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High working memory capacity attenuates the deviation effect but not the changing-state effect: Further support for the duplex-mechanism account of auditory distraction
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Byggvetenskap - tillämpad psykologi. (Miljöpsykologi)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7584-2275
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: Memory & Cognition, ISSN 0090-502X, E-ISSN 1532-5946, Vol. 38, nr 5, s. 651-658Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Serial short-term memory is impaired by background sound, at least when a sound element suddenly deviates from an otherwise repetitive sequence (the deviation effect) and when each sound element in the sequence differs from the preceding one (the changing-state effect). Two competing theories have been proposed to explain these effects: One suggests that both effects are caused by the same mechanism (i.e., attentional resources being depleted by the sound), and the other suggests that the deviation effect is caused by attentional capture and that the changingstate effect is caused by interference between order processes. The present investigation found that working memory capacity predicts susceptibility to the deviation effect, but not to the changing-state effect, both when speech items (Experiment 1) and when tones (Experiment 2) produce the disruption. These results suggest that the two effects are caused by different mechanisms and support the duplex-mechanism account of auditory distraction.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2010. Vol. 38, nr 5, s. 651-658
Emneord [en]
short-term memory, working memory, auditory distraction
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6231DOI: 10.3758/MC.38.5.651ISI: 000281812000011PubMedID: 20551344Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77956170370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-6231DiVA, id: diva2:285013
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-01-10 Laget: 2010-01-10 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Auditory Distraction
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Auditory Distraction
2010 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2010. s. 54
Serie
Doctoral thesis/Luleå university of Technology, ISSN 1402-1544
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-6788 (URN)978-91-7439-098-8 (ISBN)
Disputas
2010-06-04, Luleå, 09:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-05-27 Laget: 2010-05-19 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-22bibliografisk kontrollert

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