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Why are background telephone conversations distracting?
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi.
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9181-2084
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Arbetshälsovetenskap. Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6668-5044
Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi.
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2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of experimental psychology. Applied, ISSN 1076-898X, E-ISSN 1939-2192, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 222-235Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Telephone conversation is ubiquitous within the office setting. Overhearing a telephone conversation-whereby only one of the two speakers is heard-is subjectively more annoying and objectively more distracting than overhearing a full conversation. The present study sought to determine whether this "halfalogue" effect is attributable to unexpected offsets and onsets within the background speech (acoustic unexpectedness) or to the tendency to predict the unheard part of the conversation (semantic [un]predictability), and whether these effects can be shielded against through top-down cognitive control. In Experiment 1, participants performed an office-related task in quiet or in the presence of halfalogue and dialogue background speech. Irrelevant speech was either meaningful or meaningless speech. The halfalogue effect was only present for the meaningful speech condition. Experiment 2 addressed whether higher task-engagement could shield against the halfalogue effect by manipulating the font of the to-be-read material. Although the halfalogue effect was found with an easy-to-read font (fluent text), the use of a difficult-to-read font (disfluent text) eliminated the effect. The halfalogue effect is thus attributable to the semantic (un)predictability, not the acoustic unexpectedness, of background telephone conversation and can be prevented by simple means such as increasing the level of engagement required by the focal task. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 222-235
Emneord [en]
Office noise, distraction, halfalogue, predictability, task-engagement, disfluency
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27351DOI: 10.1037/xap0000170ISI: 000434353200007PubMedID: 29878842Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85048218505OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-27351DiVA, id: diva2:1223272
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01116EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, ITN FP7-607139
Merknad

Funding agencies:

- Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) grant no: 418623-2013

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-06-25 Laget: 2018-06-25 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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Marsh, John E.Ljung, RobertJahncke, HelenaMacCutcheon, DouglasVachon, François

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