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Wind turbines’ end-of-life: Quantification and characterisation of future waste materials on a national level
Energi Funktion Komfort Skandinavien AB, Nacka, Sweden.
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5661-2917
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöteknik.
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöteknik.
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 9, nr 12, artikkel-id 999Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Globally, wind power is growing fast and in Sweden alone more than 3000 turbines have been installed since the mid-1990s. Although the number of decommissioned turbines so far is few, the high installation rate suggests that a similarly high decommissioning rate can be expected at some point in the future. If the waste material from these turbines is not handled sustainably the whole concept of wind power as a clean energy alternative is challenged. This study presents a generally applicable method and quantification based on statistics of the waste amounts from wind turbines in Sweden. The expected annual mean growth is 12% until 2026, followed by a mean increase of 41% until 2034. By then, annual waste amounts are estimated to 240,000 tonnes steel and iron (16% of currently recycled materials), 2300 tonnes aluminium (4%), 3300 tonnes copper (5%), 340 tonnes electronics (<1%) and 28,000 tonnes blade materials (barely recycled today). Three studied scenarios suggest that a well-functioning market for re-use may postpone the effects of these waste amounts until improved recycling systems are in place.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2016. Vol. 9, nr 12, artikkel-id 999
Emneord [en]
Composites; Copper; Decommission; Electronics; End-of-life; Iron; Materials; Plastic; Recycling; Steel; Sweden; Waste; Wind turbine
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23262DOI: 10.3390/en9120999ISI: 000388604700021Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85002559771OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23262DiVA, id: diva2:1063231
Merknad

Funding agency: University of Gävle

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-01-09 Laget: 2017-01-09 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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Eriksson, OlaHillman, KarlWallhagen, Marita

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