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Exploring shippers, logistics service providers and their relationships in facilitating green logistics
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för Industriell utveckling, IT och Samhällsbyggnad, Industriell ekonomi. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för logistik och innovativ produktion. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0582-8942
2018 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The logistics industry causes various harms to the environment. The literature assigns the main responsibility for alleviating such harms to two supply chain actors: shippers (logistics buyers) and logistics service providers (LSPs), which motivated studying them in this thesis. Specifically, this thesis explores and identifies how green logistics practices can be facilitated through aligning both actors throughout the different phases of their relationships. Two studies are compiled. The first study is based on five distinct cases -- three shippers and five LSPs, providing the basis for two papers: (i) one that analyses the institutional pressures (regulatory, market, competitive) on shippers to purchase green logistics services, and on LSPs to provide these services, and (ii) one that investigates the two actors’ stances on environmental concerns in the four key logistics purchasing phases (request for proposal, negotiations, contracting, execution), while proposing ways to align their efforts along such phases. The second study covers a single case of a dyadic relationship between a shipper and its LSP, handling enhancing logistics performance (cost efficiency, on-time delivery) in the early stages of their relationship. The findings indicate a general lack of regulatory pressure in driving shippers and LSPs to engage in green logistics, contrasted by a long-term influence of competitive pressure and a prevalent influence of market pressure. It was also found that both actors must put substantial efforts in the beginning of their relationships to reach a mutual business understanding, allowing performance and green enhancements. In the execution, it was found that both partners should regularly communicate performance metrics while modifying working standards, which would also support their green practices. For practitioners, insights are offered to align shippers’ and LSPs’ efforts within their relationships to attain positive performance and green outcomes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. , s. 59
Serie
TRITA-ITM-AVL ; 2018:5
Nyckelord [en]
green logistics, logistics relationships, green logistics purchasing, logistics service provider, environmental sustainability, third-party logistics, logistics performance
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26228ISBN: 978-91-7729-702-4 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-26228DiVA, id: diva2:1189518
Presentation
2018-03-15, Room 643 (Albert Danielsson), Lindstedtsvägen 30, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-12 Skapad: 2018-03-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Analysing the institutional pressures on shippers and logistics service providers to implement green supply chain management practices
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Analysing the institutional pressures on shippers and logistics service providers to implement green supply chain management practices
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Logistics, ISSN 1367-5567, E-ISSN 1469-848XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper applies institutional theory to analyse the institutional pressures (regulatory, market, competitive) experienced by two actors within supply chains: shippers (i.e. logistics buyers) and logistics service providers (LSPs). Both actors are subject to institutional pressures to adopt green supply chain management practices, which could drive shippers to purchase green logistics services from LSPs, and LSPs to provide them. Also, the two actors are influenced by various factors that moderate the level of pressures on them and the responses they undertake. This study examines these pressures and moderators in detail to analyse how they influence green logistics purchasing/providing decisions. Empirical data were obtained from eight individual cases of three shippers and five LSPs. Accordingly, we compare these pressures and moderators based on the actors’ different roles in the supply chain. The findings aim to contribute to advancing the theory through (i) incorporating the roles of the moderating factors and (ii) providing further applications within specific shipper-LSP contexts. Further, this paper aims to assist managers within shipper and LSP organisations by demonstrating how their firm and market characteristics moderate the pressures exerted on them to buy or provide green logistics services, while providing insights on issues influencing their responsiveness.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
UK: Taylor & Francis Group, 2019
Nyckelord
Institutional theory; GSCM; green logistics; environmental sustainability; LSP; logistics buyers; case study; contract logistics
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26225 (URN)10.1080/13675567.2019.1584163 (DOI)2-s2.0-85062345949 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-12 Skapad: 2018-03-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-29Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Improving logistics performance in cross-border 3PL relationships
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Improving logistics performance in cross-border 3PL relationships
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Logistics, ISSN 1367-5567, E-ISSN 1469-848X, Vol. 20, nr 5, s. 491-513Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper proposes guidelines for improving logistics performance in terms of cost efficiency and on-time delivery in shipper–third-party logistics (3PL) provider relationships within an offshore outsourcing context. A conceptual framework is constructed based on a thorough literature review. Empirical data are collected through semi-structured interviews in a single-case study with a dyadic perspective, examining the 3PL relationship between Ericsson of Sweden and Aramex of Saudi Arabia. Accordingly, a revised framework is proposed after illustrating the case and merging the literature with practice. The findings highlight the impact of communication, trust, culture, system compliance, work agreements, and standardisation on cost efficiency and on-time delivery performance. The developed framework illustrates a sequential order for working on these factors to achieve performance improvement. This research is one of the first to propose guidelines for performance improvements within offshore outsourcing of 3PL services. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis Group, 2017
Nyckelord
Third-party logistics, offshore outsourcing, logistics performance, 3PL relationships
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23815 (URN)10.1080/13675567.2017.1306036 (DOI)000406507800006 ()2-s2.0-85016135143 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-03-27 Skapad: 2017-03-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Aligning the purchase of green logistics services between shippers and logistics service providers
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Aligning the purchase of green logistics services between shippers and logistics service providers
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-26226 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-12 Skapad: 2018-03-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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