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Increasing return-to-work among people on sick leave due to common mental disorders: Design of a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a problem-solving intervention versus care-as-usual conducted in the Swedish primary health care system (PROSA)
Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research for Worker Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden; Närhälsan, Region of Västra Götaland, Hisings-Backa, Sweden .
Närhälsan, Region of Västra Götaland, Hisings-Backa, Sweden; Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden .
Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, Community and Occupational Medicine, Groningen, Netherlands.
Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
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2018 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 889Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Common mental disorders affect about one-third of the European working-age population and are one of the leading causes of sick leave in Sweden and other OECD countries. Besides the individual suffering, the costs for society are high. This paper describes the design of a study to evaluate a work-related, problem-solving intervention provided at primary health care centers for employees on sick leave due to common mental disorders. Methods: The study has a two-armed cluster randomized design in which the participating rehabilitation coordinators are randomized into delivering the intervention or providing care-as-usual. Employees on sick leave due to common mental disorders will be recruited by an independent research assistant. The intervention aims to improve the employee's return-to-work process by identifying problems perceived as hindering return-to-work and finding solutions. The rehabilitation coordinator facilitates a participatory approach, in which the employee and the employer together identify obstacles and solutions in relation to the work situation. The primary outcome is total number of sick leave days during the 18-month follow-up after inclusion. A long-term follow-up at 36 months is planned. Secondary outcomes are short-term sick leave (min. 2 weeks and max. 12 weeks), psychological symptoms, work ability, presenteeism and health related quality of life assessed at baseline, 6 and 12-month follow-up. Intervention fidelity, reach, dose delivered and dose received will be examined in a process evaluation. An economic evaluation will put health-related quality of life and sick leave in relation to costs from the perspectives of society and health care services. A parallel ethical evaluation will focus on the interventions consequences for patient autonomy, privacy, equality, fairness and professional ethos and integrity. Discussion: The study is a pragmatic trial which will include analyses of the intervention's effectiveness, and a process evaluation in primary health care settings. Methodological strengths and challenges are discussed, such as the risk of selection bias, contamination and detection bias. If the intervention shows promising results for return-to-work, the prospects are good for implementing the intervention in routine primary health care. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03346395 Registered January, 12 2018. © 2018 The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2018. Vol. 18, no 1, article id 889
Keywords [en]
Adjustment disorders, Anxiety disorders, Cluster-randomized trial, Common mental disorders, Depression, Economic evaluation, Ethical evaluation, Problem solving skills, Return to work, Sick leave
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-27645DOI: 10.1186/s12889-018-5816-8ISI: 000439348500002PubMedID: 30021545Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85050343333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-27645DiVA, id: diva2:1238922
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016–07415Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2018–01252Available from: 2018-08-15 Created: 2018-08-15 Last updated: 2018-10-15Bibliographically approved

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