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Title [sv]
Design av globala försörjningskedjor i svenska industriföretag
Title [en]
Design of global supply chains in Swedish engineering firms
Abstract [sv]
Syfte och mål: Det övergripande syftet med projektet var att fördjupa kunskaperna om hur olika faktorer styr utformningen av globala försörjningskedjor som är både distribuerade och samlokaliserade samt hur detta påverkar prestationsförmågan. En fråga har gällt vilka produktionsrelaterade kompetenser och funktioner som kan separeras och vilka som behöver integreras eller samlokaliseras för att skapa innovativa och effektiva försörjningskedjor. Forskningsprojektet har i delstudier analyserat hur globala försörjningskedjor och prestationsförmågan påverkats av fyra faktorer: (1) Teknologiutveckling, (2) Kunskapsintegration och lärande, (3) Ekonomistyrning och (4) Hållbarhet. Analyserna har baserats på fallstudier vid svenska och utländska företag samt kompletterats med två större internationella enkätstudier kring inköpsstrategier respektive tillverkningsstrategier. Projektet har genomförts av forskare vid fyra lärosäten: Högskolan i Gävle, Handelshögskolan i Stockholm, KTH och Stockholms Universitet. Huvudresultaten från projektet har summerats i ett flertal vetenskaliga publikationer samt i antologin ´Innovation eller kvartalskapitalism? Utmaningar för global svensk produktion´ (Bengtsson, L. och Lind, J. (red), 2014, Liber).Projektets resultat har publicerats och presenterats via olika kanaler. Den vetenskapliga produktionen omfattar hittills två doktorsavhandlingar, 16 publicerade journalartiklar, plus ett antal i submittade, omkring 30 konferenspapper samt tre böcker, och flera bokkapitel. Projektet har vidare på olika sätt spridit resultat riktat mot företag, organisationer och allmänhet. Utöver presentationer vid olika konferenser har projektgruppen arrangerat tre större offentliga seminarier kring strategiskt inköp, global produktion respektive re-industrialisering, som samtliga har lockat flera än 100 deltagare. Dessutom hade seminariet kring ´Re-industrialisering´, som arrangerades i samarbete med VINNOVA, ca 100 deltagare och streamades även via en hemsida. Seminarierna har sedan åtföljts av tematiserade workshops. Projektets resultat har rönt stor spridning i nationell media, däribland 5 inslag i Ekonomiekot och mer än 20 artiklar i dagstidningar, t ex Svenska Dagbladet, och olika facktidningar, såsom Ny Teknik, DI, Ingenjören och Dagens arbete.
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
von Haartman, R. & Bengtsson, L. (2015). The impact of global purchasing and supplier integration on product innovation. Paper presented at 20th EurOMA Conference, Operations Management at the Heart of the Recovery, 7-12 June 2013, Dublin, Ireland. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 35(9), 1295-1311
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of global purchasing and supplier integration on product innovation
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 35, no 9, p. 1295-1311Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The interest in global purchasing has increased significantly in recent years, but the impact on product innovation is not well understood. The purpose of this paper is to empirically analyse the impact of global purchasing on product innovation sourced from suppliers, while taking into account how firms integrate their suppliers.

Design/methodology/approach – The data used in this study are from the International Purchasing Survey, an international online survey on purchasing and supply management conducted in 2009. The data are analysed using factor and regression analyses.

Findings – The paper shows that global purchasing has no direct impact on product innovation performance. However, supplier integration is more strongly associated with product innovation performance for firms purchasing globally compared to firms purchasing regionally.

Practical implications – The implication is that when companies purchase globally, they must have a highly developed purchasing department in order to sustain a high level of innovation. For firms purchasing only regionally, the role of the purchasing department is diminished, at least in terms of contributing to innovation.

Originality/value – This paper contributes to the discussion of potential advantages and disadvantages of global purchasing. First, the paper provides an explanation for the ambiguous results of previous research. Product innovation does not depend on whether firms are purchasing globally or not, it depends on how they purchase. This paper has showed that when purchasing globally, the role of the purchasing department becomes crucial for product innovation. The proficiency and activities of the purchasing department largely determine the success, in terms of supplier product innovation, of global purchasing.

Keywords
Innovation, Survey, Supply chain management, Globalization, Purchasing, Global operations management
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-18883 (URN)10.1108/IJOPM-03-2015-0128 (DOI)000366619500005 ()2-s2.0-84942117419 (Scopus ID)
Conference
20th EurOMA Conference, Operations Management at the Heart of the Recovery, 7-12 June 2013, Dublin, Ireland
Available from: 2015-01-28 Created: 2015-01-28 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved
von Haartman, R. & Bengtsson, L. (2013). Global sourcing’s impact on sustainability: Vile or virtue?. In: : . Paper presented at POMS - Production and Operations Management Society, Denver, USA, May 3 – May 6, 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global sourcing’s impact on sustainability: Vile or virtue?
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Firms sourcing globally have been accused of committing, supporting or just turning a blind eye to a number environmental and social problem. Based on an international survey of 680 firms' purchasing departments, this paper provides empirical evidence on global sourcing's actual contribution to social and environmental sustainability. The findings show that the level of sustainability is not directly dependent on global purchasing, but firms purchasing globally are better at making use of their purchasing proficiency and are better at fulfilling their sustainability goals.

Keywords
Global purchasing, sustainability, survey
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-14179 (URN)
Conference
POMS - Production and Operations Management Society, Denver, USA, May 3 – May 6, 2013
Available from: 2013-04-19 Created: 2013-04-19 Last updated: 2019-11-07Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorBengtsson, Lars
Co-Investigatorvon Haartman, Robin
Co-InvestigatorSammalisto, Kaisu
Co-InvestigatorNiss, Camilla
Co-InvestigatorDabhilkar, Mandar
Co-InvestigatorAbid, Muhammad
Co-InvestigatorHolm, Tove
Co-InvestigatorWang, Weihong
Co-InvestigatorSundström, Agneta
Coordinating organisation
University of Gävle
Funder
Period
2009-10-01 - 2014-05-30
Keywords [sv]
produktionsstrategi, försörjningskedjor, outsourcing, lokalisering
Keywords [en]
manufacturing, strategy, supply chain, outsourcing, localisation
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:309Project, id: 2009-04027_Vinnova

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