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Energy Recovery from Waste Incineration: The Importance of Technology Data and System Boundaries on CO2 Emissions
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5661-2917
Division of Environmental Strategies Research-fms, Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Sciences and Engineering (SEED), School of Architecture and the Built Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 10, nr 4, artikkel-id 539Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies on waste incineration as part of the energy system show that waste management and energy supply are highly dependent on each other, and that the preconditions for the energy system setup affects the avoided emissions and thereby even sometimes the total outcome of an environmental assessment. However, it has not been previously shown explicitly which key parameters are most crucial, how much each parameter affects results and conclusions and how different aspects depend on each other. The interconnection between waste incineration and the energy system is elaborated by testing parameters potentially crucial to the result: design of the incineration plant, avoided energy generation, degree of efficiency, electricity efficiency in combined heat and power plants (CHP), avoided fuel, emission level of the avoided electricity generation and avoided waste management. CO2 emissions have been calculated for incineration of 1 kWh mixed combustible waste. The results indicate that one of the most important factors is the electricity efficiency in CHP plants in combination with the emission level of the avoided electricity generation. A novel aspect of this study is the plant by plant comparison showing how different electricity efficiencies associated with different types of fuels and plants influence results. Since waste incineration typically have lower power to fuel ratios, this has implications for further analyses of waste incineration compared to other waste management practises and heat and power production technologies. New incineration capacity should substitute mixed landfill disposal and recovered energy should replace energy from inefficient high polluting plants. Electricity generation must not be lost, as it has to be compensated for by electricity production affecting the overall results.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
MDPI AG , 2017. Vol. 10, nr 4, artikkel-id 539
Emneord [en]
waste, incineration, CHP, efficiency, avoided fuel, natural gas, biofuel, CO2
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24250DOI: 10.3390/en10040539ISI: 000400065000128Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028958106OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24250DiVA, id: diva2:1110181
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Environmental Protection AgencyTilgjengelig fra: 2017-06-15 Laget: 2017-06-15 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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