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A retrospective on care and denial of children with disabilities in Russia
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0481-8665
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 229-248Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In tsarist Russia, disability care was little developed, yet showed certain similarities with other European countries. Disabled children received support through charities and private philanthropy. The October revolution of 1917 proclaimed a better future for all the country's citizens. Issues: How did the disability policy discussion change after the Russian revolution? Who took care of the so-called feeble-minded? What did this care consist of? Methodology: Study of political and scientific documentation of the period from the end of the 1800s to 1936, along with reflections on the ongoing situation found in the diaries of the head of one child institution, Ekaterina Gracheva. Outcomes: 'Educable' children received schooling, while 'non-educable' children were placed in separate institutions. This marginalisation was reinforced by the focus on the productive worker. Soviet Russia developed defectology as a science and increased the use of institutional solutions. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2014. Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 229-248
Emneord [en]
child disability policy, feeble-minded, pedology, defectology, institutions, Stalin's constitution
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15948DOI: 10.1080/15017419.2013.861865Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84904815817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-15948DiVA, id: diva2:684316
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-01-07 Laget: 2014-01-07 Sist oppdatert: 2018-12-03bibliografisk kontrollert

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