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Classroom experiments on the effects of different noise sources and sound levels on long-term recall and recognition in children
Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för teknik och byggd miljö, Ämnesavdelningen för inomhusmiljö.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4298-7459
2003 (engelsk)Inngår i: Applied Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 0888-4080, E-ISSN 1099-0720, Vol. 17, nr 8, s. 895-914Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A total of 1358 children aged 12-14 years participated in ten noise experiments in their ordinary classrooms and were tested for recall and recognition of a text exactly one week later. Single and combined noise sources were presented for 15 min at 66 dBA L-eq (equivalent noise level). Single source presentations of aircraft and road traffic noise were also presented at 55 dBA L-eq. Data were analysed between subjects since the first within-subjects analysis revealed a noise after-effect or a asymmetric transfer effect. Overall, there was a strong noise effect on recall, and a smaller, but significant effect on recognition. In the single-source studies, aircraft and road traffic noise impaired recall at both noise levels. Train noise and verbal noise did not affect recognition or recall. Some of the pairwise combinations of aircraft noise with train or road traffic, with one or the other as the dominant source, interfered with recall and recognition. Item difficulty, item position and ability did not interact with the noise effect. Arousal, distraction, perceived effort, and perceived difficulty in reading and learning did not mediate the effects on recall and recognition.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2003. Vol. 17, nr 8, s. 895-914
Emneord [en]
Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Female, Humans, Male, Memory Disorders/*etiology, Middle Aged, Noise/*adverse effects, Semantics, Speech
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-2897DOI: 10.1002/acp.926ISI: 000187854400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-2897DiVA, id: diva2:119559
Tilgjengelig fra: 2007-11-15 Laget: 2007-11-15 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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