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Density functional study of carbon vacancies in titanium carbide
Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London, UK.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9076-5087
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för elektronik, matematik och naturvetenskap, Fysik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8748-3890
Department of Applied Physics, Kungliga Tekniska Hogskolan, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7788-6127
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, ISSN 0953-8984, E-ISSN 1361-648X, Vol. 30, nr 1, artikel-id 015702Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

It is well established that TiC contains carbon vacancies not only in carbon-deficient environments but also in carbon-rich environments. We have performed density functional calculations of the vacancy formation energy in TiC for C- as well as Ti-rich conditions using several different approximations to the exchange-correlation functional, and also carefully considering the nature and thermodynamics of the carbon reference state, as well as the effect of varying growth conditions. We find that the formation of carbon vacancies is clearly favorable under Ti-rich conditions, whereas it is slightly energetically unfavorable under C-rich conditions. Furthermore, we find that the relaxations of the atoms close to the vacancy site are rather long-ranged, and that these relaxations contribute significantly to the stabilization of the vacancy. Since carbon vacancies in TiC are experimentally observed also in carbon-rich environments, we conclude that kinetics may play an important role. This conclusion is consistent with the experimentally observed high activation energies and sluggish diffusion of vacancies in TiC, effectively causing a freezing in of the vacancies.&#13.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. Vol. 30, nr 1, artikel-id 015702
Nyckelord [en]
Carbon vacancies, Density functional theory, Titanium carbide
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysik Materialteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-25596DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aa9979ISI: 000423884100012PubMedID: 29120870Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85038602593OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-25596DiVA, id: diva2:1160160
Forskningsfinansiär
VetenskapsrådetEnergimyndighetenCarl Tryggers stiftelse för vetenskaplig forskning Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-24 Skapad: 2017-11-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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Råsander, MikaelHugosson, Håkan WilhelmDelin, Anna

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