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Tradeoffs between environmental goals and urban development: The case of nitrogen load from the Stockholm county to the Baltic Sea
Beijer International Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
Beijer International Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7644-7448
2007 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 36, no 8, p. 650-656Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban dwellers depend on the generation of ecosystem services for their welfare. The city of Stockholm is growing, and a 25% increase in population is projected by 2030. The effects of urban development were estimated through the quantification of nitrogen (N) leakage to the Baltic Sea under two urban development scenarios. We found that total net N load will increase by 6% or 8%, depending on which growth scenario is applied, and population increase by itself will contribute at least 15% of the point source N leakage. Technical improvements in sewage treatment could, according to our results, decrease total N load to the Baltic Sea by 4%. Based on our results, we conclude that proactive measures such as spatial urban planning can provide a constructive tool for sustainable urban development on regional as well as national and international scales, depending on geographical context as well as the ecosystem services' scale of operation. © Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2007.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 36, no 8, p. 650-656
Keywords [en]
nitrogen, ecosystem service, growth, leakage, point source pollution, trade-off, urban development, article, city planning, environment, human, methodology, policy, sea, sewage, Sweden, theoretical model, water pollutant, water pollution, wetland, Humans, Models, Theoretical, Oceans and Seas, Urban Renewal, Waste Disposal, Fluid, Water Pollutants, Chemical, Wetlands, Atlantic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Eurasia, Europe, Northern Europe, Scandinavia, Stockholm [Sweden]
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28160DOI: 10.1579/0044-7447(2007)36[650:TBEGAU]2.0.CO;2ISI: 000251979900007PubMedID: 18240680Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-38349061823OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28160DiVA, id: diva2:1254725
Available from: 2018-10-10 Created: 2018-10-10 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved

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Colding, Johan

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