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The Role of Golf Courses in Biodiversity Conservation and Ecosystem Management
Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7644-7448
Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4050-3281
2009 (engelsk)Inngår i: Ecosystems (New York. Print), ISSN 1432-9840, E-ISSN 1435-0629, Vol. 12, s. 191-206Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

We assessed the ecological value of golf courses based on a quantitative synthesis of studies in the scientific literature that have measured and compared biota on golf courses to that of biota in green-area habitats related to other land uses. We found that golf courses had higher ecological value in 64% of comparative cases. This pattern was consistent also for comparisons based on measures of species richness, as well as for comparisons of overall measures of birds and insectsthe fauna groups most widely examined in the studies. Many golf courses also contribute to the preservation of fauna of conservation concern. More broadly, we found that the ecological value of golf courses significantly decreases with land types having low levels of anthropogenic impact, like natural and nature-protected areas. Conversely, the value of golf courses significantly increases with land that has high levels of anthropogenic impact, like agricultural and urban lands. From an ecosystem management perspective, golf courses represent a promising measure for restoring and enhancing biodiversity in ecologically simplified landscapes. Furthermore, the review suggests that golf courses hold a real potential to be designed and managed to promote critical ecosystem services, like pollination and natural pest control, providing an opportunity for joint collaboration among conservation, restoration and recreational interests.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2009. Vol. 12, s. 191-206
Emneord [en]
Biodiversity conservation, Ecosystem services, Golf, Golf courses, Land-use comparison, Restoration, Urban
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-28040DOI: 10.1007/s10021-008-9217-1ISI: 000263672100002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-61349122639OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-28040DiVA, id: diva2:1253886
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-01-21 Laget: 2018-10-07 Sist oppdatert: 2018-10-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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