Press) is also of interest. As a writer Schein published widely on topics in the realm of medias (film, tv, digital media). Priority will be given to the author Harry Schein. His frequent interaction (private and public) with other national celebrities in the public/political sphere (Olof Palme, Krister Wickman etc.) and in the cultural field (Ingmar Bergman) will be examined. Central for this part of the project - as for the project as a whole - is the extensive material deposed by Schein in 1990 at the Labour movements archive. The material contains published and unpublished scripts, material from his comissions for the government as well as private correspondence.
Publications (10 of 15) Show all publications
Vesterlund, P. (2019). Ur Harry Scheins arkiv: Nedslag i 1900-talets svenska mediehistoria. Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ur Harry Scheins arkiv: Nedslag i 1900-talets svenska mediehistoria
2019 (Swedish)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Harry Schein är en person som har fascinerat den svenska offentligheten i decennier. Han var inte bara en omsusad celebritet utan också en av den moderna svenska mediehistoriens mest inflytelserika personer. Hans insats i inrättandet av Svenska Filminstitutet 1963 är väldokumenterad och omskriven, men han hade också en rad andra viktiga uppdrag inom filmbransch, press och etermedier. Dessutom var han en flitig skribent och samhällsdebattör. I boken Ur Harry Scheins arkiv. Nedslag i 1900-talets svenska mediehistoria framträder i ett antal fall­studier olika dimensioner av Scheins professionella livsbana. Han undersöks som filmkritiker, mediepolitiker och utredare av kommunikationsteknologi. Hans position i samhällsliv och politiska och kultu­rella nätverk är en återkommande referenspunkt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv, 2019
Series
Mediehistoriskt arkiv, ISSN 1654-6601 ; 42
Keywords
filmpolitik, filmkritik, mediepolitik, kulturpolitik, medieforskning
National Category
Studies on Film
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30611 (URN)978-91-985045-4-5 (ISBN)978-91-985045-5-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Vesterlund, P. (2016). The Celebrity in the Archive: Schein and Memory. In: : . Paper presented at Deconstructing Harry: The Many Academic Lives of Harry Schein, 26-27 feb 2016, IMS Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Celebrity in the Archive: Schein and Memory
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Keywords
celebrity, archive, Harry Schein
National Category
Studies on Film
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22253 (URN)
Conference
Deconstructing Harry: The Many Academic Lives of Harry Schein, 26-27 feb 2016, IMS Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Projects
Citizen Schein
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2016-08-18 Created: 2016-08-18 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Vesterlund, P. (2015). Samhället i medierna?: Harry Schein och medieforskningen. In: Mats Hyvönen, Pelle Snickars & Per Vesterlund (Ed.), Massmedieproblem: Mediestudiets formering (pp. 349-374). Lund: Lunds universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samhället i medierna?: Harry Schein och medieforskningen
2015 (Swedish)In: Massmedieproblem: Mediestudiets formering / [ed] Mats Hyvönen, Pelle Snickars & Per Vesterlund, Lund: Lunds universitet , 2015, p. 349-374Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lunds universitet, 2015
Series
Mediehistoriskt arkiv, ISSN 1654-6601 ; 30
Keywords
Mediepolitik, mediedebatt, offentlighet, presspoitik
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20705 (URN)978-91-981961-4-6 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2015-11-30 Created: 2015-11-30 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Vesterlund, P. (2014). National Film Policy as a Media Event. In: : . Paper presented at The NECS 2014 Conference, Creative energies » Creative industries, 19-21 June 2014, Milan, Italy.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>National Film Policy as a Media Event
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

National Film Policy as a National Media Event

The Swedish “film reform” of 1963 – i.e. the founding of the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) and the national system of film subsidies – has generally been associated with changes in the strategies of national film production, or with a more general institutionalization of national film culture and art cinema values.

