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Spatial heterogeneity, scale, data character, and sustainable transport in the big data era
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för Industriell utveckling, IT och Samhällsbyggnad, Samhällsbyggnad, GIS.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2337-2486
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: CSUM 2018: Data Analytics: Paving the Way to Sustainable Urban Mobility: Proceedings of 4th Conference on Sustainable Urban Mobility (CSUM2018), 24 - 25 May, Skiathos Island, Greece / [ed] Nathanail E.G., and Karakikes I.D., Springer Verlag , 2019, Vol. 879, s. 730-736Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

I have advocated and argued for a paradigm shift from Tobler’s law to scaling law, from Euclidean geometry to fractal geometry, from Gaussian statistics to Paretian statistics, and – more importantly – from Descartes’ mechanistic thinking to Alexander’s organic thinking. Fractal geometry falls under the third definition of fractal given by Bin Jiang – that is, a set or pattern is fractal if the scaling of far more small things than large ones recurs multiple times – rather than under the second definition of fractal by Benoit Mandelbrot, which requires a power law between scales and details. The new fractal geometry is more towards Christopher Alexander’s living geometry, not only for understanding complexity, but also for creating complex or living structure. This short paper attempts to clarify why the paradigm shift is essential and to elaborate on several concepts, including spatial heterogeneity (scaling law), scale (or the fourth meaning of scale), data character (in contrast to data quality), and sustainable transport in the big data era.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Verlag , 2019. Vol. 879, s. 730-736
Serie
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 21945357
Nyckelord [en]
Data character, Living structure, Scaling law, Big data, Scaling laws, Christopher Alexander, Euclidean Geometry, Fractal geometry, Gaussian statistics, Paradigm shifts, Spatial heterogeneity, Sustainable transport, Fractals
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsbyggnadsteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-29069DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02305-8_88Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85059025602ISBN: 9783030023041 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-29069DiVA, id: diva2:1275950
Konferens
4th Conference on Sustainable Urban Mobility, CSUM 2018, 24-25 May 2018, Skiathos Island, Greece
Tillgänglig från: 2019-01-07 Skapad: 2019-01-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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