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How the deployment of visual attention modulates auditory distraction
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för byggnadsteknik, energisystem och miljövetenskap, Miljövetenskap. School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
Faculty of Information Technology and Communication Sciences, Tampere UniversityTampereFinland.
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för byggnadsteknik, energisystem och miljövetenskap, Miljövetenskap. Université Laval, Quebec City, Canada.
School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, ISSN 1943-3921, E-ISSN 1943-393X, Vol. 82, nr 1, s. 350-362Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Classically, attentional selectivity has been conceptualized as a passive by-product of capacity-limits on stimulus-processing. Here, we examine the role of more active cognitive control processes in attentional selectivity, focusing on how distraction from task-irrelevant sound is modulated by levels of task-engagement in a visually-presented short-term memory task. Task-engagement was varied by manipulating the load involved in the encoding of the (visually-presented) to-be-remembered items. Using a list of Navon letters (where a large letter is composed of smaller, different-identity, letters), participants were oriented to attend and serially recall the list of large letters (low encoding-load) or to attend and serially recall the list of small letters (high encoding-load). Attentional capture by a single deviant noise burst within a task-irrelevant tone sequence (the deviation effect) was eliminated under high encoding-load (Experiment 1). However, distraction from a continuously changing sequence of tones (the changing-state effect) was immune to the influence of load (Experiment 2). This dissociation in the amenability of the deviation effect and the changing-state effect to cognitive control supports a duplex- over a unitary-mechanism account of auditory distraction in which the deviation effect is due to attentional capture while the changing-state effect reflects direct interference between the processing of the sound and processes involved in the focal task. That the changing-state effect survives high encoding-load also goes against an alternative explanation of the attenuation of the deviation effect under high load in terms of the depletion of a limited perceptual resource that would result in diminished auditory processing.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2020. Vol. 82, nr 1, s. 350-362
Emneord [en]
Selective attention, cognitive control, auditory distraction, attentional capture, interference-by-process
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29820DOI: 10.3758/s13414-019-01800-wISI: 000511569600023PubMedID: 31290133Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85068928972OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29820DiVA, id: diva2:1323701
Ingår i projekt
Ett nytt perspektiv på arbetsminne och dess relation till uppmärksamhet och inlärning, Swedish Research Council
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01116Swedish Research CouncilTilgjengelig fra: 2019-06-12 Laget: 2019-06-12 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-02bibliografisk kontrollert

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Marsh, John E.Vachon, François

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