The effects and the political principles of the reform are well known. Less attention has been paid to study the overwhelming media coverage of the film reform. This was not at least due to the celebrity impact of Harry Schein, the first chief executive of the SFI and also the architect of the actual reform. The new film policy made headlines, and the doings of Schein was throughout the 1960s a recurrent topic in newspapers, radio and TV. The film policy was synonymous with Swedish modernity, but also frequently attacked. SFI was a place for elegance, scandals and political progression.

In this paper I will discuss these hitherto less studied medial dimensions of the Swedish film reform of 1963.

References:

Roger Blomgren, Staten och filmen: svensk filmpolitik 1909-1993 (1998)

Celebrity Culture Reader, ed. P.David Marshal (2006) 

Citizen Schein, ed. Lars Ilshammar, Pelle Snickars & Per Vesterlund (2010)

Daniel Dayan & Elihu Katz, Media events : the live broadcasting of history, (1992)

Keywords
Film Policy, Celebrity Studies, Media policy
National Category
Studies on Film
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17684 (URN)
Conference
The NECS 2014 Conference, Creative energies » Creative industries, 19-21 June 2014, Milan, Italy
Projects
Citizen Schein - En studie i svensk filmkultur, filmpolitik och mediesfär under perioden 1950-1990 med utgångspunkt i Harry Scheins arkiv
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Vesterlund, P. (2014). När medier blev vetenskap: Om tre nordiska massmediekonferenser 1972-1974. In: Cronqvist, Marie, Lundell, Patrik & Snickars, Pelle (Ed.), Återkopplingar: (pp. 51-70). Lund: Mediehistoriskt Arkiv, Lunds universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>När medier blev vetenskap: Om tre nordiska massmediekonferenser 1972-1974
2014 (Swedish)In: Återkopplingar / [ed] Cronqvist, Marie, Lundell, Patrik & Snickars, Pelle, Lund: Mediehistoriskt Arkiv, Lunds universitet , 2014, p. 51-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Mediehistoriskt Arkiv, Lunds universitet, 2014
Series
Mediehistoriskt Arkiv, ISSN 1654-6601 ; 28
Keywords
mediehistoria, mediepolitik, filmpolitik, vetenskapshistoria
National Category
Media and Communications Studies on Film
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-17683 (URN)978-91-981967-0-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Vesterlund, P. (2013). Cinema studies in the service of liberty?: The early research on media effects by “Filmforskningsgruppen” at the Swedish Film Institute 1964–1971. In: : . Paper presented at ECREA Film Studies Section Interim Conference, 8-9 November 2013, Lund, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cinema studies in the service of liberty?: The early research on media effects by “Filmforskningsgruppen” at the Swedish Film Institute 1964–1971
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

An often-neglected aspect of the Swedish film reform in 1963 is the ambition to liberalize the governmental censorship. In 1964 the founder of the Swedish Film Institute (SFI), Harry Schein, initiated a Group of scholars from different academic fields (sociology, psychology, pedagogy, political science) with the purpose to study the effects of films on audiences. The group worked with individual or collective projects, studying audiences and genres. The aim for the research from Scheins point of view was crystal clear – films cannot be proved to cause damage. For the researchers the initiative from SFI rather provided an opportunity to institute new research on media effects. In this paper I will deal with the tension between Scheins intentions and the scientific practice of the group, and I will also discuss the impact the project might have had on the Swedish film and media studies of the 1970s and 1980s.

Keywords
censorship, knowledge, research, film politics
National Category
Studies on Film
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28733 (URN)
Conference
ECREA Film Studies Section Interim Conference, 8-9 November 2013, Lund, Sweden
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2018-11-30 Created: 2018-11-30 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Vesterlund, P. (2013). När medier blev vetenskap: tre nordiska massmediekonferenser 1972-1974. In: : . Paper presented at Kulturhistorisk medieforskning III - Nordiska perspektiv, 23-24 april 2013, Lund, Sverige.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>När medier blev vetenskap: tre nordiska massmediekonferenser 1972-1974
2013 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

