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Distraction control processes in free recall: benefits and costs to performance
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi. University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom.
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi. Linköping University. (Miljöpsykologi)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7584-2275
École de psychologie, Université Laval, Canada; Cardiff Metropolitan University, UK.
University of Reading, UK.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition, ISSN 0278-7393, E-ISSN 1939-1285, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 118-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

How is semantic memory influenced by individual differences under conditions of distraction? This question was addressed by observing how participants recalled visual target words—drawn from a single category—while ignoring spoken distractor words that were members of either the same or a different (single) category. Working memory capacity (WMC) was related to disruption only with synchronous, not asynchronous, presentation, and distraction was greater when the words were presented synchronously. Subsequent experiments found greater negative priming of distractors among individuals with higher WMC, but this may be dependent on targets and distractors being comparable category exemplars. With less dominant category members as distractors, target recall was impaired—relative to control—only among individuals with low WMC. The results highlight the role of cognitive control resources in target–distractor selection and the individual-specific cost implications of such cognitive control.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 118-133
Emneord [en]
auditory distraction; working memory capacity; free recall; negative priming; inhibition
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16857DOI: 10.1037/a0037779ISI: 000347707700007PubMedID: 25329080Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84925767968OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16857DiVA, id: diva2:723973
Ingår i projekt
Vad är arbetsminneskapacitetens väsen? Mot ett svar på en grundläggande fråga inom kognitionsvetenskap, Swedish Research Council
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2010-02042Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-06-11 Laget: 2014-06-11 Sist oppdatert: 2024-05-21bibliografisk kontrollert

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Marsh, John E.Sörqvist, Patrik

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