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Promoting health and physical capacity during productive work: the Goldilocks Principle
National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen.
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbetshälsovetenskap och psykologi, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1443-6211
School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 45, nr 1, s. 90-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

In spite of preventive efforts, organizations and employees face several challenges related to working life and occupational health, such as a substantial prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, social inequality in health and physical capacity, multi-morbidity, an obesity epidemic and an aging workforce. We argue that a new approach for occupational ergonomics and health is required, going beyond prevention of harm caused by work. We propose the ´Goldilocks Principle´ as a new approach of how productive work can be designed to literally promote health and physical capacity.

Methods                 

Physical (in)activity profoundly influences health and physical capacity, with effects depending on the extent and temporal structure of the (in)activity. Like the porridge, chair and bed that needed to be ‘just right’ for Goldilocks in the fairy-tale of ´The Three Bears´, physical activity during productive work needs to be ‘just right’ for promoting rather than deteriorating health and capacity. In many jobs, physical activity is, however, either ’too much/high/frequent’ or ’too little/low/infrequent’ to give positive biomechanical and cardiometabolic stimuli.

Results

The paper presents the rationale, concept, development, application and prospects of the Goldilocks Principle for how productive work can be designed to promote health and physical capacity.

Conclusions

We envision a great potential to promote health and physical capacity by designing productive work according to the Goldilocks Principle, thus leading to benefits with respect to the current challenges related to working life and occupational health for society, organizations and employees.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. Vol. 45, nr 1, s. 90-97
Emneord [en]
Physical activity; Physical work demands; Sedentary behaviour; Workplace health promotion; Ergonomics; Occupational health
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Hälsofrämjande arbete
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26505DOI: 10.5271/sjweh.3754ISI: 000466176700010PubMedID: 30021029Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85055081942OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26505DiVA, id: diva2:1201472
Ingår i projekt
Forte-centrum Arbetsliv: Kroppen i arbete - från problem till potential, Forte
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-01761Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-04-25 Laget: 2018-04-25 Sist oppdatert: 2020-02-18bibliografisk kontrollert

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