På framsidan till foldern till konferensen Video och Nya Media 74, som hölls i Stockholm i juni 1974, presenteras en rad prominenta deltagare med bild. Marshall McLuhan, Jörn Donner, H.M. Konungen Carl XVI Gustaf, Harry Schein och Christina Jutterström tillhör de mer celebra. Mindre kända idag är kanske IBM-chefen Jim Damon, Esseltes VD Carl M:son Mannerfeldt, konsortiet Nord-Videos ordförande Arne Byskov eller Gyldendals VD Brikt Jensen. Konferensen anordnades av EBAV (Esselte Bonnier Audio Visual). Deltagarlistans mix av journalister, författare, förläggare, medieentreprenörer, forskare och politiker är högst symptomatisk för sin tid vad gäller det offentliga samtalet kring massmediernas då så snabba utveckling. Från sina olika kontexter deltog de alla i en institutionsöverskridande kamp om såväl planering som begreppsliggörande av massmediernas föreställda framtid. Denna mångfald vad gäller mediedebattens och mediepolitikens aktörer är väl långt ifrån unik för det tidiga 1970-talet, som mer uppseendeväckande framstår i efterhand snarare den intensitet och dignitet som präglade debatten. I just detta dokument främst manifesterat genom konungens närvaro.

Vad som kanske är än mer intressant är den formativa betydelsen dessa olika aktiviteter kan ha ur ett medievetenskapligt perspektiv. Det är under 1970-talets början som grunden för det senare etablerade ämnet Medie– och kommunikationsvetenskap läggs. I offentliga utredningar, debattartiklar och även i mindre offentliga politiska sammanhang upprepas behovet av forskning om massmedier som ett ständigt mantra. Kanske kan man finna en bakgrund till den svenska medieforskningens (och medieutbildningens) praktik i dessa tvärinstitutionella ambitioner att finna vägar att förhålla sig till en osäker (hotfull, effektiv eller lukrativ) medial framtid.

Bristen på en självreflexiv historisering inom medieämnet har påtalats både ur internationellt (David W Park & Jefferson Pooley, 2008) och nationellt svenskt perspektiv (Lars Lundgren, 2011). Både Lundgren och Park & Pooley pekar bl.a. på en slarvig historieskrivning kring användandet av teorier och begrepp över tid. I detta paper kommer jag att med utgångspunkt i material från Harry Scheins personarkiv (särskilt från hans tid som sakkunnig inom Utbildningsdepartementet 1971-1976) att reflektera över hur aktörer från politik, akademi och näringsliv samverkat vad gäller att formulera frågor och modeller för medieforskning. Jag fokuserar inte specifikt på Scheins egen roll utan låter snarare hans efterlämnade papper (inbjudningar, abstracts, konferensprogram, utredningsmaterial) utgöra ett källmaterial.

Som fallstudie undersöker jag primärt tre mediekonferenser: Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural Policies in Europe, Helsinki 19 -28 juni 1972; Nordisk Mediekonferens, Voksenåsen, 18-21 juni 1973; Video och Nya Media 74, Stockholm 1974. De tre konferenserna representerar var sin av de tre samverkande institutionella kontexterna. Konferensen i Helsinki anordnades av UNESCO och var en kulturpolitisk konferens med särskilt massmediefokus. Nordisk mediekonferens anordnades av Institutt for presseforskning vid Universitetet i Oslo och var ett första steg mot att samordna nordisk medieforskning (och också den första av de NORDICOM-konferenser som fortfarande ges). Konferensen i Stockholm 1974 anordnades av Esselte/Bonnier.

National Category
Studies on Film
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15053 (URN)
Conference
Kulturhistorisk medieforskning III - Nordiska perspektiv, 23-24 april 2013, Lund, Sverige
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2013-08-21 Created: 2013-08-21 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Vesterlund, P. (2013). Vägen till filmavtalet: Harry Scheins filmpolitiska aktivitet innan 1963. Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, 16(1), 45-67
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vägen till filmavtalet: Harry Scheins filmpolitiska aktivitet innan 1963
2013 (Swedish)In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 45-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Harry Schein (1924–2006) is without question one of the most influential Swedish film and media politicians. His most famous achievement was the major Swedish film reform of 1963, when the state and the film industry came to an agreement on the financing and administration of a new film subsidy. The process that preceded the Swedish film reform of 1963 was longer and more complex than is usually noted. In the article this process is described and investigated through two interwoven narratives: one deals with the institutional and cultural conditions that preceded the reform, the other with the role of Harry Schein in the process. This is accomplished in the article by focusing on Harry Schein’s own writings and activities in the area of film politics from 1946 to 1962; the time when the film reform was initiated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: , 2013
Keywords
Film politics, labour movement, art-film. film subsidy, Harry Schein, network theory, media history
National Category
Studies on Film
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15049 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2013-08-21 Created: 2013-08-21 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Vesterlund, P. (2012). Arkivvärde, programvärde, marknadsvärde. In: Mats Jönsson, Pelle Snickars (Ed.), "Skosmörja eller arkivdokument": Om filmarkivet.se och den digitala filmhistorien (pp. 49-66). Stockholm: Kungliga biblioteket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arkivvärde, programvärde, marknadsvärde
2012 (Swedish)In: "Skosmörja eller arkivdokument": Om filmarkivet.se och den digitala filmhistorien / [ed] Mats Jönsson, Pelle Snickars, Stockholm: Kungliga biblioteket , 2012, p. 49-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungliga biblioteket, 2012
Series
Mediehistoriskt arkiv, ISSN 1654-1601 ; 22
Keywords
filmarkiv, filmpolitik, television, Harry Schein
National Category
Humanities Studies on Film
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13403 (URN)978-91-88468-27-7 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2012-11-16 Created: 2012-11-16 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Vesterlund, P. (2012). Pull Out the Cable!: The Public Reception of a Suggested National Politics on Audiovisual Media and Telecommunication in Sweden in 1972.. In: : . Paper presented at TIME NETWORKS: SCREEN MEDIA AND MEMORY The NECS 2012 Conference Lisbon, 21st-23th June 2012 Hosted by the New University of Lisbon and the University of Coimbra.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pull Out the Cable!: The Public Reception of a Suggested National Politics on Audiovisual Media and Telecommunication in Sweden in 1972.
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In 1971 the Head of The Swedish Film Institute, Harry Schein, was given the task by the Ministries of Education to make an official governmental investigation on new audiovisual technologies. Influenced by mainly contemporary Canadian research (official reports like Instant World, 1971), Schein turned the investigation to focus on new telecommunication technology, cable television, pay television and satellite broadcasting. The investigation resulted in the book Inför en ny mediepolitik (“Heading a New Media Politics”) in 1972, where Schein described advanced technical solutions for the distribution of television that already existed, but also predicted a revolving future. Audiovisual media would challenge printed media, and an upcoming broadband technology would transform interpersonal as well as official communications. Mass media was, according to Schein, a phenomenon of the 20th century. The global village described by Marshal McLuhan would be succeeded by “the city of thousand ghettos”, a metaphor borrowed from Instant World. Schein suggested in his investigation that a national media politics would have to make common solutions for film, radio, television, telecommunications and printed media.

This paper will focus on the intense public debates over new technologies and national media politics that the book initiated. 

 

Keywords
media policy, cable tv, internet, Harry Schein
National Category
Studies on Film
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13405 (URN)
Conference
TIME NETWORKS: SCREEN MEDIA AND MEMORY The NECS 2012 Conference Lisbon, 21st-23th June 2012 Hosted by the New University of Lisbon and the University of Coimbra
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-01497
Available from: 2012-11-16 Created: 2012-11-16 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorVesterlund, Per
Coordinating organisation
University of Gävle
Funder
Period
2010-01-01 - 2012-12-31
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:284Project, id: 2009-01497_VR

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